Pravo 4 & 5

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 92
Questions: 28 | Attempts: 92

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Pravo 4 & 5 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Za koju stranu nastaju obaveze u obligacionom odnosu koji nastaje poslovodstvom bez naloga.

    • A.

      Za gospodara

    • B.

      Za obe strane

    • C.

      Za poslovodju 

    Correct Answer
    B. Za obe strane
    Explanation
    In an obligational relationship that arises from management without orders, obligations are created for both parties involved. This means that both the person in charge (poslovodja) and the principal (gospodar) have responsibilities and obligations towards each other. The absence of specific instructions does not exempt either party from their obligations in this type of relationship.

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  • 2. 

    Navedite obaveze jedne i druge strane

    • A.

      Obaveštenje gospodara posla

    • B.

      Uredno i savesno vođenje započetog posla

    • C.

      Polaganje računa

    • D.

      Naknada štete

    • E.

      Oslobođenje poslovođe bez naloga od obaveza

    • F.

      Naknada za izdatke i pretrpljenu štetu

    • G.

      Primerena naknada za trud.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Obaveštenje gospodara posla
    B. Uredno i savesno vođenje započetog posla
    C. Polaganje računa
    D. Naknada štete
    Explanation
    The given correct answer includes a list of obligations for both parties involved. The first obligation is for the employer to provide the employee with information about the job. The second obligation is for the employee to carry out the job diligently and responsibly. The third obligation is for the employee to submit an account of expenses and damages incurred. And finally, the last obligation is for the employer to provide adequate compensation for the employee's efforts.

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  • 3. 

    Dve osnovne vrste odgovornosti za štetu su:

    • A.

      Imovinska

    • B.

      Prekrsajna

    • C.

      Ugovorna

    • D.

      Vanugovorna

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Ugovorna
    D. Vanugovorna
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ugovorna, Vanugovorna". This answer is based on the given options of "Imovinska", "Prekrsajna", "Ugovorna", and "Vanugovorna". The question asks for the two basic types of liability for damage, and "Ugovorna" (contractual) and "Vanugovorna" (non-contractual) are the only options that fit this criteria. "Imovinska" (property) and "Prekrsajna" (offense) do not specifically pertain to liability for damage.

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  • 4. 

    Ko su subjekti poslovnog prava?

    • A.

      Pravna lica

    • B.

      Fizicka lica

    • C.

      Pravna i fizicka lica

    Correct Answer
    C. Pravna i fizicka lica
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pravna i fizicka lica" which means "legal entities and individuals" in English. This answer suggests that both legal entities, such as companies and organizations, and individuals, such as natural persons, are subjects of business law. Business law governs the legal rights, responsibilities, and obligations of these entities and individuals in the context of business transactions and activities.

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  • 5. 

    Osnovni subjekti poslovnog prava kod nas su:

    • A.

      Pravna lica

    • B.

      Preduzeca

    • C.

      Privredna drustva i preduzetnici

    Correct Answer
    C. Privredna drustva i preduzetnici
    Explanation
    The basic subjects of business law in our country are economic entities such as business companies and entrepreneurs. These entities, known as "privredna drustva" and "preduzetnici" in Serbian, play a significant role in the business sector and are regulated by specific legal provisions. They are responsible for conducting commercial activities, generating profits, and complying with the legal obligations and requirements set by the business law framework.

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  • 6. 

    Svako fizicko lice koje radi sticanja dobiti samostalno obavlja delatnost je?

    • A.

      Radnik

    • B.

      Preduzetnik

    • C.

      Poslodavac

    • D.

      Jemac

    Correct Answer
    B. Preduzetnik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Preduzetnik" because it is stated in the question that the individual is independently performing an activity for profit. A "Preduzetnik" refers to a self-employed person who operates their own business and takes full responsibility for its success or failure. This aligns with the description of an individual who independently carries out activities for profit.

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  • 7. 

    Norme kojima se uređuje pravni status privrednih subjekata – norme o njihovom osnivanju, upravljanju, zastupanju, statusne promene, čine:

    • A.

      Ugovorni deo poslovnog prava.

