Pre-test 6 Microbiology (Microbial Growth)

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| By Fabiounsoed
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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 8,210
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Pre-test 6 Microbiology (Microbial Growth) - Quiz

B1J007009 CUCU KUSMAYANTI 1)60 2)60 3)70 4)60 5)100
B1J007013 SWASTIKA OKTAVIA 1)50 2)50 3)100 4)60 5)100
B1J007031 MAULIDA IKAWATI 1)70 2)50 3)30 4)70 5)100
B1J007035 DIAH ASTA PUTRI 1)80 2)90 3)100 4)90 5)100
B1J007083 IBADURRAHMAN EL FIRDAUS 1)50 2)70 3)80 4)60 5)100
B1J007091 LISA DWI FANESIA 1)60 2)50 3)90 4)80 5)100


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is used to grow bacterial cultures continuously?

    • A.

      Chemostat

    • B.

      Coulter Counter

    • C.

      Hemostat

    • D.

      Petroff-Hausser chamber

    • E.

      Bacteria cannot be grown in continuous culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemostat
    Explanation
    A chemostat is a device used to grow bacterial cultures continuously. It allows for the continuous addition of fresh growth medium and removal of waste products, maintaining a constant culture volume. This ensures a steady-state condition for the bacteria, allowing them to grow and divide without reaching stationary phase. The other options mentioned, such as the Coulter Counter, Hemostat, and Petroff-Hausser chamber, are not used for continuous culture of bacteria.

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  • 2. 

    An organism is completely dependant on atmospheric O2 for growth. This organism is a(n)

    • A.

      Osmotolerant

    • B.

      Acidophile

    • C.

      Facultative anaerobe

    • D.

      Aerotolerant anaerobe

    • E.

      Obligate aerobe

    Correct Answer
    E. Obligate aerobe
    Explanation
    An obligate aerobe is an organism that requires oxygen for growth and survival. It cannot survive in the absence of atmospheric oxygen. This means that the organism relies on oxygen for its metabolic processes and energy production. Without oxygen, the organism would not be able to carry out essential cellular functions and would eventually die.

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  • 3. 

    An organism has an optimal growth rate when the hydrogen ion concentration is very high. This organism is a(n)

    • A.

      Osmotolerant

    • B.

      Acidophile

    • C.

      Neutrophile

    • D.

      Aerotolerant anaerobe

    • E.

      Alkalophile

    Correct Answer
    B. Acidophile
    Explanation
    This organism is classified as an acidophile because it thrives in an environment with a high hydrogen ion concentration, which indicates an acidic pH level. Acidophiles are able to tolerate and even prefer acidic conditions for optimal growth.

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  • 4. 

    The term facultative anaerobe refers to an organism that _________

    • A.

      Doesn't use oxygen but tolerates it

    • B.

      Is killed by oxygen

    • C.

      Uses oxygen when present or grows without oxygen when oxygen is absent

    • D.

      Requires less oxygen than is present in air

    • E.

      Prefers to grow without oxygen

    Correct Answer
    C. Uses oxygen when present or grows without oxygen when oxygen is absent
    Explanation
    A facultative anaerobe is an organism that has the ability to switch between using oxygen when it is present and growing without oxygen when oxygen is absent. This means that it can survive and grow in both aerobic (with oxygen) and anaerobic (without oxygen) environments. It is not killed by oxygen and does not require less oxygen than is present in air. While it can tolerate the presence of oxygen, it does not necessarily prefer to grow without oxygen.

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  • 5. 

    The term obligate anaerobe refers to an organism that ______________

    • A.

      Doesn't use oxygen but tolerates it.

    • B.

      Is killed by oxygen.

    • C.

      Uses oxygen when present or grows without oxygen when oxygen is absent.

    • D.

      Requires less oxygen than is present in air.

    • E.

      Prefers to grow without oxygen.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is killed by oxygen.
    Explanation
    An obligate anaerobe is an organism that cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. It is killed by oxygen because it lacks the necessary enzymes to detoxify reactive oxygen species, which are harmful byproducts of oxygen metabolism. Therefore, obligate anaerobes must live in environments where oxygen is absent or at very low levels.

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  • 6. 

    A microbiology student noticed that a culture broth tube was very turbid at the surface but clear throughout the rest of the tube. She can conclude that the ____________

    • A.

      Organism are aerobes.

    • B.

      Organism should be grown in an anaerobic chamber.

    • C.

      Organism cannot produce superoxide dismutase and/or catalase.

    • D.

      Organism cannot tolerate oxygen.

    • E.

      Broth is sterile.

    Correct Answer
    A. Organism are aerobes.
    Explanation
    The observation that the culture broth tube is turbid at the surface but clear throughout the rest of the tube suggests that the organisms are aerobes. Aerobes require oxygen for growth and metabolism, so they tend to accumulate at the surface of the broth where oxygen is available. In contrast, anaerobes would grow throughout the tube in the absence of oxygen. The other options do not provide a plausible explanation for the observed turbidity pattern.

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  • 7. 

    Growth is defined as an increase in cellular constituents and may result in an increase in a microorganism’s size, population number , or both

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Growth is indeed defined as an increase in cellular constituents, which can lead to an increase in the size of a microorganism or the number of microorganisms in a population. This statement accurately describes the definition of growth, making the answer "TRUE" correct.

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  • 8. 

