The Republic (Plato) Guardians

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Plato Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is for my personal use, compiled (verbatim) from questions from tests in my philosophy class. Y'all are free to take it, but be warned, my teacher makes mistakes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    At the beginning of part two, how does Socrates propose his inquiry into justice?

    • A.

      He suggests an in-depth look at justice in the individual.

    • B.

      He suggests bringing Thrasymachus back into the discussion.

    • C.

      He suggests a large-scale study of justice in the community.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. He suggests a large-scale study of justice in the community.
    Explanation
    Socrates proposes a large-scale study of justice in the community as the way to inquire into justice at the beginning of part two. This suggests that he believes understanding justice in the community will provide insights into justice in the individual as well. By examining justice on a broader scale, Socrates aims to uncover the underlying principles and concepts that govern justice in both the community and the individual.

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  • 2. 

    According to Socrates, what are the two underlying principles of any society?

    • A.

      Mutual need and difference of aptitude.

    • B.

      Mutual need and natural growth.

    • C.

      Difference of aptitude and knowledge of history.

    • D.

      A structured class system and a variety of occupations.

    Correct Answer
    A. Mutual need and difference of aptitude.
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, the two underlying principles of any society are mutual need and difference of aptitude. Mutual need refers to the fact that individuals in a society rely on each other for various needs and services. Difference of aptitude implies that people have different skills, talents, and abilities, which contribute to the overall functioning and diversity of society. These principles suggest that societies are built on the interdependence of individuals and the recognition of their unique strengths and abilities.

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  • 3. 

    According to Socrates, which of the following is true about occupations in his emerging state?

    • A.

      Quantity and quality are more easily produce when men practice several jobs

    • B.

      Quantity and quality are more easily produced when men specialize on a single job.

    • C.

      All men have natural abilities that allow them to perform well at a number of jobs.

    • D.

      Both A and C

    • E.

      Borth B and C

    Correct Answer
    B. Quantity and quality are more easily produced when men specialize on a single job.
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, the correct answer is that quantity and quality are more easily produced when men specialize on a single job. Socrates believed that individuals should focus on one occupation in order to become experts and excel in their field. By dedicating their time and effort to a single job, individuals can develop their skills and knowledge, leading to a higher production of both quantity and quality in their work. This specialization allows individuals to become more efficient and effective in their chosen occupation.

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  • 4. 

    What is the first and greatest need of society?

    • A.

      The provision of food.

    • B.

      The provision of shelter.

    • C.

      The provision of clothing.

    • D.

      The provision of leisure.

    Correct Answer
    A. The provision of food.
    Explanation
    The first and greatest need of society is the provision of food. Food is essential for survival and without it, society cannot function or thrive. It is a basic human requirement that must be met in order for individuals to lead healthy and productive lives. Access to an adequate and nutritious food supply is crucial for the overall well-being and development of a society. Without the provision of food, all other needs such as shelter, clothing, and leisure become secondary.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following classes is the least physically fit and unsuitable for other work?

    • A.

      The Guardians.

    • B.

      The class of retailers.

    • C.

      The class of merchants.

    • D.

      The class of wage earners.

    Correct Answer
    B. The class of retailers.
    Explanation
    The class of retailers is the least physically fit and unsuitable for other work because their job primarily involves selling products and managing a store, which is a sedentary occupation. They do not engage in physically demanding tasks or manual labor like the other classes mentioned. This lack of physical activity makes them less physically fit compared to the other classes and limits their suitability for other types of work that require physical strength or endurance.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following will occur in the state that begins to expand and grow?

    • A.

      The territory will be too small to support its people.

    • B.

      War will be inevitable.

    • C.

      Unnecessary jobs will be eliminated.

    • D.

      Both A and B.

    • E.

      Both A and C.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B.
    Explanation
    In a state that begins to expand and grow, both option A and B will occur. Option A states that the territory will be too small to support its people, which is a common issue in growing states as the population increases and resources become limited. Option B states that war will be inevitable, which can happen as states expand and compete for resources or engage in conflicts to establish dominance. Therefore, both A and B are likely outcomes in a state that is expanding and growing.

