Second Semester Final Practice Test - 8th Grade Social Studies

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Social Studies Quizzes & Trivia

This will help you study for 8th grade Social Studies - Second Semester Final.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Coca-Cola is having a large strike of workers.  The Missouri National Guard has been called to keep things under control.  They mayor says you must house the troops in your home.

    • A.

      Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms

    • B.

      Amendment 3 - Do not have to quarter troops in your home.

    • C.

      Amendment 1 - Freeedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.

    Correct Answer
    B. Amendment 3 - Do not have to quarter troops in your home.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 3 - Do not have to quarter troops in your home. This amendment protects individuals from being forced to house soldiers in their homes during times of peace. In this scenario, the mayor's order to house the troops goes against this amendment, as it violates the right to privacy and property.

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  • 2. 

    Miss Narwin, a popular teacher at Harrison High, has been dismissed from her teaching position.  The students want the administration and school board to know they are not happy about Miss Narwin not returning to her job.  They start a petition.

    • A.

      Amendment 3 - Do not have to quarter troops in your home.

    • B.

      Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms.

    • C.

      Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
    Explanation
    The students' petition to express their dissatisfaction with Miss Narwin's dismissal falls under the protection of Amendment 1. This amendment guarantees the freedom of speech and the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances. By starting a petition, the students are exercising their right to express their opinions and concerns to the administration and school board.

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  • 3. 

    Billy Bob stole a pack of Fresh Mint gum from the Circle K.  He has been arrested and has no previous record.  Billy Bob's bail has been set at $50,000.

    • A.

      Amendment 10 - States have more rights than listed.

    • B.

      Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms.

    • C.

      Amendment 8 - No excessive bail or punishment.

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment 8 - No excessive bail or punishment.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 8 - No excessive bail or punishment. This amendment prohibits the government from imposing excessive bail or cruel and unusual punishment on individuals accused or convicted of crimes. In this case, Billy Bob's bail of $50,000 may be considered excessive, especially considering that he has no previous record. The Eighth Amendment ensures that the bail amount is reasonable and not oppressive, taking into account the individual's circumstances and the nature of the offense.

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  • 4. 

    Police suspect that Sue has stolen several small electronic devices from Best Buy.  The police go to Sue's apartment to see if they can find some of the equipment.  Sue will not let the police in because they do not have a search warrant.

    • A.

      Amendement 3 - Do not have to quarter troops in your home.

    • B.

      Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition

    • C.

      Amendment 4 - Right to be secure against unreasonable search and seizure.

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment 4 - Right to be secure against unreasonable search and seizure.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 4 - Right to be secure against unreasonable search and seizure. This amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. It requires law enforcement to obtain a search warrant based on probable cause before conducting a search of a person's property. In this case, Sue is within her rights to refuse the police entry into her apartment without a search warrant.

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  • 5. 

    Rapper Belly has been charged with armed robbery of National Bank.  Belly's trial has been set for June 2020.

    • A.

      Amendment 5 - No double jeopardy

    • B.

      Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition

    • C.

      Amendment 6 - Right to a speedy and public trial

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment 6 - Right to a speedy and public trial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 6 - Right to a speedy and public trial. This amendment guarantees that individuals accused of a crime have the right to a trial that is conducted promptly and in a public manner. In this case, Rapper Belly's trial being set for June 2020 aligns with the right to a speedy trial as it ensures that he will not be held in pre-trial detention for an extended period of time. Additionally, the public nature of the trial ensures transparency and accountability in the justice system.

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  • 6. 

    Jethro Hillbilly was arrested for deer hunting on his family farm with a deer rifle.  Jethro Hillbilly has both a permit for hunting and his deer rifle.

    • A.

      Amendment 3 - Do no have house troops in your home

    • B.

      Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms

    • C.

      Amendment 10 - States have more rights.

    Correct Answer
    B. Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms. This amendment grants individuals the right to possess and carry firearms. Jethro Hillbilly, having a permit for hunting and his deer rifle, is exercising his right to bear arms while hunting on his family farm. This means that he is not in violation of any laws or amendments.

