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| By Smpn_9depok
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 97,252
Questions: 40 | Attempts: 2,167

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Di Dalam - Quiz

Ulangan "SISTEM EKSKRESI" T.P. 2009/2010SMP NEGERI 9 DEPOKJl. Raya Cipayung No. 27 Pancoranmas Depok Telp. (021) 779 1103email : [email protected]/* */blog : smpn9depok.wordpress.comGuru : JOHAN, S.Pd


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut! Tempat untuk menampung urine sebelum dikeluarkan dari tubuh ditunjukkan oleh nomor … .

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2. In the given image, the number 2 is pointing to a structure that is labeled as the bladder. The bladder is the organ in the body that stores urine before it is eliminated from the body. Therefore, it is the correct answer to the question asking for the place where urine is held before being expelled from the body.

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  • 2. 

    Urine dari kantong urine dikeluarkan melalui saluran yang disebut ... .

    • A.

      Uretra

    • B.

      Pelvis

    • C.

      Ureter

    • D.

      Medula

    Correct Answer
    A. Uretra
    Explanation
    The correct answer is uretra. The question asks for the name of the passage through which urine is expelled from the urinary bladder. The uretra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

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  • 3. 

    Ginjal manusia terletak di dalam rongga perut, tepatnya di ... .

    • A.

      Kanan dan kiri tulang pinggang

    • B.

      Kanan dan kiri tulang ekor

    • C.

      Kanan dan kiri tulang kelangkang

    • D.

      Kanan dan kiri tulang punggung

    Correct Answer
    A. Kanan dan kiri tulang pinggang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kanan dan kiri tulang pinggang". The kidneys are located in the abdominal cavity, specifically on the right and left sides of the waist, near the lower back.

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  • 4. 

    Organ berikut ini termasuk dalam sistem ekskresi, kecuali ... .

    • A.

      Hati

    • B.

      Pankreas

    • C.

      Kulit

    • D.

      Ginjal

    Correct Answer
    B. Pankreas
    Explanation
    The pancreas is not part of the excretory system. It is primarily involved in the production and secretion of digestive enzymes and hormones such as insulin. The excretory system, on the other hand, is responsible for removing waste products from the body, particularly through the urine. The kidneys play a major role in this process by filtering the blood and producing urine. The liver also plays a role in detoxification and waste removal. The skin, through sweating, can also eliminate certain waste products. Therefore, the correct answer is pankreas.

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  • 5. 

    Kapsula Bowman merupakan merupakan bagian yang melindungi ... .

    • A.

      Glomerulus

    • B.

      Pelvis

    • C.

      Badan malpighi

    • D.

      Ureter

    Correct Answer
    A. Glomerulus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is glomerulus. The glomerulus is a part of the Bowman's capsule in the kidney. It is responsible for filtering waste products and excess fluid from the blood to form urine. The Bowman's capsule, along with the glomerulus, plays a crucial role in the process of urine formation in the kidneys.

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  • 6. 

    Saluran urine yang keluar dari ginjal disebut ... .

    • A.

      Medula

    • B.

      Uretra

    • C.

      Ureter

    • D.

      Pelvis

    Correct Answer
    C. Ureter
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ureter." The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder. It is responsible for transporting urine that has been filtered by the kidneys and ensuring it reaches the bladder for storage and eventual elimination from the body. The other options, medula, uretra, and pelvis, are not correct as they do not refer to the specific tube that carries urine from the kidneys.

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  • 7. 

    Perhatikan gambar irisan ginjal berikut! Bagian yang di beri tanda X adalah ... .

    • A.

      Korteks

    • B.

      Medula

    • C.

      Pelvis

    • D.

      Sumsum ginjal

    Correct Answer
    A. Korteks
    Explanation
    The correct answer is korteks because the X mark is pointing to the outer layer of the kidney, which is known as the cortex. The cortex is responsible for filtering blood and producing urine.

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  • 8. 

    Kelebihan air dalam tubuh akan dikeluarkan secara langsung melalui organ berikut, kecuali ...

    • A.

      Ginjal

    • B.

      Paru-paru

    • C.

      Hati

    • D.

