Semester Exam Review- Clauses And Sentence Structure

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| By Mpiland
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Mpiland
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,051
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 779

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Sentence Structure Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When the temperature rises, people all over the city turn on their air conditioners.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependdent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependdent clause
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "dependent clause". This is because the phrase "When the temperature rises" cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the main clause "people all over the city turn on their air conditioners" to make sense. It functions as a subordinate clause that provides additional information about the time or condition under which the main action occurs.

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  • 2. 

    Houdini was an escape artist who amazed the public.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Houdini was an escape artist who amazed the public" is an independent clause because it can stand alone as a complete sentence. It expresses a complete thought and does not rely on any other part of the sentence to make sense. The clause states a fact about Houdini and his ability to astonish the public with his escapades.

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  • 3. 

    We headed for the beach because it was a hot summer day.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence "We headed for the beach because it was a hot summer day" contains two clauses, an independent clause and a dependent clause. The independent clause is "We headed for the beach" because it can stand alone as a complete sentence and express a complete thought. The dependent clause is "because it was a hot summer day" because it cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause for its meaning.

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  • 4. 

    Although the roads are clear, the bridge is still icy.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given statement "Although the roads are clear, the bridge is still icy" is an independent clause. It can stand alone as a complete sentence because it expresses a complete thought. It introduces a contrast between the roads being clear and the bridge being icy, indicating that the icy condition of the bridge is unexpected or contrary to what one might expect given the clear roads.

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  • 5. 

    If you eat carrots, you will improve your eyesight.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent clause
    Explanation
    The given statement "If you eat carrots, you will improve your eyesight" is a dependent clause. It starts with the subordinating conjunction "if" and relies on the main clause to make complete sense. The dependent clause introduces a condition (eating carrots) that determines the outcome (improving eyesight).

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  • 6. 

    Lady Gaga is famous because she wears crazy outfits.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent clause
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "dependent clause" because the phrase "because she wears crazy outfits" does not express a complete thought on its own. It depends on the main clause "Lady Gaga is famous" to make sense and provide a complete idea. The dependent clause explains the reason behind Lady Gaga's fame, but it cannot stand alone as a sentence.

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  • 7. 

    Even though the game was close, the crowd was lifeless.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Even though the game was close, the crowd was lifeless" contains a dependent clause. The clause "Even though the game was close" introduces a condition or contrast to the main clause "the crowd was lifeless." It cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the main clause for its meaning.

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  • 8. 

    Sue likes to ride bicycles, but Greg prefers to jog for his exercise.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "independent clause" because it is a complete sentence that can stand alone and express a complete thought. It states a fact about Sue and Greg's exercise preferences without needing any additional information.

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  • 9. 

    The school was empty after the sutdents left for Christmas break.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence "after the students left for Christmas break" cannot stand alone as a complete sentence because it does not express a complete thought. It is dependent on the main clause "The school was empty." The dependent clause adds additional information about when the school became empty, but it cannot function independently.

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  • 10. 

    Whenever my family goes shopping, my sister always gets five new outfits.

    • A.

      Independent clause

    • B.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "independent clause" because it can stand alone as a complete sentence. It expresses a complete thought and does not rely on any other part of the sentence to make sense. The statement "Whenever my family goes shopping, my sister always gets five new outfits" is a complete sentence on its own and does not need any additional information to be grammatically correct.

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  • 11. 

    According to a recent poll, most people in our city are in favor of building a new community center.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple
    Explanation
    The given statement is a simple sentence because it consists of only one independent clause. It presents a single idea that most people in the city are in favor of building a new community center. There are no dependent clauses or additional phrases that would make it a compound, complex, or compound-complex sentence.

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  • 12. 

    Most cats live solitary lives, but lions live together in groups called prides.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    B. Compound
    Explanation
    The given statement consists of two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "but." This structure indicates a compound sentence, where two distinct ideas are presented. In this case, the first clause states that most cats live solitary lives, while the second clause introduces the contrasting information that lions live together in groups called prides. Therefore, the correct answer is compound.

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  • 13. 

    I left early because I had a headache.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence, "I left early because I had a headache," is a complex sentence. It consists of two clauses, an independent clause "I left early" and a dependent clause "because I had a headache." The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause for meaning. The use of the subordinating conjunction "because" indicates the relationship between the two clauses, showing cause and effect.

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  • 14. 

    Last year we took a trip in our new RV.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Last year we took a trip in our new RV" consists of a single independent clause, making it a simple sentence. It contains a subject ("we") and a verb ("took"), expressing a complete thought without any additional clauses or conjunctions.

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  • 15. 

    Makihail Karyshnikov, who was born in Lativia, danced in U.S. ballet companies, but he also choreographed and acted in movies.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    D. Compound-complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "but" and a dependent clause starting with "who". This makes it a compound-complex sentence. The first independent clause is "Mikhail Karyshnikov danced in U.S. ballet companies" and the second independent clause is "he also choreographed and acted in movies." The dependent clause "who was born in Latvia" provides additional information about Mikhail Karyshnikov.

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  • 16. 

    Mary enjoys baking cookies, cakes, and pies.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Mary enjoys baking cookies, cakes, and pies" contains only one independent clause, which is "Mary enjoys baking cookies, cakes, and pies." It does not contain any dependent clauses or conjunctions to connect multiple independent clauses. Therefore, it is a simple sentence.

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  • 17. 

    We visited Tom when he was sick, and we brought him soup.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compund-complex

    Correct Answer
    D. Compund-complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a compound-complex sentence because it contains two independent clauses ("We visited Tom when he was sick" and "we brought him soup") joined by the coordinating conjunction "and". Additionally, it also contains a dependent clause ("when he was sick") which adds more information to the sentence.

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  • 18. 

    I like to dance when my favorite song comes on the radio.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains an independent clause "I like to dance" and a dependent clause "when my favorite song comes on the radio." The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence, making it a subordinate clause. Therefore, the sentence is complex, as it consists of one independent clause and one dependent clause.

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  • 19. 

     I am going home after the movie ends, but Mackenzie is going to get ice cream.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    D. Compound-complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "but" and a dependent clause introduced by "after". This makes it a compound-complex sentence. The first independent clause is "I am going home after the movie ends" and the second independent clause is "Mackenzie is going to get ice cream". The dependent clause "after the movie ends" adds additional information and depends on the main clause for its meaning.

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  • 20. 

    We climbed the mountiain trail, and we hiked a total of five miles.

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    • D.

      Compound-complex

    Correct Answer
    B. Compound
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "and." This makes it a compound sentence. Each independent clause, "We climbed the mountain trail" and "we hiked a total of five miles," can stand alone as a complete sentence. Therefore, the correct answer is compound.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 09, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mpiland
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