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  • 7. 

    Squidward is angry at Spongebob because he says Spongebob has planted seaweed on his property.  Spongebob refuses to remove the seaweed because he says it is planted on his side of the property line.  Squidward tells Spongebob, "I'll seey you in court!"  They agree to let a judge make a decision on the disagreement.

    • A.

      Amendment 5 - No double jeopardy

    • B.

      Amendment 7 - Two parties can have a judge or jury settle a dispute.

    • C.

      Amendment 8 - No excessive bail or punishment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Amendment 7 - Two parties can have a judge or jury settle a dispute.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is Amendment 7 - Two parties can have a judge or jury settle a dispute. This amendment guarantees the right to a trial by jury in civil cases where the value in controversy exceeds $20. In the given scenario, Squidward and Spongebob have a dispute over the placement of seaweed on their properties. By agreeing to let a judge make a decision on their disagreement, they are exercising their right to have a judge settle the dispute, as protected by Amendment 7.

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  • 8. 

    Bubba Sparks was arrested and tried for killing Farmer Brown's three little pigs.  The jury found Bubba sparks not guilty.  New evidenced has surfacted that will prove that Bubba killed the three little pigs.  Bubba Sparks is arrested for killing Farmer Brown's pigs after being found not guilty.

    • A.

      Amendment 8 - No excessive bail or punishment.

    • B.

      Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms.

    • C.

      Amendment 5 - No double jeopardy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Amendment 5 - No double jeopardy.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 5 - No double jeopardy. This amendment protects individuals from being tried for the same crime twice. In this case, Bubba Sparks was found not guilty for killing Farmer Brown's three little pigs, which means he cannot be tried again for the same crime, even if new evidence surfaces. This is a fundamental protection under the Fifth Amendment to prevent individuals from being subjected to multiple trials and potential punishment for the same offense.

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  • 9. 

    It has been a long school year.  As a reward your parents are taking your family to Mexico for a relaxing vacation.  Your family gets on plane in St. Louis and flies to the country of Mexico.

    • A.

      Amendment 9 - Citizens have more rights than listed.

    • B.

      Amendment 6 - Right to a speedy and public trial.

    • C.

      Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.

    Correct Answer
    A. Amendment 9 - Citizens have more rights than listed.
  • 10. 

    The state of Missouri wants to create  Missouri holiday to honor former governor Mel Carnahan.

    • A.

      Amendment 3 - Do not have to quarter troops in your home.

    • B.

      Amendment 10 - States have more rights than listed.

    • C.

      Amendment 8 - No excessive bail or punishment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Amendment 10 - States have more rights than listed.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment 10 - States have more rights than listed. This answer is based on the fact that the state of Missouri wants to create a holiday to honor former governor Mel Carnahan. The power to create holidays and honor individuals is typically within the jurisdiction of the states, as stated in the Tenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This amendment reserves powers not delegated to the federal government to the states, indicating that states have more rights than those specifically listed in the Constitution.

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  • 11. 

    How old does a person have to be to be a U.S. Representative?

    • A.

      18 years old

    • B.

      25 years old

    • C.

      65 years old

    Correct Answer
    B. 25 years old
    Explanation
    To be a U.S. Representative, a person must be 25 years old. This age requirement ensures that individuals have gained enough life experience and maturity to effectively represent their constituents and make informed decisions on legislative matters. By setting this age limit, it is believed that representatives will have the necessary judgment and perspective to serve in this important role.

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  • 12. 

    A U.S. Senator must

    • A.

      Be born a U.S. citizen

    • B.

      Live in the state they represent

    • C.

      Live in Europe.

    Correct Answer
    B. Live in the state they represent
    Explanation
    A U.S. Senator must live in the state they represent because senators are elected to represent the interests and concerns of their specific state. It is important for senators to have a direct connection and understanding of the issues faced by their constituents in order to effectively represent them in the legislative process. Therefore, residing in the state they represent allows senators to be more accessible and responsive to the needs of their constituents.

