Spodek Chapter 4 Reading Quiz

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Spodek Chapter 4 Reading Quiz - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Chinese oracle bones:

    • A.

      Have been useful to archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians for at least three centuries

    • B.

      Have provided useful information about the rulers of the Shang dynasty

    • C.

      First came to the attention of scientists after they were found at excavation sites

    • D.

      Were usually made from human bones

    Correct Answer
    B. Have provided useful information about the rulers of the Shang dynasty
    Explanation
    Chinese oracle bones have provided useful information about the rulers of the Shang dynasty. These bones, which have been useful to archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians for at least three centuries, were first discovered at excavation sites. They were typically made from human bones and contain inscriptions that offer valuable insights into the political, religious, and social aspects of the Shang dynasty. By studying these oracle bones, researchers have been able to gain a deeper understanding of the rulers, their beliefs, and the society they governed.

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  • 2. 

    The Shang state was characterized by a:

    • A.

      Time of little warfare

    • B.

      Loos network of independent towns and cities

    • C.

      Leader who traveled from city to city, with no set capital

    • D.

      King who allowed relatives to rule regional areas

    Correct Answer
    D. King who allowed relatives to rule regional areas
    Explanation
    The Shang state was characterized by a king who allowed relatives to rule regional areas. This means that power was decentralized, with the king delegating authority to his family members to govern different regions. This system of regional rulers contributed to the Shang state's structure and governance, as it allowed for a degree of autonomy and local control. It also suggests that the king had a level of trust in his relatives to effectively govern and maintain order in their respective areas.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following was the more recent development in early Chinese culture?

    • A.

      Domestication of the horse

    • B.

      Primitive writing

    • C.

      Domestication of the water buffalo

    • D.

      Human grave sacrifices

    Correct Answer
    A. Domestication of the horse
    Explanation
    The domestication of the horse was a more recent development in early Chinese culture compared to the other options. This is because the domestication of the horse occurred around 4000-3500 BCE, while primitive writing, domestication of the water buffalo, and human grave sacrifices were practices that existed earlier in Chinese culture. The domestication of the horse had a significant impact on transportation, warfare, and trade, leading to advancements in various aspects of Chinese society.

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  • 4. 

    The first cities of the Americas:

    • A.

      Were located along major rivers

    • B.

      Were linked to the other-world through shamans

    • C.

      Began as trade centers

    • D.

      Never developed into city-states

    Correct Answer
    B. Were linked to the other-world through shamans
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that the first cities of the Americas were connected to the spiritual realm through shamans. This implies that the people in these cities had a strong belief in the supernatural and relied on shamans to communicate with the other-world. This spiritual connection may have played a significant role in the development and cultural practices of these early cities.

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  • 5. 

    The Inca empire:

    • A.

      Practiced monotheism

    • B.

      Built an extensive network of roads and paths

    • C.

      Lasted for nearly 1000 years

    • D.

      Forbade any use of the religion or culture of its predecessor states

    Correct Answer
    B. Built an extensive network of roads and paths
    Explanation
    The Inca empire is known for building an extensive network of roads and paths. This infrastructure was crucial for the empire's communication, trade, and military movements. The roads were carefully constructed and maintained, often passing through difficult terrains such as mountains and valleys. The Inca road system, known as the "Qhapaq Ñan," stretched for thousands of miles, connecting various regions of the empire. These roads played a significant role in the empire's administration and control, allowing for the efficient movement of goods, people, and information across their vast territory.

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  • 6. 

    The Bantu:

    • A.

      Migrated thousands of miles to southern Africa

    • B.

      Never did practice agriculture

    • C.

      Only settled regions far south of the Niger River

    • D.

      Were well-known for their copper-shaping skills

    Correct Answer
    A. Migrated thousands of miles to southern Africa
    Explanation
    The Bantu people migrated thousands of miles to southern Africa. This implies that they moved from their original location to settle in the southern parts of the continent. The statement suggests that the Bantu people were mobile and willing to travel long distances in search of new settlements or resources. This migration could have been driven by factors such as population growth, the need for new land, or environmental changes. It is an important aspect of Bantu history and their influence can still be seen in various parts of southern Africa today.

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  • 7. 

    In the Niger River valley, the primary urban settlement that has been excavated suggests:

    • A.

      The development of cities is contingent upon the development of a centralized political authority

    • B.

      Cities cannot develop without the pre-existence of hierarchical social organization

    • C.

      That cities may develop without the need for hierarchy, centralization, government structure, or written language

    • D.

      Written language is fundamental for the organization of an urban center

    Correct Answer
    C. That cities may develop without the need for hierarchy, centralization, government structure, or written language
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that cities may develop without the need for hierarchy, centralization, government structure, or written language. This means that the excavated urban settlement in the Niger River valley did not show evidence of these factors being necessary for the development of cities. This challenges the commonly held belief that a centralized political authority and hierarchical social organization are essential for urban development. It implies that there may be alternative factors or conditions that contribute to the growth and establishment of cities.

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  • 8. 

    The Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties were all located around the Huang He (Yellow River) valley.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties were indeed located around the Huang He (Yellow River) valley. The Huang He valley is often referred to as the cradle of Chinese civilization, as it was the birthplace of these early dynasties. The river provided fertile land for agriculture, which allowed these civilizations to thrive. Additionally, the proximity to the river facilitated trade and communication between different regions, contributing to the development of these dynasties. Therefore, the statement that the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties were all located around the Huang He valley is true.

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  • 9. 

    Describe one fact you learned from the textbook about ancient China (Xia, Shang or Zhou). It can't include any information in the questions on this quiz.

  • 10. 

    Describe one fact you learned from the textbook about Mesoamerica or South America. It can't include any information in the questions on this quiz.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 04, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 12, 2012
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    Mlindbom
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