Sd III IT A

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Sd III IT A - Quiz

This Quiz is based on the Scrum & Agile basics. You can check your knowledge and understanding about these concepts through this quiz.
The quiz is timed and you have 20 minutes to complete 25 multiple-choice questions. There is no negative marking for any question. So try to attempt all questions.
All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which one of the following is not a Scrum Artifact?

    • A.

      Product Backlog

    • B.

      Story

    • C.

      Sprint Backlog

    • D.

      Increment of Potentially Shippable Product Functionality

    Correct Answer
    B. Story
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Story" because it is not a Scrum Artifact. In Scrum, the three main artifacts are the Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment. The Product Backlog is a prioritized list of all the desired features, enhancements, and fixes for a product. The Sprint Backlog is a subset of the Product Backlog that contains the items selected for a specific sprint. The Increment is the sum of all the completed and potentially shippable product functionality at the end of each sprint. However, a "Story" is not considered a specific artifact in Scrum.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following meeting is not part of Scrum?

    • A.

      Product review meeting

    • B.

      Sprint review meeting

    • C.

      Sprint planning meeting

    • D.

      Sprint retrospective meeting

    Correct Answer
    A. Product review meeting
    Explanation
    The Product review meeting is not part of Scrum. In Scrum, there are three main meetings: Sprint planning, Sprint review, and Sprint retrospective. The Sprint review meeting is held at the end of each Sprint to review the work completed and gather feedback from stakeholders. The Sprint planning meeting is held at the beginning of each Sprint to plan the work to be done. The Sprint retrospective meeting is held at the end of each Sprint to reflect on the process and identify areas for improvement. The Product review meeting, on the other hand, is not a standard Scrum meeting and may be specific to certain organizations or projects.

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  • 3. 

    Identify the levels of planning in an agile model?1-Iteration Level2-Release Level3-Sprint Level4-Product Level

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      2,3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      4,2,3,1

    Correct Answer
    D. 4,2,3,1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4,2,3,1. In an agile model, planning is done at multiple levels. The highest level is the Product Level, where the overall product vision and roadmap are defined. The next level is the Release Level, where the specific features and functionalities for each release are planned. The Sprint Level is the next level, where the work items are planned for each sprint, usually on a two to four-week basis. Finally, the lowest level is the Iteration Level, where the specific tasks and activities are planned for each iteration, usually on a daily or weekly basis.

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  • 4. 

    A user story is based on INVEST model.What does it signifies?

    • A.

      Independent,Negotiable,Valuable,Estimable,Small,Testable

    • B.

      Individual,Negotaible,Varying,Economic,Small,Testable

    • C.

      Independent,Negotaible,Varying,Economic,Smart,Testable

    • D.

      Invetable,Negotaible,Varying,Economic,Small,True

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent,Negotiable,Valuable,Estimable,Small,Testable
    Explanation
    The correct answer signifies that a user story based on the INVEST model should be independent, negotiable, valuable, estimable, small, and testable. This means that the user story should be self-contained and not dependent on other stories, it should be open to discussion and negotiation, it should provide value to the end-user or customer, it should be able to be estimated in terms of time and effort, it should be small enough to be completed within a single iteration, and it should be testable to ensure its functionality.

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  • 5. 

    A user story is

    • A.

      A series of interactions by the user (Actor) with the system and the response of the system.

    • B.

      A narrative text(s) that describe an interaction of the user with the value of from the system.

    • C.

      A narrative text(s) that describe an interaction of the user and the system, focusing on the value a user gains from the system.

    • D.

      A series of interactions by the user (Actor) with the the co-actor of the system.

    Correct Answer
    C. A narrative text(s) that describe an interaction of the user and the system, focusing on the value a user gains from the system.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A narrative text(s) that describe an interaction of the user and the system, focusing on the value a user gains from the system." This option accurately describes a user story as a narrative text that details the interaction between the user and the system, highlighting the value that the user derives from using the system. It emphasizes the importance of understanding user needs and goals in the development process.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following are 3 phases of Scrum(in sequence)?1-Pre-game2-Pro-game3-Post-game4-Game

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      2,4,3

    • C.

