S1 Practice Questions For Lab Practical

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 105

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Lab Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Mr. Johnson comes to your office complaining of loss of sensation to the lateral aspects of his thigh. Recalling your knowledge of anatomy and cutaneous nerves to that region, you determine that there is likely a lesion to the:
    • A. 

      Anterior division, L2-L4

    • B. 

      Posterior division, L2-L4

    • C. 

      Posterior division, L2-L3

    • D. 

      Posterior division, L3-L4

    • E. 

      Anterior division, L2-L3

  • 2. 
    The great saphenous vein is often used for coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The nerve that runs with a portion of this vein is vulnerable to injury when the vein is harvested surgically. What is the name of this nerve?
    • A. 

      Sural nerve

    • B. 

      Femoral nerve

    • C. 

      Saphenous nerve

    • D. 

      Obturator nerve

    • E. 

      Tibial nerve

  • 3. 
    Your patient presents to the emergency room with a swollen, painful knee. You determine that the patient suffers from a dislocated patella. What muscle, when weakened, is unable to resist a lateral patella dislocation?
    • A. 

      Vastus medialis

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris

    • D. 

      Vastus intermedius

    • E. 

      Popliteus

  • 4. 
    Your patient has a spider bite on the right buttocks, within the superior medial quadrant. After three days, the bite becomes swollen and inflamed. What lymph nodes will be the first to receive the majority of the lymph from this infected bite?
    • A. 

      Sacral

    • B. 

      Superficial Inguinal, horizontal group

    • C. 

      Superficial Inguinal, vertical group

    • D. 

      Deep Inguinal

    • E. 

      External Iliac

  • 5. 
    What structure passes through a gap in the interosseous membrane of the leg?
    • A. 

      Common Fibular Nerve

    • B. 

      Posterior Tibial Artery

    • C. 

      Anterior Tibial Artery

    • D. 

      Fibular Artery

    • E. 

      Tibial nerve

  • 6. 
    Your patient fractures the head of his fibula when he was side-swiped while playing hockey. He presents with footdrop and cutaneous sensory deficits. What area of skin is supplied by the deep fibular nerve?
    • A. 

      Dorsum of foot including 1st interdigital cleft

    • B. 

      Just dorsum of foot

    • C. 

      1st interdigital cleft

    • D. 

      Sole of foot

    • E. 

      Heel of foot

  • 7. 
    An elderly female complains of having trouble getting up from a chair. As you observe her in your exam room, you notice that she must use her upper limbs to help herself up from a seated position. What nerve is likely to have a lesion in this patient?
    • A. 

      Nerve to Piriformis

    • B. 

      Common Fibular Nerve

    • C. 

      Superior Gluteal Nerve

    • D. 

      Inferior Gluteal Nerve

    • E. 

      Clunial Nerves

  • 8. 
    Which muscle tendon exits the pelvic cavity through the lesser sciatic foramen?
    • A. 

      Obturator Internus

    • B. 

      Obturator Externus

    • C. 

      Piriformis

    • D. 

      Gluteus Minimus

    • E. 

      Quadratus femoris

  • 9. 
    Which muscle, other than Quadratus Femoris, does the Nerve to Quadratus Femoris innervate?
    • A. 

      None

    • B. 

      Superior Gemellus

    • C. 

      Inferior Gemellus

    • D. 

      Obturator Internus

    • E. 

      Piriformis

  • 10. 
    A 60-year-old male presents to the clinic with difficulty walking. You observe the patient’s right hip drops down when he stands on his left leg. What is the most likely location of the lesion?
    • A. 

      Right Superior Gluteal Nerve

    • B. 

      Right Inferior Gluteal Nerve

    • C. 

      Left Superior Gluteal Nerve

    • D. 

      Left Inferior Gluteal Nerve

  • 11. 
    Before Ned was a poor medical student he was filthy rich. He liked to flaunt it, so he carried copious amounts of cash in his wallet, which he kept in his back pocket. After prolonged sitting in the Annex, he developed Sciatica, which would resolve itself upon standing for a short while. In this case, what is the most likely cause of his symptoms?
    • A. 

