Soal Ujian Sekolah Produktif Tkj Kelas Xii

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Soal Ujian Sekolah Produktif Tkj Kelas Xii - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Secara umum jaringan komputer terdiri dari di bawah ini kecuali…..

    • A.

      A. Local Area Network

    • B.

      B. Metropolitan Area Network

    • C.

      C. Radio Area Network

    • D.

      D. Internet

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Internet
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D. Internet. The question is asking for an exception among the given options, which are Local Area Network (LAN), Metropolitan Area Network (MAN), Radio Area Network (RAN), and Internet. The Internet is not a type of network, but rather a global system of interconnected networks that use the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to communicate. Therefore, it is the exception in this context.

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  • 2. 

    Beberapa teknologi WAN antara lain di bawah ini, kecuali…..

    • A.

      A. Modem

    • B.

      B. ISDN

    • C.

      C. DSL

    • D.

      D. Frame Relay

    • E.

      E. Buffer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Modem
    Explanation
    Modem is not a technology used in Wide Area Networks (WAN). A modem is a device that converts digital signals from a computer into analog signals that can be transmitted over telephone lines. While it is used to connect to the internet, it is not specifically a technology used in WANs. The other options listed (ISDN, DSL, Frame Relay, and Buffer) are all technologies commonly used in WANs.

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  • 3. 

    Ada dua jenis routing yaitu…..

    • A.

      A. Routing langsung dan tidak langsung

    • B.

      B. Routing cepat dan lambat

    • C.

      C. Routing searah dan multi arah

    • D.

      D. Routing sekelas dan tidak sekelas

    • E.

      E. Routing naik dan turun

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Routing langsung dan tidak langsung
    Explanation
    There are two types of routing: direct routing and indirect routing. Direct routing refers to the process of sending data packets directly from the source to the destination without any intermediate nodes. On the other hand, indirect routing involves sending data packets through intermediate nodes or routers to reach the destination. Therefore, option A, "Routing langsung dan tidak langsung" (direct routing and indirect routing), is the correct answer.

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  • 4. 

    Antena yang memancar ke segala arah (360 derajat) disebut…..

    • A.

      A. Yaggi Super

    • B.

      B. Omni Directional

    • C.

      C. Yaggi Directional

    • D.

      D. Omni Struktural

    • E.

      E. Yaggi Struktural

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Yaggi Super
    Explanation
    An antenna that radiates in all directions (360 degrees) is called an Omni Directional antenna. This type of antenna is designed to provide equal signal strength in all directions, making it suitable for applications where signals need to be broadcasted in a wide area. It is commonly used for wireless communication systems such as Wi-Fi routers and cellular base stations. The other options, Yaggi Super, Yaggi Directional, Omni Struktural, and Yaggi Struktural, do not accurately describe an antenna that radiates in all directions.

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  • 5. 

    Bagian-bagian dari kabel serat optik adalah seperti di bawah ini, kecuali…..

    • A.

      A. Core

    • B.

      B. Cladding

    • C.

      C. Buffer

    • D.

      D. Tracker

    • E.

      E. Outer Jacket

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Core
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the core is not a part of the fiber optic cable. In a fiber optic cable, the core is the central part through which light travels. It is made of a high-quality glass or plastic material that has a higher refractive index than the cladding. The cladding surrounds the core and helps to confine the light within the core by having a lower refractive index. The buffer is a protective layer that surrounds the cladding and provides additional strength and protection to the fiber. The outer jacket is the final layer that protects the entire cable from external factors. However, "tracker" is not a term commonly associated with fiber optic cables, making it the correct answer.

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  • 6. 

    Alat yang digunakan untuk mengetahui spektrum frekuensi yang telah digunakan oleh jaringan WaveLAN lainnya disebut…..

    • A.

      A. Spectrum Analyzer

    • B.

      B. AVO Meter

    • C.

      C. Multi Meter

    • D.

      D. Syncronize Analyzer

    • E.

      E. Metal Analyzer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Spectrum Analyzer
    Explanation
    A spectrum analyzer is a device used to analyze and measure the frequency spectrum of signals. It is commonly used in wireless communication systems to determine the frequency bands that are being used by other WaveLAN networks. It helps in identifying potential interference and allows for efficient allocation of frequencies to avoid conflicts. AVO meter, multi meter, syncronize analyzer, and metal analyzer are not specifically designed for analyzing frequency spectrums, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 7. 