    A wide variety of techniques can be used to study microbial growth by following changes in the total cell number, the population of viable microorganisms, or the cell mass.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because there are indeed various techniques available to study microbial growth. These techniques involve tracking changes in the total cell number, the population of viable microorganisms, or the cell mass. By using these methods, researchers can gain insights into the growth and behavior of microorganisms.

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  • 9. 

    Population growth is usually analyzed in a closed system called a ____________

    • A.

      Batch culture

    • B.

      Direct count methods

    • C.

      Viable cell counts

    • D.

      Colony forming units (CFU)

    • E.

      Continuous culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Batch culture
    Explanation
    Batch culture is a closed system that is commonly used to analyze population growth. In this system, a fixed amount of nutrients is provided to the population at the beginning, and the growth is allowed to occur until the nutrients are depleted. This allows researchers to study the growth dynamics of the population over a specific time period. Other methods mentioned, such as direct count methods, viable cell counts, colony forming units (CFU), and continuous culture, may also be used to analyze population growth but are not specifically referred to in the question.

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  • 10. 

    Mean growth rate constant is the number of generations per unit time, often expressed as generations per hour.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the mean growth rate constant is indeed a measure of the number of generations per unit time. It quantifies the rate at which a population grows or reproduces and is often expressed as generations per hour.

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  • 11. 

    Aerotolerant anaerobes are microorganisms that grow equally well whether or not oxygen is present.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Aerotolerant anaerobes are microorganisms that are capable of growing in the presence or absence of oxygen. They are able to tolerate the presence of oxygen but do not require it for growth. This means that they can carry out their metabolic processes using alternative pathways that do not rely on oxygen. Therefore, they are able to grow equally well in both aerobic and anaerobic environments.

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  • 12. 

    Barotolerant are organisms that can grow and reproduce at high pressures but do not require them.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Barotolerant organisms are able to survive and thrive in high-pressure environments but do not necessarily need those high pressures to grow and reproduce. This means that they can adapt to different pressure conditions and are not solely dependent on high pressures for their survival. Therefore, the statement "Barotolerant organisms can grow and reproduce at high pressures but do not require them" is true.

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  • 13. 

    Batch culture is a culture of microorganisms produced by inoculating a closed culture vessel containing a single batch of medium.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because a batch culture refers to a culture of microorganisms that is produced by inoculating a closed culture vessel with a single batch of medium. In this type of culture, the microorganisms grow and multiply until the nutrients in the medium are depleted or waste products accumulate, leading to the end of the culture. Therefore, the given answer "TRUE" is correct.

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  • 14. 

    Chemostat is a continuous culture apparatus that feeds medium into the culture vessel at the same rate as medium containing microorganisms is removed.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    A chemostat is a continuous culture apparatus that maintains a constant flow of fresh medium into the culture vessel while removing an equal amount of medium containing microorganisms. This allows for the continuous growth of microorganisms in a controlled environment, ensuring a constant supply of nutrients and preventing the accumulation of waste products. Therefore, the statement that a chemostat feeds medium into the culture vessel at the same rate as medium containing microorganisms is removed is true.

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  • 15. 

    Continuous culture system is a culture system with constant environmental conditions maintained through continual provision of nutrients and removal of wastes.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    A continuous culture system is a type of culture system that maintains constant environmental conditions by continuously providing nutrients and removing wastes. This means that the culture is constantly supplied with fresh nutrients and any waste products are regularly removed. This allows for the growth and maintenance of a stable population of cells or organisms. Therefore, the statement "Continuous culture system is a culture system with constant environmental conditions maintained through continual provision of nutrients and removal of wastes" is true.

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  • 16. 

    Extremophiles are microorganisms that grow under harsh or extreme environmental conditions such as very high temperatures or low pHs.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Extremophiles are microorganisms that are able to thrive and grow in extreme environmental conditions, such as high temperatures or low pH levels. This means that they are able to adapt and survive in environments that would be considered inhospitable or even deadly for other organisms. Therefore, the statement "Extremophiles are microorganisms that grow under harsh or extreme environmental conditions such as very high temperatures or low pHs" is true.

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  • 17. 

    Generation time  is the time required for a microbial population to double in number.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Generation time refers to the time it takes for a population of microbes to double in size. This means that the number of microbes in the population increases by a factor of two during the generation time. Therefore, the statement "Generation time is the time required for a microbial population to double in number" is true.

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  • 18. 

    Alkalophile is a microorganism that requires high levels of sodium chloride for growth.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    An alkalophile is a microorganism that thrives in alkaline conditions, not one that requires high levels of sodium chloride. Therefore, the correct answer is FALSE.

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  • 19. 

    Lag phase  is  a period following the introduction of microorganisms into fresh culture medium when there is no increase in cell numbers or mass during batch culture.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    During the lag phase, microorganisms are adjusting to their new environment and preparing for growth. This period is characterized by little to no increase in cell numbers or mass as the microorganisms are adapting to the culture medium. Therefore, the statement that the lag phase is a period with no increase in cell numbers or mass during batch culture is true.

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  • 20. 

    Thermophile is a  microorganism with a growth optimum around 20 to 45°C, a minimum of 15 to 20°C, and a maximum about 45°C or lower.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    A thermophile is a microorganism that thrives in high temperatures, typically above 45°C. The statement contradicts this by stating that a thermophile's growth optimum is between 20 to 45°C, which is incorrect. Therefore, the correct answer is FALSE.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 31, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Fabiounsoed
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