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  • 13. 

    The President of the United States must

    • A.

      Be at least 25 years old

    • B.

      LIve in the state they represent

    • C.

      Be born a U.S. citizen.

    Correct Answer
    C. Be born a U.S. citizen.
    Explanation
    To be eligible to become the President of the United States, one must be born a U.S. citizen. This requirement ensures that the President has a natural connection to the country and its values from birth. It also ensures that the President does not have divided loyalties or allegiances to any other nation. This requirement is meant to guarantee that the President's primary allegiance is to the United States and its citizens.

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  • 14. 

    What is the main idea of the Preamble?

    • A.

      To state the purpose of the Constitution.

    • B.

      To set limits of the authority of the federal government.

    • C.

      To explain the reasoning behind the break with Great Britain.

    Correct Answer
    A. To state the purpose of the Constitution.
    Explanation
    The main idea of the Preamble is to state the purpose of the Constitution. The Preamble serves as an introduction to the Constitution and outlines the goals and objectives that the Constitution aims to achieve. It highlights the principles of the government, such as establishing justice, ensuring domestic tranquility, providing for the common defense, promoting the general welfare, and securing the blessings of liberty. By stating the purpose of the Constitution, the Preamble sets the foundation for the rest of the document and serves as a guiding principle for the interpretation and implementation of the Constitution.

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  • 15. 

    Who elects the President?

    • A.

      The majority of citizens who cast votes.

    • B.

      The legislatures of the states.

    • C.

      The Electoral College

    Correct Answer
    C. The Electoral College
    Explanation
    The Electoral College elects the President. This system is used in the United States where citizens vote for electors who then cast their votes for the President. The number of electors each state has is based on its representation in Congress. The candidate who receives the majority of electoral votes becomes the President. This system was established by the Founding Fathers to balance the power between the states and the people and to ensure that smaller states have a say in the election process.

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  • 16. 

    What amendment gave women the right to vote?

    • A.

      18

    • B.

      19

    • C.

      20

    Correct Answer
    B. 19
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 19 because the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1920, granted women the right to vote. This amendment was a significant milestone in the women's suffrage movement and marked a major step towards gender equality in the United States.

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  • 17. 

    Which amendment abolished slavery?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      14

    • C.

      15

    Correct Answer
    A. 13
    Explanation
    The 13th amendment abolished slavery. This amendment was ratified in 1865 and it stated that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." This amendment was a significant step towards ending the institution of slavery in the United States and ensuring freedom for all individuals.

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  • 18. 

    Which amendment repealed Prohibtion?

    • A.

      19

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      21

    Correct Answer
    C. 21
    Explanation
    The 21st amendment repealed Prohibition in the United States. Prohibition was a period from 1920 to 1933 when the production, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages were prohibited. The 21st amendment, ratified in 1933, ended this ban and allowed for the legal sale and consumption of alcohol once again. It was a response to the widespread issues and negative consequences that arose during the Prohibition era, including the rise of illegal alcohol production and organized crime.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following would be a situations that would lead to a criminal court case?

    • A.

      Child custody

    • B.

      Name change

    • C.

      Assault

    Correct Answer
    C. Assault
    Explanation
    Assault would lead to a criminal court case because it involves the intentional act of causing physical harm or injury to another person without their consent. In most jurisdictions, assault is considered a criminal offense and is punishable by law. The victim or the state can press charges against the perpetrator, and the case would be heard in a criminal court to determine guilt or innocence. Child custody and name change, on the other hand, are civil matters that are typically handled in family or probate court, not criminal court.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following situations would lead to a civil court case?

    • A.

      Murder

    • B.

      Divorce

    • C.

      Theft

    Correct Answer
    B. Divorce
    Explanation
    Divorce would lead to a civil court case because it involves the legal dissolution of a marriage and the resolution of related issues such as division of assets, child custody, and alimony. Civil court cases typically involve disputes between individuals or entities where one party seeks a legal remedy or resolution. In the case of divorce, the couple may not agree on the terms of their separation, leading to a court case where a judge will make a final decision based on the evidence and applicable laws.

