El112 - Progress Check Units 1 - 12 Grammar

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El112 Quizzes & Trivia

In Charge 1 (Prepared by : Mohammed Al Olayan)GRAMMAR
A ) Select the letter of the best answer to complete each sentence.
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     One of the most significant first time events of my life was when _____ my first car.

    • A.

      Buy

    • B.

      Bought

    • C.

      Am buying

    • D.

      Have bought

    Correct Answer
    B. Bought
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bought." This is because the sentence is in the past tense, and "bought" is the past tense form of the verb "buy." It indicates that the event of buying the first car has already happened in the past.

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  • 2. 

    The car _______ old and used, but that didn’t matter at all.

    • A.

      Was

    • B.

      Isn't

    • C.

      Is

    • D.

      Weren't

    Correct Answer
    A. Was
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was". This is because the sentence is referring to the past and describing the car as old and used. "Was" is the past tense of the verb "to be" and is used to indicate a state or condition in the past.

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  • 3. 

    All I cared about was that, finally, I __________a set of wheels.

    • A.

      Am getting

    • B.

      Were getting

    • C.

      Have gotten

    • D.

      Had gotten

    Correct Answer
    D. Had gotten
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "had gotten" because the sentence is in past tense and the phrase "finally" indicates that the action of getting a set of wheels happened before the time of speaking or another past event. "Had gotten" is the past perfect tense form of the verb "get" and is used to express an action that was completed in the past before another past event or time.

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  • 4. 

    Even today, almost forty years later, when I close my eyes, I _____ it parked in my driveway.

    • A.

      Saw

    • B.

      See

    • C.

      Have seen

    • D.

      Am seeing

    Correct Answer
    B. See
    Explanation
    The sentence is in the past tense ("when I close my eyes"), so the correct answer should also be in the past tense. "Saw" is the correct past tense form of "see" and fits grammatically in the sentence.

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  • 5. 

    I remember the day I _______ it a beautiful red with black racing stripes.

    • A.

      Havd painted

    • B.

      Had painted

    • C.

      Painted

    • D.

      Paint

    Correct Answer
    C. Painted
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "painted". In this sentence, the verb "painted" is used to describe the action of coloring or applying paint to something. The phrase "I remember the day I painted it a beautiful red with black racing stripes" suggests that the speaker performed the action of painting the object in the past.

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  • 6. 

    I can almost _____ my fingers touching the sleek, leather covered steering wheel, still today.

    • A.

      Felt

    • B.

      Be feeling

    • C.

      Was feeling

    • D.

      Feel

    Correct Answer
    D. Feel
    Explanation
    The sentence is in the past tense, and the word "almost" suggests a sense of anticipation or expectation. Therefore, the correct answer is "feel," as it indicates the speaker's ability to imagine or visualize the experience of touching the steering wheel.

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  • 7. 

    I loved that car, and the crazy thing is that I really ______that car loved me.* Choice  2 Answer

    • A.

      Believe

    • B.

      Believed

    • C.

      Have believed

    • D.

      Am believing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Believe
    B. Believed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "believed". This is because the sentence is in the past tense, and "believed" is the past tense form of the verb "believe". It indicates that in the past, the speaker had the belief that the car loved them.

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  • 8. 

    I guess a person just never _______ her first car.

    • A.

      Has forgotten

    • B.

      Forgets

    • C.

      Forgot

    • D.

      Had forgotten

    Correct Answer
    B. Forgets
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "forgets". This is because the sentence is in the present tense, and the word "just" suggests that the action of forgetting the first car is ongoing or habitual. Therefore, "forgets" is the most appropriate verb form to use in this context.

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  • 9. 

    Schools today _______places of conflict and fear for some students.

    • A.

      Will be

    • B.

      Can be

    • C.

      Are being

    • D.

      Has been

    Correct Answer
    B. Can be
    Explanation
    Schools today can be places of conflict and fear for some students. This suggests that while schools have the potential to be safe and nurturing environments, they can also be sources of tension and anxiety. The use of "can be" implies that the experience of conflict and fear in schools is not universal, but rather varies for different individuals.

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  • 10. 

    In order to create safer learning environments, conflict resolution programs ______________to teach students how to resolve their problems productively and nonviolently.

    • A.

      Will creat

    • B.

      Were being created

    • C.

      Have been created

    • D.