      Kulit

    Correct Answer
    C. Hati
    Explanation
    The liver is not directly involved in the excretion of excess water from the body. The kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products, including excess water, from the blood and excreting them as urine. The lungs are responsible for removing carbon dioxide from the body during respiration. The skin can also excrete small amounts of water through sweat glands. However, the liver primarily plays a role in detoxification, metabolism, and the production of bile.

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  • 9. 

    Bagian ginjal yang berfungsi untuk menyaring darah adalah ... .

    • A.

      Kulit ginjal

    • B.

      Sumsum ginjal

    • C.

      Rongga ginjal

    • D.

      Serambi ginjal

    Correct Answer
    A. Kulit ginjal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kulit ginjal" because the kidney cortex, or kulit ginjal, is the outer part of the kidney that contains the nephrons. Nephrons are the functional units of the kidney responsible for filtering waste products and excess water from the blood to form urine. Therefore, the kidney cortex plays a crucial role in the filtration process and is responsible for filtering the blood to remove waste products.

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  • 10. 

    Tahap filtrasi pembentukan urine terjadi pada ginjal adalah ... .

    • A.

      Medula

    • B.

      Pelvis renalis

    • C.

      Badan malpighi

    • D.

      Ureter

    Correct Answer
    C. Badan malpighi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is badan malpighi. The filtration stage of urine formation occurs in the glomerulus, which is part of the renal corpuscle or the badan malpighi. This is where blood is filtered and the filtrate is formed. The filtrate then moves on to the next stages of urine formation, including reabsorption and secretion.

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  • 11. 

    Perhatikan penampang kulit berikut!Bagian yang diberi tanda X pada gambar disebut ... .

    • A.

      Epidermis

    • B.

      Hipodermis

    • C.

      Dermis

    • D.

      Dermatitis

    Correct Answer
    C. Dermis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is dermis. The question asks for the term that refers to the part marked with an X in the skin cross-section. The dermis is the layer of skin located beneath the epidermis and above the hypodermis. It is responsible for providing strength and elasticity to the skin.

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  • 12. 

    Perhatikan penampang kulit berikut!Kelenjar minyak dan kelenjar keringat ditunjukkan oleh gambar pada nomor ... .

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      2 dan 5

    • C.

      3 dan 4

    • D.

      5 dan 6

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 dan 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 5. The question asks for the numbers that represent the sebaceous glands and sweat glands in the skin diagram. By looking at the diagram, we can see that the sebaceous glands are represented by number 2 and the sweat glands are represented by number 5. Therefore, the correct answer is 2 and 5.

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  • 13. 

    Pernyataan berikut berhubungan dengan sistem pengeluaran pada manusia, kecuali ... .

    • A.

      Kulit menghasilkan keringat

    • B.

      Ginjal menghasilkan urine

    • C.

      Bagian kulit yang berperan sebagai alat ekskresi adalah kelenjar keringat

    • D.

      Pankreas menghasilkan enzim amilase

    Correct Answer
    D. Pankreas menghasilkan enzim amilase
    Explanation
    The statement "pankreas menghasilkan enzim amilase" is the correct answer because it is the only statement that does not relate to the excretory system in humans. The other statements mention the organs and processes involved in the excretion of waste products, such as sweat produced by the skin, urine produced by the kidneys, and the sweat glands in the skin acting as excretory organs. However, the pancreas is not directly involved in the excretory system but rather plays a role in digestion by producing enzymes like amylase.

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  • 14. 

    Penyakit gula atau kencing manis disebut juga ... .

    • A.

      Albuminuria

    • B.

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C.

      Diabetes insipidus

    • D.

      Nefritis

    Correct Answer
    B. Diabetes mellitus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is another term for the disease known as gula or kencing manis. It is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood due to the body's inability to produce or effectively use insulin.

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  • 15. 

    Zat sisa metabolisme yang dikeluarkan melalui paru-paru adalah ... .

    • A.

      Urea dan uap air

    • B.

      Garam dapur dan air

    • C.

      Asam amino dan amonia

    • D.

      Karbondioksida dan uap air

    Correct Answer
    D. Karbondioksida dan uap air
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "karbondioksida dan uap air" because when we breathe, our body releases carbon dioxide (karbondioksida) as a waste product of metabolism. Additionally, water vapor (uap air) is also expelled through the lungs during respiration.

