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Nuclear Chemistry Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to help students prepare for the thermo chemistry exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What percentage of acetic acid is legally allowed in vinegar?

    • A.

      2%

    • B.

      6%

    • C.

      5%

    • D.

      10%

    Correct Answer
    C. 5%
    Explanation
    The legally allowed percentage of acetic acid in vinegar is 5%. This means that the maximum amount of acetic acid that can be present in vinegar, according to regulations, is 5% of the total volume. Any higher percentage would be considered non-compliant with the legal standards for vinegar production.

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  • 2. 

    Reacting an alkene with water produces which of the following?

    • A.

      An Alcohol

    • B.

      An Ether

    • C.

      An Aldehyde

    • D.

      An Ester

    Correct Answer
    A. An Alcohol
    Explanation
    When an alkene reacts with water, it undergoes an addition reaction known as hydration. In this reaction, the double bond of the alkene is broken, and a hydrogen atom from water is added to one carbon atom, while a hydroxyl group (-OH) is added to the other carbon atom. This results in the formation of an alcohol. Therefore, the correct answer is "An Alcohol."

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  • 3. 

    Ethyl pentanoate would be classified as belonging to which derivative group?

    • A.

      Ethers

    • B.

      Esters

    • C.

      Alcohols

    • D.

      Ketones

    Correct Answer
    B. Esters
    Explanation
    Ethyl pentanoate would be classified as an ester because it is formed by the condensation reaction between an alcohol (ethyl alcohol) and a carboxylic acid (pentanoic acid). Esters are organic compounds that have a carbonyl group bonded to an oxygen atom, with an alkyl or aryl group attached to the other side of the oxygen atom. They have a pleasant fruity smell and are commonly used as flavorings and fragrances.

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  • 4. 

    Reacting an organic acid with a primary alcohol yields which of the following products?

    • A.

      An Aldehyde

    • B.

      A Ketone

    • C.

      An Alkyne

    • D.

      An Ester

    Correct Answer
    D. An Ester
    Explanation
    When an organic acid reacts with a primary alcohol, it undergoes an esterification reaction. During this reaction, the alcohol group of the acid reacts with the hydrogen of the alcohol, resulting in the formation of an ester. Therefore, the correct product obtained from this reaction is an ester.

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  • 5. 

    What state of matter takes a shape of its own?

    • A.

      Plasma

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      Solid

    Correct Answer
    D. Solid
    Explanation
    Solids are a state of matter that have a definite shape and volume. Unlike liquids and gases, solids do not flow and maintain their shape even when subjected to external forces. The particles in a solid are closely packed together and have strong intermolecular forces, which prevent them from moving freely. This allows solids to maintain their own shape and not conform to the shape of their container. Therefore, solids are the state of matter that takes a shape of its own.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following activities is an example of changing a physical property?

    • A.

      Baking Soda And Vinegar Volcano

    • B.

      Wood Carving

    • C.

      Leaving A Nail Outside To Rust

    • D.

      Wood Burning

    Correct Answer
    B. Wood Carving
    Explanation
    Wood carving is an example of changing a physical property because it involves the manipulation and alteration of the physical structure of wood without changing its chemical composition. By carving the wood, its shape, texture, and appearance are modified, but the fundamental properties of the wood, such as its molecular structure and chemical composition, remain the same.

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  • 7. 

    What happens to water when it gets close to freezing?

    • A.

      It Expands

    • B.

      It Contracts

    • C.

      It Disappears

    • D.

      It Changes Colors

    Correct Answer
    A. It Expands
    Explanation
    When water gets close to freezing, it expands. This is due to the unique properties of water molecules. As the temperature drops, the water molecules slow down and come closer together. At around 4 degrees Celsius, the molecules form a lattice-like structure, causing the water to expand. This expansion is why ice is less dense than liquid water, allowing it to float on top of lakes and oceans.

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  • 8. 

    What is another name for salt?

    • A.

      Halide

    • B.

      Saltide

    • C.

      Halite

    • D.

      Saltine

    Correct Answer
    C. Halite
    Explanation
    Halite is another name for salt. Halite is a mineral form of sodium chloride, commonly known as table salt. It is a crystalline mineral that is typically colorless or white and is often found in sedimentary rocks. The term "halite" is derived from the Greek word "hals," which means salt. Therefore, halite is the correct answer as it is a specific term used to refer to the mineral form of salt.

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  • 9. 

    What element gives the diamond its blue color?

    • A.

      Neon

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Boron

    Correct Answer
    D. Boron
    Explanation
    Boron is the element that gives the diamond its blue color. When boron atoms are present in the crystal structure of a diamond, they absorb certain wavelengths of light, resulting in a blue color. The concentration of boron determines the intensity of the blue color in the diamond. Therefore, the presence of boron is responsible for the blue coloration in diamonds.

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  • 10. 

    Monatomic molecules (like helium) at high temperatures have a molar heat capacity which approaches what multiple of the ideal gas constant (R)?

    • A.

      2.5r

    • B.

      3r

    • C.

      R

    • D.

      1.5r

    Correct Answer
    D. 1.5r
    Explanation
    Monatomic molecules like helium have a molar heat capacity that approaches 1.5 times the ideal gas constant (R) at high temperatures. This means that the molar heat capacity of helium at high temperatures is 1.5R, indicating that it requires 1.5 times more energy to increase the temperature of one mole of helium by one degree Celsius compared to an ideal gas.

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  • 11. 

    Sucrose, common table sugar, has the chemical reactivity of which of the following categories of substances?

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Epoxide

    • C.

      Imine

    • D.

