# Science Simple Machines Quiz

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We use machines, whether big or small, every single day of our lives. Televisions, fridges, phones, ovens, kettles, cars, microwaves. It’s easy to take them for granted. Do you? Let’s find out in this quiz about simple everyday machines!

• 1.

### A wagon is an example of using a:

• A.

Lever

• B.

Wheel

• C.

Wedge

• D.

Pulley

B. Wheel
Explanation
A wagon is an example of using a wheel because it has wheels that allow it to roll and move easily. The wheel reduces friction between the wagon and the ground, making it easier to transport heavy loads. The circular shape of the wheel also helps distribute the weight evenly, making it more stable and balanced. Therefore, a wheel is the most suitable choice for describing the mechanism used in a wagon.

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• 2.

### A knife is an example of a:

• A.

Wedge

• B.

Lever

• C.

Wheel

• D.

Pulley

A. Wedge
Explanation
A knife is an example of a wedge because it has a sharp, pointed edge that is used to separate or cut through objects. The shape of a wedge allows it to apply force over a small area, making it easier to split or penetrate materials. Knives are commonly used in various applications such as cooking, woodworking, and cutting objects.

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• 3.

### Using a lever and fulcrum reduces the amount of ____________ needed to complete a task.

• A.

Time

• B.

People

• C.

Force

• D.

Input.

C. Force
Explanation
Using a lever and fulcrum reduces the amount of force needed to complete a task. A lever is a simple machine that consists of a rigid bar that pivots on a fixed point called a fulcrum. By applying a smaller force at one end of the lever, a larger force can be generated at the other end to move or lift heavy objects. This mechanical advantage allows for the amplification of force, making it easier to accomplish tasks that would otherwise require more force to be exerted directly.

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• 4.

### Inclined planes help overcome the force of:

• A.

Motion

• B.

Air Resistance

• C.

Friction

• D.

Gravity

D. Gravity
Explanation
Inclined planes help overcome the force of gravity. When an object is on an inclined plane, the force of gravity acts vertically downwards, but it can be resolved into two components: one parallel to the plane (the weight of the object) and one perpendicular to the plane. The component of gravity parallel to the inclined plane can be balanced by an equal and opposite force, allowing the object to move up or down the plane with less resistance from gravity. Therefore, inclined planes are used to reduce the effects of gravity on objects and make it easier to move them.

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• 5.

### Wheels are used to reduce the force of:

• A.

Gravity

• B.

Inertia

• C.

Time

• D.

Friction

D. Friction
Explanation
Wheels are used to reduce the force of friction. Friction is the force that opposes the motion of an object when it is in contact with another surface. By using wheels, the contact area between the object and the surface is reduced, which in turn reduces the frictional force. This allows the object to move more easily and with less resistance.

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• 6.

### Adding more pulleys will _________ the amount of force needed to complete a task.

• A.

Reduce

• B.

Increase

• C.

Double

• D.

Not affect

A. Reduce
Explanation
Adding more pulleys will reduce the amount of force needed to complete a task. This is because pulleys are designed to distribute the force exerted on them, allowing for a mechanical advantage. By increasing the number of pulleys in a system, the force required to lift or move an object is divided among the pulleys, resulting in a reduction in the amount of force needed to complete the task.

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• 7.

### Gears __________________ the speed and force needed to complete a task.

• A.

Reduce

• B.

Increase

• C.

Either reduce or increase

• D.

Neither reduce or increase

C. Either reduce or increase
Explanation
Gears have the ability to either reduce or increase the speed and force required to complete a task. Depending on the gear ratio, gears can either decrease the speed and increase the force (reducing) or increase the speed and decrease the force (increasing). This allows gears to adapt to different tasks and optimize efficiency based on the specific requirements.

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• 8.

### A drill includes examples of what types of simple machines.

• A.

Wheels and axles

• B.

Screws and gears

• C.

Wedges and planes

• D.

Levers and fulcrums

B. Screws and gears
Explanation
A drill includes examples of screws and gears. A screw is a simple machine that is used to hold objects together or to lift objects. In a drill, the screw is used to secure the drill bit in place. Gears are also simple machines that are used to transmit and modify the speed or direction of motion. In a drill, gears are used to transfer the rotational motion from the motor to the drill bit, allowing it to rotate and drill into materials.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Apr 02, 2010
Quiz Created by
Kymyers

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