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  • 7. 

    What, according to Socrates, leads to the downfall of society?

    • A.

      Selflessness, that is, the concern for one's fellow man.

    • B.

      Luxuries.

    • C.

      The pursuit of unlimited material possessions.

    • D.

      Corrupt ruling class.

    Correct Answer
    C. The pursuit of unlimited material possessions.
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, the pursuit of unlimited material possessions leads to the downfall of society. This implies that when individuals prioritize their personal wealth and material gain above all else, it creates a society that is driven by greed and selfishness. This focus on material possessions can lead to a lack of empathy and concern for others, ultimately resulting in the deterioration of social bonds and the overall well-being of the community.

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  • 8. 

    Socrates compares his Guardian class to which of the following?

    • A.

      A horse.

    • B.

      A watchdog.

    • C.

      A wolf.

    • D.

      A lion.

    Correct Answer
    B. A watchdog.
    Explanation
    Socrates compares his Guardian class to a watchdog. This comparison suggests that, like a watchdog, the Guardian class is responsible for protecting and safeguarding the city. Just as a watchdog is vigilant, loyal, and constantly on guard to protect its owner, the Guardian class is expected to exhibit similar qualities in ensuring the safety and well-being of the city and its citizens. This analogy highlights the importance of the Guardian class in maintaining order and security within the city.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following natural qualities are needed to be an effective Guardian?

    • A.

      Keen perception.

    • B.

      Speed.

    • C.

      Strength to fight.

    • D.

      Courage.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    To be an effective Guardian, all of the mentioned natural qualities are needed. Keen perception is essential to quickly identify and assess threats. Speed is necessary to swiftly respond and take action. Strength to fight is required to defend and protect. Courage is crucial to face and overcome challenges and dangers. Therefore, all of these qualities are necessary for an individual to be an effective Guardian.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following gives their possessor a character quite fearless and indomitable in the face of all dangers?

    • A.

      Wisdom.

    • B.

      Compassion.

    • C.

      High-spirits.

    • D.

      Discipline.

    • E.

      Self-control.

    Correct Answer
    C. High-spirits.
    Explanation
    High-spirits give their possessor a character quite fearless and indomitable in the face of all dangers. This is because individuals with high-spirits possess a positive and enthusiastic attitude, which allows them to face challenges and dangers with confidence and determination. They are not easily discouraged or intimidated, and their high energy and optimism enable them to confront any danger fearlessly. Wisdom, compassion, discipline, and self-control may contribute to a person's character, but they do not necessarily make someone fearless and indomitable in the face of all dangers.

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  • 11. 

    How does Socrates propose to temper the Guardians' aggressive behavior towards their fellow citizens?

    • A.

      The guardians must possess a philosophic disposition and a love of learning.

    • B.

      The guardians must be properly trained in the art of war.

    • C.

      The guardians must be governed by reason.

    • D.

      The guardians must be able to recognize friend from foe.

    Correct Answer
    A. The guardians must possess a philosophic disposition and a love of learning.
    Explanation
    Socrates proposes that in order to temper the Guardians' aggressive behavior towards their fellow citizens, they must possess a philosophic disposition and a love of learning. This means that the Guardians should have a deep understanding of philosophy and a genuine desire to acquire knowledge. By cultivating these qualities, the Guardians will be less inclined to act aggressively and more inclined to seek peaceful and just resolutions. This aligns with Socrates' belief that knowledge and wisdom are essential for good governance and harmonious societies.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following BEST describes the role or function of the Guardian?

    • A.

      The Guardian must devote his life to doing what is best for the elite class of society.

    • B.

      The Guardian must devote his life to doing what is best for the community.

    • C.

      The Guardian must devote his life to doing what is best for himself.

    • D.

      The Guardian must devote his life to doing what is best for the next generation of Guardians.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Guardian must devote his life to doing what is best for the community.
    Explanation
    The role or function of the Guardian is to dedicate their life to doing what is best for the community. This implies that the Guardian's duty is to prioritize the well-being and welfare of the entire community over their own interests or the interests of any specific group within society. Their primary responsibility is to ensure the overall benefit and advancement of the community as a whole.

