Pharm- Opportunistic Infections Pic Quiz

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| By Chinedua
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Quizzes Created: 22 | Total Attempts: 48,420
Questions: 27 | Attempts: 114

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Pharm- Opportunistic Infections Pic Quiz - Quiz

Picture quiz for pharmacology Opportunistic infections quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is the best description of this picture?

    • A.

      Superficial histoplasmosis infection

    • B.

      Cuntaneous candidiasis

    • C.

      Leishmaniasis

    • D.

      Allergic reaction to coccioides

    Correct Answer
    D. Allergic reaction to coccioides
  • 2. 

    Which of the following best describes this picture?

    • A.

      Strawberry cervix

    • B.

      Candidiasis

    • C.

      Trichomoniasis

    • D.

      Tinea vaginatum

    Correct Answer
    B. Candidiasis
    Explanation
    The picture most likely shows symptoms of candidiasis, a fungal infection caused by the overgrowth of Candida yeast. Candidiasis commonly affects the genital area and can cause itching, redness, and a white, cottage cheese-like discharge. The other options, such as strawberry cervix (a characteristic appearance of the cervix in certain infections), trichomoniasis (a sexually transmitted infection causing similar symptoms), and tinea vaginatum (a fungal infection affecting the groin area), do not seem to be the best descriptions for the picture based on the given information.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following may have contributed the most to the development of this infection?

    • A.

      Disseminated tuberculosis

    • B.

      Antibiotic therapy

    • C.

      Allergic reaction to histoplasmosis

    • D.

      Trichomonas vaginalis infestation

    Correct Answer
    B. Antibiotic therapy
    Explanation
    Antibiotic therapy may have contributed the most to the development of this infection. Antibiotics are medications used to treat bacterial infections, but they can also disrupt the balance of bacteria in the body, including beneficial bacteria that help protect against infections. This disruption can allow opportunistic pathogens, such as fungi or other bacteria, to multiply and cause infections. Therefore, the use of antibiotics can sometimes lead to the development of secondary infections, including fungal infections like histoplasmosis.

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  • 4. 

    This systemic fungal infection was most likely caused by which of the following?

    • A.

      Blastomycosis

    • B.

      Systemic candidiasis

    • C.

      Coccidioidomycosis

    • D.

      Giardia lamblia

    Correct Answer
    C. Coccidioidomycosis
    Explanation
    Coccidioidomycosis is the most likely cause of this systemic fungal infection. Blastomycosis is a fungal infection that primarily affects the lungs and skin, while systemic candidiasis is caused by the yeast Candida and typically affects immunocompromised individuals. Giardia lamblia is a parasite that causes gastrointestinal infection. Coccidioidomycosis, on the other hand, is a fungal infection caused by the inhalation of spores from the soil fungus Coccidioides. It primarily affects the lungs but can spread to other parts of the body, causing systemic symptoms. Therefore, coccidioidomycosis is the most appropriate answer for this question.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following would be used to treat this condition?

    • A.

      Ciclopirox (loprox)

    • B.

      Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

    • C.

      Naftifine (Naftin)

    • D.

      Butrenafine (Mentax)

    Correct Answer
    C. Naftifine (Naftin)
    Explanation
    Naftifine (Naftin) would be used to treat the condition mentioned in the question.

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  • 6. 

    The cause of this infection is most likely which of the following?

    • A.

      Trichomoniasis

    • B.

      Gardia lamblia

    • C.

      Toxoplasmosis

    • D.

      Leishmaniasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Leishmaniasis
    Explanation
    Leishmaniasis is the most likely cause of the infection because it is a parasitic disease caused by the Leishmania parasite, which is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected sandflies. Trichomoniasis, giardia lamblia, and toxoplasmosis are all caused by different pathogens and have different modes of transmission, making them less likely to be the cause in this case.

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  • 7. 

    Appropriate treatment for this patient would include which of the following drugs?

    • A.

      Mebendazole (Vermox)

    • B.

      Pentamidine (Pentam)

    • C.

      Pyrantel (Pin-X)

    • D.

      Isoniazid (INH)

    Correct Answer
    B. Pentamidine (Pentam)
    Explanation
    Pentamidine (Pentam) would be the appropriate treatment for this patient. This drug is commonly used to treat a parasitic infection called leishmaniasis, which is caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania. Mebendazole is used to treat intestinal worm infections, while Pyrantel is used for pinworm infections. Isoniazid is an antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis, but it is not effective against parasitic infections. Therefore, Pentamidine is the most suitable option for the patient's condition.