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  • 16. 

    Selain sebagai alat pengeluaran, kulit manusia juga mempunyai fungsi sebagai berikut, kecuali ... .

    • A.

      Mengatur kadar gula dalam darah

    • B.

      Membentuk vitamin D

    • C.

      Sebagai indera peraba

    • D.

      Mengatur suhu tubuh

    Correct Answer
    A. Mengatur kadar gula dalam darah
    Explanation
    The human skin has various functions, including regulating body temperature, forming vitamin D, and serving as a sense of touch. However, it does not have the function of regulating blood sugar levels. This function is primarily carried out by the pancreas, which produces insulin to control blood sugar levels.

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  • 17. 

    Sisa penyaringan pada proses filtrasi menghasilkan urine yang masih mengandung zat yang berguna bagi tubuh, kecuali ... .

    • A.

      Glukosa

    • B.

      Sel darah merah

    • C.

      Garam-garam mineral

    • D.

      Asam amino

    Correct Answer
    B. Sel darah merah
    Explanation
    During the process of filtration, the kidneys remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood to produce urine. However, certain substances that are beneficial for the body, such as glucose, mineral salts, and amino acids, are reabsorbed back into the bloodstream. The exception to this is red blood cells, which are not reabsorbed and are instead eliminated in the urine. Therefore, the correct answer is "red blood cells."

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  • 18. 

    Jumlah urine yang dikeluarkan dari tubuh dipengaruhi oleh ... .

    • A.

      Banyaknya makanan yang dimakan

    • B.

      Faktor emosional

    • C.

      Banyaknya cairan yang diminum

    • D.

      Jumlah glukosa yang harus dikeluarkan dari darah

    Correct Answer
    C. Banyaknya cairan yang diminum
    Explanation
    The amount of urine produced by the body is influenced by the amount of fluid consumed. When a person drinks more fluids, it increases the volume of urine that is produced. This is because the body needs to eliminate the excess fluid that is not needed for hydration. On the other hand, if a person does not consume enough fluids, the body conserves water and produces less urine to prevent dehydration. Therefore, the amount of fluid intake directly affects the amount of urine output.

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  • 19. 

    Agar suhu tetap, tubuh akan mengeluarkan ... .

    • A.

      Keringat

    • B.

      Urine

    • C.

      Air ludah

    • D.

      Karbondioksida

    Correct Answer
    A. Keringat
    Explanation
    When the body temperature remains constant, the body will release sweat. Sweat is produced by sweat glands in the skin and helps to regulate body temperature by evaporating and cooling the skin. This is an important mechanism for the body to maintain its internal temperature within a narrow range, especially during physical activity or in hot environments. Therefore, the correct answer is keringat.

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  • 20. 

    Infeksi kuman pada nefritis menyebabkan kerusakan ginjal bagian ... .

    • A.

      Glomerulus

    • B.

      Kapsul Bowman

    • C.

      Medula

    • D.

      Pelvis renalis

    Correct Answer
    A. Glomerulus
    Explanation
    Infeksi kuman pada nefritis menyebabkan kerusakan pada glomerulus. Glomerulus adalah bagian dari ginjal yang berperan dalam penyaringan darah. Ketika terjadi infeksi kuman pada nefritis, glomerulus dapat mengalami kerusakan yang mengganggu kemampuannya dalam menyaring darah dan mengeluarkan limbah. Oleh karena itu, glomerulus merupakan bagian yang paling terdampak dalam kasus infeksi kuman pada nefritis.

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  • 21. 

    Diabetes mellitus dapat terjadi karena ... .

    • A.

      Nefron gagal menyerap kelebihan glukosa

    • B.

      Pankreas menghasilkan insulin

    • C.

      Kelebihan kadar garam dalam darah

    • D.

      Adanya infeksi kuman pada glomerulus

    Correct Answer
    A. Nefron gagal menyerap kelebihan glukosa
    Explanation
    Diabetes mellitus occurs when the nephrons in the kidneys fail to absorb excess glucose from the bloodstream. This leads to high levels of glucose in the blood, which can cause various complications in the body. The pancreas producing insulin is not the cause of diabetes mellitus, as insulin is necessary to regulate blood sugar levels. Excess salt in the blood and the presence of bacterial infection in the glomerulus do not directly cause diabetes mellitus.

