Plant Reproduction Quiz Questions And Answers

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Lindsey Block, BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology |
Biology Expert
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"Lindsey, Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, specializes in Zika's impact on conception and preterm birth biomarkers. She completed courese on Advanced Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Advanced Virology at University College Cork. Lindsey's accolades include three first-author papers, three fellowships, and active participation in five conference presentations. Currently associated with the University of Pennsylvania through a T32 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship, she continues to contribute significantly to her field, combining academic rigor with practical research to advance understanding in reproductive health and prenatal care. Currently, she is a full time lecturer at Northwestern University - The Feinberg School of Medicine.
"
, BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology
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Plant Reproduction Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

In the world of science, we study both plant and animal life cycles. This plant reproduction quiz will dig deep and see how much you know about the topic and the relevant information related to the subject. Plants are necessary for life to exist, mainly because they give us oxygen. But how exactly do they reproduce? Let's find out the details through the following questions. All the best! Let's go!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The production of new plants from underground stems is an example of __________ reproduction.

    • A.

      Sexual

    • B.

      Zygote

    • C.

      Two parent

    • D.

      Asexual

    Correct Answer
    D. Asexual
    Explanation
    The production of new plants from underground stems is an example of asexual reproduction. In asexual reproduction, new individuals are produced from a single parent without the involvement of gametes or the fusion of genetic material. Underground stems, such as rhizomes or tubers, can give rise to new plants through processes like budding or fragmentation. This type of reproduction allows for rapid multiplication of plants and the production of genetically identical offspring.

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  • 2. 

    Sexual reproduction in plants, as in all organisms, requires__________.

    • A.

      A male and female.

    • B.

      Only a male.

    • C.

      Only a female.

    • D.

      Only small parts of the plant.

    Correct Answer
    A. A male and female.
    Explanation
    Sexual reproduction in plants, like in all organisms, requires the presence of both male and female reproductive structures. This is because plants reproduce sexually through the process of pollination, where pollen from the male reproductive structure (stamen) must be transferred to the female reproductive structure (pistil) for fertilization to occur. The male reproductive structure produces pollen containing sperm cells, while the female reproductive structure contains the ovary where the eggs are located. Thus, both male and female structures are necessary for sexual reproduction in plants.

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  • 3. 

    Spores are produced during the __________ stage of a plant's life cycle.

    • A.

      Gametophyte

    • B.

      Sporophyte

    • C.

      Sexual

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Sporophyte
    Explanation
    During the sporophyte stage of a plant's life cycle, spores are produced. The sporophyte is the diploid phase of the plant's life cycle, where it produces spore-containing structures such as sporangia. Spores are reproductive cells that can develop into new individuals without the need for fertilization. This is in contrast to the gametophyte stage, which is the haploid phase of the life cycle where gametes are produced through sexual reproduction.

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  • 4. 

    What special types of cells are produced during the gametophyte stage of a plant's life cycle?

    • A.

      Sex cells

    • B.

      Zygotes

    • C.

      Spores

    • D.

      Seed cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Sex cells
    Explanation
    During the gametophyte stage of a plant's life cycle, special types of cells called sex cells are produced. These cells, also known as gametes, are responsible for sexual reproduction in plants. They are produced through the process of meiosis, which results in the formation of male and female gametes. These sex cells are essential for fertilization, as they combine to form a zygote, which develops into a new individual. Therefore, sex cells play a crucial role in the reproductive cycle of plants.

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  • 5. 

    One difference between sexual reproduction in plants and animals is that in plants, sex cells __________.

    • A.

      Are called sperm and egg.

    • B.

      Join in a process called fertilization.

    • C.

      Unite to form a zygote.

    • D.

      Are produced in structures made of haploid cells.

    Correct Answer
    D. Are produced in structures made of haploid cells.
    Explanation
    In plants, sex cells are produced in structures made of haploid cells. This means that the structures where the sex cells are formed, such as the pollen grains in flowers, are made up of cells that only have one set of chromosomes. This is different from animals, where sex cells are typically produced in the gonads, which are made up of diploid cells. This distinction highlights a key difference in the reproductive processes of plants and animals.

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  • 6. 

    The male part of the flower that contains the pollen producing parts is the:

    • A.

      Petals

    • B.

      Stamen

    • C.

      Carpels

    • D.

      Sepals

    Correct Answer
    B. Stamen
    Explanation
    The stamen is the male part of the flower that contains the pollen producing parts. It consists of two main parts: the anther, which produces and holds the pollen, and the filament, which supports the anther. The stamen plays a crucial role in the reproduction of flowering plants as it produces the male gametes (pollen) that are necessary for fertilization.

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  • 7. 

     The innermost part of the flower that contains the ovaries that make the ovules to be fertilized by the pollen are the:

    • A.

      Petals

    • B.

      Stamen

    • C.

      Carpels

    • D.

      Sepals

    Correct Answer
    C. Carpels
    Explanation
    The carpels are the innermost part of the flower that contains the ovaries. These ovaries produce the ovules, which are then fertilized by pollen. The petals are the colorful, often fragrant part of the flower that attracts pollinators. The stamen is the male reproductive organ of the flower, consisting of the anther and filament. The sepals are the outermost part of the flower that protects the developing bud.