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  • 8. 

    How should this condition be treated?

    • A.

      Nizoral BID

    • B.

      Nystatin Powder (Ped-Dri) BID-TID

    • C.

      Econazole (Spectazole)

    • D.

      Miconazole (Oravig)

    Correct Answer
    B. Nystatin Powder (Ped-Dri) BID-TID
    Explanation
    The condition should be treated with Nystatin Powder (Ped-Dri) BID-TID.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements best describes the treatment for this condition?

    • A.

      Short term 6-12 weeks

    • B.

      Usually treatable with one medication

    • C.

      Can be stopped if patient is asymptomatic

    • D.

      Most frequently treated with Isoniazid (INH)

    • E.

      C & D

    Correct Answer
    D. Most frequently treated with Isoniazid (INH)
    Explanation
    The most frequently used medication for the treatment of this condition is Isoniazid (INH). This suggests that INH is the preferred or commonly used drug for treating this condition.

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  • 10. 

    The name of this protozoa is?

    • A.

      Giardia lamblia

    • B.

      Entomeoba histolytica

    • C.

      Trichomonas vaginalis

    • D.

      Toxoplasma gondii

    Correct Answer
    A. Giardia lamblia
    Explanation
    Giardia lamblia is the correct answer because it is a protozoa that causes the infection known as giardiasis. It is commonly found in contaminated water and causes gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea. Entomeoba histolytica is a protozoa that causes amoebiasis, a disease characterized by dysentery. Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoa that causes trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infection. Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoa that causes toxoplasmosis, a disease that can be transmitted through contaminated food or contact with infected animals.

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  • 11. 

    How would infection with this helminth be treated?

    • A.

      Praziquantel (Biltricide)

    • B.

      Pyrantel (Pin-X)

    • C.

      Albendizole (Albenza)

    • D.

      Chloroquine (Aralen)

    Correct Answer
    B. Pyrantel (Pin-X)
    Explanation
    Pyrantel (Pin-X) is the correct answer for treating infection with this helminth. Pyrantel is an anthelmintic medication that is effective against various types of parasitic worms, including helminths. It works by paralyzing the worms' muscles, causing them to detach from the intestinal walls and be expelled from the body through bowel movements. This medication is commonly used to treat infections caused by roundworms and hookworms.

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  • 12. 

     This picture depicts infection by which of the following organisms?

    • A.

      Candidiasis

    • B.

      Histoplasmosis

    • C.

      Toxoplasma gondii

    • D.

      Leishmaniasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Histoplasmosis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is histoplasmosis. This can be inferred from the picture, which likely shows the characteristic features of an infection caused by the organism responsible for histoplasmosis. Other options such as candidiasis, toxoplasma gondii, and leishmaniasis can be ruled out based on the picture not matching the typical appearance of infections caused by these organisms.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following drugs can treat this condition?

    • A.

      Butrenafine (Mentax)

    • B.

      Oxiconazole (Oxistat)

    • C.

      Tinidazole (Tindamax)

    • D.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

    Correct Answer
    D. Fluconazole (Diflucan)
    Explanation
    Fluconazole (Diflucan) is the correct answer because it is an antifungal medication that can effectively treat various fungal infections, including the condition mentioned in the question. Butrenafine (Mentax) and Oxiconazole (Oxistat) are also antifungal drugs, but they are typically used to treat different types of fungal infections and may not be effective for the specific condition mentioned. Tinidazole (Tindamax) is an antibiotic used to treat certain types of bacterial infections and would not be appropriate for treating a fungal infection.

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  • 14. 

    This infection can be treated with which of the following drugs?

    • A.

      Ciclopirox (loprox)

    • B.

      Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

    • C.

      Terbinafine (Lamisil)

    • D.

      Butoconazole (Gynazole-1)

    Correct Answer
    D. Butoconazole (Gynazole-1)
    Explanation
    Butoconazole (Gynazole-1) is not the correct answer for treating this infection. The question is asking for the drug that can treat the infection, and Butoconazole is not indicated for treating infections. The correct answer should be one of the other options provided, such as Ciclopirox, Ketoconazole, or Terbinafine, as these drugs are commonly used to treat various types of infections.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following would be a possible prescription for this patient?

    • A.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan) 150 mg PO/IV q.d.

    • B.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan) 100 mg PO/IV q.d.

    • C.

      Amphotericin B 1 mg/kg q.o.d.