    Alat yang digunakan untuk menghitung kehilangan energi yang didapat dari serat optik adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Loss Power Meter

    • B.

      B. Good Power Meter

    • C.

      C. MUlti Meter

    • D.

      D. Standar Power Meter

    • E.

      E. Spectrum Analyzer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Loss Power Meter
    Explanation
    A loss power meter is used to measure the amount of energy loss obtained from optical fibers. This device is specifically designed to measure the power loss in optical systems, allowing technicians to assess the efficiency and performance of the fiber optic network. It provides accurate measurements of power loss, enabling the identification of any issues or problems in the optical transmission system. The loss power meter is an essential tool for maintaining and troubleshooting fiber optic networks.

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  • 8. 

    Server yang dapat membuat sistem berbasis Unix (seperti Linux) untuk melakukan sharing resource dengan sistem berbasis Windows adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Samba

    • B.

      B. Apache

    • C.

      C. Squid

    • D.

      D. Squirel

    • E.

      E. Proxy

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Samba
    Explanation
    Samba is a server software that allows Unix-based systems, such as Linux, to share resources with Windows-based systems. It provides file and print services, allowing Windows clients to access files and printers on the Unix server. Samba uses the SMB/CIFS networking protocol to enable communication between the Unix and Windows systems. Therefore, Samba is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 9. 

    Proxy server yang populer saat ini adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Samba

    • B.

      B. Apache

    • C.

      C. Squid

    • D.

      D. Squirel

    • E.

      E. Proxylite

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Samba
    Explanation
    Samba is not a proxy server, but rather a popular open-source software suite that provides file and print services for Windows clients. It allows Linux and Unix systems to integrate seamlessly into Windows-based networks. Therefore, the given correct answer is incorrect and does not match the question.

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  • 10. 

    Untuk mengakses komputer lain, SSH lebih aman dibandingkan telnet karena data yang akan dikirim….. 

    • A.

      A. lebih kecil

    • B.

      B. lebih besar

    • C.

      C. dijadikan paralel

    • D.

      D. diacak dulu

    • E.

      E. diformat dulu

    Correct Answer
    A. A. lebih kecil
    Explanation
    SSH lebih aman dibandingkan dengan telnet karena data yang akan dikirim melalui SSH lebih kecil. SSH menggunakan enkripsi yang memungkinkan data yang dikirimkan melalui jaringan menjadi lebih kecil ukurannya, sehingga lebih sulit bagi pihak yang tidak berwenang untuk membaca atau mengakses data tersebut. Hal ini berbeda dengan telnet yang tidak menggunakan enkripsi sehingga data yang dikirimkan tetap dalam ukuran yang sama dan lebih mudah untuk disadap oleh pihak yang tidak berwenang.

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  • 11. 

    Untuk merubah hak akses file pada linux menggunakan perintah…..

    • A.

      A. chmod

    • B.

      B. squid

    • C.

      C. chdisk

    • D.

      D. short

    • E.

      E. telnet

    Correct Answer
    A. A. chmod
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. chmod. The command "chmod" is used in Linux to change the permissions or access rights of a file or directory. It allows the user to add or remove permissions for the owner, group, and others. This command is commonly used to control who can read, write, or execute a file.

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  • 12. 

    IP address terdiri atas dua bagian yaitu…..    

    • A.

      A. bit dan nyble

    • B.

      B. network ID dan broadcast ID

    • C.

      C. kelas A dan kelas D

    • D.

      E. internet dan local

    • E.

      E. network ID dan host ID

    Correct Answer
    A. A. bit dan nyble
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. bit dan nyble. An IP address consists of two parts: bits and nybles. Bits are the smallest unit of data in computing, representing either a 0 or a 1. Nybles, on the other hand, are made up of 4 bits and represent a single digit in hexadecimal format. Therefore, an IP address is composed of a combination of bits and nybles.

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  • 13. 

    IP address kelas A diberikan untuk jaringan dengan jumlah host…..

    • A.

      A. sangat kecil

    • B.

      B. sangat besar

    • C.

      C. sedang

    • D.

      D. tidak tetap

    • E.

      E. berbeda

    Correct Answer
    A. A. sangat kecil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. sangat kecil. This is because Class A IP addresses are assigned to networks with a very large number of hosts. Class A addresses have a very large range of possible network addresses, allowing for a maximum of 16,777,214 hosts per network. Therefore, the number of hosts for Class A networks is considered to be very large.