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  • 8. 

    The base of the flower where it is attached to the rest of the plant, is the:

    • A.

      Pistil

    • B.

      Receptacle

    • C.

      Fruit

    Correct Answer
    B. Receptacle
    Explanation
    The base of the flower where it is attached to the rest of the plant is known as the receptacle. The receptacle provides support for the flower and connects it to the stem. It is the part of the flower where the other floral parts, such as the petals, sepals, stamens, and pistils, are attached. The receptacle plays a crucial role in the reproduction of the plant by providing a platform for the development of the reproductive structures.

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  • 9. 

    The colorful parts of the flower within the sepals together called the corolla are:

    • A.

      Petals

    • B.

      Stamen

    • C.

      Carpels

    • D.

      Sepals

    Correct Answer
    A. Petals
    Explanation
    The colorful parts of the flower that are collectively known as the corolla are the petals. The corolla is the inner whorl of the flower and is usually brightly colored to attract pollinators. The petals play a crucial role in attracting insects or birds for pollination by providing visual cues such as color and patterns.

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  • 10. 

    The parts of the flower that are the leaflike outermost layer altogether called the calyx are the:

    • A.

      Petals

    • B.

      Stamen

    • C.

      Carpels

    • D.

      Sepals

    Correct Answer
    D. Sepals
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sepals. Sepals are the leaflike outermost layer of the flower that collectively form the calyx. They are usually green in color and protect the developing flower bud. Sepals are typically found underneath the petals and serve as a protective covering for the reproductive parts of the flower.

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  • 11. 

    A flower that lacks one or more organs is called a(n) __________.

    • A.

      Long-day plant

    • B.

      Complete flower

    • C.

      Incomplete flower

    • D.

      Short-day plant

    Correct Answer
    C. Incomplete flower
    Explanation
    An incomplete flower refers to a flower that lacks one or more essential reproductive organs, such as stamens or carpels. These organs are necessary for the flower to undergo sexual reproduction and produce seeds. Incomplete flowers may lack either male or female reproductive structures, making them unable to self-pollinate or reproduce effectively.

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  • 12. 

    If a stigma receives pollen from another flower of the same species, the flower is __________.

    • A.

      Cross-pollinated

    • B.

      An incomplete flower

    • C.

      A complete flower

    • D.

      Self-pollinated

    Correct Answer
    A. Cross-pollinated
    Explanation
    When a stigma receives pollen from another flower of the same species, it is considered cross-pollinated. Cross-pollination occurs when pollen is transferred between different flowers, either by wind, water, insects, or other animals. This process promotes genetic diversity and increases the chances of successful fertilization and reproduction in plants.

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  • 13. 

    When a butterfly drinks from a flower, it brushes against the anthers and gets covered with pollen. When the butterfly visits another flower, the pollen attaches to the __________, resulting in pollination.

    • A.

      Anther

    • B.

      Stigma

    • C.

      Sepals

    • D.

      Petal

    Correct Answer
    B. Stigma
    Explanation
    When a butterfly drinks from a flower, it brushes against the anthers and gets covered with pollen. The stigma is the part of the flower that receives the pollen. When the butterfly visits another flower, the pollen attaches to the stigma, resulting in pollination.

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  • 14. 

    Moths feed on flowers that are open at night. These flowers are usually __________.

    • A.

      Dull in color with no nectar but a strong scent

    • B.

      Brightly colored and unscented

    • C.

      Pale in color and sweetly scented

    • D.

      Scented like rotting meat

    Correct Answer
    C. Pale in color and sweetly scented
    Explanation
    Moths are nocturnal creatures that are active at night. Since they feed on flowers that are open at night, it would make sense for these flowers to be pale in color, as they are more visible in low light conditions. Additionally, the flowers are sweetly scented to attract the moths, as they rely on scent rather than color to locate their food source in the dark. Therefore, the correct answer is that these flowers are pale in color and sweetly scented.

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  • 15. 

    During pollination, pollen grains are transferred from the anther to the __________.

    • A.

      Pistil

    • B.

      Ovary

    • C.

      Stamen

    • D.

      Sepal

    Correct Answer
    A. Pistil
    Explanation
    During pollination, pollen grains are transferred from the anther to the pistil. The pistil is the female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of the stigma, style, and ovary. The stigma is the sticky surface at the top of the pistil where pollen grains land and germinate. The pollen grains then travel down the style, a tube-like structure, and reach the ovary. Inside the ovary, fertilization occurs, leading to the development of seeds and fruits. Therefore, the pistil is the correct answer as it is the part of the flower that receives the pollen grains during pollination.

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  • 16. 

    Pollen is produced by the __________.

    • A.

      Stigma

    • B.

      Ovary

    • C.

      Anther

    • D.

      Style

    Correct Answer
    C. Anther
    Explanation
    Pollen is produced by the anther, which is the male reproductive part of a flower. The anther contains pollen sacs where pollen grains are formed. These pollen grains are then released from the anther and are transferred to the stigma of the same or another flower for fertilization to occur. The stigma, ovary, and style are parts of the female reproductive system in a flower and are not responsible for producing pollen.

