Explanation Text Quiz

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Explanation Text Quiz - Quiz

Explanation text is a piece of non-fiction writing explaining an action process or event in a detailed but simple way. It features numbered points, time connectives, pictures, diagrams, labels and captions to help the receiver understand the process of what's being delivered.
Do you know what are Explanation Texts? Find out in this quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. What is the definition of explanation text?

    • A.

      A text which is designed to describe how something is achieved through a sequence of actions or steps.

    • B.

      A story with complication or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems.

    • C.

      A text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena.

    • D.

      A text which retells events or experiences in the past for informing or entertaining.

    • E.

      A text that elaborates the writer’s idea about the phenomenon surrounding.

    Correct Answer
    C. A text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena.
    Explanation
    An explanation text is a type of text that provides information about how something is formed or achieved through a series of steps or processes. It focuses on explaining the processes behind natural, social, scientific, and cultural phenomena. This type of text aims to provide a clear and concise explanation of how something works or is created. It does not involve storytelling or retelling events from the past.

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  • 2. 

    2. What is the communicative purpose of the Explanation text?

    • A.

      To present information about something generally.

    • B.

      To describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

    • C.

      To analyze and evaluate some creative art works and to inform about its strengths and weaknesses.

    • D.

      To explain the processes that occur in the formation or activity associated with natural, social, scientific, cultural phenomena.

    • E.

      To persuade the readers by presenting arguments so that they will agree and follow the writer’s view.

    Correct Answer
    D. To explain the processes that occur in the formation or activity associated with natural, social, scientific, cultural phenomena.
    Explanation
    The communicative purpose of Explanation text is to explain the processes that occur in the formation or activity associated with natural, social, scientific, cultural phenomena. This type of text aims to provide clear and concise information about how something works or why something happens. It focuses on presenting facts, providing step-by-step instructions, or describing cause and effect relationships. The purpose is to increase the reader's understanding and knowledge about a particular subject.

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  • 3. 

    What is the text structure of Explanation text?

    • A.

      Identification - Description.

    • B.

      Thesis – Arguments - Reiteration.

    • C.

      Goal – Materials/ Ingredients - Steps.

    • D.

      Orientation – Complication- Resolution.

    • E.

      General Statement – Sequenced Explanation.

    Correct Answer
    E. General Statement – Sequenced Explanation.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "General Statement - Sequenced Explanation." This is because an explanation text typically begins with a general statement that introduces the topic and provides some background information. This is followed by a sequenced explanation, where the information is presented in a logical order, often using steps or a series of events to explain the topic in detail. This text structure helps the reader to understand the topic by providing a clear and organized explanation.

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  • 4. 

    One of the linguistic features of Explanation is the usage of Simple Present Tense. Which the following sentence does NOT use Simple Present Tense?

    • A.

      It takes place more rapidly when the air is dry.

    • B.

      The displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle.

    • C.

      The first phase of respiration begins with breathing in or inhalation.

    • D.

      People in most regions in the world have seen a very rare natural phenomenon.

    • E.

      The exhaust from vehicles releases nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide into the air

    Correct Answer
    D. People in most regions in the world have seen a very rare natural phenomenon.
  • 5. 

    One of the linguistic features of Explanation is the usage of Passive Sentence. Which is the correct pattern of Passive Sentence?

    • A.

      Be + Verb 1

    • B.

      Be + Verb 2

    • C.

      Be + Verb 3

    • D.

      Be + Verb-ing

    • E.

      Be + to infinitive

    Correct Answer
    C. Be + Verb 3
    Explanation
    The correct pattern of Passive Sentence is "be + Verb 3". In passive sentences, the subject of the sentence receives the action rather than performing it. The verb is in the past participle form (Verb 3) when using the passive voice.

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  • 6. 

    What does the text tell about?

    • A.

      How we breathe out.

    • B.

      How we breathe in.

    • C.

      Parts of our lungs.

    • D.

      How lungs work.

    • E.

      Why lungs work.

    Correct Answer
    D. How lungs work.
    Explanation
    The text explains how lungs work. It provides information on the process of breathing, including both inhaling and exhaling. It likely discusses the role of the diaphragm and the movement of the muscles in the chest and abdomen that help to expand and contract the lungs. The text may also explain the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that occurs in the lungs during respiration.

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  • 7. 

    What does the word 'they' (Paragraph 1) refer to?

    • A.

      Alveolus

    • B.

      Squeeze

    • C.

      Muscles

    • D.

      Chests

    • E.

      Lungs

    Correct Answer
    C. Muscles
    Explanation
    The word 'they' in paragraph 1 refers to the muscles.

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  • 8. 

    How are the idea in paragraph 2 and 3 related?

    • A.

      Both paragraphs tell about the process of inhalation.

    • B.

      Both paragraphs tell about the process of exhalation.

    • C.

      Neither paragraph 2 nor paragraph 3 tells about the process of inhalation.

    • D.

      Paragraph 3 tells about the process of exhalation while paragraph 2 is about the process of inhalation.

    • E.

      Paragraph 2 tells about the process of inhalation while paragraph 3 is about the process of exhalation.

    Correct Answer
    E. Paragraph 2 tells about the process of inhalation while paragraph 3 is about the process of exhalation.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that paragraph 2 tells about the process of inhalation while paragraph 3 is about the process of exhalation. This means that the two paragraphs are related because they both discuss different aspects of the breathing process, with paragraph 2 focusing on inhalation and paragraph 3 focusing on exhalation.

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  • 9. 

    The purpose of the text is to ...

    • A.

      Explain how market works.

    • B.

      Describe the situation in a market.

    • C.

      Inform about the difference of supply from demand.

    • D.

      Tell about the interaction between buyers and sellers.

    • E.

      Persuade the readers to buy goods in traditional market.

    Correct Answer
    A. Explain how market works.
    Explanation
    The purpose of the text is to explain how the market works. This means that the text will provide information and details about the functioning and dynamics of the market, including the interaction between buyers and sellers, the concept of supply and demand, and other relevant aspects that contribute to the overall understanding of how the market operates.

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  • 10. 

    The ‘Law of Demand works if ...

    • A.

      More people buy the good when it’s getting more and more expensive.

    • B.

      The price of the goods rises when more people tend to buy it.

    • C.

      The price of goods comes down when fewer people buy it.

    • D.

      Very few people buy goods when its price rises up.

    • E.

      More people buy goods when its price rises up.

    Correct Answer
    D. Very few people buy goods when its price rises up.
    Explanation
    The Law of Demand states that as the price of a good or service increases, the quantity demanded of that good or service decreases, ceteris paribus. This means that when the price of a good rises, fewer people will be willing and able to purchase it, resulting in a decrease in the quantity demanded. Therefore, the answer "Very few people buy goods when its price rises up" aligns with the Law of Demand.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 19, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Alfredhook3
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