# Sound (Chapter 2 & 3)

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Brett81
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Questions: 18 | Attempts: 258  Settings  This is a quiz for ultrasound physics chapter 2

• 1.

### Described as a mechanical energy.

Explanation
Sound is described as a mechanical energy because it is produced by the vibration of particles in a medium, such as air or water. These vibrations create waves of pressure that travel through the medium, carrying the energy of the sound. This mechanical energy can then be detected by our ears, allowing us to perceive sound.

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• 2.

### How does sound travel?

Explanation
Sound travels in a straight line because it is a wave that propagates through a medium, such as air or water. When a sound is produced, it creates a disturbance in the particles of the medium, causing them to vibrate. These vibrations then travel in all directions from the source of the sound, forming a spherical wavefront. However, over long distances, the wavefront appears to be straight due to the large scale of the Earth's surface compared to the wavelength of the sound. Therefore, sound is perceived to travel in a straight line.

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• 3.

### What are the three characterstics of sound?

Explanation
Sound cannot travel through a vacuum because it requires a medium, such as air, water, or solids, to propagate. It travels in a straight line because it follows the path of least resistance. Sound waves are longitudinal waves, which means that they move in the same direction as the vibration of particles in the medium.

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• 4.

### Sound travel through a vaccum

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Sound cannot travel through a vacuum because it requires a medium, such as air, water, or solids, to propagate. In a vacuum, there are no particles to vibrate and transmit the sound waves. Therefore, sound cannot be heard in space or any other vacuum environment.

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• 5.

### What are the three accoustic variables?

Pressure
Density
Distance
Explanation
The three acoustic variables are pressure, density, and distance. These variables are fundamental in describing and understanding sound waves. Pressure refers to the force exerted by the sound wave on a surface, density is the amount of mass per unit volume of the medium through which the sound wave travels, and distance is the physical separation between the source of the sound and the point of observation. Together, these variables help quantify and analyze the characteristics and behavior of sound waves.

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• 6.

### What is the unit of measurement for pressure?

• A.

Kg/cm3

• B.

Pascals

• C.

Cm, feet, miles

• D.

Watts

• E.

Joules

B. Pascals
Explanation
The unit of measurement for pressure is pascals. Pascals (Pa) are the SI unit for pressure and are defined as one newton of force per square meter. This unit is commonly used in scientific and engineering contexts to measure pressure in various systems, such as gases and fluids.

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• 7.

### What is the unit of measurement for density?

• A.

Kg/cm3

• B.

Pascals

• C.

Cm, feet, miles

• D.

Joules

• E.

Watts

A. Kg/cm3
Explanation
The unit of measurement for density is kg/cm3. Density is defined as the mass of an object divided by its volume. The unit kg/cm3 represents the mass in kilograms and the volume in cubic centimeters. It is commonly used to measure the density of solids, liquids, and gases.

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• 8.

### WWhat is the unit of measurement for Distance?

• A.

Kg/cm3

• B.

Pascales

• C.

Watts

• D.

Joules

• E.

Cm, feet, miles

E. Cm, feet, miles
Explanation
The unit of measurement for distance is typically expressed in centimeters (cm), feet, or miles. These units are commonly used to measure the length or extent between two points. Kilograms per cubic centimeter (kg/cm3), pascales (Pa), watts (W), and joules (J) are not appropriate units for measuring distance.

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• 9.

### In a longitudinal wave particles move in the same directions that the wave propagates.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
In a longitudinal wave, the particles of the medium move in the same direction as the wave propagates. This means that as the wave travels through the medium, the particles oscillate back and forth parallel to the direction of the wave. This can be observed in sound waves, where the air particles vibrate back and forth in the same direction as the sound wave travels. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 10.

### In this wave particles move in a direction that is perpendicular to the direction that the wave moves

• A.

Circular

• B.

Longitudinal

• C.

Perpendicular

• D.

Parallel

• E.

Transverse

E. Transverse
Explanation
Transverse waves are characterized by particles moving in a direction that is perpendicular to the direction in which the wave itself moves. In other words, as the wave propagates horizontally or vertically, the particles oscillate up and down or side to side. This can be visualized by imagining a wave on a string, where the string moves up and down while the wave moves horizontally. Therefore, the given answer "transverse" accurately describes the movement of particles in this type of wave.

