Pollution Facts Quiz

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Pollution Facts Quiz - Quiz

This quiz is based on facts about pollution. Test how much you know about pollution.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What causes pollution?

    • A.

      Cars

    • B.

      Animals

    • C.

      Factories

    • D.

      A and C only

    Correct Answer
    D. A and C only
    Explanation
    Cars and factories are both major contributors to pollution. Cars emit pollutants such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter, which contribute to air pollution. Factories release various pollutants into the air, water, and soil, including greenhouse gases, toxic chemicals, and industrial waste. Animals, on the other hand, do not directly cause pollution on a large scale. While animal agriculture can contribute to pollution through the release of methane and other greenhouse gases, it is not mentioned as a separate option in this question. Therefore, the correct answer is A and C only.

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  • 2. 

    How many people die of air pollution around the world each year?

    • A.

      50,000

    • B.

      1 million

    • C.

      3 million

    • D.

      500,00

    Correct Answer
    C. 3 million
    Explanation
    Air pollution is a significant global issue that can have severe health consequences. The answer of 3 million suggests that this is the estimated number of people who die each year due to air pollution worldwide. This high number highlights the grave impact of air pollution on human health and underscores the urgent need for effective measures to reduce pollution levels and protect public health.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following pollutants can damage lungs?

    • A.

      Ozone

    • B.

      Smog

    • C.

      Carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Nitrogen

    Correct Answer
    B. Smog
    Explanation
    Smog is a mixture of pollutants, including ozone and nitrogen compounds, that can cause damage to the lungs. When inhaled, smog particles can irritate the respiratory system, leading to inflammation and various respiratory problems. Smog is particularly harmful to individuals with pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Carbon dioxide, on the other hand, is not considered a direct lung pollutant as it is a natural component of the atmosphere.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following gases does an automobile produce?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Nitrogen

    • C.

      Helium

    • D.

      Carbon monoxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbon monoxide
    Explanation
    Automobiles produce carbon monoxide as one of the gases. Carbon monoxide is a colorless and odorless gas that is released from the exhaust of vehicles. It is produced when fuel is not completely burned in the engine. Carbon monoxide is toxic and can be harmful to humans and the environment.

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  • 5. 

    This type of pollutant causes acidification of rivers, lakes and also damages tree foliage and degrades soil quality.

    • A.

      Ozone Layer

    • B.

      Acid rain

    • C.

      Oil

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Acid rain
    Explanation
    Acid rain is the correct answer because it is a type of pollutant that causes acidification of rivers, lakes, damages tree foliage, and degrades soil quality. Acid rain occurs when emissions from burning fossil fuels react with the atmosphere and form sulfuric and nitric acids. These acids then fall to the earth as rain, snow, or fog, causing harm to the environment.

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  • 6. 

    When burning fuel for energy, small particles are thrown into the air that are visible in the form of smoke. It is called this type of pollution.  

    • A.

      Black carbon pollution

    • B.

      Indoor pollution

    • C.

      Outdoor pollution

    • D.

      Air pollution

    Correct Answer
    A. Black carbon pollution
    Explanation
    When fuel is burned for energy, it releases small particles into the air that can be seen as smoke. This type of pollution is specifically referred to as black carbon pollution. Black carbon particles are produced by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biomass, and biofuels. These particles can have a significant impact on air quality and climate change, as they absorb sunlight and contribute to the warming of the atmosphere. Therefore, black carbon pollution is a form of air pollution caused by the burning of fuel.

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  • 7. 

    The average temperature around the world has climbed during the previous century due to global warming by this much.

    • A.

      2 degrees Fahrenheit

    • B.

      1 degree Fahrenheit

    • C.

      3 degree Fahrenheit

    • D.

      4 degree Fahrenheit

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 degree Fahrenheit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 degree Fahrenheit. This means that on average, the temperature around the world has increased by 1 degree Fahrenheit over the previous century due to global warming.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following substances is harmful to water?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    D. Oil
    Explanation
    Oil is harmful to water because it is insoluble and forms a thin layer on the surface of water, preventing oxygen from entering the water and suffocating aquatic organisms. Additionally, oil can contain toxic chemicals and pollutants that can contaminate the water and harm marine life.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is ozone not used for?