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  • 13. 

    According to Socrates, what are men unwilling to lose?

    • A.

      Material possessions.

    • B.

      Family and friends.

    • C.

      The simple pleasures in life.

    • D.

      A belief that is true

    Correct Answer
    D. A belief that is true
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that men are unwilling to lose a belief that is true. This suggests that he valued the pursuit of knowledge and the importance of holding onto beliefs that are grounded in truth. Socrates believed that true knowledge and understanding were essential for leading a meaningful and virtuous life. He emphasized the importance of questioning and examining one's beliefs in order to arrive at true knowledge and avoid being swayed by false beliefs or opinions. Therefore, according to Socrates, men are unwilling to let go of a belief that they perceive to be true because it is fundamental to their pursuit of wisdom and living a virtuous life.

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  • 14. 

    Socrates proposes that prospective Guardians endure trials and tests during which part of their lives?

    • A.

      Childhood.

    • B.

      Youth.

    • C.

      Manhood.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Socrates proposes that prospective Guardians endure trials and tests during all parts of their lives, including childhood, youth, and manhood. This suggests that Socrates believes in a comprehensive and lifelong training for Guardians, ensuring that they are prepared and capable of fulfilling their responsibilities. By undergoing trials and tests throughout their lives, Guardians can develop the necessary skills, knowledge, and virtues to effectively protect and govern the city.

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  • 15. 

    What is the purpose of Socrates' "magnificent myth"?

    • A.

      To increase the peoples' loyalty to the state and to each other.

    • B.

      To manipulate people into accepting their lot in life.

    • C.

      To lay out guidelines for the replenishment of the Guardian class.

    • D.

      Both A and C.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and C.
    Explanation
    The purpose of Socrates' "magnificent myth" is to both increase the people's loyalty to the state and to each other, as well as to lay out guidelines for the replenishment of the Guardian class. This means that the myth serves a dual purpose of fostering unity and loyalty among the people, while also ensuring the proper selection and training of the ruling class. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both A and C."

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  • 16. 

    How does Socrates propose the preserve the integrity and unity of both the individual and the state?

    • A.

      Individuals must devote themselves to the one job for which they are naturally suited.

    • B.

      Children must be promoted or degraded to other classes according to their worth.

    • C.

      Avoiding at all costs either making the state too small or too large.

    • D.

      Both A and B.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B.
    Explanation
    Socrates proposes that the integrity and unity of both the individual and the state can be preserved by individuals devoting themselves to the one job for which they are naturally suited. This means that each person should focus on their strengths and talents, allowing them to contribute effectively to society. Additionally, Socrates suggests that children should be promoted or degraded to other classes according to their worth, ensuring that individuals are placed in roles that align with their abilities. By implementing these principles, the state can maintain a harmonious balance and prevent the state from becoming too small or too large. Therefore, the correct answer is Both A and B.

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  • 17. 

    According to Socrates, how does a state produce citizens of good character?

    • A.

      By providing for their well-being and happiness.

    • B.

      By legislating and regulating minor matters.

    • C.

      By maintaining a sound system of education and upbringing.

    • D.

      By offering a variety of amusement and entertainment.

    Correct Answer
    C. By maintaining a sound system of education and upbringing.
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that a state can produce citizens of good character by maintaining a sound system of education and upbringing. This suggests that he valued the importance of providing individuals with the necessary knowledge and skills to develop morally and intellectually. By focusing on education and upbringing, the state can shape individuals into responsible and virtuous citizens who contribute positively to society. This aligns with Socrates' belief in the power of knowledge and self-improvement in cultivating good character.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following comprise Plato's "cardinal virtues"?

    • A.

      Wisdom, courage, discipline, and justice.

    • B.

      Kindness, courage, compassion, and love.

    • C.

      Self-control, self-discipline, and self-education.

    • D.

      Courage, discipline, bravery, and justice.

