Section 4: The European Heritage

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Section 4: The European Heritage - Quiz

Quiz on 7th grade social studies unit covering the European Heritage


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    I was a German monk that demanded the Roman Catholic Church reform

    • A.

      Jesus

    • B.

      Matin Luther

    • C.

      Henry the Navigator

    • D.

      Vasco da Gama

    Correct Answer
    B. Matin Luther
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was a German monk who played a significant role in the Protestant Reformation. He demanded reforms within the Roman Catholic Church, particularly criticizing the sale of indulgences and the authority of the Pope. Luther's actions led to the formation of Lutheranism, a branch of Protestant Christianity that challenged the doctrines and practices of the Catholic Church. His teachings and writings had a profound impact on the religious and social landscape of Europe during the 16th century.

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  • 2. 

    The idea that there is only one God is known as __________________.

    Correct Answer
    monotheism
    Explanation
    Monotheism is the belief in the existence of only one God. It is the opposite of polytheism, which is the belief in multiple gods. Monotheism is a common belief in many religions, such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. It asserts that there is only one supreme being who is all-powerful, all-knowing, and the creator of the universe. This belief is central to the religious practices and doctrines of monotheistic religions, shaping their understanding of divinity, morality, and the relationship between humans and the divine.

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  • 3. 

    Another word for everlating life is ___________________.

    • A.

      Salvation

    • B.

      Monotheism

    • C.

      Republic

    • D.

      Direct democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Salvation
    Explanation
    Salvation refers to the concept of eternal life or everlasting life. It is often associated with religious beliefs and the idea of being saved from sin or damnation. In this context, everlasting life can be seen as another word for salvation, as both terms convey the idea of a life that extends beyond the earthly realm and continues indefinitely.

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  • 4. 

    I am a Portugese sailor who passed the southern tip of Africa and continued north and east to India.

    • A.

      Jesus

    • B.

      Vasco da Gama

    • C.

      Martin Luther

    • D.

      Henry the Navigator

    Correct Answer
    B. Vasco da Gama
    Explanation
    Vasco da Gama is the correct answer because he was a Portuguese sailor who successfully sailed around the southern tip of Africa and continued eastward to India. He is known for establishing the maritime route from Europe to India, which opened up lucrative trade opportunities between the two regions.

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  • 5. 

    By the 19th century, feudalism had arisen in Europe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Feudalism is a social and economic system that was prevalent in medieval Europe. It involved a hierarchical structure where land was owned by the king or a lord, who would grant portions of land to lesser nobles or knights in exchange for military service and loyalty. These nobles, in turn, would grant land to peasants who would work the land in exchange for protection. By the 19th century, feudalism had indeed emerged in Europe as a dominant system, characterized by the power and influence of the nobility and the existence of serfs tied to the land. Therefore, the statement "True" is the correct answer.

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  • 6. 

    In 1095, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church was Pope Benedict XVI and he declared a crusade.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because in 1095, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church was Pope Urban II, not Pope Benedict XVI. Pope Urban II declared the First Crusade in 1095, calling for Christians to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslim control. Pope Benedict XVI, on the other hand, served as the Pope from 2005 to 2013.

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  • 7. 

    Around 1700 B.C., a system of beliefs called Judaism arose among the ___________. A nomadic people of the Middle East.

    Correct Answer
    Israelites
    Explanation
    Judaism arose around 1700 B.C. among the Israelites, a nomadic people of the Middle East. The Israelites were a group of people who migrated from Mesopotamia to Canaan, which is present-day Israel and Palestine. They believed in the one and only God, Yahweh, and their religious practices and traditions formed the foundation of Judaism. The Israelites played a significant role in shaping the history and culture of the region, and their religion continues to be practiced by millions of people worldwide.

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  • 8. 

    The teaching of Jesus emphasized __________, __________, and __________.

    • A.

      Love

    • B.

      Mercy

    • C.

      Forgiveness

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The teaching of Jesus emphasized love, mercy, and forgiveness. Jesus consistently preached about the importance of love for one another, showing mercy towards others, and forgiving those who have wronged us. These teachings are central to Jesus' message of compassion, empathy, and reconciliation. By emphasizing these qualities, Jesus sought to promote harmony, understanding, and forgiveness among individuals and communities.

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  • 9. 

    The 1000 year period after the fall of Rome is known as the  ____________.

    Correct Answer
    Middle Ages
    Explanation
    The period after the fall of Rome, known as the Middle Ages, refers to the time between the 5th and 15th centuries in Europe. It was characterized by significant political, social, and cultural changes, including the rise of feudalism, the spread of Christianity, and the development of new artistic and architectural styles. The term "Middle Ages" is used to highlight the transition between the classical era of ancient Rome and the Renaissance period that followed.

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  • 10. 

    Beginning in the 1300's, there was a rebirth of learning that is known as the __________.

    Correct Answer
    Renaissance
    Explanation
    The term "Renaissance" refers to the period of time in Europe, starting in the 1300s, when there was a significant revival of interest in art, literature, science, and learning. This period marked a transition from the medieval era to the modern era, and it was characterized by a renewed focus on humanism, individualism, and the pursuit of knowledge. The Renaissance brought about significant advancements in various fields, including art, architecture, philosophy, and technology, and it laid the foundation for the cultural and intellectual developments that followed.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 10, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 27, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jmw732
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