      1,4,3

    • D.

      1,4,2

    Correct Answer
    C. 1,4,3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1,4,3. In Scrum, the first phase is the pre-game phase where the team prepares for the project by setting goals and creating a plan. The fourth phase is the game phase where the team works on the project and implements the plan. The third phase is the post-game phase where the team reflects on the project, evaluates the results, and learns from the experience. Therefore, the correct sequence of phases in Scrum is 1,4,3.

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  • 7. 

    What are the artifacts of Sprint Planning Meeting?1-Sprint Goal2-Sprint Retrospective3-Sprint Backlog4-Sprint Review Meeting

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      1,3

    • C.

      1,2,3,4

    • D.

      2,3,4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1,3
    Explanation
    The artifacts of the Sprint Planning Meeting are the Sprint Goal and the Sprint Backlog. The Sprint Goal is a short statement that describes the objective of the Sprint, while the Sprint Backlog is a list of the product backlog items selected for the Sprint, along with a plan for delivering the product increment. The Sprint Retrospective and Sprint Review Meeting are not artifacts of the Sprint Planning Meeting.

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  • 8. 

    What are the main questions answered by each team member in Daily Scrum Meeting?1-What did you do yesterday?2-Are there impediments in your way?3-Are you about to put something in another team's way?4-What will you do today?

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      1,2,3,4

    • C.

      1,2,4

    • D.

      2,3,4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1,2,4
    Explanation
    In a Daily Scrum Meeting, each team member answers the following main questions: 1) What did you do yesterday? This allows everyone to share their progress and updates from the previous day. 2) Are there any impediments in your way? This helps identify any obstacles or challenges that may be hindering progress. 4) What will you do today? This allows team members to communicate their plans and goals for the day ahead. Therefore, the correct answer is 1,2,4.

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  • 9. 

    Agile is applicable mostly to projects with which of the following characteristics?1-Urgent2-Complex3-Moderate4-Unique

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      1,2,4

    • C.

      2,3,4

    • D.

      1,3,4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1,2,4
    Explanation
    Agile is applicable mostly to projects that are urgent, complex, and unique. Urgent projects require quick and frequent delivery of value, which is a key principle of Agile. Complex projects benefit from Agile's iterative and incremental approach, allowing for flexibility and adaptability in the face of changing requirements. Unique projects, which may involve new technologies or innovative solutions, can also benefit from Agile's emphasis on experimentation and learning. Therefore, the combination of characteristics 1, 2, and 4 aligns with the applicability of Agile methodology.

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  • 10. 

    What are the 3 Scrum Pillars?1-Adaptation2-Acceptance3-Transparency4-Inspection

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      2,3,4

    • C.

      1,3,4

    • D.

      1,2,4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1,3,4
    Explanation
    The three Scrum Pillars are Adaptation, Transparency, and Inspection. These pillars form the foundation of the Scrum framework and are essential for its successful implementation. Adaptation refers to the ability of the team to continuously adjust and improve their processes based on feedback and changing requirements. Transparency ensures that all information, progress, and issues are visible to everyone involved, promoting collaboration and trust. Inspection involves regularly reviewing the work and progress to identify any deviations from the plan and take corrective actions as needed. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 3, 4.

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  • 11. 

    Scrum Teams are (select the best option):-

    • A.

      Self-organizing,Cross-functional

    • B.

      Cross-productive,Self-organizing

    • C.

      Self-destructive,Self-motivating

    • D.

      Non-productive,Selfish

    Correct Answer
    A. Self-organizing,Cross-functional
    Explanation
    Scrum Teams are described as being self-organizing and cross-functional. This means that the team has the autonomy to determine how to best accomplish their goals, without external direction. They are also composed of individuals with a diverse range of skills and expertise, allowing them to collectively work on all aspects of the project. This promotes collaboration, efficiency, and adaptability within the team, ultimately leading to successful project delivery.

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  • 12. 

    Which is/are the best user story format(s)? (select all that applies)

    • A.