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  • 14. 

     Cara membaca IP Address kelas A, misalnya 113.46.5.6 adalah…..

    • A.

      A. network ID = 113 Host ID = 46.5.6

    • B.

      B. network ID = 113.46 Host ID = 5.6

    • C.

      C. network ID = 113.46.5 Host ID = 6

    • D.

      D. network ID = 113.46.5.6 Host ID = 0

    • E.

      E. network ID = 0 Host ID = 113.46.5.6

    Correct Answer
    A. A. network ID = 113 Host ID = 46.5.6
    Explanation
    The given IP address 113.46.5.6 is a class A IP address. In a class A IP address, the first octet represents the network ID, and the remaining three octets represent the host ID. Therefore, in this case, the network ID is 113, and the host ID is 46.5.6.

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  • 15. 

    Host ID untuk IP Address kelas C adalah…..

    • A.

      A. 24 bit terakhir

    • B.

      B. 18 bit terakhir

    • C.

      C. 12 bit terakhir

    • D.

      D. 8 bit terakhir

    • E.

      E. 4 bit terakhir

    Correct Answer
    A. A. 24 bit terakhir
    Explanation
    The host ID for an IP address class C is determined by the last 24 bits of the IP address. In class C, the first 3 octets (24 bits) are reserved for the network ID, while the last octet (8 bits) is used for the host ID. Therefore, the correct answer is A. 24 bit terakhir.

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  • 16. 

    Domain Name System (DNS) adalah suatu sistem yang memungkinkan nama suatu host pada jaringan komputer atau internet ditranslasikan menjadi…..

    • A.

      A. broadcast address

    • B.

      B. host ID

    • C.

      C. IP address

    • D.

      D. home ID

    • E.

      E. Protocol

    Correct Answer
    A. A. broadcast address
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. IP address. The Domain Name System (DNS) translates domain names into IP addresses. This allows users to access websites or other resources on the internet using easy-to-remember domain names, rather than having to remember the specific IP address of each resource. The broadcast address, host ID, home ID, and protocol are not directly related to the translation of domain names into IP addresses.

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  • 17. 

    Berikut yang bukan merupakan jenis kabel untuk jaringan komputer adalah…..

    • A.

      A. BNC

    • B.

      B. coaxial cable

    • C.

      C. UTP

    • D.

      D. fiber optic

    • E.

      D. fiber optic

    Correct Answer
    A. A. BNC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. BNC. BNC stands for Bayonet Neill-Concelman and is a type of connector commonly used with coaxial cables. It is not a type of cable itself, but rather a connector used to attach coaxial cables to devices. Coaxial cable, UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair), and fiber optic are all types of cables used in computer networks for transmitting data.

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  • 18. 

    Untuk melihat indikasi pada konfigurasi IP yang terpasang pada Komputer dengan sistem operasi windows dengan perintah…..

    • A.

      A. ifconfig

    • B.

      B. ipconfig

    • C.

      C. isconfig

    • D.

      D. cpconfig

    • E.

      E. lsconfig

    Correct Answer
    A. A. ifconfig
  • 19. 

    Untuk mendeteksi apakah hubungan komputer dengan jaringan sudah berjalan dengan baik, utilitas yang digunakan adalah…..

    • A.

      A. ls

    • B.

      B. clear

    • C.

      C. man

    • D.

      D. tracert

    • E.

      E. ping

    Correct Answer
    A. A. ls
    Explanation
    The correct answer is E. ping. The utility "ping" is used to check the connectivity between a computer and a network. It sends a request to a specific IP address or domain name and measures the time it takes for the request to reach the destination and come back. If the request is successful and the response time is within acceptable limits, it indicates that the computer's connection to the network is working properly. The utility "ls" is used to list the contents of a directory in Linux, so it is not relevant to checking network connectivity.

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  • 20. 

    Jika nomor IP tidak dikenal dalam jaringan, maka akan muncul pesan….. 

    • A.

      A. Request Time Out

    • B.

      B. Time to Live

    • C.

      C. Time to Leave

    • D.

      D. Data Pending

    • E.

      E. Repply for All

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Request Time Out
    Explanation
    When a network does not recognize an IP address, it will typically result in a "Request Time Out" message. This means that the device or server being contacted did not respond within the expected time frame, indicating that the IP address is not valid or not reachable.