      Piriformis Syndrome

    • B. 

      Herniated Disc in Lumbar Region

    • C. 

      Cauda Equina Syndrome

    • D. 

      Sectioned Sciatic Nerve

    • E. 

      Tumor in the Greater Sciatic Foramen

  • 12. 
    What is the location of the common hamstring origin?
    • A. 

      Greater Trochanter

    • B. 

      Lesser Trochanter

    • C. 

      Ischial Tuberosity

    • D. 

      Inferior Pubic Ramus

    • E. 

      Ischial Spine

  • 13. 
    What is the insertion of the Biceps Femoris muscle?
    • A. 

      Tibial Head

    • B. 

      Fibular Head

    • C. 

      Medial Femoral Condyle

    • D. 

      Lateral Femoral Condyle

    • E. 

      Patella

  • 14. 
    The femoral artery can be safely ligated proximal to the profunda femoris artery without compromising blood supply to thigh because of continued blood supply through which artery?
    • A. 

      Inferior Gluteal

    • B. 

      Medial Circumflex Femoral

    • C. 

      Lateral Circumflex Femoral

    • D. 

      1st Perforating branch of Profunda Femoris

    • E. 

      Popliteal

  • 15. 
    A 4-year-old patient comes into your office for a routine checkup accompanied by his mother. At one point during the physical exam, you ask the boy to sit on the ground and then stand up. He succeeds without difficulty. Along with ruling out a potentially debilitating muscular disease, you have also correctly tested the proper functionality of which nerve acting on muscle(s) of the hip joint?
    • A. 

      Common fibular branch of the sciatic nerve

    • B. 

      Inferior gluteal nerve

    • C. 

      Femoral nerve

    • D. 

      Superior gluteal nerve

    • E. 

      Nerve to the quadratus femoris

  • 16. 
    You are volunteering at a track tournament held at a local high school. One of the athletes has injured themselves during the hurdling competition. You do a quick assessment of the injured limb, and determine that the ischial tuberosity has been avulsed. Which muscle of the posterior thigh is not affected by this injury?
    • A. 

      Semitendinosus

    • B. 

      Long head of the biceps femoris

    • C. 

      Semimembranosus

    • D. 

      Short head of the biceps femoris

  • 17. 
    You decide to participate in the diabetic clinic hosted by Ross Emergency Medicine Association (REMA). You are instructed by the attending physician to check for a dorsalis pedis pulse. Where will you place your fingers in order to take this pulse, and what is the origin of this artery?
    • A. 

      Medial to extensor hallucis longus tendon; posterior tibial artery.

    • B. 

      Lateral to extensor digitorum longus tendon; anterior tibial artery.

    • C. 

      Lateral to extensor hallucis longus tendon; anterior tibial artery.

    • D. 

      Lateral to extensor hallucis longus tendon; posterior tibial artery.

  • 18. 
    For his Behavioral Science mandatory Personal Improvement Project, Ned decides his goal is to run a marathon. He hasn’t jogged since he arrived in Dominica 1 year ago. He runs 5 miles on the first day and develops pain and swelling in his leg. What is the root cause of his symptoms?
    • A. 

      Repetitive microtrauma to Tibialis Anterior muscle

    • B. 

      Repetitive microtrauma to Extensor Digitorum Longus

    • C. 

      Common Fibular Nerve entrapment

    • D. 

      Tibial Nerve entrapment

    • E. 

      Repetitive microtrauma to Plantar Fascia

  • 19. 
    Which muscle tendon passes inferior to the lateral malleolus and inserts at the plantar surface of the base of the first metatarsal?
    • A. 

      Tibialis Anterior

    • B. 

      Tibialis Posterior

    • C. 

      Fibularis Longus

    • D. 

      Fibularis Brevis

    • E. 

      Fibularis Tertius

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