Social Studies Ancient Greece Test

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Social Studies Ancient Greece Test - Quiz

This test made from questions on study guide. Don't forget that there will be 3 additional application questions that you have to use what you know from this information. Sorry, but this is a mostly grade yourself one because I had to use a lot of essay questions. CHECK ANSWERS AFTER EVERY QUESTION.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A type of government in which a group of people rule is called a(n)

    Explanation
    An oligarchy is a type of government where a small group of people hold power and rule over the entire population. In an oligarchy, the ruling group is often made up of wealthy individuals or members of a particular social class. This form of government is characterized by limited political participation and decision-making power concentrated in the hands of a few.

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  • 2. 

    Another word for partnership is

    Explanation
    The given question asks for another word that can be used as a synonym for "partnership". The correct answer is "alliance". An alliance refers to a close association or collaboration between two or more parties for a common purpose or goal. In the context of partnerships, an alliance signifies a strategic and cooperative relationship between individuals or organizations working together towards a shared objective. Therefore, "alliance" is a suitable alternative term for "partnership".

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  • 3. 

    A negotion back and forth between a buyer and a seller until both agree on a price for a good or service is called a

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "barter." Barter refers to the process of negotiating between a buyer and a seller until they reach an agreement on the price of a good or service. In a barter system, goods or services are exchanged directly without the use of money. Both parties involved in the transaction negotiate and come to a mutual understanding regarding the value of the item being exchanged.

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  • 4. 

    The deep or intense study of a topic in search of a "truth" is called

    Explanation
    The deep or intense study of a topic in search of a "truth" is called philosophy. Philosophy is a discipline that explores fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, and more. It involves critical thinking, analysis, and the examination of various arguments and theories. Through philosophical inquiry, individuals seek to gain a deeper understanding of the world and their place in it.

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  • 5. 

    Another word for god or goddess is a

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "deity" or "Deity". In religious or spiritual contexts, a deity refers to a god or goddess. It is a term used to describe a divine being or supreme being that is worshipped or revered by believers. The word "deity" can be used to encompass gods and goddesses from various religions and mythologies around the world. It is a broad term that signifies a higher power or divine entity that is worshipped and considered sacred.

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  • 6. 

    Direct democracy:

  • 7. 

    City state:

  • 8. 

    A type of government in which a king or queen rules

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "monarchy". Monarchy is a type of government where a king or queen holds the highest authority and power. In a monarchy, the ruling position is usually inherited within a family, and the monarch has absolute control over the government and its policies. This form of government has been practiced in various countries throughout history, such as the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, and Thailand.

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  • 9. 

    A type of government in which only one person rules, usually someone who takes over by force

    Explanation
    The correct answer is dictatorship/tyranny. This is because both dictatorship and tyranny refer to a form of government where power is concentrated in the hands of a single ruler who usually takes control by force. These rulers often exercise absolute authority and do not allow for political opposition or dissent. The terms dictatorship and tyranny are often used interchangeably to describe oppressive and autocratic regimes.

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  • 10. 

    Name 3 Greek city-states. (It will probably only count one of them, but you know if you're right or not)

    Explanation
    The answer lists the three Greek city-states correctly, which are Sparta, Athens, and Corinth. It also mentions that Megara and Argos are additional Greek city-states.

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  • 11. 

    How are modern Olympics a legacy of the ancient Greek Olympics?

  • 12. 

    What is a fable and who is the famous author of many Greek fables?

  • 13. 

    Why did ancient Greece develop as a collection of seperate city-states rather than a unified nation of people?

  • 14. 

    Why were "the ancient Greek city-states were culturally united, but politically divided"?

  • 15. 

    What was the acropolis in ancient Greek city-states and for what was it used?

  • 16. 

    What was the agora in ancient Greek city-states and for what was it used?

  • 17. 

    Who won the Persian War?

    • A.

      Greece

    • B.

      Persia

    Correct Answer
    A. Greece
    Explanation
    Greece won the Persian War. The Persian War was a series of conflicts between the Persian Empire and the city-states of Greece. The Greek city-states, led by Athens and Sparta, formed an alliance known as the Delian League and successfully repelled the Persian invasion. The decisive Greek victory at the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC marked the end of the Persian threat and secured Greek independence.

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  • 18. 

    Who won the Peloponnesian War?

    • A.

      Athens

    • B.

      Sparta

    Correct Answer
    B. Sparta
    Explanation
    Sparta won the Peloponnesian War. The war was fought between Athens and Sparta, two powerful city-states in ancient Greece. Sparta emerged victorious after a long and brutal conflict that lasted for over 27 years. The war was primarily fought on land, where Sparta's superior military strength and disciplined army proved to be decisive factors. Sparta's victory brought an end to Athens' dominance and marked a shift in power within Greece.

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  • 19. 

    What were Pericles 3 goals for Athens when the Persian Wars were over?

  • 20. 

    What was the primary reason for the Peloponnesian War?

  • 21. 