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  • 22. 

    Kulit berfungsi sebagai alat ekskresi karena ... .

    • A.

      Melindungi tubuh dari kuman

    • B.

      Mempunyai kelenjar keringat

    • C.

      Mempunyai ujung saraf reseptor

    • D.

      Melindungi tubuh dari cahaya matahari

    Correct Answer
    B. Mempunyai kelenjar keringat
    Explanation
    Kulit berfungsi sebagai alat ekskresi karena mempunyai kelenjar keringat. Kelenjar keringat pada kulit membantu mengeluarkan zat-zat sisa seperti air, garam, dan urea melalui proses pengeluaran keringat. Proses ini membantu menjaga keseimbangan suhu tubuh dan mengeluarkan zat-zat yang tidak diperlukan oleh tubuh.

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  • 23. 

    Adanya batu ginjal di dalam rongga ginjal dapat menimbulkan ... .

    • A.

      Diabetes insipidus

    • B.

      Hematuria

    • C.

      Nefritis

    • D.

      Hidronefrosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Hidronefrosis
    Explanation
    Hidronefrosis is the correct answer because it refers to the condition where there is a blockage in the urinary tract that prevents urine from flowing properly, causing the kidneys to become swollen and distended. This can be caused by the presence of kidney stones in the renal cavity, leading to the accumulation of urine and subsequent enlargement of the kidneys. Diabetes insipidus, hematuria, and nephritis are unrelated conditions and do not directly result from the presence of kidney stones in the renal cavity.

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  • 24. 

    Seorang bayi sering dibawa berjalan-jalan ibunya pada waktu pagi hari dengan maksud agar ,,, ,

    • A.

      Sinar matahari menyehatkan tubuh

    • B.

      Sinar matahari membantu pembuatan vitamin D dari provitamin D

    • C.

      Pagi hari sinar matahari tidak terlalu menyakitkan kulit

    • D.

      Bayi lebih senang diluar daripada di dalam kamarnya

    Correct Answer
    B. Sinar matahari membantu pembuatan vitamin D dari provitamin D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sinar matahari membantu pembuatan vitamin D dari provitamin D." This is because sunlight is a natural source of vitamin D, and when the skin is exposed to sunlight, it helps convert a substance called provitamin D into active vitamin D in the body. Vitamin D is essential for healthy bone development and function.

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  • 25. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut!Zat sisa yang dikeluarkan hati berasal dari perombakan sel darah merah berupa cairan yang ditampung organ pada bagian nomor ... .

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 because in the image, there is a structure labeled as "liver" which is responsible for filtering and processing waste products, including the breakdown of red blood cells. Therefore, the waste material expelled by the liver originates from the breakdown of red blood cells.

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  • 26. 

    Hati terletak di dalam ... .

    • A.

      Rongga perut sebelah kiri, di bawah diafragma

    • B.

      Rongga perut sebelah kanan, di bawah diafragma

    • C.

      Rongga dada sebelah kiri, di atas diafragma

    • D.

      Rongga dada sebelah kanan, di atas diafragma

    Correct Answer
    B. Rongga perut sebelah kanan, di bawah diafragma
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "rongga perut sebelah kanan, di bawah diafragma" which translates to "the right side of the abdominal cavity, below the diaphragm." This is because the heart is located in the thoracic cavity, specifically in the mediastinum, which is in the center of the chest. It is not located in the left or right side of the abdominal cavity or above the diaphragm.

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  • 27. 

    Fungsi hati berikut berkaitan dengan sistem pengeluaran, kecuali ... .

    • A.

      Merombak sel darah merah yang rusak menjadi empedu

    • B.

      Mengubah provitamin A menjadi vitamin A

    • C.

      Menimbun gula dalam bentuk glikogen

    • D.

      Membongkar jenis protein tertentu

    Correct Answer
    D. Membongkar jenis protein tertentu
    Explanation
    The liver performs various functions related to the excretory system, such as converting provitamin A into vitamin A, storing glucose in the form of glycogen, and breaking down certain types of proteins. However, it does not play a role in converting damaged red blood cells into bile.

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  • 28. 

    Kelompok penyakit berikut yang sering menyerang hati adalah ... .