      Have created

    Correct Answer
    C. Have been created
    Explanation
    Conflict resolution programs have been created to teach students how to resolve their problems productively and nonviolently. This suggests that these programs already exist and have been established in order to promote safer learning environments. The use of "have been created" indicates that the creation of these programs has occurred in the past and continues to have an impact in the present.

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  • 11. 

    If a student is full of fear, he or she _________difficulty concentrating.

    • A.

      Will have

    • B.

      Has had

    • C.

      Had

    • D.

      Have

    Correct Answer
    A. Will have
    Explanation
    When a student is full of fear, it is likely that they will have difficulty concentrating. The phrase "will have" in the answer indicates a future event, suggesting that the fear will lead to concentration issues in the future. This aligns with the cause and effect relationship between fear and difficulty concentrating.

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  • 12. 

    Many believe that if all students had been taught conflict resolution skills from an early age, many of the recent problems in our schools __________.

    • A.

      Could have prevented

    • B.

      Could have been prevented

    • C.

      Can prevent

    • D.

      Can be prevented

    Correct Answer
    B. Could have been prevented
    Explanation
    If all students had been taught conflict resolution skills from an early age, many of the recent problems in our schools could have been prevented. This implies that the lack of conflict resolution skills is a contributing factor to the problems in schools. By teaching students how to effectively resolve conflicts, it is possible to avoid or mitigate these problems.

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  • 13. 

    Students who have learned alternatives to violence and anger in the school environment often ____________those skills in the workplace and the community at large when they become adults.

    • A.

      Had started to use

    • B.

      Starting to use

    • C.

      Start to using

    • D.

      Start to use

    Correct Answer
    D. Start to use
    Explanation
    Students who have learned alternatives to violence and anger in the school environment often start to use those skills in the workplace and the community at large when they become adults. This means that they begin to apply the non-violent and non-angry approaches they have learned in school to their interactions and situations in the workplace and the wider community.

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  • 14. 

    One of the less popular theories is an environmental theory _____ main support is the positioning of ancient warriors’ swords and shields.

    • A.

      Whose

    • B.

      That

    • C.

      Where

    • D.

      Which

    Correct Answer
    A. Whose
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "whose". This is because the sentence is referring to an environmental theory and is indicating that the main support for this theory is the positioning of ancient warriors' swords and shields. "Whose" is a possessive pronoun used to show ownership or association, making it the appropriate choice in this context.

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  • 15. 

    This theory does not hold up for many reasons, ____________being that it doesn’t explain why right handedness would be more prevalent among women than men .

    • A.

      Main one

    • B.

      A main one

    • C.

      Main ones

    • D.

      The main one

    Correct Answer
    C. Main ones
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "main ones". This theory is being criticized for not explaining why right-handedness is more common among women than men. The phrase "main ones" suggests that there are multiple reasons that contradict the theory, and this is the most significant among them. It implies that there are other important reasons as well, but this particular reason stands out as the primary one.

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  • 16. 

    Although no one knows for sure what causes left handedness, researchers have ______with various theories.

    • A.

      Come in

    • B.

      Come up

    • C.

      Come on

    • D.

      Come about

    Correct Answer
    B. Come up
    Explanation
    Researchers have come up with various theories means that they have generated or developed different theories. This implies that they have actively worked on creating these theories rather than simply encountering or stumbling upon them (come in), joking or teasing about them (come on), or the theories spontaneously arising (come about).

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  • 17. 

    Warriors held their swords in their right hands and their shields in their left hands in order to better protect their hearts. The theory claims that because _________warriors were less likely to survive the battle, right handedness became the norm.

    • A.

      A left handed

    • B.

      The left handed

    • C.

      Left handed

    • D.

      Any left handed

    Correct Answer
    C. Left handed
    Explanation
    The theory claims that because left-handed warriors were less likely to survive the battle, right-handedness became the norm. This suggests that left-handed warriors were at a disadvantage when it came to protecting their hearts during combat. By holding their swords in their right hands and their shields in their left hands, right-handed warriors were able to better defend themselves and increase their chances of survival. Over time, this led to right-handedness becoming more common among warriors.

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  • 18. 

    Developmental theories, _______ often refer to both genetic and environmental influences, have an advantage over many other theories because they don’t rely on only one or the other.

    • A.

      Which

    • B.

      Who

    • C.