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  • 21. 

    Who takes you to court in a civil court case?

    • A.

      The government

    • B.

      School

    • C.

      Another person or party

    Correct Answer
    C. Another person or party
    Explanation
    In a civil court case, it is another person or party who takes you to court. Civil court cases involve disputes between individuals or organizations, such as contract disputes, property disputes, or personal injury claims. The government or school would not typically be involved in such cases unless they are a party to the dispute.

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  • 22. 

    Who takes you to court in a criminal court case?

    • A.

      The government

    • B.

      School

    • C.

      Another person or party

    Correct Answer
    A. The government
    Explanation
    In a criminal court case, the government is the entity that takes an individual to court. The government, represented by prosecutors, brings charges against the accused person on behalf of society as a whole. The purpose of a criminal court case is to determine whether the accused person is guilty of committing a crime and to administer justice on behalf of the community.

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  • 23. 

    Lewis and Clark explored the _______________ Territory for President Jefferson.

    • A.

      Oregon

    • B.

      Louisiana

    • C.

      California

    Correct Answer
    B. Louisiana
    Explanation
    Lewis and Clark explored the Louisiana Territory for President Jefferson. The Louisiana Territory was a vast region that extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, and it was purchased by the United States from France in 1803. President Jefferson commissioned Lewis and Clark to explore this newly acquired territory, with the goal of finding a practical route to the Pacific Ocean and gathering information about the region's geography, natural resources, and Native American tribes. Their expedition, known as the Lewis and Clark Expedition, lasted from 1804 to 1806 and played a crucial role in expanding American knowledge and influence in the western part of the continent.

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  • 24. 

    What was President Jefferson's goals for the Lewis and Clark Expedition?

    • A.

      To find the Great White Mountains

    • B.

      To buy more land from foreign countries.

    • C.

      To map the territory and find an all-water route to the Pacific

    Correct Answer
    C. To map the territory and find an all-water route to the Pacific
    Explanation
    President Jefferson's goals for the Lewis and Clark Expedition were to map the territory and find an all-water route to the Pacific. This was an important exploration mission to gather information about the newly acquired western territory and to establish a trade route to the Pacific. Mapping the territory would provide valuable knowledge about the geography, resources, and potential settlement areas. Finding an all-water route to the Pacific would facilitate trade and transportation, opening up new opportunities for economic growth and expansion.

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  • 25. 

    Who owned the Louisiana Territory when the U.S. bought it?

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Lousiana

    • C.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    A. France
    Explanation
    France owned the Louisiana Territory when the U.S. bought it. This is a well-known historical fact. In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in what is known as the Louisiana Purchase. This acquisition doubled the size of the United States and opened up vast new territories for settlement and exploration.

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  • 26. 

    The Embargo Act did not allow the United States to __________________.

    • A.

      Trade with foreign countries

    • B.

      Go to war with foreign countries

    • C.

      Purchase land from foreign countries

    Correct Answer
    A. Trade with foreign countries
    Explanation
    The Embargo Act, enacted in 1807, prohibited the United States from engaging in trade with foreign countries. This was a response to the ongoing conflicts between Britain and France, as the US sought to remain neutral. The act aimed to protect American interests by preventing the seizure of American ships and sailors by warring nations. However, the embargo had severe economic consequences, leading to a decline in American exports and widespread smuggling. Ultimately, it was repealed in 1809 due to its negative impact on the US economy.

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  • 27. 

    President Jackson's "spoils system" put the ________________  into government offices and jobs.

    • A.

      Native Americans

    • B.

      African Americans

    • C.

      Common Man

    Correct Answer
    C. Common Man
    Explanation
    President Jackson's "spoils system" put the Common Man into government offices and jobs. The spoils system was a practice in which political supporters were rewarded with government positions, regardless of their qualifications or experience. Jackson believed that ordinary citizens, or the Common Man, should have the opportunity to participate in government and benefit from political patronage. By implementing the spoils system, Jackson aimed to democratize the government and give power to the average citizen.