    • A.

      Nefritis, hepatitis, dan diabetes insipidus

    • B.

      Bronkitis, diabetes, dan kanker hati

    • C.

      Hepatitis, pneumonia, dan pleuritis

    • D.

      Hepatitis, sirosis, dan penyakit kuning

    Correct Answer
    D. Hepatitis, sirosis, dan penyakit kuning
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hepatitis, sirosis, dan penyakit kuning. These diseases are commonly associated with liver damage and dysfunction. Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver, which can be caused by viruses, alcohol, or toxins. Sirosis is a chronic liver disease characterized by the replacement of healthy liver tissue with scar tissue, leading to liver failure. Penyakit kuning, or jaundice, occurs when there is a buildup of bilirubin in the blood, resulting in yellowing of the skin and eyes, which is often a symptom of liver disease.

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  • 29. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut :1. CO22. O23. H2O4. COParu-paru sebagai organ pengeluaran sisa-sisa pembakaran berupa ... .

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      2 dan 3

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 dan 3
    Explanation
    Paru-paru berperan dalam proses pertukaran gas di dalam tubuh. CO2 (karbon dioksida) adalah hasil sisa pembakaran dalam tubuh, yang kemudian dikeluarkan melalui paru-paru. O2 (oksigen) adalah gas yang dihirup oleh paru-paru dan digunakan oleh sel-sel tubuh untuk respirasi. H2O (air) juga merupakan hasil sisa pembakaran yang dikeluarkan melalui paru-paru dalam bentuk uap air. Oleh karena itu, pernyataan 1 dan 3 adalah benar.

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  • 30. 

    Yang merupakan zat-zat yang dapat membentuk batu ginjal adalah ... .

    • A.

      Asam klorida

    • B.

      Kalsium

    • C.

      Asam oksalat

    • D.

      Asam fosfat

    Correct Answer
    B. Kalsium
    Explanation
    Kalsium merupakan zat yang dapat membentuk batu ginjal. Batu ginjal terbentuk ketika kalsium dalam urine mengendap dan membentuk kristal yang kemudian berkumpul menjadi batu ginjal. Faktor-faktor lain seperti kekurangan air, kelebihan garam, dan ketidakseimbangan zat-zat dalam urine juga dapat mempengaruhi pembentukan batu ginjal.

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  • 31. 

    Pasangan yang tepat antara organ ekskresi dan zat yang dikeluarkannya seperti di bawah ini, kecuali ... .

    • A.

      Ginjal dan urine

    • B.

      Kulit dan keringat

    • C.

      Hati dan urea

    • D.

      Paru-paru dan oksigen

    Correct Answer
    D. Paru-paru dan oksigen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "paru-paru dan oksigen" because the lungs are not an excretory organ. The lungs are responsible for the exchange of gases, taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Excretion refers to the removal of waste products from the body, and the lungs do not excrete any substances.

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  • 32. 

    Sebagai alat ekskresi, kulit dilengkapi dengan ... .

    • A.

      Rambut

    • B.

      Kelenjar minyak

    • C.

      Kelenjar keringat

    • D.

      Ujung saraf reseptor

    Correct Answer
    C. Kelenjar keringat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kelenjar keringat" because as an excretory organ, the skin is equipped with sweat glands. These glands are responsible for producing sweat, which helps regulate body temperature and eliminate waste products from the body.

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  • 33. 

    Jika urine seseorang mengandung glukosa, diperkirakan bagian ginjal yang terganggu adalah ... .

    • A.

      Glomerulus

    • B.

      Kapsula Bowman

    • C.

      Tubula proksimal

    • D.

      Lengkung Henle

    Correct Answer
    D. Lengkung Henle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is lengkung Henle. The presence of glucose in urine indicates that the kidney's ability to reabsorb glucose is impaired. The glomerulus and Bowman's capsule are responsible for filtration, while the proximal tubule is responsible for reabsorption of glucose. The loop of Henle is responsible for reabsorption of water and electrolytes, not glucose. Therefore, if glucose is present in urine, it suggests that the loop of Henle is not functioning properly.

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  • 34. 

    Penyebab penyakit atau gangguan pada ginjal yang membuat seringnya penderita buang air kecil adalah ....