      That

    • D.

      Whom

    Correct Answer
    A. Which
    Explanation
    Developmental theories, which often refer to both genetic and environmental influences, have an advantage over many other theories because they don’t rely on only one or the other.

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  • 19. 

    Today, scientists are willing to ___________ these environmental theories because despite the same environment, handedness is not uniform in siblings.

    • A.

      Throw in

    • B.

      Throw out

    • C.

      Throw up

    • D.

      Throw around

    Correct Answer
    B. Throw out
    Explanation
    Scientists are willing to "throw out" these environmental theories because despite the same environment, handedness is not uniform in siblings. This means that the environmental theories are not supported by the evidence and need to be discarded or rejected.

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  • 20. 

    The best known developmental theory was established by the Geshwind Galaburde team _____ claim that high levels of testosterone affect the growth of the left hemisphere of the brain, causing right hemispheric dominance.

    • A.

      That

    • B.

      Which

    • C.

      Whose

    • D.

      Who

    Correct Answer
    D. Who
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "who". In this sentence, we are referring to the Geshwind Galaburde team as the subject who established the developmental theory. "Who" is the appropriate pronoun to use when referring to people or a group of people who are the subject of the sentence.

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  • 21. 

    In addition, they help to account for the fact that right or left brain hemispheric dominance is already established at ______.

    • A.

      Briths

    • B.

      Birth

    • C.

      A birth

    • D.

      The birth

    Correct Answer
    B. Birth
    Explanation
    The word "birth" is the correct answer because it is the noun form that correctly completes the sentence. The sentence is discussing the establishment of right or left brain hemispheric dominance, which occurs at the moment of birth. The other options, such as "briths," "a birth," and "the birth," do not fit grammatically or contextually in the sentence.

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  • 22. 

    Interviewer: I have with me today Elisio Cortez from the Continental Space Agency to discuss ethics and space exploration. Most space exploration scientists recognize that people _____________ethics for as long as space exploration exists. What do you think, Elisio?

    • A.

      Will be discussing

    • B.

      Will talk to

    • C.

      Will have talked

    • D.

      Will have discussed

    Correct Answer
    A. Will be discussing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "will be discussing". This is because the interviewer is referring to a future event, indicating that they will be discussing ethics for as long as space exploration exists. The phrase "will be discussing" is in the future continuous tense, which is used to talk about ongoing actions or events that will happen in the future.

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  • 23. 

    Interviewer: You told me that next week you _________an ethics workshop.

    • A.

      Attend

    • B.

      Would be attending

    • C.

      Will attending

    • D.

      Were attending

    Correct Answer
    B. Would be attending
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "would be attending". This is because the sentence is in the future tense and is referring to an action that will happen next week. "Would be attending" is the correct form of the verb "attend" to indicate a future action in a polite or formal manner.

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  • 24. 

    Elisio: I agree. ______________a debate on this issue in every decision made about space exploration, we would one day regret it.

    • A.

      If we had included

    • B.

      Had we included

    • C.

      If we would not to include

    • D.

      Were we not to include

    Correct Answer
    D. Were we not to include
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were we not to include." This answer is grammatically correct and conveys the intended meaning. It suggests that if we do not include a debate on this issue in every decision made about space exploration, we would eventually regret it.

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  • 25. 

    Interviewer: __________you could find a way to eliminate those costs.

    • A.

      Had

    • B.

      If there were

    • C.

      If only

    • D.

      If there would be

    Correct Answer
    C. If only
    Explanation
    The phrase "if only" is used to express a strong wish or desire for something to happen. In this context, the interviewer is implying that finding a way to eliminate the costs is something they strongly desire. The other options do not convey the same level of longing or desire for the desired outcome.

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  • 26. 

    Elisio: Yes. By next weekend, I believe ___________most of the benefits and costs of space exploration and colonization.

    • A.

      We will explore

    • B.

      We will have explored

    • C.

      We will be exploring

    • D.

      We would be exploring

    Correct Answer
    B. We will have explored
    Explanation
    Elisio is expressing his belief that by next weekend, most of the benefits and costs of space exploration and colonization will be explored. The phrase "will have explored" suggests that the exploration will be completed prior to the specified time in the future. This implies that the exploration is ongoing and will continue until next weekend. Therefore, the correct answer is "we will have explored."

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 01, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Olayan
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