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  • 28. 

    The War of 1812 was caused by the British attacking U.S. merchant ships and giving ___________ to the Native Americans.

    • A.

      Land

    • B.

      Horses

    • C.

      Guns

    Correct Answer
    C. Guns
    Explanation
    The War of 1812 was caused by the British attacking U.S. merchant ships and providing guns to the Native Americans. The British were supporting the Native Americans in their resistance against American westward expansion. By supplying them with guns, the British hoped to weaken American control over the frontier and maintain their own influence in the region. This support for the Native Americans, combined with the British attacks on American ships, ultimately led to the outbreak of the war.

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  • 29. 

    The 49ers went West to California to:

    • A.

      Claim farmland

    • B.

      To find religious freedom

    • C.

      To discover gold

    Correct Answer
    C. To discover gold
    Explanation
    The 49ers went West to California to discover gold. During the California Gold Rush in the mid-19th century, thousands of people migrated to California in search of gold and wealth. This mass movement was driven by the discovery of gold in the region, which attracted people from all over the world. The 49ers were individuals who traveled to California in 1849, hence the name, in the hopes of striking it rich by finding gold. This event had a significant impact on the development of California and the United States as a whole.

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  • 30. 

    The Mormons went  west to escape religious persecution and settled in ____________________.

    • A.

      Oregon

    • B.

      California

    • C.

      Utah

    Correct Answer
    C. Utah
    Explanation
    The Mormons went west to escape religious persecution and settled in Utah. Utah became a safe haven for the Mormons where they could freely practice their religion without fear of persecution. The state offered them the opportunity to establish their own communities and live according to their beliefs. The Mormons faced hostility and discrimination in other parts of the country, which led them to seek refuge in Utah.

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  • 31. 

    Chinese Americans helpt to build the  ________________________________.

    • A.

      Transcontinental Railroad

    • B.

      Oregon Trail

    • C.

      Cumberland Pass

    Correct Answer
    A. Transcontinental Railroad
    Explanation
    Chinese Americans played a significant role in the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad. They were recruited to work on the project due to their experience in building railroads in China. Thousands of Chinese immigrants labored under harsh conditions, facing discrimination and dangerous work environments. They were responsible for the difficult task of blasting tunnels through mountains and laying tracks across treacherous terrains. Their contribution was vital in connecting the eastern and western parts of the United States, revolutionizing transportation and trade in the country.

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  • 32. 

    What might be a problem the pioneers faced on the Oregon Trail when they came to a river?

    • A.

      Drowning

    • B.

      Crocodiles

    • C.

      Starving

    Correct Answer
    A. Drowning
    Explanation
    The pioneers faced the problem of drowning when they came to a river on the Oregon Trail. This means that there was a risk of individuals or their belongings being submerged in water and potentially losing their lives. The rivers on the trail could be deep, fast-flowing, or have unstable banks, making it dangerous for the pioneers to cross. They had to find safe ways to navigate the rivers, such as using ferries, fording, or building makeshift bridges. The risk of drowning was a significant challenge that the pioneers had to overcome during their journey.

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  • 33. 

    The Trail of Tears was the removal of the _______________ from Georgia to Oklahoma.

    • A.

      Cherokee

    • B.

      Aztec

    • C.

      Powhattan

    Correct Answer
    A. Cherokee
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cherokee because the Trail of Tears refers to the forced relocation of the Cherokee Native American tribe from their ancestral lands in Georgia to Oklahoma in the 1830s. This relocation was a result of the Indian Removal Act passed by the United States government, which aimed to open up Native American lands for white settlement. The Cherokee people suffered greatly during this journey, with thousands dying due to harsh conditions and mistreatment. The Trail of Tears is a tragic and significant event in American history.

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  • 34. 

    Why was the removal of the Cherokee known as the Trail of Tears?

    • A.

      They were forced to cut onions.