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  • 21. 

     Batasan waktu agar paket data tidak mengambang di jaringan disebut…..

    • A.

      A. Request Time Out

    • B.

      B. Time to Live

    • C.

      C. Time to Leave

    • D.

      D. Data Pending

    • E.

      E. Repply for All

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Request Time Out
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Request Time Out. When a device sends a request for data over a network, it expects to receive a response within a certain time frame. If the response does not arrive within this time frame, the request is considered timed out. This can happen due to various reasons such as network congestion, server unavailability, or packet loss. The term "Request Time Out" is commonly used to describe this situation.

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  • 22. 

    Menurut referensi OSI, layer/lapisan protokol berjumlah….

    • A.

      A. 3

    • B.

      B. 4

    • C.

      C. 5

    • D.

      D. 6

    • E.

      E. 7

    Correct Answer
    A. A. 3
    Explanation
    According to the OSI reference model, there are 7 layers in the protocol stack. These layers are responsible for different functions in the communication process. However, the question asks for the number of layers in the protocol, which is 3. This is because the OSI model is divided into three main layers: the network layer, the transport layer, and the application layer. The other four layers (physical, data link, session, and presentation) are not mentioned in the question.

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  • 23. 

    Suatu aturan dimana pemilik program tetap memegang haknya tetapi orang lain dimungkinkan untuk menyebarkan dan memodifikasi, dengan syarat source code asli harus diikutsertakan dalam distribusinya disebut…..

    • A.

      A. GPL (General Public License)

    • B.

      B. TTL (Time to Live)

    • C.

      C. OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer)

    • D.

      D. RTO (Request Time Out)

    • E.

      E. OEP (Overseas Employment promoters

    Correct Answer
    A. A. GPL (General Public License)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. GPL (General Public License). This license allows the owner of a program to retain their rights while allowing others to distribute and modify it, as long as the original source code is included in the distribution.

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  • 24. 

    Yang bukan merupakan varian sistem operasi jaringan berbasis GUI yang menggunakan basis Linux adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Redhat

    • B.

      B. Mandrake

    • C.

      C. Caldera

    • D.

      D. Debian

    • E.

      E. Fortran

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Redhat
    Explanation
    Redhat is not a variant of GUI-based network operating system that uses Linux as its base. Redhat is actually a popular Linux distribution that is widely used for server deployments. It is known for its stability, security, and enterprise-level support. However, it is not specifically designed as a network operating system with a GUI interface.

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  • 25. 

    Dua software yang digunakan untuk boot loader adalah…..

    • A.

      A. GRUB dan FIFO

    • B.

      B. GRUB dan LIFO

    • C.

      C. GRUB dan LILO

    • D.

      D. LIFO dan SWAP

    • E.

      E. LILO dan SWAP

    Correct Answer
    A. A. GRUB dan FIFO
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. GRUB dan FIFO. GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) is a widely used bootloader in Linux systems. It is responsible for loading the operating system into memory during the boot process. FIFO (First-In, First-Out) is a method of organizing and manipulating data structures, commonly used in computer science. However, it is not a software used for boot loading. Therefore, the correct answer is GRUB and FIFO is not applicable.

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  • 26. 

    Database server yang umum digunakan adalah…..

    • A.

      A. APACHE

    • B.

      B. MySQL

    • C.

      C. SQUID

    • D.

      D. MYOB

    • E.

      E. DBFSL

    Correct Answer
    A. A. APACHE
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is A. APACHE. Apache is a web server software that is commonly used to serve web pages to clients over the internet. It is not a database server, but it can be used in conjunction with a database server like MySQL to serve dynamic web content. Apache is known for its reliability, scalability, and security, making it a popular choice for hosting websites and web applications.

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  • 27. 

    Jenis-jenis sistem operasi jaringan yang dapat digunakan sebagai server dalam jaringan adalah sebagai berikut, kecuali…..

    • A.

      A. Windows NT

    • B.

      B. Redhat

    • C.

      C. Debian

    • D.

      D. Star Bugs

    • E.

      E. San Solaris

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Windows NT
    Explanation
    The given options are different types of network operating systems that can be used as a server in a network. Windows NT is not a valid option because it is not a network operating system.

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  • 28. 

