How Much You Know About Pharyngitis? Quiz

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How Much You Know About Pharyngitis? Quiz - Quiz


How much you know about Pharyngitis quiz. Pharyngitis is known in simpler terms as a sore throat, and it is important for one to know what causes it and how to nurse it. One of the major causes of a sore throat is a cold or dry mouth. It can last for five to seven days. This quiz is designed to help you test out just how much you know about some of the causes and remedies for this discomfort.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The stylopharyngeus muscle is innervated by

    • A.

      CN V

    • B.

      CN VII

    • C.

      CN IX

    • D.

      X

    Correct Answer
    C. CN IX
    Explanation
    The stylopharyngeus muscle is innervated by CN IX, also known as the glossopharyngeal nerve. This nerve is responsible for providing motor innervation to the stylopharyngeus muscle, which helps in the process of swallowing and elevating the pharynx during swallowing. CN V, also known as the trigeminal nerve, is responsible for sensory innervation of the face and motor innervation of the muscles of mastication. CN VII, also known as the facial nerve, is responsible for motor innervation of the muscles of facial expression. CN X, also known as the vagus nerve, is responsible for motor innervation of the muscles of the pharynx and larynx.

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  • 2. 

    Streptococcal pharyngitis is less common in infants because

    • A.

      Not part of flora yet

    • B.

      Strep. pneumo is more virulent

    • C.

      IgG protection from mother

    • D.

      Decreased exposure to other children

    Correct Answer
    C. IgG protection from mother
    Explanation
    Infants are less likely to develop streptococcal pharyngitis because they receive passive immunity from their mother through the transfer of IgG antibodies. These antibodies provide protection against the streptococcal bacteria, reducing the risk of infection. As infants have not yet developed their own immune system and their flora is not fully established, the transfer of maternal antibodies helps to protect them from various infections, including streptococcal pharyngitis.

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  • 3. 

    Grisel Syndrome is associated with

    • A.

      Glomerlular nephritis

    • B.

      AA subluxation

    • C.

      Calcified Mitral valve

    • D.

      Bilateral PTA

    Correct Answer
    B. AA subluxation
    Explanation
    Grisel Syndrome is a rare condition characterized by atlantoaxial subluxation, which is the displacement of the first and second cervical vertebrae. This condition typically occurs following an infection or inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, leading to ligament laxity and instability in the neck. As a result, the atlantoaxial joint becomes misaligned, causing subluxation. This can lead to compression of the spinal cord and neurological symptoms. Therefore, the correct answer is AA subluxation.

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  • 4. 

    A ten-year-old female presents with severe throat pain and grey-black pseudo-membranous pharyngitis, what is the expected organism.

    • A.

      Gram positive bacilli

    • B.

      Gram positive cocci

    • C.

      Gram positive pseudo-spores in chains

    • D.

      Gram positive rods

    Correct Answer
    D. Gram positive rods
    Explanation
    The presence of severe throat pain and grey-black pseudo-membranous pharyngitis suggests a case of diphtheria, which is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. C. diphtheriae is a Gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium, hence the correct answer is Gram positive rods.

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  • 5. 

    The best choice for the paroxysmal stage of pertussis is

    • A.

      Cephalosporin

    • B.

      Penicillin derivatives

    • C.

      Macrolides

    • D.

      Oral codeine

    Correct Answer
    D. Oral codeine
    Explanation
    Oral codeine is the best choice for the paroxysmal stage of pertussis because it helps to suppress coughing and provide relief from symptoms. Codeine is an opioid that acts on the cough center in the brain, reducing the frequency and intensity of coughing spells. It is effective in controlling the severe coughing fits that are characteristic of the paroxysmal stage of pertussis. Other options like cephalosporin, penicillin derivatives, and macrolides may be used in other stages of pertussis or for treating the underlying bacterial infection, but they do not directly address the coughing symptoms.

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  • 6. 

    A 3 to 5 mm Mitsuda reaction is associated with

    • A.

      Tuberculoid Leprosy

    • B.

      Lepromatous Leprosy

    • C.

      Intermediate

    • D.

      Strongly Positive reaction

    Correct Answer
    C. Intermediate
    Explanation
    A 3 to 5 mm Mitsuda reaction is associated with an Intermediate reaction. This means that there is a moderate immune response to the tuberculoid leprosy bacteria.

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  • 7. 

    All of the following medications are associated with SJS except

    • A.

      Sulfonamide

    • B.

      Anti-convulsants

    • C.

      Barbiturates

    • D.

      Antivirals

    Correct Answer
    D. Antivirals
    Explanation
    SJS, or Stevens-Johnson syndrome, is a severe and potentially life-threatening skin condition. It is commonly associated with certain medications, including sulfonamide antibiotics, anti-convulsants, and barbiturates. However, antivirals are not typically associated with SJS. Therefore, the correct answer is antivirals.

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  • 8. 

    Nikolsky sign is most often seen on mucosal surfaces.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Nikolsky sign is a clinical sign characterized by the detachment of the epidermis upon gentle pressure on the skin. It is most commonly associated with certain blistering skin diseases, such as pemphigus vulgaris and toxic epidermal necrolysis. While it can occur on mucosal surfaces, it is actually more frequently seen on the skin. Therefore, the statement that the Nikolsky sign is most often seen on mucosal surfaces is false.

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  • 9. 

    What age group does Mono-spot become effective?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      >20

    Correct Answer
    B. 10
    Explanation
    Mono-spot, also known as the Monospot test, is a diagnostic test used to detect the presence of antibodies that are produced in response to the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which causes mononucleosis. This test becomes effective at the age of 10 because it is during this age that most children have been exposed to EBV and have developed antibodies against it. Therefore, the test is more likely to accurately detect the presence of the virus in individuals above the age of 10.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 12, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Pascolini
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