      As a < user > I want to < goal > so that < acceptance criteria >

    • B.

      As a < coder > I want to < past performance > so that < future results >

    • C.

      As a < user > I want to < goal > so that < benefits >

    • D.

      As a < service provider > I want to < vision > so that < achievable results >

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. As a < user > I want to < goal > so that < acceptance criteria >
    C. As a < user > I want to < goal > so that < benefits >
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "As a < user > I want to < goal > so that < acceptance criteria >, As a < user > I want to < goal > so that < benefits >". These user story formats are considered the best because they clearly define the user, their goal, and the reason or benefit behind it. This format helps in understanding the user's needs and expectations, which is crucial for developing effective solutions.

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  • 13. 

    Which statement best describes Scrum?

    • A.

      A complete methodology that defines how to develop software.

    • B.

      A cookbook that defines best practice for software development.

    • C.

      A framework within which complex products in complex environments are developed.

    • D.

      A defined and predictive process that conforms to the principles of Scientific Management.

    Correct Answer
    C. A framework within which complex products in complex environments are developed.
    Explanation
    Scrum is not a process or a technique for building products ; rather, it is a framework within which you can employ various processes and techniques.

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  • 14. 

    Who is on the Scrum Team?

    • A.

      The Scrum Master

    • B.

      The Development Team

    • C.

      Project Manager

    • D.

      The Product Owner

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The Scrum Master
    B. The Development Team
    D. The Product Owner
    Explanation
    The Scrum Team consists of the Scrum Master (manages the process), the Product Owner (decides what to do) and the Development Team (does the work).

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  • 15. 

    When does the next Sprint begin?

    • A.

      Every Monday.

    • B.

      Immediately following the next Sprint Planning.

    • C.

      When the Product Owner is ready.

    • D.

      Immediately after the conclusion of the previous Sprint.

    Correct Answer
    D. Immediately after the conclusion of the previous Sprint.
    Explanation
    A new Sprint starts immediately after the conclusion of the previous Sprint.

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  • 16. 

    Who should know the most about the progress toward a business objective or a release, and be able to explain the alternatives most clearly?

    • A.

      The Product Owner

    • B.

      The Development Team

    • C.

      The Scrum Master

    • D.

      The Project Manager

    Correct Answer
    A. The Product Owner
    Explanation
    The Product Owner is the sole person responsible for managing the Product Backlog, which includes that the Product Backlog is visible, transparent, and clear to all, and shows what the Scrum Team will work on next.

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  • 17. 

    When many Development Teams are working on a single product, what best describes the definition of "done?"

    • A.

      Each Development Team uses its own but must make their definition clear to all other Teams so the differences are known.

    • B.

      It depends.

    • C.

      Each Development Team defines and uses its own. The differences are discussed and reconciled during a hardening Sprint.

    • D.

      All Development Teams must have a definition of "done" that makes their combined work potentially releasable.

    Correct Answer
    D. All Development Teams must have a definition of "done" that makes their combined work potentially releasable.
    Explanation
    When multiple Development Teams are working on a single product, it is important for all teams to have a common understanding of what "done" means. This means that each team must have their own definition of "done" that aligns with the overall goal of making their combined work potentially releasable. This ensures that all teams are working towards the same objective and that the final product can be released to customers. The other options suggest that each team can have their own definition of "done" without considering the need for a common understanding and potential release of the product.

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  • 18. 

    Which statement best describes the Sprint Review?

    • A.

      It is a review of the team's activities during the Sprint.

    • B.

      It is used to congratulate the Development Team if it did what it committed to doing, or to punish the Development Team if it failed to meet its commitments.

    • C.

      It is a demo at the end of the Sprint for everyone in the organization to provide feedback on the work done.

    • D.

      It is when the Scrum Team and stakeholders inspect the outcome of the Sprint and figure out what to do in the upcoming Sprint.

    Correct Answer
    D. It is when the Scrum Team and stakeholders inspect the outcome of the Sprint and figure out what to do in the upcoming Sprint.
    Explanation
    Every event in Scrum, besides the Sprint which is a container for the other events, is an opportunity to Inspect AND Adapt.

