Pols 403 Self-test Quiz: Midterm Exam General Questions (Part 1/2)

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 225

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Pols 403 Self-test Quiz: Midterm Exam General Questions (Part 1/2)

These questions cover up to the midterm.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    “The federal government has attempted to maintain its role as the defender of Medicare’s national dimensions while simultaneously reducing its responsibility and risk for managing the increasing costs and changing expectations within the system.” With this quote, Romanow could be referring to:
    • A. 

      Executive federalism

    • B. 

      The situation in which the provinces were receiving less federal funding but were required to meet federal conditions for program delivery

    • C. 

      The time when the federal government forgot to include program delivery conditions in the EPF

    • D. 

      Recent increases in federal funding transfers

    • E. 

      Lack of action on a national drug plan

  • 2. 
    Welfare state programs could be described, in the reform liberal sense, as government:
    • A. 

      Keeping out of the private sphere and the economy

    • B. 

      Doing for citizens what they are unable to do for themselves

    • C. 

      Maximizing each person’s freedom so long as they do not infringe on another’s freedom

    • D. 

      Maintaining the existing class-based social order

  • 3. 
    Canada’s Constitution:
    • A. 

      Largely gave provinces the responsibility of delivering health and social programs

    • B. 

      Largely gave the federal government the responsibility of delivering health and social programs

    • C. 

      Gave equal responsibility for delivering health and social programs to the federal and provincial governments

    • D. 

      Gave the private sector most responsibilities for delivering health care and social programs

  • 4. 
    In terms of federalism, health authorities:
    • A. 

      Operate above the level of provincial governments

    • B. 

      Operate on a roughly equal level to that of the federal government

    • C. 

      Operate below the level of provincial governments

    • D. 

      Operate on a roughly equal level to that of provincial governments

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    “The federal government announces today that effective January 1, 2010, federal income tax will be reduced by 1.25 percent. The aim of this reduction is to allow more flexibility for the provinces to meet their spending commitments.” This hypothetical announcement refers to:
    • A. 

      Tax points

    • B. 

      Tax sharing/collecting agreements

    • C. 

      Tax abatement

    • D. 

      The 2006 election platform of the Conservative Party of Canada

    • E. 

      Shared-cost funding

  • 6. 
    For the 1970s, the overall fiscal federalism trend was to:
    • A. 

      Increase federal funding to the provinces for health care

    • B. 

      Decrease federal funding to the provinces for health care

    • C. 

      Maintain existing levels of federal funding to the provinces for health care

    • D. 

      Supplement the existing hospital and medical care acts

    • E. 

      Restore the principles of health care

  • 7. 
    The “Fathers of Confederation” deemed health and social matters to be of a “local or private nature,” and not matters of national interest. This suggests a:
    • A. 

      Classical liberal view

    • B. 

      Marxist view

    • C. 

      Reform liberal view

    • D. 

      Technocratic view

    • E. 

      Feminist view

  • 8. 
    The most complicated and controversial fiscal federalism funding method in Canada has been:
    • A. 

      Conditional grants

    • B. 

      Unconditional grants

    • C. 

      Equalization

    • D. 

      Tax points

    • E. 

      The HST

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not a typical welfare state criticism?
    • A. 

      The monetary cost is prohibitive

    • B. 

      Some people come to rely on its programs too much

    • C. 

      It encourages needless overlap of service delivery done by government and nonprofit groups

    • D. 

      It doesn’t achieve its policy goals

    • E. 

      All of the above are common welfare state criticisms

  • 10. 
    The division of powers:
    • A. 

      Was amended to allow for a larger provincial role in health care

    • B. 

      Refers to political organization in a unitary state

    • C. 

      Sets out what the provincial and federal governments can and cannot do

    • D. 

      Allows one level of government to take away the power of another level of government

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    In giving health care responsibilities to regions within a province, regionalization can be said to:
    • A. 

      Absolve the provincial government of some responsibility of leadership in this area

    • B. 

      Allow regions to better direct health care delivery in their area

    • C. 

      Create the appearance of local control of health care delivery

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      The first two responses only

  • 12. 
    A public policy announcement that states, “Government will increase monthly welfare payments by $43 per month” represents:
    • A. 

