Business Quiz: Material Requirements Planning (MRP)

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| By Blondz_rule2
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Blondz_rule2
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Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 18,633
Questions: 8 | Attempts: 1,013

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is an objective of material requirements planning?

    • A.

      Keep the factory busy

    • B.

      Keep priorities current

    • C.

      Determine the forecast

    • D.

      Minimize inventory investment

    Correct Answer
    B. Keep priorities current
    Explanation
    The objective of material requirements planning is to keep priorities current. This means ensuring that the production schedule is aligned with the demand and that the necessary materials and resources are available to meet those priorities. By keeping priorities current, companies can optimize production efficiency, minimize delays, and meet customer demands in a timely manner.

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  • 2. 

    What is the name of the set of priority panning techniques for planning component items below the end-item level?

    • A.

      Master scheduling

    • B.

      Material requirements planning

    • C.

      Capacity planning

    • D.

      Production control

    Correct Answer
    B. Material requirements planning
    Explanation
    Material requirements planning (MRP) is the name of the set of priority planning techniques for planning component items below the end-item level. MRP helps in determining the quantity and timing of materials needed to support the production schedule. It takes into account factors like lead times, inventory levels, and demand forecasts to ensure that the right materials are available at the right time for production. MRP is an essential tool for effective inventory management and production planning.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a major input to an MRP system?

    • A.

      The production plan

    • B.

      The capacity plan

    • C.

      Shop floor activity planning and control

    • D.

      The master production schedule

    Correct Answer
    D. The master production schedule
    Explanation
    The master production schedule is a major input to an MRP system. It provides information on what needs to be produced and when, taking into account customer demand, production capacity, and inventory levels. This schedule serves as a blueprint for the MRP system to calculate material requirements and generate purchase orders or production orders accordingly. It helps ensure that the right amount of materials are available at the right time to meet production goals and customer demands.

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  • 4. 

    What is the name of the document that shows the component parts and the number of parts needed to make one of an assembly or sub-assembly?

    • A.

      A route sheet

    • B.

      A material requirements plan

    • C.

      A bill of material

    • D.

      A material requisition

    Correct Answer
    C. A bill of material
    Explanation
    A bill of material is a document that shows the component parts and the number of parts needed to make one of an assembly or sub-assembly. It is used in manufacturing to ensure that all necessary components are available for production. The bill of material provides a detailed breakdown of the materials required, allowing for accurate planning and tracking of inventory.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following statements is true?

    • A.

      The same part number can be used to identify similar products

    • B.

      A part has one, and only one, part number

    • C.

      The part on different bills of material will have a different number

    • D.

      An item can be either a parent or a component, but not both

    Correct Answer
    B. A part has one, and only one, part number
    Explanation
    The statement "A part has one, and only one, part number" is true because in a well-organized system, each part is assigned a unique identification number, known as a part number. This number is used to identify and track the specific part throughout its lifecycle, including manufacturing, inventory management, and customer support. Having multiple part numbers for the same part would create confusion and make it difficult to manage and track inventory accurately. Therefore, each part is typically assigned a single, unique part number.

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  • 6. 

    What is the term for the ability to relate the demand for an item shown on an MRP record back to the parent causing the demand?

    • A.

      Where-used

    • B.

      Relating

    • C.

      Pegging

    • D.

      Item planning

    Correct Answer
    C. Pegging
    Explanation
    Pegging is the term used to describe the ability to relate the demand for an item shown on an MRP (Material Requirements Planning) record back to the parent causing the demand. It helps in identifying the specific item or items that are causing the demand for a particular component or product. This information is crucial for effective planning and managing the supply chain, as it allows for better understanding of the dependencies and relationships between different items in the production process.

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  • 7. 

    The lead time for each item is one week. If an order for 50 of A is to be delivered in week 5, in what week will there be a planned order release for item B?                                                              A                                B                                                 C            D                               E

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      2

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    Since the lead time for each item is one week and the order for 50 of item A is to be delivered in week 5, it means that the order for item A was released in week 4. Therefore, the planned order release for item B will be in week 4.

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  • 8. 

    Which statement is correct?

    • A.

      Planned order receipts show when the order is needed

    • B.

      When an order is released, it becomes a planned order

    • C.

      Scheduled receipts show when goods were put into inventory

    • D.

      Gross requirements come from the planned order receipt of the parent

    Correct Answer
    A. Planned order receipts show when the order is needed
    Explanation
    Planned order receipts show when the order is needed. This means that the planned order receipts provide information about the specific time when the order is required to be available. It helps in coordinating the production and delivery schedule to ensure that the order is ready by the specified time.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 12, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Blondz_rule2
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