Sg Chemistry - Topic 11: Metals

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Sg Chemistry - Topic 11: Metals - Quiz

SG Chemistry - Topic 11: Metals


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In what state(s) do metals conduct electricity?

    • A.

      Solid

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Solid
    B. Liquid
    Explanation
    Metals conduct electricity in both solid and liquid states. In the solid state, the metal atoms are closely packed together, allowing the free movement of electrons, which are responsible for conducting electricity. In the liquid state, the metal atoms are no longer in a fixed position, but they still retain their ability to conduct electricity due to the presence of free-moving electrons. In contrast, metals do not conduct electricity in the gas state because the atoms are too far apart and there is a lack of free electrons to carry the electric current.

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  • 2. 

    Aluminum is used in the manufacture of aircraft parts.  Which properties would be important for this use?

    • A.

      Electrical conductor

    • B.

      Thermal conductor

    • C.

      Low density

    • D.

      Ductile

    • E.

      Strong

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Low density
    E. Strong
    Explanation
    The properties of low density and strength are important for the use of aluminum in the manufacture of aircraft parts. Low density allows the aircraft to be lightweight, which is crucial for fuel efficiency and maneuverability. Additionally, strength is necessary to ensure the structural integrity of the aircraft and withstand the stresses and forces experienced during flight. Therefore, aluminum's low density and strength make it an ideal material for aircraft parts.

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  • 3. 

    Stainless steel is used to make many useful objects like cutlery and sinks.  It is made from a mixture of iron, chromium and nickel.  What type of substance is stainless steel?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Alloy
    Aloy
    Explanation
    An alloy is a mixture of metals or metals with non-metals.

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  • 4. 

    Place the metals in order of reactivity (most reactive first).

    Correct Answer(s)
    C A B
    CAB
    C, A, B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C A B. This means that metal C is the most reactive, followed by metal A, and then metal B. The order of reactivity is important because it determines how easily a metal can undergo chemical reactions. Metal C is the most reactive, meaning it is more likely to react with other substances compared to metal A and B. Metal A is less reactive than C but more reactive than B, and metal B is the least reactive of the three.

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  • 5. 

    Name the gas produced during this reaction of metal + acid.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Hydrogen
    hydrogen
    H2
    Explanation
    The gas produced during the reaction of metal + acid is hydrogen. Hydrogen gas is released when a metal reacts with an acid, such as hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid. This is a common reaction known as a metal-acid reaction, where the metal displaces the hydrogen from the acid, resulting in the formation of hydrogen gas. The chemical formula for hydrogen gas is H2.

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  • 6. 

    Choose the alloy from the selection given.

    • A.

      Copper

    • B.

      Brass

    • C.

      Magnesium

    • D.

      Plastic

    Correct Answer
    B. Brass
    Explanation
    Brass is a mixture of copper and zinc. It is used to make many objects including musical instruments.

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  • 7. 

    Put these metals in order of reactivity (most reactive first)Zinc, Tin, Copper, Aluminium, Sodium, Magnesium, Iron

    Correct Answer
    Sodium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Zinc, Iron, Tin, Copper
    Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Zinc Iron Tin Copper
    Na, Mg, Al, Zn, Fe, Sn, Cu
    Na Mg Al Zn Fe Sn Cu
    Explanation
    Use MAZIT to help you to remember!

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  • 8. 

    Complete the general word equation:Metal + oxygen -->

    Correct Answer
    metal oxide
    Metal oxide
    Explanation
    The general word equation is used to represent a chemical reaction between a metal and oxygen. When a metal reacts with oxygen, it forms a metal oxide. This is because metals have a tendency to lose electrons and oxygen has a tendency to gain electrons. The metal oxide is a compound that contains both the metal and oxygen atoms bonded together.

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  • 9. 

    Complete the word equation:Sodium + water --> ? + hydrogen

    Correct Answer
    sodium hydroxide
    NaOH
    Sodium hydroxide
    Explanation
    Reactive metal + water --> metal hydroxide + hydrogen

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  • 10. 

    When magnesium reacts with sulphuric acid, which of the following word equations represents this reaction.

    • A.

      Magnesium + suphuric acid --> magnesium sulphide + water

    • B.

      Magnesium + suphuric acid --> magnesium sulphate + water

    • C.

      Magnesium + suphuric acid --> magnesium sulphide + hydrogen

    • D.

      Magnesium + suphuric acid --> magnesium sulphate + hydrogen

    Correct Answer
    D. Magnesium + suphuric acid --> magnesium sulphate + hydrogen
    Explanation
    metal + acid --> salt + hydrogen

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