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• 11.

### When more than one sound beam arrives in an identical location at the same time that is called?

• A.

Sound

• B.

In-phase waves

• C.

Interference

• D.

Out-of-phase waves

C. Interference
Explanation
When more than one sound beam arrives in an identical location at the same time, the waves from each beam interact with each other. This interaction, known as interference, can result in either constructive interference or destructive interference. Constructive interference occurs when the waves are in-phase and reinforce each other, leading to a louder sound. Destructive interference occurs when the waves are out-of-phase and cancel each other out, resulting in a quieter sound. Therefore, interference is the correct answer as it describes the phenomenon of multiple sound beams arriving at the same location and interacting with each other.

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• 12.

### Describe letter A

• A.

Destructive interference/out-of-phase wave

• B.

Constructive interference/in-phase wave

B. Constructive interference/in-phase wave
Explanation
Constructive interference refers to the phenomenon where two waves combine to create a larger amplitude. In the case of an in-phase wave, the peaks and troughs of the two waves align perfectly, resulting in reinforcement and an increase in amplitude. This leads to constructive interference. Destructive interference, on the other hand, occurs when two waves combine to cancel each other out, resulting in a decrease in amplitude. However, since the question only asks for a description of letter A and does not provide any context, it is difficult to determine how this explanation specifically relates to letter A.

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• 13.

### Describe B

• A.

Destructive interference/out-of-phase wave

• B.

Constructive interference/in-phase wave

A. Destructive interference/out-of-phase wave
Explanation
Destructive interference occurs when two waves meet and their amplitudes cancel each other out, resulting in a wave with reduced or no amplitude. This happens when the waves are out of phase, meaning that the peaks of one wave align with the troughs of the other wave. In this case, the description of "destructive interference/out-of-phase wave" suggests that B is a wave that undergoes destructive interference, where the peaks of the wave align with the troughs of another wave, resulting in a reduction or cancellation of its amplitude.

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• 14.

### What do waves transferr from one location to another?

• A.

Matter

• B.

Molecules

• C.

Energy

• D.

Water

C. Energy
Explanation
Waves transfer energy from one location to another. They do not transfer matter or molecules, but rather the energy associated with the wave. This energy can be in the form of mechanical waves, such as sound or seismic waves, or electromagnetic waves, such as light or radio waves. Regardless of the type of wave, the underlying principle is that energy is transferred from one point to another without the actual movement of particles or matter.

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• 15.

### The time it takes a wave to vibrate a single cycle, or the time from the start of a cycles of the start of the next cycle.

• A.

Frequency

• B.

Speed

• C.

Period

• D.

Intensity

• E.

Wavelength

C. Period
Explanation
The time it takes a wave to vibrate a single cycle, or the time from the start of a cycles of the start of the next cycle, is known as the period of the wave. It represents the duration of one complete oscillation or wave cycle. The period is inversely proportional to the frequency of the wave, meaning that as the period increases, the frequency decreases, and vice versa. Therefore, the correct answer is Period.

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• 16.

### What is the unit for period

• A.

Miles

• B.

Cm3

• C.

Hertz

• D.

Seconds

• E.

Watts

D. Seconds
Explanation
The unit for period refers to the time it takes for one complete cycle or oscillation to occur. It is commonly measured in seconds. Miles, cm3, hertz, and watts are not appropriate units for measuring period as they are used for measuring distance, volume, frequency, and power respectively. Therefore, the correct unit for period is seconds.

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• 17.

### What is the typical value for period?

• A.

2MH to 10MHz

• B.

0.1- 0.5 microseconds

• C.

1MPa-3MPa

• D.

.004-0.090 watts

B. 0.1- 0.5 microseconds
Explanation
The typical value for period is 0.1-0.5 microseconds. Period refers to the time it takes for one complete cycle of a waveform to occur. In this case, the given options represent different units or values that are not related to period. Therefore, the correct answer is the only option that provides a range of values in microseconds, which is the appropriate unit for measuring period.

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• 18.

### Test

• A.

Test

• B.

Test

• C.

Test Back to top