Postwar America Ch 23 (Ah)

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Postwar America Ch 23 (Ah) - Quiz

Students will show evidence of their knowledge and understanding the period following WWII, known as the Postwar years.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Analyze this cartoon commenting on life in American Suburbs.  What is the artist communicating?

    • A.

      People who live in the suburbs can't read maps.

    • B.

      Houses in suburbia all look alike and they don't encourage individuality in their lives.

    • C.

      People in suburbia have no education and have poor memories.

    • D.

      There are no street signs in suburban neighborhoods.

    Correct Answer
    B. Houses in suburbia all look alike and they don't encourage individuality in their lives.
    Explanation
    The artist is communicating that houses in suburbia all look alike and they don't encourage individuality in their lives. This can be inferred from the statement that "People who live in the suburbs can't read maps" and the absence of street signs in suburban neighborhoods, suggesting a lack of distinctiveness and uniqueness in suburban areas. The idea that people in suburbia have no education and poor memories is not supported by the given information.

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  • 2. 

    The Taft-Hartley Act outlawed the ____, opening some industries to non-union workers

    • A.

      Closed shop

    • B.

      Labor unions

    • C.

      Right-to-work

    • D.

      Open shop

    Correct Answer
    A. Closed shop
    Explanation
    The Taft-Hartley Act outlawed the closed shop, which required workers to be members of a labor union in order to be employed. This opened up some industries to non-union workers, allowing them to be hired and work without being a part of a labor union.

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  • 3. 

    During the 1950s, the number of ____ grew, as more Americans worked in offices.

    • A.

      Computers

    • B.

      Blue-collar jobs

    • C.

      Franchises

    • D.

      White-collar jobs

    Correct Answer
    D. White-collar jobs
    Explanation
    During the 1950s, the number of white-collar jobs grew, as more Americans worked in offices. This means that there was an increase in the number of jobs that required professional or administrative work, typically performed in an office environment. This growth may have been influenced by factors such as technological advancements, economic changes, and shifts in the labor market.

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  • 4. 

    After World War II,Native Americans suffered from the govenment policy of ____, which forced them into mainstream society.

    • A.

      Urban renewal

    • B.

      Termination

    • C.

      Migrant work

    • D.

      Reservation planning

    Correct Answer
    B. Termination
    Explanation
    After World War II, the government implemented a policy of termination towards Native Americans. This policy aimed to force them into mainstream society, disregarding their cultural heritage and traditions. It resulted in the termination of tribal recognition, removal of land rights, and the assimilation of Native Americans into American society. This policy had a detrimental impact on Native American communities, causing the loss of cultural identity and exacerbating social and economic disparities.

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  • 5. 

    The poem "Howl" by Allen Ginsberg, is a work that came out of the ____ movement.

    • A.

      Rock'n'role

    • B.

      Generation gap

    • C.

      Beat

    • D.

      Jazz

    Correct Answer
    C. Beat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "beat." The poem "Howl" by Allen Ginsberg is associated with the beat movement, also known as the Beat Generation. This literary and cultural movement emerged in the 1950s and was characterized by a rejection of mainstream societal norms, a focus on personal expression and freedom, and an exploration of alternative lifestyles. "Howl" is considered one of the defining works of this movement, as it embodies the spirit of rebellion and nonconformity that were central to the beat ethos.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the folowing were two characteristics of the U.S. economy after World War II?

    • A.

      High unemployment and scarce goods

    • B.

      Abundant goods and low unemployment

    • C.

      Low unemployment and scarce goods

    • D.

      Abundant goods and high unenployment

    Correct Answer
    B. Abundant goods and low unemployment
    Explanation
    After World War II, the U.S. economy experienced abundant goods and low unemployment. This can be attributed to the economic boom that occurred during this time period. The war had stimulated industrial production and increased government spending, leading to a surge in consumer demand. As a result, there was a high level of production and a wide availability of goods. Additionally, the return of soldiers from war created a large workforce, which contributed to low unemployment rates.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the folowing was achieved under Truman's Fair Deal?

    • A.

      A large increase in Social Security benefits

    • B.

      A broad program of civil rights reforms

    • C.

      A decrease in funding for the TVA

    • D.

      A federal highway bill

    Correct Answer
    A. A large increase in Social Security benefits
    Explanation
    Under Truman's Fair Deal, a large increase in Social Security benefits was achieved. The Fair Deal was a set of domestic policies proposed by President Harry S. Truman in 1949. It aimed to build upon the New Deal policies of Franklin D. Roosevelt and expand the welfare state. One of the key achievements of the Fair Deal was the significant increase in Social Security benefits, which provided financial support for retired and disabled individuals. This expansion helped to improve the social safety net and provide greater economic security for older Americans.

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  • 8. 

    One major cause of the growth of the suburbs was the

    • A.

      Rise in blue collar jobs.

    • B.

      Korean War.

    • C.

      Affordability of homes.

    • D.

      Television.

    Correct Answer
    C. Affordability of homes.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is affordability of homes. The growth of suburbs can be attributed to the fact that homes in these areas were more affordable compared to the city. This allowed people, especially those with lower incomes, to purchase homes and settle in the suburbs. The affordability factor made it an attractive option for many individuals and families who were looking for a more affordable housing solution outside of the city.

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  • 9. 

    Jonas Salk developed the first vaccine for which illness?

    • A.

      Tuberculosis

    • B.

      Cancer

    • C.

      Heart disease

    • D.

      Polio

    Correct Answer
    D. Polio
    Explanation
    Jonas Salk developed the first vaccine for polio. This vaccine, known as the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), was introduced in 1955. Before the development of this vaccine, polio was a highly contagious viral disease that caused paralysis and even death. Salk's vaccine was a major breakthrough in medical history and played a crucial role in the eradication of polio in many parts of the world.