    The name of the Athenian "alliance" was the

    Correct Answer
    Delian League
    Delian league
    delian league
    delian League
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Delian League, Delian league, delian league, delian League.

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  • 22. 

    The name of the Spartan alliance was the

    Correct Answer
    Peloponnesian League
    peloponnesian league
    Peloponnesian league
    peloponnesian League
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Peloponnesian League" because it was the name of the Spartan alliance. The capitalization does not matter as long as the words are spelled correctly.

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  • 23. 

    What strategy did Sparta use to attack Athens and how did Athens defend itself?

  • 24. 

    What does the Peloponnesian War teach us about alliances?

  • 25. 

    What was important to Athens? (Athen's value)

    Correct Answer
    a strong mind
    Explanation
    Athens valued a strong mind because it believed that intellectual prowess and critical thinking were essential for the progress and success of the city-state. A strong mind allowed individuals to contribute to the development of democracy, philosophy, arts, and sciences, which were highly valued in Athenian society. Additionally, a strong mind was seen as crucial for making informed decisions, participating in debates, and effectively governing the city. Therefore, Athens placed great importance on cultivating and valuing individuals with a strong intellect.

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  • 26. 

    What was Sparta's values?

  • 27. 

    The government Athens had was called a(n)

    Correct Answer
    direct democracy
    Direct democracy
    Direct Democracy
    direct Democracy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "direct democracy." This term refers to a form of government in which citizens have the power to participate directly in decision-making, rather than electing representatives to make decisions on their behalf. In a direct democracy, citizens have the right to vote on laws, policies, and other important matters. This system was practiced in ancient Athens, where all eligible citizens had the opportunity to participate in the democratic process and have their voices heard. The term "direct democracy" should be capitalized at the beginning of a sentence, but not when used in the middle of a sentence.

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  • 28. 

    The government Sparta had was called a(n)

    Correct Answer
    oligarchy
    Oligarchy
    Explanation
    The government system in Sparta was known as an oligarchy. In an oligarchy, the power is held by a small group of individuals who typically belong to the wealthiest and most influential families. In Sparta, this small group of individuals, known as the Spartiates, held the political power and made decisions for the city-state. They were responsible for governing and maintaining control over the citizens of Sparta. This form of government was characterized by a lack of individual freedoms and a focus on military strength and discipline.

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  • 29. 

    In Athens, who was educated?

    Correct Answer
    Wealthy male citizens
    wealthy male citizens
    Wealthy Male Citiziens
    Explanation
    The correct answer is wealthy male citizens. In Athens, during ancient times, education was primarily reserved for the wealthy male citizens. This was because education required resources and time, which were not readily available to the lower classes or women. Wealthy male citizens had access to tutors, schools, and philosophical teachings, allowing them to acquire knowledge and skills. This education played a crucial role in their social and political standing within Athenian society.

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  • 30. 

    Who in Sparta was educated?

  • 31. 

    In Athens, women were

    • A.

      Completely free (could do whatever they wished)

    • B.

      Mostly free

    • C.

      Considered property

    Correct Answer
    C. Considered property
    Explanation
    In Athens, women were considered property. This means that they were seen as possessions or objects that could be owned and controlled by men. They did not have the same rights and freedoms as men and were expected to obey and serve their husbands or male relatives. This view of women as property was deeply ingrained in Athenian society and influenced their roles and status in various aspects of life, including marriage, inheritance, and participation in public affairs.

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  • 32. 

    Women in Sparta easily had the least freedom of any ancient Greek women.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Most

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  • 33. 

    Where was Alexander the Great from?

    Correct Answer
    Macedonia
    Explanation
    Alexander the Great was from Macedonia. This region, located in northern Greece, was the birthplace and homeland of Alexander. He was born in the city of Pella, which was the capital of Macedonia at that time. Alexander went on to become one of the most famous military leaders in history, conquering vast territories and establishing one of the largest empires the world had ever seen. His Macedonian heritage played a significant role in shaping his identity and his ambitions for conquest.

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  • 34. 

    Where is Macedonia in relation to Greece?

    Correct Answer
    North
    North of Greece
    north
    north of Greece
    Explanation
    Macedonia is located north of Greece.

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  • 35. 

    How was Alexander the Great able to control the lands he conquered? What dos this say about people and cultures?

  • 36. 

    Why is Alexander the Great, a non-Greek, so important to Greek history?

  • 37. 

    What blend of cultures is Hellenism?

    Correct Answer
    Greek, Persian, Egyptian, Indian
    Greek, Egyptian, Persian, Indian
    Greek, Indian, Egyptian, Persian
    Persian, Greek, Egyptian, Indian
    Persian, Egyptina, Indian, Greek
    Explanation
    Hellenism is a blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian cultures.

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  • 38. 

    What type of column is this?

    Correct Answer
    Corinthian
    Explanation
    This column is a Corinthian column. The Corinthian column is one of the three classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. It is characterized by a slender, fluted shaft with a capital adorned with acanthus leaves and scrolls. The Corinthian order is known for its elegance and decorative nature, often used in grand and ornate buildings.