    • B.

      One in Four Cherokee died on the trail.

    • C.

      The soliders cried on the trail.

    Correct Answer
    B. One in Four Cherokee died on the trail.
    Explanation
    The removal of the Cherokee is known as the Trail of Tears because one in four Cherokee died during the forced relocation. This tragic event occurred in the 1830s when the United States government forcibly removed thousands of Cherokee people from their ancestral lands in the southeastern United States to present-day Oklahoma. The harsh conditions, lack of adequate supplies, and long journey resulted in the deaths of thousands of Cherokee, hence earning the name "Trail of Tears."

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  • 35. 

    The belief that the United States was set apart for a special purpose and to extend its boundaries from the Atlantic to Pacific is called the ____________________.

    • A.

      Manifest Destiny

    • B.

      Spoils system

    • C.

      Westward Expansion

    Correct Answer
    A. Manifest Destiny
    Explanation
    Manifest Destiny refers to the belief that the United States had a divine mission to expand its territory from coast to coast. This belief was prevalent during the 19th century and served as a justification for westward expansion, including the acquisition of new territories such as Texas, Oregon, and California. The idea of Manifest Destiny played a significant role in shaping American policies and actions towards Native Americans, as well as in fueling territorial disputes with other nations.

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  • 36. 

    Francis Scott Key wrote the "Star-Spangled Banner" during the ____________________.

    • A.

      War of 1812

    • B.

      Battle of New Orleans

    • C.

      American Revolution

    Correct Answer
    A. War of 1812
    Explanation
    During the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote the "Star-Spangled Banner." This war was fought between the United States and Great Britain from 1812 to 1815. Key wrote the poem that would later become the national anthem of the United States after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore during the war. The poem was set to music and eventually became known as the "Star-Spangled Banner."

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  • 37. 

    Which country did Texans struggle with to gain to their independence?

    • A.

      United States

    • B.

      Mexico

    • C.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    B. Mexico
    Explanation
    Texans struggled with Mexico to gain their independence. This is because during the early 19th century, Texas was a part of Mexico. However, tensions arose between the Mexican government and the Texan settlers, leading to the Texas Revolution in 1835. The Texans fought against Mexican forces and declared their independence in 1836, forming the Republic of Texas. This struggle for independence ultimately resulted in Texas becoming an independent nation before eventually joining the United States.

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  • 38. 

    Which president's popularity with the "common man" changed politics?

    • A.

      John Quincy Adams

    • B.

      Andrew Jackson

    • C.

      Martin Van Buren

    Correct Answer
    B. Andrew Jackson
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's popularity with the "common man" changed politics because he portrayed himself as a champion of the working class and a defender of their rights against the elite. He implemented policies that aimed to benefit the average citizen, such as expanding voting rights and opposing the national bank. Jackson's appeal to the common man helped to reshape the political landscape by mobilizing a new base of support and challenging the established political order.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following were negative effects of the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Interchangeable parts and labor unions

    • B.

      Child labor and pollution

    • C.

      Low wages and Urbanization

    Correct Answer
    B. Child labor and pollution
    Explanation
    The negative effects of the Industrial Revolution were primarily child labor and pollution. During this period, children were forced to work in factories under harsh conditions, depriving them of education and a normal childhood. Additionally, the rapid industrialization led to increased pollution, as factories released harmful chemicals and pollutants into the air and water sources. These negative consequences highlighted the need for labor reforms and environmental regulations in order to protect the well-being of workers and the environment.

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  • 40. 

    Why did the business owners use child labor during the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Children are stronger.

    • B.

      They were able to pay children less.

    • C.

      Children were smarter than adults.

    Correct Answer
    B. They were able to pay children less.
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, business owners used child labor because they were able to pay children less. This allowed them to minimize labor costs and maximize their profits. Children were often forced to work long hours in dangerous conditions for very low wages. Additionally, children were seen as more easily controlled and manipulated compared to adults, making them more desirable for certain tasks in factories and mines. This exploitative practice was driven by the desire for economic gain at the expense of the well-being and rights of children.

