Physical Science Module 3

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Corrys
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Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 9,474
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Physical Science Module Quizzes & Trivia

This is a modification of the Module test. Enjoy!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The mass of air surrounding a planet is known as:

    • A.

      Humidity

    • B.

      Fog

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Greenhouse effect

    Correct Answer
    C. Atmosphere
    Explanation
    The mass of air surrounding a planet is known as the atmosphere. It consists of various gases, such as nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and others. The atmosphere plays a crucial role in protecting the planet by absorbing harmful solar radiation and regulating temperature. It also enables weather patterns and supports life by providing oxygen for respiration.

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  • 2. 

    An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure is known as a:

    • A.

      Micrometer

    • B.

      Humidity Gauge

    • C.

      Thermometer

    • D.

      Barometer

    Correct Answer
    D. Barometer
    Explanation
    A barometer is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. It consists of a glass tube filled with mercury or other liquid, with one end sealed and the other end open to the atmosphere. As the atmospheric pressure changes, the level of the liquid in the tube rises or falls. This allows for the measurement of changes in air pressure, which can be used to predict weather patterns and make forecasts. A micrometer is used to measure small distances, a humidity gauge measures the amount of moisture in the air, and a thermometer measures temperature.

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  • 3. 

    The lower layer of earth's atmosphere, which exists from ground level to roughly 80 kilometers (50 miles) above sea level, is known as:

    • A.

      Heterosphere

    • B.

      Homosphere

    • C.

      Ozone

    • D.

      Heat index

    Correct Answer
    B. Homosphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Homosphere. The homosphere is the lower layer of the Earth's atmosphere, extending from ground level up to approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) above sea level. In this region, the gases in the atmosphere are well-mixed and evenly distributed. The composition of the homosphere remains relatively constant, with the majority of gases, such as nitrogen and oxygen, being present in consistent proportions. This layer is important for weather patterns, air quality, and the overall climate of the Earth.

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  • 4. 

    The upper layer of earth's atmosphere, which exists higher than roughly 80 kilometers (50 miles) above sea level, is known as:

    • A.

      Heterosphere

    • B.

      Ozone

    • C.

      Homosphere

    • D.

      Aurora Borealis

    Correct Answer
    A. Heterosphere
    Explanation
    The upper layer of the earth's atmosphere, known as the heterosphere, exists above approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) above sea level. In this region, the gases in the atmosphere are not uniformly mixed, but instead, they separate into distinct layers based on their molecular weight. This separation occurs due to the difference in gravitational forces acting on the gases. The heterosphere is characterized by a gradual decrease in density with increasing altitude and is responsible for phenomena such as the aurora borealis.

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  • 5. 

    Narrow bands of high-speed winds that circle the earth, blowing from west to east is known as:

    • A.

      Straight Line Winds

    • B.

      Tornadoes

    • C.

      Jet Streams

    • D.

      Gulf Streams

    Correct Answer
    C. Jet Streams
    Explanation
    Jet streams are narrow bands of high-speed winds that circle the earth, blowing from west to east. They are found in the upper levels of the atmosphere, typically between 30,000 and 40,000 feet. Jet streams play a crucial role in weather patterns and can greatly affect the movement of air masses and weather systems. They are important for aviation as they can either assist or hinder the speed and direction of aircraft. Jet streams are not to be confused with straight line winds, tornadoes, or Gulf streams, as they have distinct characteristics and functions.

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  • 6. 

    Energy that is transferred as a consequence of temperature differences is known as:

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Cold

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      Water vapor

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat
    Explanation
    Heat is the correct answer because it is the form of energy that is transferred due to temperature differences. When there is a temperature gradient, heat flows from the higher temperature region to the lower temperature region. It is the transfer of thermal energy between objects or systems. Heat can be measured in units such as calories or joules, and it can cause changes in the state or temperature of an object.

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  • 7. 

    A measure of the energy of random motion in a substance's molecules is known as:

    • A.

      Atmosphere

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Humidity

    • D.

      Vibration

    Correct Answer
    B. Temperature
    Explanation
    Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules in a substance. It represents the energy of random motion within the molecules. When the temperature increases, the molecules move faster and have more energy. Conversely, when the temperature decreases, the molecules move slower and have less energy. Therefore, temperature is the correct answer as it directly relates to the energy of random motion in a substance's molecules.

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  • 8. 

    If you want to study weather, which region of the atmosphere would you study?

    • A.

      Exosphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere

    • C.

      Stratosphere

    • D.

      Thermosphere

    • E.

      Troposphere

    Correct Answer
    E. Troposphere
    Explanation
    The troposphere is the correct answer because it is the lowest region of the atmosphere, extending from the Earth's surface up to about 12 kilometers. It is where weather phenomena occur, such as clouds, rain, and storms. By studying the troposphere, scientists can gain insights into various weather patterns and atmospheric conditions that impact our daily lives.

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  • 9. 

    If you want to study the ozone layer, which region of the atmosphere would you study?

    • A.

      Exosphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere

    • C.

      Stratosphere

    • D.

      Thermosphere

    • E.

      Troposphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratosphere
    Explanation
    The stratosphere is the region of the atmosphere where the ozone layer is located. The ozone layer is a protective layer of ozone gas that absorbs most of the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Therefore, if you want to study the ozone layer, you would need to focus on the stratosphere. The other options, including the exosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and troposphere, do not contain significant amounts of ozone and are not directly related to the study of the ozone layer.

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  • 10. 

    If a sample of air is predominately oxygen, it most likely came from the homosphere.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because if a sample of air is predominately oxygen, it is more likely to have come from the heterosphere rather than the homosphere. The homosphere is the lower part of the atmosphere where the composition of gases is relatively uniform, while the heterosphere is the upper part of the atmosphere where gases tend to separate into distinct layers based on their molecular weight. Oxygen is a heavier gas, so it is more likely to be found in the upper layers of the heterosphere rather than the homosphere.

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  • 11. 

    Which regions of the atmosphere are in the homosphere?

    • A.

      Exosphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere, Troposphere, Exosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere

    • D.

      Thermosphere, Exosphere, Troposphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere
    Explanation
    The homosphere refers to the lower part of the Earth's atmosphere where the composition of gases is relatively uniform. It extends from the surface of the Earth up to about 80-100 kilometers. The correct answer, Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, includes the three regions that are part of the homosphere. The Troposphere is the lowest layer where weather occurs, the Stratosphere contains the ozone layer, and the Mesosphere is the third layer where meteors burn up.

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  • 12. 

    Which regions of the atmosphere are in the heterosphere?

    • A.

      Exosphere, Mesosphere

    • B.

      Stratosphere, Thermosphere

    • C.

      Troposphere, Mesosphere

    • D.

      Thermosphere, Exosphere

    Correct Answer
    D. Thermosphere, Exosphere
    Explanation
    The heterosphere is the upper layer of the Earth's atmosphere where the gases are not evenly mixed. In this region, the lighter gases like hydrogen and helium tend to rise to higher altitudes due to their low molecular weight. The heavier gases like nitrogen and oxygen are concentrated at lower altitudes. The thermosphere and exosphere are the regions of the atmosphere where this phenomenon occurs, making them the correct answer. The other options, such as the stratosphere and troposphere, do not exhibit this characteristic of uneven gas distribution.

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  • 13. 

    A barometer develops a leak in the column which is supposed to be free of air.  As air seeps into the column, what will happen to the height of the liquid in that column?

    • A.

      The height of the column will increase.

    • B.

      The height of the column will decrease.

    • C.

      There will be no change in the height of the column.

    Correct Answer
    B. The height of the column will decrease.
    Explanation
    When air seeps into the column of the barometer, the height of the liquid in the column will decrease. This is because the presence of air will displace some of the liquid in the column, causing it to have a lower height.

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  • 14. 

    In what region(s) of the homosphere does temperature increase with increasing altitude?

    • A.

      Exosphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere

    • C.

      Stratosphere

    • D.

      Thermosphere

    • E.

      Troposphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratosphere
    Explanation
    In the stratosphere, temperature increases with increasing altitude. This is due to the presence of the ozone layer, which absorbs and re-emits solar radiation, causing a temperature inversion. As altitude increases, the concentration of ozone increases, leading to a rise in temperature. The other regions mentioned, such as the exosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, and troposphere, do not exhibit this temperature trend.

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  • 15. 

    The "ozone hole" is a seasonal phenomenon that exists mostly at the South Pole with the aid of the Polar Vortex.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The ozone hole is a real phenomenon that occurs primarily at the South Pole. It is caused by the presence of the Polar Vortex, a large-scale circulation pattern in the atmosphere. The Polar Vortex traps cold air and isolates it from the rest of the atmosphere, creating a unique environment where chemical reactions can take place that deplete the ozone layer. This phenomenon is primarily observed during the Antarctic spring, hence it is a seasonal occurrence. Therefore, the statement "The ozone hole is a seasonal phenomenon that exists mostly at the South Pole with the aid of the Polar Vortex" is true.

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  • 16. 

    We all know that ice melts because of heat.  Is it correct to say that ice also freezes because of heat?

    • A.

      No, heat cannot freeze water.

    • B.

      Depends upon the initial degree of heat in the water.

    • C.

      Yes, because heat is energy that is being transferred from the water to the surroundings.

    Correct Answer
    C. Yes, because heat is energy that is being transferred from the water to the surroundings.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Yes, because heat is energy that is being transferred from the water to the surroundings." When ice freezes, it releases heat energy to the surroundings. This energy transfer causes the water molecules to slow down and form a solid structure, resulting in the freezing of ice. Therefore, heat plays a crucial role in the freezing process of water.

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  • 17. 

    If you were able to measure the speed of the molecules in the air while you were traveling up through the troposphere, would the speed of the molecules increase, decrease, or stay the same as your altitude increased?

    • A.

      Increase

    • B.

      Decrease

    • C.

      Stay the same

    Correct Answer
    B. Decrease
    Explanation
    As altitude increases, the air pressure decreases. Since the speed of gas molecules is directly proportional to the temperature and inversely proportional to the pressure, the speed of the molecules would decrease as altitude increases. This is because the decrease in air pressure at higher altitudes leads to a decrease in the average kinetic energy of the gas molecules, resulting in a decrease in their speed.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 02, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Corrys
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