    • B.

      Statusni deo poslovnog prava.

    Correct Answer
    B. Statusni deo poslovnog prava.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Statusni deo poslovnog prava." This is because the question is asking about the norms that regulate the legal status of economic entities, such as their establishment, management, representation, and changes in status. The "statusni deo poslovnog prava" refers to the part of business law that specifically deals with the legal status of these entities. The "ugovorni deo poslovnog prava" refers to the contractual part of business law, which is not directly related to the legal status of the entities.

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  • 8. 

    Zaokružite formu privrednog društva čija pravna pravila su u pojedinim aspektima identična pravilima ortačkog društva:

    • A.

      Akcionarsko društvo.

    • B.

      Društvo sa ograničenom odgovornošću.

    • C.

      Komanditno društvo.

    Correct Answer
    C. Komanditno društvo.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Komanditno društvo (Limited partnership). This is because a limited partnership shares some similarities with an ortačko društvo (partnership), such as having both general partners who have unlimited liability for the company's debts and limited partners who have limited liability. In contrast, akcionarsko društvo (joint-stock company) and društvo sa ograničenom odgovornošću (limited liability company) have different legal structures and rules.

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  • 9. 

    Norme kojima se uređuju međusobni poslovni odnosi između privrednih subjekata – odnosi koji nastaju u vezi sa prometom robe, novca i usluga, čine:

    • A.

      Ugovorni deo poslovnog prava.

    • B.

      Statusni deo poslovnog prava.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ugovorni deo poslovnog prava.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ugovorni deo poslovnog prava" because it refers to the contractual part of business law which governs the relationships between economic entities in relation to the sale of goods, money, and services. This part of business law deals with the formation, interpretation, and enforcement of contracts, as well as the rights and obligations of the parties involved in these contractual relationships.

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  • 10. 

    Navedite šta predstavlja osnivački akt privrednog društva kada se u svojstvu osnivača javlja više lice: 

    • A.

      Ugovor o osnivanju drustva (sa ogranicenom odgovornoscu)

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Ugovor o osnivanju drustva (sa ogranicenom odgovornoscu)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ugovor o osnivanju drustva (sa ogranicenom odgovornoscu)". This is because the question is asking for the founding document of a business organization when multiple individuals are acting as founders. The "ugovor o osnivanju drustva (sa ogranicenom odgovornoscu)" refers to the agreement or contract that establishes a limited liability company and outlines the rights, responsibilities, and contributions of each founder.

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  • 11. 

    Fizička lica koja su registrovana i koja obavljaju određenu delatnost u vidu zanimanja, a radi sticanja dobiti, su:

    • A.

      Privredna društva.

    • B.

      Preduzetnici.

    Correct Answer
    B. Preduzetnici.
    Explanation
    Fizička lica koja su registrovana i obavljaju određenu delatnost u vidu zanimanja radi sticanja dobiti su preduzetnici. Privredna društva se sastoje od više osoba i imaju pravnu ličnost, dok preduzetnici su pojedinci koji samostalno obavljaju delatnost.

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  • 12. 

    Pod sedištem subjekta poslovnog prava podrazumevamo: 

    • A.

      Mesto u kojem se obavljaju poslovi tog subjekta.

    • B.

      Mesto iz koga se upravlja poslovima tog subjekta.

    • C.

      Kako mesto u kojem se obavljaju poslovi tog subjekta, tako i mesto iz koga se upravlja poslovima tog subjekta.

    Correct Answer
    B. Mesto iz koga se upravlja poslovima tog subjekta.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mesto iz koga se upravlja poslovima tog subjekta." This answer states that pod sedištem subjekta poslovnog prava refers to the place from which the operations of the subject are managed. This implies that it is the location where the decision-making and control of the business activities take place.

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  • 13. 

    Subjekat stiče svojstvo pravnog lica, tj. pravnu i poslovnu sposobnost, a to znači da može da stupa u pravne i poslovne odnose tek registracijom:

    • A.

      Kod osnovnog suda (koji vodi poslove registracije privrednih subjekata).

    • B.