    Correct Answer
    A. Wisdom, courage, discipline, and justice.
    Explanation
    Plato's "cardinal virtues" are a central concept in his philosophy. These virtues are qualities that he believed were essential for individuals to lead a virtuous and fulfilling life. Wisdom refers to the ability to make good judgments and decisions. Courage is the willingness to face fear and danger. Discipline involves self-control and the ability to regulate one's behavior. Justice is the concept of fairness and treating others with equality. Therefore, the correct answer is Wisdom, courage, discipline, and justice.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is NOT true about the Guardians?

    • A.

      They will make up the smallest constituent part of class.

    • B.

      They will exercise authority over the rest.

    • C.

      They will be endowed with knowledge deserving the title of wisdome.

    • D.

      THey will benefit the state only minimally.

    Correct Answer
    D. THey will benefit the state only minimally.
    Explanation
    The statement "They will benefit the state only minimally" is NOT true about the Guardians. The passage suggests that the Guardians will exercise authority over the rest, be endowed with knowledge deserving the title of wisdom, and make up the smallest constituent part of the class. However, it does not mention anything about their minimal benefit to the state.

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  • 20. 

    What does Socrates mean by self-control or self-discipline?

    • A.

      Control of certain desires and appetites.

    • B.

      Being master of oneself.

    • C.

      Harmonious living with the dictates of society.

    • D.

      Trying to quell greed and jealousy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Control of certain desires and appetites.
    Explanation
    Socrates defines self-control or self-discipline as the ability to control specific desires and appetites. This means being able to resist temptations and impulses that may lead to harmful or excessive behaviors. It involves mastering oneself and having the strength to make rational choices rather than being driven solely by immediate gratification. Socrates emphasizes the importance of self-control in leading a virtuous and fulfilling life.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following groups experiences the most "indiscipline"?

    • A.

      Women

    • B.

      Children.

    • C.

      Slaves.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the question asks which group experiences the most "indiscipline" and all three groups mentioned (women, children, and slaves) can potentially experience indiscipline to varying degrees. This answer implies that all three groups face challenges related to discipline and suggests that they may be more prone to indiscipline compared to other groups.

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  • 22. 

    According to Socrates, what does justice consist of?

    • A.

      Justice consists of minding your own business.

    • B.

      Justice consists of not interfering with other people.

    • C.

      Justice consists of self-discipline and the following of society's rules.

    • D.

      Both A and B.

    • E.

      Both A and C.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B.
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, justice consists of minding your own business and not interfering with other people. This means that individuals should focus on their own affairs and not meddle in the affairs of others, which is considered to be just behavior. Additionally, justice also involves self-discipline and following society's rules, as indicated by option C. Therefore, both options A and B accurately represent Socrates' view on the concept of justice.

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  • 23. 

    What does Socrates consider to cause "the greatest harm to [the] state" and to be the "worst of aall evils"?

    • A.

      Seditious literature.

    • B.

      Tyrannical guardians.

    • C.

      Interchange of jobs between classes.

    • D.

      When each class does its job and minds its own business.

    Correct Answer
    C. Interchange of jobs between classes.
    Explanation
    Socrates believes that the interchange of jobs between classes causes the greatest harm to the state and is the worst of all evils. This suggests that he values a stable and well-ordered society where each class performs its designated role without any overlap or mixing of responsibilities. According to Socrates, this interchange disrupts the natural order and specialization within society, leading to chaos and inefficiency. He believes that a society functions best when each class focuses on its own tasks and responsibilities, contributing to the overall harmony and functioning of the state.

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  • 24. 

    Which element of the mind is closely connected with satisfaction and pleasure?

    • A.

      THe element of irrational appetite.

    • B.

      The element of a spirit.

    • C.

      The element of reason.

    • D.

      The element of indignation.

    Correct Answer
    A. THe element of irrational appetite.
    Explanation
    The element of irrational appetite is closely connected with satisfaction and pleasure because it represents our desires and cravings that are not based on reason or logic. This element of the mind is driven by instinct and emotions, seeking immediate gratification and pleasure. It often overrides rational thinking and can lead to impulsive behavior in pursuit of satisfying these irrational appetites, resulting in temporary satisfaction and pleasure.

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  • 25. 