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  • 41. 

    A monopoly is when a company:

    • A.

      Owns all the railroads and boulevards

    • B.

      Make only one product

    • C.

      Has complete control of a product in market

    Correct Answer
    C. Has complete control of a product in market
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Has complete control of a product in the market." A monopoly occurs when a company has exclusive control over a particular product or service in the market, with no competition. This means that the company can set prices, control supply, and make decisions without any significant external influence. Monopolies often result in limited choices for consumers and can lead to higher prices and reduced innovation in the long run.

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  • 42. 

    It has rich fertile soil for farming.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    The correct answer is South. The reason for this is that the statement mentions "rich fertile soil for farming." The South is known for its agricultural productivity and fertile land, making it an ideal region for farming.

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  • 43. 

    It has mild summers and cold, snowy winters.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    A. North
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "North" because regions in the northern hemisphere generally experience mild summers and cold, snowy winters. This is due to the tilt of the Earth's axis, which causes the northern hemisphere to be tilted away from the sun during the winter months, resulting in colder temperatures and snowfall. Conversely, during the summer months, the northern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, leading to warmer but still relatively mild summers.

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  • 44. 

    Their cities became increasinly important.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    A. North
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "North" because historically, the cities in the northern region of a country tend to have more economic and political significance compared to those in the southern region. This could be due to factors such as proximity to trade routes, access to resources, or historical developments. Therefore, it can be inferred that the cities in the north became increasingly important.

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  • 45. 

    They were hubs of manufacturing and were industrialized.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    A. North
    Explanation
    The North was known for being hubs of manufacturing and industrialization during the time period being referred to. This region had numerous factories and industries, which contributed to its economic growth and development. On the other hand, the South was primarily focused on agriculture, with a reliance on plantation farming and slave labor. Therefore, the correct answer is North, as it aligns with the statement provided.

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  • 46. 

    They had a population onf 3.5 million and had about 8.5 million slaves.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    The correct answer is South. The statement mentions that they had a population of 3.5 million and about 8.5 million slaves. This indicates that the region being referred to had a large number of slaves, which is characteristic of the Southern states during the time of slavery in the United States. The North, on the other hand, had a much smaller slave population. Therefore, based on the information given, the answer is South.

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  • 47. 

    Steamboats were used on their rivers.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    Steamboats were primarily used in the South because the region had a vast network of rivers, such as the Mississippi, Ohio, and Tennessee, which provided convenient transportation routes for goods and people. The South heavily relied on steamboats for trade, as they allowed for the efficient movement of agricultural products, such as cotton, from plantations to marketplaces. Additionally, steamboats played a crucial role in the expansion of the plantation economy and the slave trade in the South. In contrast, the North had a more developed railroad system, which made steamboats less necessary for transportation.

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  • 48. 

    They had a population of 31 million and had a lot  of immigrants.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    A. North
    Explanation
    The North had a population of 31 million and had a lot of immigrants. This suggests that the North was more populous and attracted more immigrants compared to the South.

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  • 49. 

    Economy heavily based on agriculture.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    The correct answer is South. This is because the statement mentions that the economy is heavily based on agriculture, and historically, the southern region of many countries has been known for its agriculture. The South tends to have fertile land, favorable climate conditions, and a long growing season, which makes it suitable for agricultural activities. Additionally, the South often has a higher concentration of farms and agricultural industries compared to the North. Therefore, it can be inferred that the region being referred to in the statement is the South.

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  • 50. 

    Their cities became cultural and educational centers.

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    Correct Answer
    A. North
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the cities in the North became cultural and educational centers. This implies that these cities developed a strong focus on arts, literature, and education, attracting scholars, artists, and intellectuals. This could be attributed to various factors such as the presence of prestigious universities, libraries, and museums, as well as a thriving intellectual and artistic community. The North's emphasis on education and culture likely contributed to its reputation as a hub for intellectual and artistic pursuits.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 10, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jennifer Schmidt
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