      Kod Agencije za privredne registre (koja vodi poslove registracije privrednih subjekata).

    • C.

      Kod višeg suda (koji vodi poslove registracije privrednih subjekata).

    Correct Answer
    B. Kod Agencije za privredne registre (koja vodi poslove registracije privrednih subjekata).
    Explanation
    The subject acquires the status of a legal entity, i.e. legal and business capacity, which means that it can enter into legal and business relationships only through registration with the Agency for Business Registers (which handles the registration of business entities).

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  • 14. 

    U našem pravnom sistemu, izvori poslovnog prava su:

    • A.

      Zakon;

    • B.

      Podzakonski akti

    • C.

      Pravna nauka;

    • D.

      Ratifikovane međunarodne konvencije;

    • E.

      Sudska i arbitražna praksa.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Zakon;
    D. Ratifikovane međunarodne konvencije;
    E. Sudska i arbitražna praksa.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Zakon;,Ratifikovane međunarodne konvencije;,Sudska i arbitražna praksa." In our legal system, the sources of business law include laws, ratified international conventions, and judicial and arbitral practice. These sources provide the legal framework and guidance for conducting business activities and resolving disputes.

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  • 15. 

    Prokura predstavlja:

    • A.

      Registar, odn. jedinstvenu centralnu javnu elektronsku bazu podataka o svakom privrednom subjektu na celoj državnoj teritoriji.

    • B.

      Najužu vrstu punomoćja.

    • C.

      Najširu vrsta punomoćja.

    Correct Answer
    C. Najširu vrsta punomoćja.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Najširu vrsta punomoćja." This is because the word "prokura" refers to a broad power of attorney, granting extensive authority to act on behalf of a business entity. It is the broadest form of power of attorney, giving the appointed individual the ability to make important decisions and transactions on behalf of the company.

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  • 16. 

    Subjekti poslovnog prava su: 

    • A.

      Pravna i fizička lica koja mogu u privredno-pravnom i robnonovčanom prometu, zato što ispunjavaju određene unapred utvrđene zakonske uslove, da se pojavljuju kao nosioci prava i obaveza.

    • B.

      Samo pravna lica koja mogu u privredno-pravnom i robnonovčanom prometu, zato što ispunjavaju određene unapred utvrđene zakonske uslove, da se pojavljuju kao nosioci prava i obaveza.

    • C.

      Samo fizička lica koja mogu u privredno-pravnom i robnonovčanom prometu, zato što ispunjavaju određene unapred utvrđene zakonske uslove, da se pojavljuju kao nosioci prava i obaveza.

    Correct Answer
    A. Pravna i fizička lica koja mogu u privredno-pravnom i robnonovčanom prometu, zato što ispunjavaju određene unapred utvrđene zakonske uslove, da se pojavljuju kao nosioci prava i obaveza.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the subjects of business law are legal and natural persons who can participate in commercial and monetary transactions because they meet certain predetermined legal conditions to appear as holders of rights and obligations. This means that both legal entities (such as companies, corporations, etc.) and natural persons (individuals) can be subjects of business law as long as they fulfill the necessary legal requirements.

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  • 17. 

    Likvidacija subjekta poslovnog prava preduzima se: 

    • A.

      U slučajevima kada subjekat poslovnog prava nema dovoljno imovine da bi se mogla izmiriti potraživanja poverilaca u celosti

    • B.

      U slučajevima kada ne postoje uslovi za njegovo redovno i uspešno poslovanje

    • C.

      Kako u slučajevima kada subjekat poslovnog prava nema dovoljno imovine da bi se mogla izmiriti potraživanja poverilaca u celosti, tako i u slučajevima kada ne postoje uslovi za njegovo redovno i uspešno poslovanje

    Correct Answer
    B. U slučajevima kada ne postoje uslovi za njegovo redovno i uspešno poslovanje
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that liquidation of a legal entity is carried out in cases when there are no conditions for its regular and successful business operations. This means that if a company is unable to meet the requirements for its normal functioning and profitability, it may be subject to liquidation. This could be due to various reasons such as financial difficulties, lack of market demand, or failure to comply with legal and regulatory requirements.

