Quantitative Research Designs Quiz Questions

20 Questions

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Quantitative Research Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about features of quasi-experimental research design?
    • A. 

      Manipulation. control group, randomization

    • B. 

      Manipulation, but no control group or randomization

    • C. 

      No manipulation of independent variable

    • D. 

      Use of correlational approach

  • 2. 
    Carry-over effects are related to:
    • A. 

      Factorial design

    • B. 

      Pretest-posttest design

    • C. 

      Solomon four-group design

    • D. 

      Repeated measures design

  • 3. 
    The extent to which it is possible to make an inference that the independent variable is truly influencing the dependent variable and relationship is not spurious, refers to:
    • A. 

      External validity

    • B. 

      Internal Validity

    • C. 

      Internal consistency

    • D. 

      Reliability

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is considered as a threat to internal validity of a research?
    • A. 

      The Hawthorne effect

    • B. 

      Novelty effect

    • C. 

      Experimenter effects

    • D. 

      Maturation

    • E. 

      Measurement effects

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT related to dealing with extraneous variables in a quantitative research?
    • A. 

      Randomization

    • B. 

      Repeated measures

    • C. 

      Homogeneity

    • D. 

      Blocking

    • E. 

      Bracketing

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a method of integrating the findings of prior research studies using statistical procedures?
    • A. 

      Meta-analysis

    • B. 

      Secondary analysis

    • C. 

      Content analysis

    • D. 

      Grounded theory

  • 7. 
    The term used to indicate the placebo effect in which the knowledge of being included in a study causes people to change their behaviors, thereby obscuring the variable of interest:
    • A. 

      Internal validity

    • B. 

      Maturation

    • C. 

      Manipulation

    • D. 

      Hawthorne effect

  • 8. 
     Investigations in which samples from a general population are studied over time with respect to some phenomenon is termed as
    • A. 

      Trend studies

    • B. 

      Action research

    • C. 

      Outcome research

    • D. 

      Questionnaires

  • 9. 
    Which of the following data collection method has better subjectivity?
    • A. 

      Self-reports

    • B. 

      Observation

    • C. 

      Biophysiologic measures

    • D. 

      Questionnaires

  • 10. 
    Basic principles that are accepted as being true on the basis of logic or reason, without proof or verification is termed as:
    • A. 

      Assumptions

    • B. 

      Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Constructs

    • D. 

      Propositions

  • 11. 
    A fundamental ethical principle that seeks to prevent harm and exploitation of, to maximize benefits for, study participants is:
    • A. 

      Justice

    • B. 

      Beneficence

    • C. 

      Nonmalificence

    • D. 

      Coercion

  • 12. 
    A method of data collection in which several rounds of questionnaires are mailed to a panel of experts, focusing on their opinions or judgment concerning a specific topic of interest is:
    • A. 

      Focus group interview

    • B. 

      Meta-analysis

    • C. 

      Delphi technique

    • D. 

      Secondary analysis

  • 13. 
    All of the following diagrams can be draw from quantitative data, except:
    • A. 

      Frequency curve

    • B. 

      Scatter diagram

    • C. 

      Flow diagram

    • D. 

      Histogram

  • 14. 
    Best graph for demonstration of relationship between ages and weight is:
    • A. 

      Bar Diagram

    • B. 

      Histogram

    • C. 

      Scatter

    • D. 

      Pie diagram

  • 15. 
    The phenomenon of those who obtain extreme scores at pretest tending to obtain less extreme scores at posttest, at both the high and low ends of the measure is:
    • A. 

      Internal validity

    • B. 

      Statistical regression

    • C. 

      Statistical power

    • D. 

      Statistical validity

  • 16. 
    The probability that a given effect will be detected using a sample of a specified size, with the probability level of the statistical test being set at a predetermined level is:
    • A. 

      Power of a statistical test

    • B. 

      Internal validity

    • C. 

      External validity

    • D. 

      Reliability of a study

  • 17. 
    The probability of making a Type II error in any statistical testis termed as:
    • A. 

      Alpha

    • B. 

      Beta

    • C. 

      Gamma

    • D. 

      Theta

    • E. 

      Delta

  • 18. 
      A pharmacology trial concluded that a new antipsychotic reduced negative symptoms when in reality it did not; is an example of:
    • A. 

      Type I error

    • B. 

      Type II error

    • C. 

      Type III error

    • D. 

      Type IV error

  • 19. 
       The sum of the values of a variable for a set of observations, divided by the number of the observations in the set refers to:
    • A. 

      Variance

    • B. 

      Standard deviation

    • C. 

      Median

    • D. 

      Mean

    • E. 

      Mode

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT a multivariate statistical approach?
    • A. 

      Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)

    • B. 

      Multiple Regression

    • C. 

      Factor Analysis

    • D. 

      Structural Equation Modeling

    • E. 

      Analysis of Variance