Social Problems

42 Questions | Total Attempts: 233

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Multiple Choice Quizzes & Trivia

Social problems are conditions in which people within a community can be viewed as undesirable. This can be as serious as murder and drink-driving incidents, but other realms of the topic are more subjective. What do you know about them?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to the text, our actions in attacking social problems should be grounded in all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Scientific research

    • B. 

      Psychological assessments of the effectiveness of solutions to problems

    • C. 

      A sociological approach to understanding social problems

  • 2. 
    According to the text, the family can best be defined as
    • A. 

      A social institution based on kinship that functions to replace members of society and to nurture them

    • B. 

      The reproductive institution

    • C. 

      The oldest of all social institution

  • 3. 
    The term monogamy refers to
    • A. 

      A marriage between one male and more than one female

    • B. 

      A family form in which male and female share mor or less equally in the exercise of power

    • C. 

      A marriage involving only one spouse at a time

  • 4. 
    A/an___________________family consists of three or more generations of people who live together or in close proximity.
    • A. 

      Nuclear

    • B. 

      Extended

    • C. 

      Modified extended

  • 5. 
    According to the text, which of the following is NOT a function of the family?
    • A. 

      Preparing people for specialized roles in an industrial society

    • B. 

      Staus conferral

    • C. 

      Socialization and education

  • 6. 
    With respect to dual-earner families,
    • A. 

      They are prone to divorce than traditional marriages

    • B. 

      They have more egalitarian decision-making structure than do more tradittional families

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    According to the text, which of the following are dimensions of the problem surrounding health care in the United States?
    • A. 

      The high cost of health care

    • B. 

      The lack of acess to the health-care system by some sick people

    • C. 

      Only A and B

  • 8. 
    According to Parsons, people occupying the sick role are guided by certain expectations. Among these expectations is/are
    • A. 

      They can claim assisstance and sympathy from others

    • B. 

      They are excused from their normal role obligations to the extent that the disease calls for.

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of acute diseases?
    • A. 

      They progress over a long period of time

    • B. 

      They have a fairly quick onset

    • C. 

      They often exist long before they are detected

  • 10. 
    Changes in lifestyle or pther health steps that help avoid the occurence of disease in the first place are called
    • A. 

      Curative medicine

    • B. 

      Crisis medicine

    • C. 

      Preventive medicine

  • 11. 
    According to Herbert J. Gans, which of the following would NOT ba function of poverty?
    • A. 

      To ensure that society's dirty work will be done

    • B. 

      To create a market for inferior goods and services that only the poor will buy

    • C. 

      To make available loans so that the poor can get job training

  • 12. 
    The movement of people from one social position to another in the stratification hierachy  is called
    • A. 

      Public assistance

    • B. 

      Social insurance

    • C. 

      Social mobility

  • 13. 
    The blame the victim stance toward poverty means that
    • A. 

      The poor blame society for their plight.

    • B. 

      Poverty is attributed to the character flaws of the poor

    • C. 

      The poor are blame by society for causing crime to rise

  • 14. 
    A situation in which everyone, or nearly everyone, who wanted to work could find a job is called
    • A. 

      Structural unemployment

    • B. 

      Public assisstance

    • C. 

      Full employment

  • 15. 
    Groups whose members share distinct physical or cultural characteristics, who are denied acces to power and resources available to other groups, and who are accorded fewer rights, privileges, and opportunities, are referred to by sociologists as
    • A. 

      Racial groups

    • B. 

      Sexual groups

    • C. 

      Minority groups

  • 16. 
    The definition of "race" used by sociologists is based on
    • A. 

      Peoples belief in the biological differences of the races

    • B. 

      Viewing race as a social category

    • C. 

      Both a and c

  • 17. 
    The view that certain racial or ethnic groups are biologically inferior and that practices involving their domination and exploitation are justified is best referred to as  
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Discrimination

    • C. 

      Racism

  • 18. 
    An irrational attitude toward certain people based soley on their membership in a particular group is called
    • A. 

      Prejudice

    • B. 

      Discrimination

    • C. 

      Prejudiced discrimination

  • 19. 
    People who accept the members of another racial or ethnic group in both belief and practice are known in Merton categories as
    • A. 

      Prejudiced discriminators

    • B. 

      Unprejudiced nondiscriminators

    • C. 

      Prejudiced nondiscriminators

  • 20. 
    The goal-oriented activities of the group such as hunting, building something, or managing a work team are referred to as
    • A. 

      Expressive tasks

    • B. 

      Leadership tasks

    • C. 