    Society originates because individuals are not self-sufficient and have many needs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Society originates because individuals are not self-sufficient and have many needs. This is true because humans are social beings who rely on each other for various aspects of their lives. No individual can fulfill all their needs alone, whether it be for food, shelter, companionship, or emotional support. Therefore, individuals come together to form societies where they can cooperate, share resources, and meet each other's needs. This interdependence is the foundation of society and highlights the importance of social connections and cooperation among individuals.

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  • 26. 

    Socrates believes that the healthiest society is the one that exists on both necessities and luxures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates does not believe that the healthiest society is the one that exists on both necessities and luxuries. This statement contradicts his philosophy, as he argues that a healthy society should focus on the fulfillment of basic needs and virtues rather than indulging in excessive luxuries. Socrates believed that a society that prioritizes material possessions and excesses would lead to moral decay and inequality. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 27. 

    Socrates believes that the contributions of all men, that is the product of their labors, should be self-serving.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates does not believe that the contributions of all men should be self-serving. He actually argues that the ultimate purpose of human life is to seek knowledge and wisdom, and that individuals should prioritize the well-being of the community over their own self-interest. Socrates believes in the importance of selflessness and the pursuit of virtue rather than personal gain.

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  • 28. 

    War originates for the same reason as that of most evil, individual or social.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    War originates for the same reason as that of most evil, individual or social. This statement suggests that the root cause of war is similar to the root cause of other forms of evil, whether on an individual or societal level. It implies that the motivations behind war, such as greed, power, or hatred, are similar to the motivations behind other acts of evil. Therefore, the statement is true as it asserts a commonality between the origins of war and other forms of evil.

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  • 29. 

    A tool is useful only to the man who knows how to use it and has had enough practice in the use of it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that a tool can only be beneficial to someone who possesses the knowledge and skill to utilize it effectively. Merely owning a tool is not enough; one must also have experience and practice in order to make use of it. Therefore, the answer is true, as it emphasizes the importance of both understanding and practice when it comes to using a tool effectively.

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  • 30. 

    A Guardian who maintains both integrity and the principles of balance in all circumstances can be expected to be of the greatest service to the community.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A Guardian who maintains both integrity and the principles of balance in all circumstances can be expected to be of the greatest service to the community. This is because integrity ensures that the Guardian acts honestly and ethically, gaining the trust and respect of the community. Additionally, the principles of balance ensure that the Guardian remains unbiased and fair in their decision-making, promoting equality and justice within the community. By upholding these qualities, the Guardian can effectively serve and protect the community's best interests.

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  • 31. 

    Socrates' "magnificent myth" requires that children are to be moved from class to class according to merit and capability.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Socrates' "magnificent myth" suggests that children should be moved from class to class based on their merit and capability. This means that students who demonstrate higher abilities and skills should be placed in more advanced classes, while those who need more support and guidance should be placed in classes that cater to their needs. This approach aims to provide each student with an education that is tailored to their individual strengths and weaknesses, allowing them to reach their full potential. Therefore, the statement "True" is the correct answer.

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  • 32. 

    The Guardian class wil live a life of luxury and decadance.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the Guardian class will live a life of luxury and decadence. However, the correct answer is false, indicating that the statement is not true. Therefore, it can be inferred that the Guardian class does not live a life of luxury and decadence.

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  • 33. 

    When it comes to war, Socrates believes that trained soldiers should easily be a match for two or three times their number.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Socrates believes that trained soldiers should easily be a match for two or three times their number because he values the importance of discipline, strategy, and skill in warfare. He believes that with proper training and organization, a smaller force can outmaneuver and outsmart a larger force, leading to victory. Socrates likely emphasizes the significance of training and preparation in order to maximize the effectiveness of each soldier, making them formidable opponents even when outnumbered.

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  • 34. 

    Once children become disorderly, it becomes impossibly to produce citizens with a respect for order.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that if children are not disciplined or orderly, it is difficult to raise them to become citizens who value and respect order in society. This implies that instilling discipline and order in children is crucial for them to grow up as responsible and law-abiding citizens.

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  • 35. 

