Segment Addition Postulate

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| By Tjkim
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Segment Addition Postulate - Quiz

In the geometry, the segment addition postulate dictates that given two points A and C, a third point B lies on the line segment AC if the distances between the points satisfy the equation AB + BC = AC.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    E is the midpoint between D and F. If DE = 3x + 2, EF = 18, and DF = 5x, find the value of  x.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 10
    Explanation
    Since E is the midpoint between D and F, we can set up an equation using the midpoint formula. According to the formula, the sum of the distances from E to D and E to F should be equal. So, DE + EF = DF. Substituting the given values, we get (3x + 2) + 18 = 5x. Simplifying the equation, we have 3x + 20 = 5x. By subtracting 3x from both sides, we get 20 = 2x. Dividing both sides by 2, we find x = 10. Therefore, the value of x is 10.

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  • 2. 

    E is the midpoint between D and F. If DE = 3x + 2, EF = 18, and DF = 5x, find the value of DE.  

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      32

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    B. 32
  • 3. 

    E is the midpoint between D and F. If DE = 3x + 2, EF = 18, and DF = 5x, find the value of DF.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      32

    • C.

      45

    • D.

      50

    Correct Answer
    D. 50
    Explanation
    Since E is the midpoint between D and F, we can use the midpoint formula to find the value of DF. The midpoint formula states that the coordinates of the midpoint (E) are the average of the coordinates of the endpoints (D and F). Therefore, we can set up the equation (DE + EF) / 2 = DF and substitute the given values. (3x + 2 + 18) / 2 = 5x. Simplifying this equation, we get 21 / 2 = 5x. Solving for x, we find that x = 21/10. Substituting this value back into the equation for DF, we get DF = 5(21/10) = 105/10 = 10.5. However, since the answer choices are all integers, the nearest whole number to 10.5 is 11, so the value of DF is 11.

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  • 4. 

    What is the value of x?

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
  • 5. 

    J is between H and K. HJ = 2x + 5 JK = 3x - 7 KH = 18 Find JK.

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    A. 5
    Explanation
    Since J is between H and K, we can determine the value of x by setting the distances between J and H and J and K equal to each other.
    Therefore, 2x + 5 = 18 - (3x - 7).
    Simplifying the equation gives us 5x = 20, which means x = 4.
    Substituting x = 4 into JK = 3x - 7 gives us JK = 3(4) - 7 = 12 - 7 = 5.
    Therefore, the correct answer is 5.

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  • 6. 

    M is between A and B. AM = MB AM = 5x + 3 MB = 6x - 4 Find AB.

    • A.

      36

    • B.

      38

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      76

    Correct Answer
    D. 76
    Explanation
    Since M is between A and B, we can set up an equation using the given information. AM = MB, and substituting the given expressions for AM and MB, we get 5x + 3 = 6x - 4. Solving for x, we find that x = 7. To find AB, we substitute x = 7 into either AM or MB. Using AM, we get AB = AM + MB = (5*7 + 3) + (6*7 - 4) = 35 + 3 + 42 - 4 = 76. Therefore, the correct answer is 76.

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  • 7. 

    M is between A and B. AM = 3 + 2x AB = 9x - 13 MB = 6x - 12 Find AB

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      23

    • C.

      36

    • D.

      13

    Correct Answer
    B. 23
    Explanation
    Given that M is between A and B, we can infer that the sum of AM and MB should equal AB.
    Therefore, we can set up the equation:
    AM + MB = AB
    (3 + 2x) + (6x - 12) = 9x - 13
    Simplifying the equation, we get:
    9x - 9 = 9x - 13
    -9 = -13
    This equation is not possible, as -9 cannot equal -13.
    Therefore, there is no valid solution for AB, and the question is incomplete.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 28, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tjkim
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