      Instumental tasks

  • 21. 
    According to the interactionist perspective, gender inequality becomes a social problem when
    • A. 

      Sex roles change so rapidly that society's equilibrium is threatened

    • B. 

      Exchange relationships between men and women become disquilibrious

    • C. 

      There is a lack of consensus and shared expectations about the roles of men and women in society

  • 22. 
    According to the text, male and female are
    • A. 

      Gender related terms

    • B. 

      Sex-related terms

    • C. 

      Sex-and gender related terms

  • 23. 
    Which of the following fields specialize in the scientific study of aging?
    • A. 

      Demography

    • B. 

      Sociology

    • C. 

      Gerontology

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is true of the stages in the life cycle?
    • A. 

      Biology is secondary to social structure in shaping every stage

    • B. 

      In all societies, people go through the same sequence of stages

    • C. 

      Biology plays an important part in shaping the beginning and the end of the life cycle

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a new stage in the life span that emerged in industrial societies?
    • A. 

      Childhood

    • B. 

      Adolescence

    • C. 

      Youth

  • 26. 
    Biological approaches to crime
    • A. 

      View crime as arising from people biological makeup

    • B. 

      Have gained in popularity among criminologists over the years

    • C. 

      Both a and c

  • 27. 
    According to Emile Durkheim explanation for high levels of crime in industrial societies,
    • A. 

      Many of the social bonds that are important i preindustrial societies are weakened by industrialization

    • B. 

      People are more free to pursue their own needs in preindustrial societies

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 28. 
    Among the trends in the United States identified in the text that are related to increased opportunities for commiting burglary is/are
    • A. 

      A decrease in the number of household with only one adult member

    • B. 

      A dramatic increase over the past four decasdes in the number of women working

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 29. 
    Which of the following drugs would be considered a stimulant?
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Alcohol

    • C. 

      Heroin

  • 30. 
    The term "potentation" refers to 
    • A. 

      The overdose level of a drug

    • B. 

      The effect of two depressants in combination being greater than either drug seperately

    • C. 

      The potential or probability that a given dosage of a drug will cause addiction

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of hallucinogens?
    • A. 

      Tolerence to them builds rapidly

    • B. 

      There is cross-tolerence between most hallucinogens

    • C. 

      They produce physical dependence

  • 32. 
    According to the text, prohibition is not likely to be an effective way of controlling drug use and abuse when
    • A. 

      Use of the drug is widespread

    • B. 

      Use of the drug is seen as socially acceptable by some

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 33. 
    The war on drugs has channeled relatively little money into drug rehabilitation programs because
    • A. 

      Research has shown that these programs are ineffective

    • B. 

      Imprisoning drug addicts is a more effective from of rehabilitation

    • C. 

      Most funds have been channeled into law enforcement and drug interdiction

  • 34. 
    Programs in which the act of drinking alcohol is associated with some unpleasant experience are called
    • A. 

      Aversion therapy

    • B. 

      Potentation

    • C. 

      Primary prevention

  • 35. 
    Over the last few decades, public sentiment toward alcholism has changed in which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      Alcholics are more stigmatized than in the past

    • B. 

      Alcoholism is now viewed as a medical problem that can be treated

    • C. 

      Employers are more willing to identify and fire employees who have problems with alcohol

  • 36. 
    If the hydrologiic cycle is overwhelmed to the point that it is ineffective, the result would most likely be
    • A. 

      Increasing water pollution

    • B. 

      A depletion of energy

    • C. 

      An increase in biodiversity

  • 37. 
    The depletion of oxygen in a body of water because of an overabundance of plant and animal life is termed 
    • A. 

      Desertification

    • B. 

      Eutrophication

    • C. 

      The Green Revolution

  • 38. 
    What is the environmental status of Lake Erie today?
    • A. 

      It is less polluted today thatn prior to the 1950s and 1960s

    • B. 

      It has been destroyed as a source of food and water

    • C. 

      It has recovered substantially from the damage done to it

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is true of toxic wastes in the United States?
    • A. 

      Not all such wastes are covered by government regulation

    • B. 

      Most toxic waste dump sites are in the south and the west

    • C. 

      The most toxic wastes are release by the automobile industry

  • 40. 
    Desertfication refers to 
    • A. 

      Land degradation

    • B. 

      A reduction in the quantity of arable land

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 41. 
    Which of the following nations is the largest consumer, per person, of the world's energy resources?
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      United States

    • C. 

      China

  • 42. 
    Geologists have calculated that______________will be our longest lasting  nonrenewable resource.
    • A. 

      Natural gas

    • B. 

      Coal

    • C. 

      Oil