Social Studies Trivia Test: MCQ Quiz!

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Questions: 9 | Attempts: 175

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Social Studies Trivia Test: MCQ Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The most useful indicator of the degree of democracy reached by a particular society is whether it has a: 

    • A.

      Formal method whereby people can effect changes in government policy

    • B.

      System of government checks and balances

    • C.

      Two-house legislature

    • D.

      Civilian government

    Correct Answer
    D. Civilian government
    Explanation
    A civilian government is the most useful indicator of the degree of democracy reached by a particular society. This is because a civilian government refers to a government that is run by non-military individuals or organizations. In a civilian government, power is held by elected officials who are accountable to the citizens. This implies that the society has a system in place where people can freely choose their leaders and participate in decision-making processes, which are fundamental aspects of a democratic society.

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  • 2. 

    The task of economic policy is to create a prosperous America. The unfinished task of prosperous Americans is to build a Great Society. Our accomplishments have been many; these tasks remain unfinished:  to achieve full employment without inflation;  to restore external equilibrium and defend the dollar;  to enhance the efficiency and flexibility of our private and public economies; to widen the benefits of prosperity; to improve the quality of American life Lyndon B. Johnson Former President Lyndon felt that the most important first step in the war against poverty is:

    • A.

      Full employment

    • B.

      A sound dollar

    • C.

      Private and public economics

    • D.

      Our natural defense

    • E.

      Efficiency in government

    Correct Answer
    A. Full employment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is full employment. In this statement, Former President Lyndon B. Johnson emphasizes the importance of achieving full employment as the first step in the war against poverty. He believes that by creating job opportunities for all Americans, the country can build a prosperous society and improve the quality of life for its citizens. This aligns with his broader goal of creating a Great Society where everyone has equal access to economic opportunities and benefits.

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  • 3. 

    From the point of view of an environmentalist, which is probably the most significant argument against offshore drilling for oil? 

    • A.

      There is little need to take such natural resources from the ocean waters.

    • B.

      Oil corporations are falsely advertising an oil shortage in order to expand their drilling operations.

    • C.

      The potential oil to be found is not worth the capital investment needed to extract it.

    • D.

      The possible harm to the balance of nature is more important than a gain in energy.

    • E.

      Coal is a preferable resource to oil.

    Correct Answer
    D. The possible harm to the balance of nature is more important than a gain in energy.
    Explanation
    The most significant argument against offshore drilling for oil from the point of view of an environmentalist is that the possible harm to the balance of nature is more important than a gain in energy. Offshore drilling can have detrimental effects on marine ecosystems, including oil spills that can harm marine life and habitats. Environmentalists prioritize the preservation of the environment over the extraction of natural resources.

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  • 4. 

    Topography deals with surface features of a region, including its landforms and rivers, lakes, etc., and with man-made features such as canals, bridges, and roads. According to this definition, the topography of a region includes its 

    • A.

      Plants

    • B.

      Animals

    • C.

      Climate

    • D.

      Mountains

    Correct Answer
    D. Mountains
    Explanation
    Topography refers to the surface features of a region, including its landforms and various physical elements such as rivers, lakes, canals, bridges, and roads. Mountains are a significant component of topography as they are prominent landforms that play a crucial role in shaping the landscape of a region. They are characterized by their height, steep slopes, and often rugged terrain, making them a noteworthy feature in the topography of any area. Therefore, mountains are included in the definition of topography as they contribute to the overall surface features of a region.

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  • 5. 

    Between 1935 and 1957, a period that included World War II, the birth rate rose from 16.9 to 25 per 1000 people. What was the most likely cause of this "baby boom"?  

    • A.

      The expansion of the middle class and its new wealth

    • B.

      The return of young American soldiers from war

    • C.

      The change in view toward artificial birth control methods

    • D.

      The mobility of the American family of the 1950's

    • E.

      The growth of the urban/suburban areas after World War II

    Correct Answer
    B. The return of young American soldiers from war
    Explanation
    The most likely cause of the "baby boom" between 1935 and 1957 was the return of young American soldiers from war. This period coincided with the end of World War II, and many soldiers returned home and started families. The war had disrupted normal family life and delayed marriages and childbirth, so when the soldiers returned, there was a surge in marriages and births, leading to the baby boom.

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  • 6. 

    The president of the United States is elected by the electoral college. What type of system is this? 

    • A.

      Monarchy

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Dicatatorship

    • D.

      Pure democracy

    • E.

      Representative democracy

    Correct Answer
    E. Representative democracy
    Explanation
    The electoral college system used to elect the president of the United States is a form of representative democracy. In this system, the people indirectly elect representatives who then cast their votes for the president. The number of electors each state has is based on its population, ensuring that smaller states still have a say in the election. This system allows for a balance between popular vote and state representation, making it a representative democracy rather than a pure democracy where the president would be elected solely based on the popular vote.

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  • 7. 

    In ancient Athens (Greece) tribes and generals took turns at power. This is an example of what type of political system? 

    • A.

      Monarchy

    • B.

      Dicatatorship

    • C.

      Pure democracy

    • D.

      Oligarchy

    • E.

      Representative democracy

    Correct Answer
    D. Oligarchy
    Explanation
    In ancient Athens, power was shared among tribes and generals, indicating that multiple individuals held authority. This system, known as an oligarchy, is characterized by a small group of individuals ruling and making decisions. It differs from a monarchy, dictatorship, pure democracy, and representative democracy, where power is held by a single ruler, a dictator, all citizens, or elected representatives, respectively.

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  • 8. 

    What type of political system is headed by Queen Elizabeth II of England?

    • A.

      Monarchy

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Dicatatorship

    • D.

      Pure democracy

    • E.

      Representative democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Monarchy
    Explanation
    Queen Elizabeth II of England is the head of a monarchy. In a monarchy, the ruling power is in the hands of a single individual, usually a king or queen, who holds the position for life and typically inherits it from a family member. The monarch has significant influence and authority over the government and the country's affairs. This type of political system is different from an oligarchy, dictatorship, pure democracy, or representative democracy, where power is either shared among a small group, held by a single leader with absolute control, or exercised through the participation of the people.

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  • 9. 

     The Bubonic Plague of the mid-fourteenth century was the most devastating natural disaster in European History. We now know that this plague was caused by rats that were infected by bacteria-carrying fleas. The rats carried the disease as they were unknowingly transported with cargo ships through trade routes. A third of the entire population of Europe is thought to have been killed by this plague. What caused the Bubonic Plague?

    • A.

      Poor sanitation in crowded European cities.

    • B.

      A disease carried by sailors through trade routes.

    • C.

      A highly contagious virus spread by human contact.

    • D.

      Rats that carried the disease through crowded cities.

    • E.

      Fleas on rats that carried the deadly bacteria through trade routes.

    Correct Answer
    E. Fleas on rats that carried the deadly bacteria through trade routes.
    Explanation
    The Bubonic Plague was caused by fleas on rats that carried the deadly bacteria through trade routes. The rats were unknowingly transported with cargo ships, spreading the disease to different parts of Europe. This explanation is supported by historical evidence and scientific research, which has identified the role of fleas and rats in transmitting the plague. The poor sanitation in crowded European cities may have contributed to the spread of the disease, but the primary cause was the fleas on rats.

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