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  • 18. 

    U ortačkom društvu, članstvo se stiče:

    • A.

      Prinudnim putem

    • B.

      Dobrovoljno i voljom lica koje želi da postane član ortačkog društva

    • C.

      Dobrovoljno i voljom većine ostalih članova ortačkog društva

    Correct Answer
    B. Dobrovoljno i voljom lica koje želi da postane član ortačkog društva
    Explanation
    Membership in a partnership is acquired voluntarily and by the will of the person who wants to become a member of the partnership.

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  • 19. 

    Ulog u ortačko društvo može biti:

    • A.

      Novac, pokretne i nepokretne stvari, hartije od vrednosti, stvarna ili druga prava (npr. autorsko, patentno), rad ili pružanje usluga za društvo 

    • B.

      Novac, pokretne i nepokretne stvari, hartije od vrednosti, stvarna ili druga prava (npr. autorsko, patentno), nikako rad ili pružanje usluga za društvo 

    • C.

      Novac, pokretne i nepokretne stvari, hartije od vrednosti, rad ili pružanje usluga za društvo,  nikako stvarna ili druga prava (npr. autorsko, patentno)

    Correct Answer
    A. Novac, pokretne i nepokretne stvari, hartije od vrednosti, stvarna ili druga prava (npr. autorsko, patentno), rad ili pružanje usluga za društvo 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Novac, pokretne i nepokretne stvari, hartije od vrednosti, stvarna ili druga prava (npr. autorsko, patentno), rad ili pružanje usluga za društvo. This answer includes all the possible forms of contribution that can be made to a partnership, such as money, movable and immovable property, securities, real or other rights, as well as work or provision of services for the partnership. It covers all the options mentioned in the given question.

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  • 20. 

    Likvidacija ortačkog društva:

    • A.

      Može se sprovesti nakon prestanka ortačkog društva ili pre prestanka ortačkog društva

    • B.

      Sprovodi se nakon prestanka ortačkog društva

    • C.

      Prethodi prestanku ortačkog društva.

    Correct Answer
    C. Prethodi prestanku ortačkog društva.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Prethodi prestanku ortačkog društva." This means that the liquidation of a partnership precedes the termination of the partnership. In other words, before the partnership can officially come to an end, the process of liquidation must be carried out. This involves settling the partnership's debts, distributing assets among the partners, and closing any remaining business affairs.

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  • 21. 

    Ako iz komanditnog društva istupe svi komplementari, društvo:

    • A.

      Može nastaviti svoju delatnost kao društvo sa ograničenom odgovornošću, akcionarsko društvo ili kao preduzetnik

    • B.

      Može nastaviti svoju delatnost kao ortačko društvo

    • C.

      Prestaje da postoji.

    Correct Answer
    A. Može nastaviti svoju delatnost kao društvo sa ograničenom odgovornošću, akcionarsko društvo ili kao preduzetnik
    Explanation
    If all general partners withdraw from a limited partnership, the partnership can continue its activities as a limited liability company, a joint-stock company, or as a sole proprietorship.

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  • 22. 

    Ulozi akcionara mogu biti:

    • A.

      U gotovom novcu, u stvarima, u pravima izraženim u novčanoj vrednosti i u radu

    • B.

      U gotovom novcu, u stvarima i u pravima izraženim u novčanoj vrednosti

    • C.

      U gotovom novcu, u stvarima, u pravima izraženim u novčanoj vrednosti, u radu i u pružanju usluga akcionarskom društvu.

    Correct Answer
    B. U gotovom novcu, u stvarima i u pravima izraženim u novčanoj vrednosti
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "U gotovom novcu, u stvarima i u pravima izraženim u novčanoj vrednosti." This answer states that the shareholders' contributions can be in cash, assets, and rights expressed in monetary value. It does not include labor or the provision of services to the joint-stock company as forms of shareholder contributions.

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  • 23. 

    Upravni odbor akcionarskog društva je:

    • A.

      Pomoćni i izvršni organ društva

    • B.

