Puppies Are Cuter Than Cats And That Is A Fact

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The text defines a "stakeholder" of an organization as
    • A. 

      Any group or individual with whom the organization has a formal, contractual relationship

    • B. 

      Any individual, including a mutual fund director, who holds a financial investment or stake in the company

    • C. 

      Any individual or group that can affect or be affected by business decisions or undertakings

    • D. 

      Any individual or group with whom the organization has no formal contractual obligations

  • 2. 
    According to the text, which of the following statements is or are true about the norms governing ethical behaviors in business? 
    • A. 

      There is more agreement than disagreement about what ethical norms governing business behaviors should be

    • B. 

      Few standards of ethical behavior are set in the law

    • C. 

      International trade agreements are generally not a reliable place to find ethical norms in business since each country that is apart of such an agreement has its own set of ethical rules and norms

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    On May 13, 2013, The Wall Street published an article entitled "How could A Sweet Third Grader Just Cheat on a School Exam?" about how parents should address young cheating by their young children. One parent was quoted as saying she discouraged her children from cheating by telling them that: "Cheating flies in the face of the values of our family and the rules of the school." If her children do not cheat based on what she told them, their children would be behaving in line with:
    • A. 

      Level II (Conventional) of Kholberg's theory of Moral Development

    • B. 

      Level III (Postconventional) of Kholberg's theory of Moral Development

    • C. 

      Level I (Preconventional) of Kholberg's theory of Moral Development

    • D. 

      Level IV (Unconventional) of Kholberg's theory of Moral Development

  • 4. 
    In the context of ethical decision making in business, the authors of the text argue that the decision-maker? 
    • A. 

      Must place the interests of investors, such as stockholders and others with a financial stake in the decision, ahead of the interests of other interested parties, such as employees and customers

    • B. 

      Should not consider the interests of those with a secondary interest in the decision, such as the government or the greater community

    • C. 

      Should take into consideration the broad interests of all of those affected by the decision, including the community in which the company does business

    • D. 

      Must place the interests of the company employees and managers above those of investors and the community because employees and managers virtually always have the greatest stake in moral decision affecting the company

  • 5. 
    In an April 1, 2012 interview in the new york times, charlotte beers, former head of advertising giant Ogilvy & Mather, said she has observed that people can change when they become managers, " When you have some power you can lose the sense of how you're behaving and who you are, and you don't want to do that. It's dangerous. It's very addictive to be given some power." Ms. Beers observation is confirmed by?
    • A. 

      The lowest stage of Kohlbergs framework of moral development

    • B. 

      The central lesson of the zimbardo prison experiment

    • C. 

      Rawl's Theory of Justice

    • D. 

      The illusion of morality

  • 6. 
    In a May 2013 interview inc. Magazine, Tim Westergren, the founder of Pandora Radio was asked what kind of political party he would start if he could. Mr. Westerngren answered: "A party based on the veil of ignorance theory." According to Dr. Lori Ryan, how did John Rawls use the veil of ignorance, which Rawls conceived, in his Theory of justice
    • A. 

      As a thought experiment that explains why someone unaware of the characteristics he would choose an ethical decision-making rule favoring the least advantaged

    • B. 

      As a tool by which a decision-maker resolves ethical dilemmas without knowing how the decision-maker will be affected by his or her decision

    • C. 

      As a way to enable the decision maker to screen out the consequences of his or her decision to the most advantaged person or entity affected by the decision

    • D. 

      As a simple tool to enable even the least knowledgeable or most ignorant, decision-maker to make ethically sound decision

  • 7. 
    One of the eight steps in ethical decision making is to think creatively about potential actions. The text cites the example of Cummins Engine Company which resolved the problem of local children cutting through a wire fence on company property and stealing valuable equipment by?
    • A. 

      Constructing a recreational youth center in the community and outfitting it with the latest electronics since the publicly funded youth center had closed due to budget cuts

    • B. 

      Hiring local youth leaders to patrol the area around the fense since the company found that the youth unemployment rate in the area was significantly above average

    • C. 

      Replacing the wire fence with a brick wall

    • D. 

      Making classrooms available on the company site since there weren't enough classrooms at the local school

  • 8. 
    According to the text, in the age of social networking, a person's reputation for integrity in business is?
    • A. 

      Less important than it once was since results now matter more than character to customers and investors

    • B. 

      No more or less important than it ever was since social networking is used mostly to build business relationships not to investigate or discuss a persons character

    • C. 

      Especially important since news of bad business can reach a broad audience in seconds

    • D. 

      Subject to forces beyond a persons control, but should nonetheless be monitored very closely

  • 9. 
    One scholar has observed that some people believe that it is ethically appropriate for business executives to have lots of freedom to make high-risk decisions........" their view is that the fraudulent executives are bad apples in a basically sweet barrel," what ethical decision-rule most closely matches this view?
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Rawls Theory of Justice

    • C. 

      Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development

    • D. 

      Nozicks Right Theory

  • 10. 
    The text says the culpability score assigned by the federal organizational sentencing guidelines in a given case?
    • A. 

      Is designed to reflect the level of moral blameworthiness of an organization for its conduct and influences the level of punishment the organization will receive

    • B. 

      Has no influence on the sentence an organization will receive for its conduct

    • C. 

      Is designed to reflect the level of moral blameworthiness of an organizations highest ranking executives but not its more junior officials

    • D. 

      Is designed to reflect the level of harm an organizations senior officials have caused by their conduct and affects the jail sentences those officials receive

  • 11. 
    On October 6, 2012, the Wall Street Journal reported on a recent study in which hundreds of financial planners were asked to evaluate conflict of interest rules for doctors. The financial planners favored barring doctors from accepting free meals and expensive educational trips from drug companies, yet said restricting financial planners from receiving the same kinds of benefits from investment companies that sought to do business with the planners would be unnecessarily burdensome. One of the study researches said "Each of us tends to think we are much more fair and impartial than other people are" The study illustrated
    • A. 

