Supporting Structures Of The Female Pelvis/ Pelvic Muscles

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 123

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Muscle Quizzes & Trivia

A woman's pelvic floor muscles work like a hammock to support the pelvic organs, including the uterus, bladder and rectum. Kegel exercises can help strengthen these muscles. Test your knowledge on this subject by taking this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Sonographically, pelvic muscles have a similar appearance  to                   and may even be confused as                  .
  • 2. 
    The muscles of the female pelvis are divided into what 2 groups:
  • 3. 
    This muscle lies alongside the bony pelvic wall, lateral to the ovaries.  It functions to rotate the thigh outward.  Name this muscle:
  • 4. 
    The obturator internus is difficult to visualize sonographically, but is usually seen at the level of the cervix in a sagittal view as a fan shaped structure on the medial wall.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    This muscle originates from the sacrum and courses laterally through the greater sciatic foramen on the greater trochanter of the femur.
  • 6. 
    Check all the apply to the piriformis muscle:
    • A. 

      Triangular muscle

    • B. 

      Thigh muscle

    • C. 

      May be confused with the ovary

    • D. 

      Obscurred by overlying bowel gas in the sigmoid colon

    • E. 

      Medial rotator of hip

  • 7. 
    Which muscles is not exclusively a pelvic muscle and extends through the abdominal region as well?
  • 8. 
    Below level of                 crest, fibers of the              muscle interconnect with fibers of the              aspect of the iliacus muscle, creating the                       muscle.
  • 9. 
    Which muscle is seen as a "bulls eye" on a transabdominal transverse scan?
  • 10. 
    The pelvic diaphragm supports pelvic                 and forms the                                  .
  • 11. 
    The pelvic diaphragm is made up of the levator ani and the coccygeus muscles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which muscles form the levator ani?
    • A. 

      Iliococcygeus

    • B. 

      Pubococcygeus

    • C. 

      Iliopsoas

    • D. 

      Puborectalis

  • 13. 
    Levator ani is known as a                  muscle mass, which forms a                    across the floor of the pelvis and supports the                  and                 organs.
  • 14. 
    What happens if the levator ani muscles fail to function properly?
  • 15. 
    Name the muscles of the levator ani, in order from posterior to anterior:
  • 16. 
    Which muscle supports the coccyx and is a muscle of the pelvic diaphragm?
  • 17. 
    The bony pelvis of the adult female is a ring made up of the:
  • 18. 
    2 large innominate bones are formed by the fusion of what 3 bones:
  • 19. 
    The socket for the femoral head is known as                      
  • 20. 
    The ilium, ischium, and pubis fuse together at the                  
  • 21. 
    The innominate bones are joined together posteriorly at the                     and anteriorly at midline at the                                   .
  • 22. 
    Modified segments of the vertebral column are:
  • 23. 
    The                      forms the outer surface of the innominate bone.
  • 24. 
    The sacrum is the fusion of        (#) sacral vertebrae.
  • 25. 
    The coccyx is the fusion of        (#) coccygeal vertebrae and provides attachment for               muscles and ligaments.
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