The Republic (Plato), Introduction -- Book 2

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 592

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The Republic (Plato), Introduction -- Book 2 - Quiz

This quiz is for my personal use, compiled (verbatim) from questions from tests in my philosophy class. Y'all are free to take it, but be warned, my teacher makes mistakes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Cephalus, what desire increases when age blunts one's enjoyment of physical pleasures?
    • A. 

      The desire to be among friends.

    • B. 

      The desire for rational conversation.

    • C. 

      The desire to instruct younger men and women.

    • D. 

      The desire to give in to one's "mad masters."

  • 2. 
    According to Cephalus, what is to blame for the "woes" of old men?
    • A. 

      Character.

    • B. 

      Deprivation.

    • C. 

      Lack of respect.

    • D. 

      Physical weakness.

  • 3. 
    According to Cephalus, what happens to a man who has done wrong when he is near death?
    • A. 

      He thinks about punishment in a future life for wrongs done in this life.

    • B. 

      He is filled with doubts and fears.

    • C. 

      He often wakes up at night in terror.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 4. 
    After Polemarchus takes over for Cephalus and continues the argument with Socrates, what does he claim constitues justice?
    • A. 

      Giving everyman his due

    • B. 

      Giving only sane men their due.

    • C. 

      Giving men their due but excluding women.

    • D. 

      Both A and C.

  • 5. 
    What flaw does Socrates expose in Thrasymachus' argument concerning justice?
    • A. 

      Laws are made by infallible leaders and are always right.

    • B. 

      Rulers enact laws which benefit all men.

    • C. 

      Some rules make mistakes about their own best interests.

    • D. 

      Some rulers work with others to correct flawed laws.

  • 6. 
    Why does Socrates use the analogy of the ship's captain and his crew?
    • A. 

      To illustrate Thrasymachus' idea of the strongest party always being right.

    • B. 

      To illustrate that leaders must place the interests of their people before their own interests.

    • C. 

      To show how a ruler exercises his authority in his interest.

    • D. 

      To show that all laws and decisions benefit a small circle of people.

  • 7. 
    According to Thrasymachus, what is the extreme of injustice and wrongdoing?
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Tyranny

    • C. 

      Anarchy

    • D. 

      Oligarchy

  • 8. 
    What frightens honest men into accepting power?
    • A. 

      The penalty of being governed by someone worse than himself or herself.

    • B. 

      The ridicule they will receive from peers.

    • C. 

      The chance to make money.

    • D. 

      The threat of punishment from the masses.

  • 9. 
    What does Socrates mean by the "function" of a thing?
    • A. 

      Something that a thing does best, or its "particular excellence."

    • B. 

      The spectrum of things that a thing does.

    • C. 

      How something performs.

    • D. 

      Both the good and bad aspects of a thing.

  • 10. 
    According to Socrates, which of the following is NOT a conclusion of his argument with Thrasymachus?
    • A. 

      The just man will have a good life, and the unjust a bad life.

    • B. 

      The man who has a good life is prosperous, and his opposite the reverse.

    • C. 

      Justice is an excellence that can make men happy.

    • D. 

      It never pays to be miserable.

  • 11. 
    According to Glaucon, what motive will all men naturally follow if they are not forcibly restrained by laws?
    • A. 

      Liberty.

    • B. 

      Self-interest.

    • C. 

      Justice.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following does Glaucon NOT believe?
    • A. 

      Man will always do wrong if given the chance.

    • B. 

      No man is just of his own free will.

    • C. 

      Injustice pays better than justice.

    • D. 

      Men are compelled to be unjust.

  • 13. 
    How does Glaucon propose to judge which life--the life of injustice or the life of justice--is happier?
    • A. 

      To examine men who are just and men who are unjust.

    • B. 

      To push each life to its extreme.

    • C. 

      To allow the guardians to decide.

    • D. 

      Both B and C.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following does Adeimantus present as beliefs about right conduct in support of Glaucon?
    • A. 

      Men do only right for what they can get out of it.

    • B. 

      Men prefer to do wrong because it pays better.

    • C. 

      Contemporary religious beliefs encourage wrongdoing.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 15. 
    Cephalus claims that in old age a man is freed from youthful desires and exists in a state of peace.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Those who have inherited money are twice as fond of it as those who have earned it.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The man who is near death who is conscious of no wrongdoing is filled with cheerfulness and hope.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Cephalus believes that doing right consists simply and solely in truthfulness and returning anything one has borrowed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    In his dialogue with Polemarchus, Socrates concludes that it is right and good to help one's friends and harm one's enemies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    When Thrasymachus enters into the argument concerning justice, Socrates says Justice is much more valuable than gold.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    When arguing with Thrasymachus about justice, Socrates claims he neither knows nor professes to know anything about the subject.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Thrasymachus accuses Socrates of being simple-minded.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Thrasymachus argues that the just man always comes out ahead of the unjust man.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Socrates posits that justice implies excellence and knowledge while injustice involves ignorance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Injustice renders an individual incapable of action because of internal conlict and division of purpose.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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