      The illusion of optimism

    • B. 

      The illusion of superiority

    • C. 

      The escalation of commitment

    • D. 

      The confirmation trap

  • 12. 
    The texts says  A supervisor who tries to get subordinates to follow the ethical standards expected in the workplace?
    • A. 

      Should be viewed as a meddler who interferes with the values of the supervisor subordinates

    • B. 

      Should have part of his pay determined by how many ethical violations his subordinates commit

    • C. 

      Should be held to a higher standard of conduct than supervisors who allow subordinates to behave according to their subordinates own moral values

    • D. 

      Should be viewed as part of the natural managment process of providing clear and intentional guidance on what is considered appropriate/behavior in the particular workplace

  • 13. 
    On January 20, 2013 the NY times ran a story about a new kind of beer hall where the proceeds go to charity instead of the owner. IN one such pub in houston, patrons get one vote per drink as to which charity should get the following month's profits.... "People who resist oppression on all levels" and fight for "unrepresented and unwaged workers" the ethical philosophy in business decision-making driving the opening of the portland pub is most in line with?
    • A. 

      A shareholder orientation to ethical decision making

    • B. 

      Nozicks Rights Theory

    • C. 

      Rawls Theory of Justice

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 14. 
    Most adults carry out an authority figure's orders, in business and other settings, even if these orders are contrary to their personal beliefs about what's right. That is the central message of:
    • A. 

      The illusion of morality

    • B. 

      Deindividuation

    • C. 

      The Milgram experiment

    • D. 

      The Pygmalion effect

  • 15. 
    According to Dr. Ryan the greatest advantage to utilitarianism as an ethical decision rule is?
    • A. 

      It inserts scientific rationality into ethical decision making

    • B. 

      It ignores the means used to reach a decision and focuses on the ends

    • C. 

      It takes into account the interests of all those affected by the decision

    • D. 

      It is the most morally balanced of the decision rules

  • 16. 
    Harvard Business School Dean explained his school's new focus on ethics. WHen a business has a "system in which it feels like the pressure for short term returns are extraordinary and the gains from doing things in the short run are amazing, then sometimes people can act in ways that they look back and say "We acted in ways we're not proud of. Some of us may have been tempted into doing bad things" the Deans comments illustrates:
    • A. 

      The Pygmalion effect

    • B. 

      The negative side of setting performance goals

    • C. 

      The illusion of morality

    • D. 

      Th illusion of optimism

  • 17. 
    After AAA agency lost a big account due to an error, Sam supervisor's boss insisted that sam investigate, determine who was responsible for the error, and fire the individual. Sam concluded Beth Bright made the mistake, but Beth's work was benefitting the agency, its shareholders, its clients, even the broader community because of her work on nonprofit boards. Beth's instructions, carl had done clerical work that led to the mistake. Sam believes in utilitarianism. Sam is mostly likely to 
    • A. 

      Resign from the firm and accept responsibility for the mistake himself to avoid having to choose between Beth, a valued employee, and Carl a slacker who was not responsible for the costly mistake

    • B. 

      Fire Beth out of a sense of duty to the principles of truth and integrity

    • C. 

      Fire carl because sacrificing carl for Beth's mistake, and keeping Beth, will result in the greatest net benefit to the greatest number of people affected by the decision

    • D. 

      Fire Beth because such a decision will be made without any force or fraud since Brth was the one most responsible for the costly error

  • 18. 
    According to the text, A multinational company based in the united states that is operation in a developing country with environmental laws that would allow the company to pollute the country's air and water?
    • A. 

      Has an ethical obligation to seek to have the developing country enact stronger environmental laws for the good of its employees and the community in which the company does business

    • B. 

      Is operating ethically if the company follows the laws of the developing country. The company has no ethical duty to put itself at a competitive disadvantage by doing more than the law requires

    • C. 

      Should consider adhering to ethical standards that are higher than the legal in the developing country. The developing country's laws do not necessarily define the company's ethical duties.

    • D. 

      Must ethically adhere to the tougher environmental laws of the US in its operations in the developing country

  • 19. 
    The late Ray Kroc, the founders of McDonald's restaurant, wrote in his memoirs, " i have always believed that each man makes his own happiness and is responsible for his own problems" Mr. Kroc believed in?
    • A. 

      A high external locus of control

    • B. 

      A low internal locus of control

    • C. 

      A moderate external locus of control

    • D. 

      A high internal focus of control

  • 20. 
    In January 2011, Gil Meche, then a pitcher with the kansas City Royals, retired, turning down 12 million he would have received in the final year of a five-year contract with the team. He retired because his right shoulder did not allow him to perform at a level that he fet justified that salary. He could have taken a lighter workload and still collected the money. "Once i started to realize i wasn't earning my money, i felt bad. I didn't feel like i deserved it. I didn't want to have those feelings again" decision to decline his salary so that he could feel better about himself is a good illustration of someone?
    • A. 

      With a high deride for Moral Approbation of Self

    • B. 

      Misguided by the illusion of superiority

    • C. 

      With a high Desire for Moral Approbation of Others

    • D. 

      Following the formal code of conduct of the organizations to which he belongs

  • 21. 
    According to the text, a company’s use of neutral language to describe conduct that raises ethical issues: 
    • A. 

      Any choice that is necessarily guided by the decision makers religious principles or lack thereof

    • B. 

      A situation where two or more right values are in conflict

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

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