    Berikut ini yang bukan termasuk topologi fisik jaringan adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Bus

    • B.

      B. Star

    • C.

      C. Tree

    • D.

      D. Ring

    • E.

      E. Sun

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Bus
    Explanation
    The given question asks for a topology that does not belong to the physical network. The correct answer is A. Bus. A bus topology is a type of physical network topology in which all devices are connected to a single cable called a backbone. Each device on the network shares the same communication medium, and data is transmitted in both directions. However, the other options (B. Star, C. Tree, D. Ring, and E. Sun) are all valid physical network topologies.

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  • 29. 

    Suatu jaringan dimana setiap komputer dapat berfungsi sebagai server artinya user komputer yang ada dalam jaringan tersebut dapat menjadi seorang administrator diistilahkan…..

    • A.

      A. Jaringan peer to peer

    • B.

      B. Jaringan client server

    • C.

      C. Jaringan internet

    • D.

      D. Jaringan server to server

    • E.

      E. jaringan peer to server

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Jaringan peer to peer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Jaringan peer to peer. In a peer-to-peer network, each computer can function as both a client and a server. This means that users on the network can act as administrators, as they have the ability to share and access files and resources directly with other computers on the network without the need for a central server.

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  • 30. 

    Subnet mask 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000 sama dengan…..

    • A.

      A. 255.255.0.0

    • B.

      B. 255.255.255.0

    • C.

      C. 255.255.255.224

    • D.

      D. 255.255.255.240

    • E.

      E. 255.255.255.248

    Correct Answer
    A. A. 255.255.0.0
    Explanation
    The given subnet mask, 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000, has the first 21 bits set to 1 and the last 11 bits set to 0. This means that the network portion of the IP address is 21 bits long, leaving 11 bits for the host portion. In the subnet mask 255.255.0.0, the first 16 bits are set to 1, which corresponds to a network portion of 16 bits and a host portion of 16 bits. Therefore, the given subnet mask is equivalent to 255.255.0.0.

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  • 31. 

    Signal merewati 2 arah dengan satu kabel, kemungkinan terjadi collision (tabrakan data atau tercampurnya data) besar, adalah kelemahan dari kabel jenis…..

    • A.

      A. Coaxial

    • B.

      B. UTP

    • C.

      C. STP

    • D.

      D. Twisted

    • E.

      E. Unshielded

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Coaxial
    Explanation
    Coaxial cable is a type of cable that can transmit signals in both directions simultaneously. However, since it uses a single cable, there is a possibility of data collision or data mixing, especially when multiple devices are connected to the same cable. This is a weakness of coaxial cables compared to other types of cables like UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) or STP (Shielded Twisted Pair), which have separate pairs of wires for transmitting and receiving data, reducing the chances of collision.

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  • 32. 

    Skema desain pembangunan sebuah jaringan komputer dikenal dengan istilah…..

    • A.

      A. Tipe

    • B.

      B. Topologi

    • C.

      C. Geografi

    • D.

      D. Skalabilitas

    • E.

      E. Media transmisi

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Tipe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Tipe. The question is asking for the term used to describe the design scheme of building a computer network. The term "tipe" (type) is the most appropriate answer as it refers to the different types or categories of network designs that can be implemented.

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  • 33. 

    Pembagian ruang dalam sebuah hardisk diistilahkan dengan…..

    • A.

      A. Divisi

    • B.

      B. Partisi

    • C.

      C. Kernel

    • D.

      D. File system

    • E.

      E. Sistem Operasi

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Divisi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Divisi. The question is asking for the term used to describe the division of space within a hard disk. Divisi is the Indonesian term for division, which accurately describes the process of dividing the storage space in a hard disk into separate sections or partitions.

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  • 34. 

    Kemampuan sistem operasi untuk menjalankan berbagai perintah dalam waktu bersamaan disebut…..

    • A.

      A. Multi user

    • B.

      B. Pipelining

    • C.

      C. Threading

    • D.

      D. Multitasking

    • E.

      E. Management

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Multi user
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Multi user. Multi user refers to the ability of an operating system to allow multiple users to access and use the system simultaneously. This means that multiple users can run different commands or programs at the same time without interfering with each other.

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  • 35. 

    Inti sebuah sistem operasi disebut…..

    • A.

      A. Core

    • B.

      B. Linux

    • C.

      C. Kernel

    • D.

      D. Compiler

    • E.