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  • 39. 

    What type of column is this?

    Correct Answer
    Doric
    Explanation
    This column is a Doric column. The Doric order is one of the three classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. It is characterized by a simple and sturdy design, with a plain, unadorned shaft and a capital consisting of a circular cushion-like element called an echinus, topped by a square abacus. The Doric order is known for its strength and solidity, and it was commonly used in temples and other public buildings in ancient Greece and Rome.

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  • 40. 

    What type of column is this?

    Correct Answer
    Ionic
    Explanation
    Ionic is a type of column.

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  • 41. 

    What are the 2 types of drama developed in Europe by the ancient Greeks

    • A.

      Tragedy

    • B.

      Suspense

    • C.

      Horror

    • D.

      Comedy

    • E.

      Romance

    • F.

      Action

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tragedy
    D. Comedy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tragedy and Comedy. Tragedy is a type of drama that focuses on the downfall or suffering of a protagonist, often due to their own tragic flaw. It typically evokes feelings of pity and fear in the audience. Comedy, on the other hand, is a type of drama that aims to entertain and amuse the audience through humorous situations and witty dialogue. It often involves misunderstandings, mistaken identities, and happy endings. These two types of drama were developed by the ancient Greeks and have continued to be influential in Western theater.

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  • 42. 

    Name 4 famous Greeks from the Hellenistic chart and state what they did for Greece. (And yes, you are allowed to use Aesop again, I asked)

  • 43. 

    Which happened first?

    • A.

      Golden Age of Athens

    • B.

      Alexander the Great controls all Greek city-states

    • C.

      Peloponnesian War

    • D.

      Persian War

    Correct Answer
    D. Persian War
    Explanation
    The Persian War occurred first among the given options. It took place between 499 and 449 BCE, when the Persian Empire invaded Greece. This conflict marked a significant turning point in Greek history, as it showcased the resilience and unity of the Greek city-states against a powerful foreign invader. The Golden Age of Athens followed the Persian War, beginning around 480 BCE and lasting until 404 BCE. Alexander the Great's conquest of the Greek city-states occurred much later, in the 4th century BCE, after the Peloponnesian War, which took place from 431 to 404 BCE.

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  • 44. 

    Which happened second?

    • A.

      Golden Age of Athens

    • B.

      Alexander the Great controls all Greek city-states

    • C.

      Peloponnesian War

    • D.

      Persian War

    Correct Answer
    A. Golden Age of Athens
    Explanation
    The Golden Age of Athens occurred after the Persian War and the Peloponnesian War. During this time, Athens experienced a period of great cultural and intellectual achievements, with notable figures such as Pericles, Socrates, and Plato. Alexander the Great's control over all Greek city-states came much later, after the decline of Athens' golden age. Therefore, the Golden Age of Athens happened second in chronological order.

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  • 45. 

    Which happened third?

    • A.

      Golden Age of Athens

    • B.

      Alexander the Great controls all Greek city-states

    • C.

      Peloponnesian War

    • D.

      Persian War

    Correct Answer
    C. Peloponnesian War
    Explanation
    The Peloponnesian War occurred after the Persian War and before Alexander the Great's control over all Greek city-states. The Persian War took place in the 5th century BC, followed by the Peloponnesian War which lasted from 431 to 404 BC. Alexander the Great's conquest of the Greek city-states happened in the 4th century BC. Therefore, the Peloponnesian War happened third in chronological order.

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  • 46. 

    Which happend fourth? (last)

    • A.

      Golden Age of Athens

    • B.

      Alexander the Great controls all Greek city-states

    • C.

      Peloponnesian War

    • D.

      Persian War

    Correct Answer
    B. Alexander the Great controls all Greek city-states
    Explanation
    Alexander the Great's control over all Greek city-states occurred after the Persian War and the Peloponnesian War, making it the fourth event in chronological order. The Golden Age of Athens is not mentioned in relation to the other events, so it cannot be determined where it falls in the sequence.

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  • 47. 

    How does trade prevent war?

  • 48. 

    Explain the statement: "A country with few natural resources must rely on human resources."

  • 49. 

    How did the Greeks use religion?

  • 50. 

    The very first Olympic event was

    • A.

      Wrestling (naked)

    • B.

      Javelin throw

    • C.

      Discus throw

    • D.

      Footrace (naked)

    • E.

      Boxing (no gloves; closed fist)

    • F.

      Long jump

    Correct Answer
    D. Footrace (naked)
    Explanation
    The very first Olympic event was a footrace, and it was conducted without any clothing. This event is significant because it marked the beginning of the ancient Olympic Games and set the stage for the athletic competitions that would follow. The naked footrace symbolized the purity and simplicity of the games, emphasizing the physical prowess and skill of the athletes. It also reflected the ancient Greek belief in the importance of the human body and its connection to the gods.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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    Chocodogs
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