      Nadzorni organ društva

    • C.

      Organ upravljanja društvom, koji zajedno sa direktorom upravlja društvom.

    Correct Answer
    C. Organ upravljanja društvom, koji zajedno sa direktorom upravlja društvom.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Organ upravljanja društvom, koji zajedno sa direktorom upravlja društvom." This answer explains that the Upravni odbor akcionarskog društva is the management body of the company that works together with the director to manage the company.

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  • 24. 

    Shodno zakonu, za prenos udela nekog člana komanditnog društva prema trećem licu:

    • A.

      Potrebna je saglasnost svih komplementara i komanditora sa većinskom udelom

    • B.

      Nije potrebna saglasnost kemplementara i komanditora

    • C.

      Potrebna je saglasnost samo komlementara, ne i komanditora sa većinskim udelom.

    Correct Answer
    A. Potrebna je saglasnost svih komplementara i komanditora sa većinskom udelom
    Explanation
    According to the given law, in order to transfer a share of a member of a limited partnership to a third party, the consent of all general partners and limited partners with a majority stake is required.

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  • 25. 

    Jedan od razloga prestanka akcionarskog društva jeste:

    • A.

      Pravnosnažnom odlukom skupštine akcionara koja se donosi kvalifikovanom većinom

    • B.

      Pravnosnažnom odlukom skupštine akcionara koja se donosi prostom  većinom

    • C.

      Pravnosnažnom odlukom skupštine akcionara koja se donosi jednoglasno.

    Correct Answer
    A. Pravnosnažnom odlukom skupštine akcionara koja se donosi kvalifikovanom većinom
    Explanation
    One of the reasons for the termination of a joint-stock company is a legally binding decision of the shareholders' assembly that is made by a qualified majority. This means that the decision to cease the company's operations can be made if a specific percentage or number of shareholders vote in favor of it. This ensures that a significant majority of the shareholders agree on the termination, providing a level of consensus among the owners of the company.

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  • 26. 

    Udeo člana društva sa ograničenom odgovornošću

    • A.

      Može se preneti trećem licu uz pravo preče kupovine ostalih članova društva

    • B.

      Ne može se premeti trećem licu

    • C.

      Može se preneti trećem licu bez bilo kakvih uslovljavanja

    Correct Answer
    A. Može se preneti trećem licu uz pravo preče kupovine ostalih članova društva
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the membership share of a limited liability company can be transferred to a third party, but the other members of the company have the right of first refusal to purchase the shares before they can be sold to an outside party. This means that if a member wants to sell their shares, they must first offer them to the other members of the company, who have the option to buy them before they can be sold to someone else.

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  • 27. 

    Skupština: 

    • A.

      Je organ društva sa ograničenom odgovornošću kada je predviđena ugovorom o osnivanju društva

    • B.

      Je uvek organ društva sa ograničenom odgovornošću, be obzira da li je ili nije predviđena ugovorom o osnivanju društva

    • C.

      Nije nikada organ društva sa ograničenom odgovornošću.

    Correct Answer
    A. Je organ društva sa ograničenom odgovornošću kada je predviđena ugovorom o osnivanju društva
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Skupština is an organ of a društvo sa ograničenom odgovornošću (limited liability company) when it is provided for in the founding agreement of the company. This means that the Skupština is a governing body of the company and has decision-making powers, but its existence and role are dependent on being specified in the founding agreement.

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  • 28. 

    •Privatnopravna grana prava koja obuhvata skup pravnih normi kojima se uređuje pravni položaj privrednih subjekata i njihovi međusobni odnosi u vezi sa prometom robe i vršenjem privrednih usluga, pojmovno je određenje:

    • A.

      Stvarnog prava.

    • B.

      Obligacionog prava.

    • C.

      Krivičnog prava.

    • D.

      Poslovnog prava.

    Correct Answer
    D. Poslovnog prava.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Poslovnog prava" because it refers to the branch of law that governs the legal position of economic entities and their relationships in relation to the sale of goods and the provision of economic services. This branch of law focuses on commercial transactions, contracts, and business regulations.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 01, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Stefan
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