      E. Windows

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Core
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Core. The term "core" refers to the central part or essence of something. In the context of an operating system, the core is often referred to as the kernel. The kernel is responsible for managing the system's resources, such as memory and hardware devices, and it acts as a bridge between the hardware and the software. It provides essential services and functions that allow the operating system to run and interact with other software applications. Therefore, the term "core" is synonymous with the kernel in this context.

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  • 36. 

    Teks perintah untuk melihat tabel routing pada Windows adalah…..

    • A.

      A. route –n

    • B.

      B. route –a

    • C.

      C. route PRINT

    • D.

      D. route –D

    • E.

      E. route -t

    Correct Answer
    A. A. route –n
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. route -n. This command is used to view the routing table on a Windows system. The -n option displays the table in numerical format, showing the IP addresses and network masks in numerical form rather than resolving them to host names.

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  • 37. 

    Komputer yang bertugas menyimpan informasi halaman web yang pernah diakses sebelumnya adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Router

    • B.

      B. Web server

    • C.

      C. Proxy server

    • D.

      D. Name server

    • E.

      E. Database server

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Router
    Explanation
    A router is a device that is responsible for forwarding data packets between computer networks. In the context of the given question, a router does not store information about previously accessed web pages. Instead, it directs network traffic between different devices and networks. Therefore, the correct answer is not A. Router.

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  • 38. 

    Antar muka yang bertugas menerjemahkan satuan informasi terkecil di layer fisik adalah…..

    • A.

      A. LAN Card

    • B.

      B. USB

    • C.

      C. RJ 45

    • D.

      D. Firewire

    • E.

      E. Kabel UTP

    Correct Answer
    A. A. LAN Card
    Explanation
    The LAN card is responsible for translating the smallest units of information in the physical layer. It is a hardware component that allows a computer to connect to a local area network (LAN) and transmit and receive data. The LAN card converts digital data into electrical signals that can be transmitted over the network and vice versa. It acts as an interface between the computer and the network, enabling communication between them.

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  • 39. 

    Satuan informasi terkecil yang dikenal dalam komunikasi data adalah…..

    • A.

      A. Bit

    • B.

      B. Byte

    • C.

      C. Label

    • D.

      D. Packet

    • E.

      E. Segment

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Bit
    Explanation
    The smallest unit of information in data communication is a bit. A bit is a binary digit, which can have a value of either 0 or 1. It is the fundamental building block of all digital data and is used to represent information in computers and telecommunication systems. A byte, on the other hand, is a group of 8 bits and is a larger unit of information. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Bit.

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  • 40. 

    Angka 32 bit yang digunakan untuk membedakan Net ID dan Host ID disebut…..

    • A.

      A. Subnet Mask

    • B.

      B. Submask

    • C.

      C. IP Broadcast

    • D.

      D. IP Public

    • E.

      E. IP Private

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Subnet Mask
    Explanation
    A subnet mask is a 32-bit number used to separate the network ID and host ID in an IP address. It helps determine which part of the IP address belongs to the network and which part belongs to the host. By using a subnet mask, devices on a network can identify and communicate with each other within the same network while also being able to differentiate between different networks.

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  • 41. 

    Partisi default (root) jenis Reiserfs digunakan oleh sistem operasi…..

    • A.

      A. Windows XP

    • B.

      B. Linux Redhat

    • C.

      C. Windows ME

    • D.

      D. Linux Suse

    • E.

      E. Linux Ubuntu

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Windows XP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Windows XP. This is because Reiserfs is a file system primarily used by Linux operating systems, not Windows operating systems. Therefore, it is unlikely that Windows XP would use the Reiserfs file system as its default root partition.

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  • 42. 

    Linux pada awalnya dibuat oleh seorang mahasiswa Finlandia bernama…..

    • A.

      A. Linux Travolds

    • B.

      B. Linux Torvalds

    • C.

      C. Linus Torvalds

    • D.

      D. Linux Travolta

    • E.

      E. Linus Travolta

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Linux Travolds
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. Linus Torvalds.

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  • 43. 

    Perintah pada DOS untuk membuat direktori baru adalah…..

    • A.

      A. dir

    • B.

      B. cd

    • C.

      C. copy

    • D.

      D. rd

    • E.