      Carboxylic Acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Alcohol
    Explanation
    Sucrose, commonly known as table sugar, has the chemical reactivity of an alcohol. This is because sucrose is a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose molecules, both of which contain hydroxyl groups (-OH). Alcohols are organic compounds that contain hydroxyl groups bonded to carbon atoms. Therefore, since sucrose contains hydroxyl groups, it falls under the category of substances known as alcohols.

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  • 12. 

    What reagent could oxidize an alcohol to a carbonyl?

    • A.

      Sodium Ethoxide

    • B.

      Sodium Borohydride

    • C.

      Sodium Hypochlorite

    • D.

      Sodium

    Correct Answer
    C. Sodium Hypochlorite
    Explanation
    Sodium hypochlorite is a strong oxidizing agent that can convert alcohols to carbonyl compounds. It accomplishes this by removing two hydrogen atoms from the alcohol molecule, resulting in the formation of a carbonyl group. Sodium ethoxide and sodium borohydride are reducing agents and cannot oxidize alcohols to carbonyls. Sodium alone is not a reagent commonly used for alcohol oxidation.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following can be described as a species with a high, concentrated, denotable charge density?

    • A.

      Arrhenius Acid

    • B.

      Nucleophile

    • C.

      Electrophile

    • D.

      Lewis Acid

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleophile
    Explanation
    A nucleophile can be described as a species with a high, concentrated, denotable charge density. Nucleophiles are electron-rich species that have the ability to donate a pair of electrons to form a new bond. This high electron density is responsible for their reactivity and ability to attack electrophiles. In contrast, Arrhenius acids, electrophiles, and Lewis acids are not necessarily characterized by a high, concentrated, denotable charge density.

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  • 14. 

    Triphenylphosphine can be used to prepare which of the following?

    • A.

      Gilman Reagent

    • B.

      Grignard Reagent

    • C.

      Jones Reagent

    • D.

      Wittig Reagent

    Correct Answer
    D. Wittig Reagent
    Explanation
    Triphenylphosphine is commonly used in the preparation of Wittig reagents. Wittig reagents are organophosphorus compounds that are used in the Wittig reaction, a powerful method for the synthesis of alkenes. In the reaction, the Wittig reagent reacts with a carbonyl compound to form an alkene through a process called olefination. Triphenylphosphine is often used as the phosphorus component in the Wittig reagent due to its stability and reactivity. Therefore, the correct answer is Wittig reagent.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is a super acid?

    • A.

      Sulphuric Acid

    • B.

      Hydrochloric Acid

    • C.

      Acetic Acid

    • D.

      Magic Acid

    Correct Answer
    D. Magic Acid
    Explanation
    Magic Acid is the correct answer because it is known as a super acid. Super acids are extremely strong acids that have a higher acidity than common acids like sulphuric acid or hydrochloric acid. Magic Acid, also known as fluorosulfuric acid, is a mixture of sulphuric acid and hydrogen fluoride. It is one of the strongest known super acids and can protonate even weak bases.

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  • 16. 

    The atoms of which element have the smallest volume?

    • A.

      All Atoms Have The Same Volume Regardless Of Element

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Helium

    • D.

      Hydrogen

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrogen
    Explanation
    Hydrogen atoms have the smallest volume compared to the atoms of other elements. This is because hydrogen is the lightest element and has only one proton and one electron, making it the smallest atom in terms of size. The size of an atom is determined by the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons it contains. Since hydrogen has the fewest particles, it has the smallest volume.

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  • 17. 

    Which reagent is not commonly used to hydrate oplephins?

    • A.

      Ozone

    • B.

      Mercury Acetate

    • C.

      Borane

    • D.

      Acid Water

    Correct Answer
    A. Ozone
    Explanation
    Ozone is not commonly used to hydrate olefins. Ozone is typically used in ozonolysis reactions, where it adds across the double bond of an olefin to form ozonides. However, hydration of olefins usually involves the addition of water across the double bond, which is commonly achieved using acid catalysts or other reagents such as mercury acetate or borane. Therefore, ozone is the reagent that is not commonly used for olefin hydration.

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  • 18. 

    The Diels-Alder reaction is an example of which class of reactions?

    • A.

      Solvolysis

    • B.

      Photolysis

    • C.

      Pericyclic Reactions

    • D.

      Aromatic Substitutions

    Correct Answer
    C. Pericyclic Reactions
    Explanation
    The Diels-Alder reaction is classified as a pericyclic reaction. Pericyclic reactions involve the simultaneous rearrangement of electrons in a cyclic transition state. In the Diels-Alder reaction, a diene and a dienophile react to form a cyclic product. This reaction proceeds through a concerted mechanism, meaning that all bond-breaking and bond-forming steps occur simultaneously. Pericyclic reactions are characterized by their stereospecificity and conservation of orbital symmetry, and they often occur with high regio- and stereochemistry.

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  • 19. 

    Which is true of pericyclic reactions?

    • A.

      They Require An Acid Catalyst

    • B.

      They Require A Metallic Catalyst

    • C.

      They Require Only Light Or Heat For Initiation

    • D.

      They Require A Base Catalyst

    Correct Answer
    C. They Require Only Light Or Heat For Initiation
    Explanation
    Pericyclic reactions are a class of organic reactions that proceed through a cyclic transition state. These reactions are characterized by their ability to occur spontaneously under thermal or photochemical conditions, without the need for any additional catalysts. Therefore, the correct answer is "They Require Only Light Or Heat For Initiation."

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following metals is not known to start fires in the presence of water?

    • A.

      Sodium

    • B.

      Magnesium

    • C.

      Lithium

    • D.

      Potassium

    Correct Answer
    B. Magnesium
    Explanation
    Magnesium is not known to start fires in the presence of water. While sodium, lithium, and potassium are highly reactive metals that can ignite when exposed to water, magnesium is less reactive and does not typically undergo this reaction. Therefore, it is the only metal listed that is not known to start fires in the presence of water.

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