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  • 19. 

    Who has the final say on the order of the Product Backlog?

    • A.

      The Product Owner

    • B.

      The CEO

    • C.

      The Scrum Master

    • D.

      The Development Team

    • E.

      The Stakeholders

    Correct Answer
    A. The Product Owner
    Explanation
    The Product Owner has the final say on the order of the Product Backlog. This is because the Product Owner is responsible for maximizing the value of the product and ensuring that the most valuable items are at the top of the backlog. They work closely with stakeholders, the development team, and the scrum master to prioritize and order the backlog based on feedback, market demands, and business objectives. The CEO, Scrum Master, Development Team, and Stakeholders may provide input and collaborate with the Product Owner, but ultimately the Product Owner makes the final decision.

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  • 20. 

    Upon what type of process control is Scrum based?

    • A.

      Hybrid

    • B.

      Defined

    • C.

      Empirical

    • D.

      Complex

    Correct Answer
    C. Empirical
    Explanation
    Scrum is based on empirical process control. Empirical process control is a method of managing and controlling a process based on observation, experimentation, and adaptation. In Scrum, the team regularly inspects and adapts their work through frequent feedback loops, such as daily stand-up meetings and sprint reviews. This allows the team to continuously improve their processes and deliver high-quality products.

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  • 21. 

    The maximum length of the Sprint Review (its timebox) is:

    • A.

      2 hours.

    • B.

      As long as needed.

    • C.

      4 hours and longer as needed.

    • D.

      1 day.

    • E.

      4 hours for a monthly Sprint. For shorter Sprints it is usually shorter.

    Correct Answer
    E. 4 hours for a monthly Sprint. For shorter Sprints it is usually shorter.
    Explanation
    The maximum length of the Sprint Review is typically 4 hours for a monthly Sprint. However, for shorter Sprints, the timebox for the Sprint Review is usually shorter as well.

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  • 22. 

    Who is responsible for registering the work estimates during a Sprint?

    • A.

      The most junior member of the Team.

    • B.

      The Product Owner.

    • C.

      The Development Team.

    • D.

      The Scrum Master.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Development Team.
    Explanation
    The Development Team is responsible for registering the work estimates during a Sprint. This is because the Development Team is responsible for planning and executing the work during the Sprint, including estimating the effort required for each task. The Product Owner is responsible for prioritizing the work and ensuring that the team is working on the most valuable items, while the Scrum Master is responsible for facilitating the Scrum process and ensuring that the team is following the Scrum framework.

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  • 23. 

    During the Daily Scrum, the Scrum Master's role is to:

    • A.

      Make sure that all 3 questions have been answered.

    • B.

      Lead the discussions of the Development Team.

    • C.

      All of the above.

    • D.

      Teach the Development Team to keep the Daily Scrum within the 15 minute timebox.

    • E.

      Manage the meeting in a way that each team member has a chance to speak.

    Correct Answer
    D. Teach the Development Team to keep the Daily Scrum within the 15 minute timebox.
    Explanation
    Per the Scrum Guide, the Scrum Master ensures that the Development Team has the meeting and teaches the Development Team to keep to a 15 minute time box. The Development Team is responsible for conducting the Daily Scrum.

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  • 24. 

    What is the primary way a Scrum Master keeps a Development Team working at its highest level of productivity?

    • A.

      By preventing changes to the backlogs once the Sprint begins.

    • B.

      By keeping high value features high in the Product Backlog.

    • C.

      By facilitating Development Team decisions and removing impediments.

    • D.

      By ensuring the meetings start and end at the proper time.

    Correct Answer
    C. By facilitating Development Team decisions and removing impediments.
    Explanation
    The primary way a Scrum Master keeps a Development Team working at its highest level of productivity is by facilitating Development Team decisions and removing impediments. This means that the Scrum Master helps the team make informed decisions, ensures that they have the necessary resources and support, and removes any obstacles or issues that may hinder their progress. This allows the team to focus on their work and maintain a high level of productivity throughout the project.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 16, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Winstonpauld
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