      E. md

    Correct Answer
    A. A. dir
    Explanation
    The correct answer is E. md. The question asks for the command in DOS to create a new directory. The "md" command is used in DOS to create a new directory. "dir" is a command used to list the contents of a directory, not to create a new one. "cd" is used to change the current directory, "copy" is used to copy files, and "rd" is used to remove a directory.

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  • 44. 

    Perintah pada dasar linux untuk membuat direktori baru adalah…..

    • A.

      A. mkdir

    • B.

      B. cd

    • C.

      C. mdir

    • D.

      D. rd

    • E.

      E. dir

    Correct Answer
    A. A. mkdir
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. mkdir. The command "mkdir" in Linux is used to create a new directory. It stands for "make directory". The other options, such as "cd" (change directory), "mdir" (which is not a valid command), "rd" (remove directory), and "dir" (list directory contents), do not perform the same function as creating a new directory.

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  • 45. 

     Perintah yang digunakan untuk melihat daftar services pada Windows XP adalah….

    • A.

      A. services.exe

    • B.

      B. services.asc

    • C.

      C. services.msa

    • D.

      D. services.dll

    • E.

      E. services.msc

    Correct Answer
    A. A. services.exe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. services.exe. This is because services.exe is the executable file that runs the Services Control Manager in Windows XP. It is responsible for managing the services that are installed on the system. The other options (B, C, D, and E) do not represent the correct command or file name for viewing the list of services in Windows XP.

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  • 46. 

    Tanda bahwa shell prompt masuk sebagai root adalah…..

    • A.

      A. #

    • B.

      B. @

    • C.

      C. $

    • D.

      D. *.*

    • E.

      E. ^

    Correct Answer
    A. A. #
    Explanation
    The shell prompt symbol "#" is commonly used to indicate that the user is logged in as the root user. The root user has the highest level of privileges and can perform any administrative task on the system. Therefore, when the shell prompt displays "#" it indicates that the user has full control over the system and can execute commands with unrestricted access.

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  • 47. 

    Perintah dasar linux yang digunakan untuk menghapus direktori adalah…..

    • A.

      A. rmove

    • B.

      B. rmdir

    • C.

      C. mkdir

    • D.

      D. mdel

    • E.

      E. msdir

    Correct Answer
    A. A. rmove
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. rmdir. The command "rmdir" is used in Linux to remove or delete a directory. This command is specifically designed to delete empty directories. If the directory is not empty, the command will not work and an error message will be displayed.

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  • 48. 

    Software untuk mengatur tata letak file dalam hardisk yang merupakan bawaan dari Windows XP adalah…..

    • A.

      A. disk defragmenter

    • B.

      B. disk formater

    • C.

      C. disk cleaner

    • D.

      D. disk destructor

    • E.

      E. disk partitioner

    Correct Answer
    A. A. disk defragmenter
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. disk defragmenter. Disk defragmenter is a software tool that is built into Windows XP. It is used to reorganize the data on a hard drive in order to improve the overall performance of the computer. When files are saved and deleted on a hard drive, they can become fragmented, meaning that parts of the file are scattered across different areas of the drive. This can slow down the computer's performance. Disk defragmenter rearranges the fragmented files so that they are stored in contiguous blocks, allowing for faster access and improved performance.

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  • 49. 

    Linux dapat digunakan oleh lebih dari satu pemakai yang masuk ke dalam sistem pada saat bersamaan, diistilahkan…..

    • A.

      A. Multiuser

    • B.

      B. Multilevel

    • C.

      C. Multipeople

    • D.

      D. Multimaker

    • E.

      E. Multigetting

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Multiuser
    Explanation
    Linux is known for its ability to support multiple users simultaneously. This means that more than one person can log into the system and use it at the same time. This is a key feature of Linux and is often used in server environments where multiple users need to access and manage the system at once. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Multiuser.

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  • 50. 

    Di bawah ini adalah jenis-jenis sistem operasi, kecuali…..

    • A.

      A. Ubuntu

    • B.

      B. Windows XP

    • C.

      C. Mac OS

    • D.

      D. Cytrix

    • E.

      E. Red Hat

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Ubuntu
    Explanation
    The question asks for the type of operating system that is not included in the given options. The options include Windows XP, Mac OS, Cytrix, and Red Hat, which are all different types of operating systems. The correct answer, A. Ubuntu, is the odd one out as it is also a type of operating system. Therefore, Ubuntu is the answer that does not belong in the given list of operating systems.

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