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  • 17. 

    Nectar-feeding pollinators are attracted to a flower by its color or _____.

    • A.

      Stigma

    • B.

      Sepals

    • C.

      Scent

    • D.

      Pollen

    Correct Answer
    C. Scent
    Explanation
    Nectar-feeding pollinators are attracted to a flower by its color or scent. This means that the scent of a flower plays a crucial role in attracting these pollinators. The scent acts as a signal to the pollinators, indicating that the flower contains nectar, which is a valuable food source for them. By following the scent, the pollinators are able to locate the flower and obtain the nectar, while also facilitating the process of pollination.

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  • 18. 

    The base of the pistil is the __________.

    • A.

      Style

    • B.

      Sepal

    • C.

      Stamen

    • D.

      Ovary

    Correct Answer
    D. Ovary
    Explanation
    The base of the pistil refers to the lower part of the female reproductive organ in a flower. It is responsible for housing the ovules, which eventually develop into seeds after fertilization. The ovary is the correct answer because it is located at the base of the pistil and contains the ovules.

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  • 19. 

    The flowering plant group which is the biggest in the plant kingdom is:

    • A.

      Ferns

    • B.

      Angiosperms

    • C.

      Gymnosperms

    Correct Answer
    B. Angiosperms
    Explanation
    Angiosperms are the correct answer because they are the largest group of flowering plants in the plant kingdom. They are characterized by the presence of flowers, fruits, and seeds enclosed within an ovary. Angiosperms have a wide range of diversity and are found in various habitats worldwide. They play a crucial role in ecosystems as they provide food, shelter, and oxygen for many organisms.

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  • 20. 

    Angiosperms differ from mosses, ferns and fungi in that they have:

    • A.

      Seeds and flowers

    • B.

      Mycelium

    • C.

      Fronds

    Correct Answer
    A. Seeds and flowers
    Explanation
    Angiosperms differ from mosses, ferns, and fungi because they possess true leaves, stems, and roots. This means that angiosperms have well-developed structures for photosynthesis (leaves), support and transport of nutrients (stems), and absorption of water and minerals (roots). Mosses, ferns, and fungi lack these specialized structures and instead rely on other methods for obtaining nutrients and water.

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  • 21. 

    What is the name of the process by which a plant makes its own food?

    • A.

      Reproduction

    • B.

      Respiration

    • C.

      Sunlight

    • D.

      Photosynthesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the correct answer because it is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen. During this process, plants use chlorophyll, a pigment found in their leaves, to capture sunlight energy and convert it into chemical energy, which is then used to produce glucose. This glucose is the plant's food source, providing energy for growth and development. Therefore, photosynthesis is the name of the process by which a plant makes its own food.

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  • 22. 

    These are a type of plant that reproduce by seeds not contained in a flower:

    • A.

      Angiosperms

    • B.

      Gymnosperms

    • C.

      Ferns

    Correct Answer
    B. Gymnosperms
    Explanation
    Gymnosperms are a type of plant that reproduce by seeds not contained in a flower. Unlike angiosperms, which have enclosed seeds within a fruit, gymnosperms have naked seeds that are exposed on the surface of cones or similar structures. This characteristic is a key feature that distinguishes gymnosperms from angiosperms. Ferns, on the other hand, reproduce through spores and do not produce seeds at all.

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  • 23. 

    Cone-bearing plants are called _______________.

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Conifers

    • C.

      Angiosperms

    Correct Answer
    B. Conifers
    Explanation
    Cone-bearing plants are called conifers. These plants are characterized by their cone-shaped reproductive structures, which contain seeds. Conifers include trees such as pines, spruces, and firs. They are typically evergreen and have needle-like or scale-like leaves. Conifers are well adapted to cold and dry environments and are found in various regions around the world. They play an important role in ecosystems by providing habitat, food, and shelter for many organisms.

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  • 24. 

    The leaves of conifers are in the form of _____________.

    • A.

      Needles

    • B.

      Fronds

    • C.

      Mycelium

    Correct Answer
    A. Needles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is needles. Conifers are a type of tree that have needle-like leaves instead of broad, flat leaves like deciduous trees. This adaptation helps them conserve water in dry environments and reduces surface area for evaporation. The needle shape also allows them to withstand harsh weather conditions such as strong winds and heavy snowfall. Therefore, the leaves of conifers are in the form of needles.

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Lindsey Block |BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology |
Biology Expert
"Lindsey, Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, specializes in Zika's impact on conception and preterm birth biomarkers. She completed courese on Advanced Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Advanced Virology at University College Cork. Lindsey's accolades include three first-author papers, three fellowships, and active participation in five conference presentations. Currently associated with the University of Pennsylvania through a T32 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship, she continues to contribute significantly to her field, combining academic rigor with practical research to advance understanding in reproductive health and prenatal care. Currently, she is a full time lecturer at Northwestern University - The Feinberg School of Medicine.
"

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  • Feb 20, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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    Expert Reviewed by
    Lindsey Block
  • Nov 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Cs9chuck
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