    • A.

      Bleach

    • B.

      Softening clothes

    • C.

      Sterilizing water

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Bleach
    Explanation
    Ozone is not used for bleaching. Ozone is commonly used for softening clothes and sterilizing water due to its strong oxidizing properties. It is a powerful disinfectant and can effectively kill bacteria and viruses in water. However, ozone does not have bleaching properties and is not typically used for this purpose.

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  • 10. 

    The ozone found in the lowest layer of the atmosphere is often called "bad ozone." What is the name of this atmospheric layer?

    • A.

      stratosphere

    • B.

      Troposphere

    • C.

      Mesosphere

    • D.

      Intersphere

    Correct Answer
    B. Troposphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is troposphere. The troposphere is the lowest layer of the atmosphere where weather occurs. It is where the majority of Earth's ozone is found. The ozone in the troposphere is considered "bad ozone" because it is a pollutant that can cause respiratory issues and contribute to smog. The stratosphere, mesosphere, and intersphere are other layers of the atmosphere, but they do not contain as much ozone as the troposphere.

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  • 11. 

    Ozone pollution is worst at what time of day?

    • A.

      Afternoon

    • B.

      Early evening

    • C.

      A and B only

    • D.

      Nighttime

    Correct Answer
    C. A and B only
    Explanation
    Ozone pollution is worst during the afternoon and early evening. This is because sunlight and heat promote the formation of ozone. In the afternoon, the sunlight is strongest, causing the pollutants to react and form ozone. As the day progresses into the early evening, the temperature remains high, allowing for continued ozone formation. During nighttime, the lack of sunlight and lower temperatures prevent the formation of ozone, making it less prevalent compared to the afternoon and early evening.

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  • 12. 

    The Air Quality Index (AQI) measures which of the following?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Particulate matter

    • C.

      Ultraviolet radiation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Particulate matter
    Explanation
    The Air Quality Index (AQI) measures the level of particulate matter in the air. Particulate matter refers to tiny particles and droplets that are suspended in the air, such as dust, smoke, pollen, and soot. These particles can be harmful to human health when inhaled, especially those that are smaller in size and can penetrate deep into the lungs. Monitoring and measuring the level of particulate matter in the air helps to assess and communicate the air quality to the public, and to take appropriate actions to protect human health and the environment.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is not a symptom of ozone exposure?

    • A.

      Chest Pains

    • B.

      Naseua

    • C.

      Coughing

    • D.

      Sore throat

    Correct Answer
    B. Naseua
    Explanation
    Nausea is not a symptom of ozone exposure. Ozone exposure can cause chest pains, coughing, and a sore throat. Nausea is typically not associated with ozone exposure and may indicate a different health issue.

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  • 14. 

    In the last several years, the level of many air pollutants has:

    • A.

      Increased

    • B.

      Decreased

    • C.

      Stayed the same

    • D.

      Hasn`t changed

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreased
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Decreased". This means that in the last several years, the level of many air pollutants has gone down. This could be due to various factors such as stricter regulations on emissions, increased use of clean energy sources, and improved technology in industries. The decrease in air pollutants is a positive trend as it indicates progress in environmental protection and efforts to improve air quality.

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  • 15. 

    "Good ozone" is found in what layer of the atmosphere?

    • A.

      Troposhphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere

    • C.

      Stratosphere

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratosphere
    Explanation
    Good ozone, also known as ozone layer, is found in the stratosphere. The stratosphere is the second layer of the Earth's atmosphere, located above the troposphere. The ozone layer plays a crucial role in protecting life on Earth by absorbing the majority of the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It acts as a shield against UV-B and UV-C rays, which can cause skin cancer, cataracts, and other harmful effects on both humans and the environment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 14, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Carolannel24
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