    • A.

      Kelebihan hormon insulin

    • B.

      Kekurangan hormon insulin

    • C.

      Kekurangan hormon antidiuretik

    • D.

      Kelebihan hormon antidiuretik

    Correct Answer
    C. Kekurangan hormon antidiuretik
    Explanation
    Kekurangan hormon antidiuretik dapat menyebabkan seringnya penderita buang air kecil. Hormon antidiuretik, juga dikenal sebagai vasopressin, berperan dalam mengatur jumlah air yang diserap kembali oleh ginjal. Ketika hormon ini kurang, ginjal tidak dapat menahan air dengan baik, sehingga menyebabkan seringnya buang air kecil.

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  • 35. 

    Kelainan pada ginjal yang menyebabkan tidak berfungsinya ginjal disebut ... .

    • A.

      Nefritis

    • B.

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C.

      Diabetes insipidus

    • D.

      Anuria

    Correct Answer
    D. Anuria
    Explanation
    Anuria refers to the condition where the kidneys are unable to produce urine or produce very little urine. This can be caused by various factors such as kidney damage, blockage in the urinary tract, or severe dehydration. It is a serious condition that can lead to the buildup of toxins in the body and requires immediate medical attention. Nefritis, diabetes mellitus, and diabetes insipidus are not specific conditions that directly cause the malfunctioning of the kidneys.

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  • 36. 

    Penyakit hati yang disebut dengan hepatitis memiliki beberapa jenis tingkatan. Tingkatan penyakit hati yang dapat disembuhkan dengan injeksi interferon adalah ....

    • A.

      Hepatitis A

    • B.

      Hepatitis B

    • C.

      Hepatitis C

    • D.

      Hepatitis D

    Correct Answer
    B. Hepatitis B
    Explanation
    Hepatitis B is a type of liver disease that can be treated with interferon injections. The other types of hepatitis mentioned (A, C, and D) may have different treatment options, but interferon injections are specifically used for hepatitis B.

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  • 37. 

    Penyakit hati yang dapat disembuhkan dengan pemberian antibodi dan vaksin adalah ...

    • A.

      Hepatitis A

    • B.

      Hepatitis B

    • C.

      Hepatitis C

    • D.

      Hepatitis D

    Correct Answer
    A. Hepatitis A
    Explanation
    Hepatitis A is a liver disease that can be cured with the administration of antibodies and vaccines. Antibodies help the immune system fight off the virus, while vaccines can prevent future infections. Therefore, hepatitis A is the correct answer because it is the only type of hepatitis that can be treated in this way.

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  • 38. 

    Gangguan pada proses pernafasan karena adanya penyempitan saluran pernafasan sehingga penderitanya akan mengalami kesulitan bernafas dinamakan ...

    • A.

      Asma

    • B.

      Influenza

    • C.

      Bronkitis

    • D.

      Faringitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Asma
    Explanation
    Gangguan pada proses pernafasan karena adanya penyempitan saluran pernafasan yang menyebabkan kesulitan bernafas disebut asma. Asma adalah kondisi di mana saluran pernapasan menjadi meradang dan menyempit, menyebabkan sesak napas, batuk, dan mengi. Hal ini berbeda dengan influenza, bronkitis, dan faringitis yang juga dapat mempengaruhi pernapasan, tetapi memiliki penyebab dan gejala yang berbeda.

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  • 39. 

    Peristiwa pengikatan oksigen dan pelepasan karbon dioksida terjadi pada … .

    • A.

      Bronkus

    • B.

      Trakea

    • C.

      Alveolus

    • D.

      Laring

    Correct Answer
    C. Alveolus
    Explanation
    The process of oxygen binding and carbon dioxide release occurs in the alveolus. Alveoli are small sacs located at the end of the bronchioles in the lungs. They are responsible for the exchange of gases between the lungs and the bloodstream. Oxygen from the inhaled air diffuses into the bloodstream through the walls of the alveoli, while carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular respiration, passes from the bloodstream into the alveoli to be exhaled. Therefore, the correct answer is alveolus.

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  • 40. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut!

    • A.

      1 dan 3

    • B.

      2 dan 5

    • C.

      3 dan 4

    • D.

      4 dan 5

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 dan 5
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