    According to Socrates, we should act virtuously for the sake of others, regardless of whether acting morally improves our ability to discern what is good or to control our passions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that acting virtuously should not be done solely for the sake of others, but rather for the sake of our own moral development and self-control. He argued that by acting virtuously, we are able to improve our ability to discern what is good and to control our passions. Therefore, the statement that we should act virtuously for the sake of others, regardless of whether it improves our ability to discern what is good or control our passions, is false.

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  • 36. 

    According to Socrates, we can be truly happy only if we allow our reason or intellect to guide our emotions and appetites.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, true happiness can only be achieved when our reason or intellect is in control of our emotions and appetites. This implies that allowing our rationality to guide our actions and decisions, rather than being driven solely by our desires and impulses, leads to genuine happiness. By prioritizing logical thinking and self-control, we can attain a state of contentment and fulfillment.

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  • 37. 

    According to Socrates, because an immoral person is unable to integrate the various parts of his/her character or personality, no immoral person can really be happy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that an immoral person is unable to integrate the various parts of their character or personality. This lack of integration prevents them from achieving true happiness. Therefore, according to Socrates, it is true that no immoral person can really be happy.

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  • 38. 

    According to Socrates, even though an immoral person is unable to integrate the various parts of his/her character or personality, he or she can still really be happy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that a person's character and personality needed to be integrated in order for them to be truly happy. Therefore, according to Socrates, an immoral person who is unable to integrate these parts of themselves cannot truly be happy. This means that the given statement, which states that an immoral person can still be happy, is false.

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  • 39. 

    In Socrates' theory of the state, justice is ultimately achieved when the ruling class is able to do away with social inequalities by driving the military and working classes out of society.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates' theory of the state does not advocate for driving the military and working classes out of society to achieve justice. Instead, he argues for a harmonious society where each class performs its designated role effectively. Socrates believed that justice is achieved when everyone fulfills their responsibilities and contributes to the overall well-being of the state. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 40. 

    For Socrates, the moral balanceor harmony of the three parts of the soul is parallel to the condition of political harmony one must seek in the state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Socrates believed that the moral balance or harmony of the three parts of the soul is similar to the condition of political harmony that should be pursued in the state. This means that just as the three parts of the soul (reason, spirit, and appetite) should be in balance and harmony for an individual to be morally virtuous, the different classes of people in a state should work together harmoniously to achieve a just and well-functioning society. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 41. 

    According to Socrates, the soul achieves balance or harmony only when reason controls both the spirited (or courageous) part of the soul and the soul's appetites.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, achieving balance or harmony in the soul is only possible when reason has control over both the spirited part of the soul, which represents courage, and the appetites of the soul. This implies that reason should govern and guide both our courageous actions and our desires, in order to maintain a balanced and harmonious soul.

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  • 42. 

    According to Socrates, moral goodness if achieved by eliminating the acitivites of the lower parts of the soul and acting solely on the basis of reason.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to Socrates, moral goodness is not achieved by eliminating the activities of the lower parts of the soul and acting solely on the basis of reason. Instead, he believed that moral goodness is achieved by harmonizing and balancing the different parts of the soul, including reason, emotions, and desires. This means that all aspects of the soul should be acknowledged and integrated in order to achieve moral goodness. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 43. 

    Socrates believes that the third part of the mind (the spirit) works in concert with the appetite.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Socrates actually believes that the third part of the mind (the spirit) works in opposition to the appetite, rather than in concert with it. He argues that the spirit acts as a mediator between reason and appetite, restraining the desires of the appetite when they conflict with reason. This is contrary to the idea of working together or in concert. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 44. 

    Reason forms the greater part of each man's makeup and is naturally insatiable.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that reason is a significant component of a person's character and that it is always wanting more. However, this is not necessarily true as reason can vary greatly among individuals and may not always be insatiable. Some people may rely more on emotions or intuition rather than reason, and others may be content with their level of reasoning abilities. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 45. 

    Justice's true concern is with man's external actions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Justice's true concern is not only with man's external actions, but also with his intentions and motivations. It takes into account the fairness and equality in the distribution of resources, opportunities, and punishments. Justice seeks to ensure that individuals are treated fairly and that their rights are protected. Therefore, the statement that justice's true concern is only with man's external actions is incorrect.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Charter15
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