Space Science Vocabulary Quiz 4th Grade

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| By Nalaii25
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 440
Questions: 7 | Attempts: 440

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4th Grade Science Quizzes & Trivia

Students are assessed on the knowledgeo of the space science vocabulary we have learned in class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Day and night are caused by:

    • A.

      Earth's rotation on its axis.

    • B.

      The tilt of Earth's axis

    • C.

      Earth's revolution around the sun

    • D.

      Eclipses

    Correct Answer
    A. Earth's rotation on its axis.
    Explanation
    Day and night are caused by Earth's rotation on its axis. As the Earth rotates, different parts of it are exposed to the Sun's light. When a particular part of the Earth is facing the Sun, it experiences daylight, while the opposite side experiences darkness, resulting in night. This rotation takes approximately 24 hours, leading to the cycle of day and night that we observe on Earth. The other options, such as the tilt of Earth's axis, Earth's revolution around the sun, and eclipses, are not directly responsible for causing day and night.

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  • 2. 

    One complete ________________ of the earth around the sun takes about one year.

    Correct Answer
    revolution
    Explanation
    The word "revolution" is used to describe the complete orbit or rotation of the earth around the sun. This process takes approximately one year to complete.

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  • 3. 

    Earth has seasons because it rotates on its axis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Earth has seasons not because it rotates on its axis, but because of its tilt. The axis of the Earth is tilted at an angle of about 23.5 degrees relative to its orbit around the sun. This tilt causes different parts of the Earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, resulting in the changing of seasons. As the Earth orbits the sun, different hemispheres are tilted towards or away from the sun, leading to variations in temperature, weather patterns, and the length of daylight.

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  • 4. 

    The moon revolves around thet earth and goes through all of its phases in one _______________.

    Correct Answer
    month
    Explanation
    The moon revolves around the earth and completes its orbit in approximately 27.3 days, which is roughly equal to a month. During this time, the moon goes through all of its phases, such as new moon, first quarter, full moon, and last quarter. This is because the moon's position relative to the sun and earth changes as it orbits, causing different amounts of sunlight to be reflected back to us on earth, resulting in the different phases.

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  • 5. 

    The earth rotates around its

    • A.

      Moon

    • B.

      Axis

    • C.

      Sun

    • D.

      Tilt

    Correct Answer
    B. Axis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "axis". The Earth rotates around its axis, an imaginary line that runs through the North and South poles. This rotation causes day and night as different parts of the Earth are exposed to the Sun's light. The axis is tilted, which is why we have seasons. As the Earth orbits the Sun, different parts of the planet receive different amounts of sunlight throughout the year, resulting in the changing seasons.

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  • 6. 

    The path the earth follows around the sun is called

    • A.

      Orbit

    • B.

      Rotation

    • C.

      Revolution

    • D.

      Axis

    Correct Answer
    A. Orbit
    Explanation
    The path that the Earth follows around the sun is called an orbit. An orbit is the curved path that an object takes around another object due to the gravitational force between them. In the case of the Earth, it revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit, taking approximately 365.25 days to complete one revolution. The concept of an orbit is fundamental to understanding celestial mechanics and is applicable to other celestial bodies as well.

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  • 7. 

    Its takes the earth 1 day to make one rotation on its axis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Earth does indeed take approximately 24 hours to complete one rotation on its axis. This rotation is what causes day and night to occur as different parts of the Earth are exposed to the Sun's light. This phenomenon is also the reason why we experience the cycle of 24-hour days.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 15, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Nalaii25
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