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  • 10. 

    How did the post-World War II baby boom affect American society between 1945 and 1960?

    • A.

      It decreased the demand fo housing.

    • B.

      It bankrupted the Socal Security system.

    • C.

      It increased the need for educational resources.

    • D.

      It encouraged people to migrate to the Sun Belt.

    Correct Answer
    C. It increased the need for educational resources.
    Explanation
    The post-World War II baby boom refers to the significant increase in the birth rate in the United States between 1946 and 1964. This increase in population led to a higher demand for educational resources. As the number of children of school age increased, more schools, teachers, and educational materials were needed to accommodate them. This had a lasting impact on American society during this time period, as educational institutions had to expand and adapt to meet the needs of the growing population of children.

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  • 11. 

    How did television affect the radio industry?

    • A.

      One-fith of the nation's movie theaters closed.

    • B.

      Radio stations started to broadcast soap operas.

    • C.

      The number of radio stations increased as the car created a larger audience.

    • D.

      Radio stations declined in number as the audience turned to television.

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of radio stations increased as the car created a larger audience.
    Explanation
    The introduction of television did not directly cause movie theaters to close or radio stations to decline in number. However, it did lead to an increase in the number of radio stations because the car became a popular mode of transportation, allowing people to listen to the radio while driving. This created a larger audience for radio stations, leading to an increase in their numbers.

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  • 12. 

    The imaginary government marker setting the minimum income required to support a family is called the

    • A.

      Urban renewal.

    • B.

      Poverty line.

    • C.

      Income tax.

    • D.

      Delinquency

    Correct Answer
    B. Poverty line.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "poverty line." The poverty line refers to the minimum income level that is considered necessary to support a family. It is a marker set by the government to determine whether individuals or families are living in poverty or not. This marker helps in measuring poverty rates and determining eligibility for certain government assistance programs. Urban renewal, income tax, and delinquency are unrelated to the concept of setting a minimum income for supporting a family.

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  • 13. 

    The purpose of the Bracero Program was to

    • A.

      Bring workers into the U.S. from Mexico.

    • B.

      Send workers from the U.S. to Mexico.

    • C.

      Find housing for new immigrants.

    • D.

      Deport illegal immigrants.

    Correct Answer
    A. Bring workers into the U.S. from Mexico.
  • 14. 

    The GI Bill boosted the postwar economy by

    • A.

      Instituting a military draft.

    • B.

      Providing veterans with generous loans.

    • C.

      Requiring all veterans to go to college .

    • D.

      Providing veterans white-collar jobs.

    Correct Answer
    B. Providing veterans with generous loans.
    Explanation
    The GI Bill boosted the postwar economy by providing veterans with generous loans. This allowed veterans to pursue higher education or vocational training, which in turn increased their earning potential and contributed to economic growth. By providing financial support to veterans, the GI Bill helped them transition back into civilian life and stimulated economic activity through increased consumer spending and investment. This support also helped to address the high unemployment rates that often occur after periods of war, further strengthening the economy.

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  • 15. 

    What trend in the percentage of suburban dwellers does this graph show?

    • A.

      Fewer people were moving from the cities to the suburbs each year.

    • B.

      More people lived in the suburbs in 1910 than 1950.

    • C.

      More people lived in the cities in 1960 than 1950.

    • D.

      More people lived in the suburbs in 1980 than 1970.

    Correct Answer
    D. More people lived in the suburbs in 1980 than 1970.
    Explanation
    The trend in the percentage of suburban dwellers shown by the graph is that there was an increase in the number of people living in the suburbs from 1970 to 1980.

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  • 16. 

    In what year was there approximately twice the percentage of suburban residents as there had been in 1910?

    • A.

      1930

    • B.

      1940

    • C.

      1950

    • D.

      1960

    Correct Answer
    C. 1950
    Explanation
    In 1950, there was approximately twice the percentage of suburban residents as there had been in 1910.

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  • 17. 

    Many Americans responded to the Soviet launching of Sputnik by demanding that schools

    • A.

      Focus more on math and science.

    • B.

      Offer more physical fitness training.

    • C.

      Require students to learn foreign language.

    • D.

      Require the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance.

    Correct Answer
    A. Focus more on math and science.
    Explanation
    Many Americans responded to the Soviet launching of Sputnik by demanding that schools focus more on math and science. This is because the successful launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957 was seen as a threat to American national security and technological superiority. It revealed a potential gap in science and engineering education in the United States, leading to a push for increased emphasis on math and science in schools to ensure that American students could compete globally in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).

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  • 18. 

    Analyze the document and answer the question that follows: George Gallup, one of the nation's first pollsters, spoke at the University of Iowa in 1953 about the importance of mass media in the United States.  Below is an excerpt from his remarks.      "One of the real threats to Americs's future place in the world is a citizenry which duly elects to be entertained and not informed. From the time the typical citizen arises and looks at his morning newspaper until he turns off his radio or television set befor going to bed, he has unwittingly cast his vote a hundred times for entertainment of for education. Without his knowing it, he has helped to detemine the very character of our three most important media of comunication-the press, radio, and television."    -quoted in Legacy of Freedom, Vol. 2: United States History from Reconstruction to the Present According to Gallup, what is a threat to the future of the United States in the world?

    • A.

      Morning newspapers

    • B.

      Voting

    • C.

      Press, radio, and television

    • D.

      Citizens who choose to be entertained instead of educated and informed.

    Correct Answer
    D. Citizens who choose to be entertained instead of educated and informed.
    Explanation
    According to George Gallup, a threat to the future of the United States in the world is citizens who choose to be entertained instead of educated and informed.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 27, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Thor1872
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