      Federal-provincial cooperation

    • B. 

      Federal constitutional jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Shared constitutional jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Provincial constitutional jurisdiction

    • E. 

      Concurrent jurisdiction

  • 13. 
    Under __________, the responsibilities of a state are divided into multiple levels. Under __________, the responsibilities for delivering health care are divided into multiple regions.
    • A. 

      Federalism; regionalization

    • B. 

      Regionalization; federalism

    • C. 

      Unitary systems; regionalization

    • D. 

      Regionalization; unitary systems

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    Frequently, federal systems have an advantage over unitary systems in that:
    • A. 

      Citizens feel closer to the decision-making process

    • B. 

      Unique regions enjoy a measure of autonomy

    • C. 

      Limits are placed on the concentration of power in any one government

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      The first and third responses only

  • 15. 
    Which kind of fiscal federalism minimizes the possibility of having national standards for social programs?
    • A. 

      Unconditional grants

    • B. 

      Conditional grants

    • C. 

      Equalization

    • D. 

      Tax points

  • 16. 
    What might be said to have most encouraged the involvement of government in social programs?
    • A. 

      The constitutional amending formulae

    • B. 

      Judicial review

    • C. 

      Ideological change in society’s views

    • D. 

      The 1951 Canadian Sickness Survey

    • E. 

      Globalization

  • 17. 
    A strong health authority board might compromise the regionalization rationale of:
    • A. 

      Better health achieved through health promotion and illness prevention

    • B. 

      Having healthcare provided where people live

    • C. 

      More public participation and accountability

    • D. 

      Decreased provincial control over the delivery of health care in the regions

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    When the correct roles and responsibilities of a level of government are forgotten, mistaken or ignored, then _________ could be of some assistance.
    • A. 

      Fiscal federalism

    • B. 

      Judicial review

    • C. 

      Tax sharing agreements

    • D. 

      Performance agreements

    • E. 

      The Canada Health Act

  • 19. 
    Conditional grants could be said to:
    • A. 

      Minimize the power of the federal government

    • B. 

      Enhance the power of the provincial government

    • C. 

      Enhance the power of the federal government

    • D. 

      Have no effect on the powers of the two levels of government

    • E. 

      Stabilize the power of the two levels of government

  • 20. 
    The Medical Care Act was passed in 1966, yet Canada did not fully have “national” Medicare until several years after that, because of:
    • A. 

      The dysfunctional nature of shared cost programs

    • B. 

      The reform liberal attitude of the time desired more than just coverage for hospital-related costs

    • C. 

      Executive federalism

    • D. 

      Fiscal federalism

    • E. 

      Technocracy

  • 21. 
    A public policy stating, “Government will further reduce the bottom income tax rate by one percentage point to allow low-income families to have more disposable income” best represents:
    • A. 

      Federal-provincial cooperation

    • B. 

      Federal constitutional jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Shared constitutional jurisdiction

    • D. 

      Provincial constitutional jurisdiction

    • E. 

      Concurrent jurisdiction

  • 22. 
    Social program innovations in Canada typically came from:
    • A. 

      The federal government

    • B. 

      The private sector

    • C. 

      The provinces

    • D. 

      Non-profit and charitable organizations

  • 23. 
    Under Marxism’s description of capitalism, the _________ own the means of production and the _________ are slaves to the means of production.
    • A. 

      Citizens; government

    • B. 

      Government; citizens

    • C. 

      Workers; employers

    • D. 

      Employers; workers

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    Welfare state programs could also be described, in the classical liberal sense, as:
    • A. 

      Government failing to keep out of the private sphere and the economy

    • B. 

      Ensuring that each person can enjoy their freedom without infringing on the freedom of others

    • C. 

      Ensuring that the working class stays in its rightful place in the social order

    • D. 

      Government doing for citizens what they are unable to do for themselves

  • 25. 
    A classical liberal would be most likely to support:
    • A. 

      Regionalization, in that it allows greater responsiveness to local needs

    • B. 

      Job creation programs funded by government

    • C. 

      Lifting of a tuition freeze for postsecondary education

    • D. 

      Technocratic decision making and planning

    • E. 

      A national drug program

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