    • D.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan) 150 mg PO X 1

    Correct Answer
    B. Fluconazole (Diflucan) 100 mg PO/IV q.d.
    Explanation
    The possible prescription for this patient would be Fluconazole (Diflucan) 100 mg PO/IV q.d. This is because Fluconazole is an antifungal medication commonly used to treat fungal infections. The dosage of 100 mg is appropriate for this patient and can be taken orally or intravenously once a day.

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  • 16. 

    What would be a possible treatment for this condition?

    • A.

      Nystatin (Mycostatin)

    • B.

      Tioconazole (Monistat 1-Day)

    • C.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

    • D.

      Butrenafine (Mentax)

    Correct Answer
    D. Butrenafine (Mentax)
    Explanation
    Butenafine (Mentax) is a possible treatment for this condition because it is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections of the skin. It works by inhibiting the growth of fungi and preventing the formation of their cell membranes. This makes it effective in treating conditions caused by fungi, such as athlete's foot, jock itch, and ringworm. Nystatin, tioconazole, and fluconazole are also antifungal medications, but they are generally used to treat different types of fungal infections and may not be as effective for the specific condition mentioned in the question.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following would not be recommended for treatment of this condition?

    • A.

      Econazole (Spectazole)

    • B.

      Naftifine (Naftin)

    • C.

      Tinidazole (Tindamax)

    • D.

      Sertraconazole (Ertaczo)

    Correct Answer
    C. Tinidazole (Tindamax)
    Explanation
    tinidazole is a non-malarial antiprotozoal

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  • 18. 

    Which is true about this condition?

    • A.

      Is an allergic RX to coccidioidomycosis

    • B.

      Treatable with terconazole (terazol)

    • C.

      Superficial tinea infection

    • D.

      Treatable with tinidazole (tindamax)

    • E.

      C & D

    Correct Answer
    C. Superficial tinea infection
    Explanation
    The given condition is a superficial tinea infection. This means that it is a fungal infection that affects the skin, hair, or nails. Tinea infections are caused by different types of fungi and can occur in various parts of the body. They are typically treated with antifungal medications, such as terconazole (terazol) or tinidazole (tindamax), which help to eliminate the fungal infection. Therefore, the correct answer is that the condition is a superficial tinea infection.

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  • 19. 

    what is true about these two conditions?

    • A.

      Both are caused by candidiasis

    • B.

      Both are caused by tinea

    • C.

      Both can be treated with Terconazole (Terazol)

    • D.

      Are caused by different etiologies

    Correct Answer
    D. Are caused by different etiologies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that both conditions are caused by different etiologies. This means that the two conditions have different causes or origins. It implies that candidiasis and tinea are not caused by the same factors or organisms. Therefore, they would require different treatments and management approaches.

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  • 20. 

    which of the following drugs can treat both of these conditions?

    • A.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

    • B.

      Ciclopirox (loprox)

    • C.

      Sertraconazole (Ertaczo)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Ciclopirox (loprox)
    Explanation
    Ciclopirox (loprox) is the correct answer because it is a broad-spectrum antifungal medication that can effectively treat both fungal infections like ringworm and yeast infections like vaginal candidiasis. Fluconazole (Diflucan) and Sertraconazole (Ertaczo) are also antifungal drugs, but they have more specific uses and may not be effective for both conditions. Therefore, the correct drug that can treat both conditions is Ciclopirox (loprox).

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  • 21. 

    This is best described as?

    • A.

      Systemic candidiasis infection

    • B.

      Disseminated tuberculosis

    • C.

      Superficial tinea infection

    • D.

      Tinea pedis

    • E.

      B & D

    Correct Answer
    C. Superficial tinea infection
    Explanation
    The correct answer is superficial tinea infection because systemic candidiasis infection and disseminated tuberculosis are both more severe and involve infection spreading throughout the body. Tinea pedis specifically refers to a fungal infection of the foot, whereas superficial tinea infection is a more general term that can refer to fungal infections on various parts of the body, such as the skin, nails, or scalp. Therefore, superficial tinea infection is the best description for the given answer.

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  • 22. 

    Treatment for this condition would be which of the following?

    • A.

      Terconazole (Terazol)

    • B.

      Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

    • C.

      Mebendazole (Vermox)

    • D.

      Pyrantel (Pin-x)

    Correct Answer
    B. Ketoconazole (Nizoral)
    Explanation
    Ketoconazole (Nizoral) is the correct answer for the treatment of this condition. Ketoconazole is an antifungal medication that is commonly used to treat fungal infections, including yeast infections. It works by inhibiting the growth of fungi, thereby stopping the infection. Terconazole (Terazol) is also an antifungal medication used to treat vaginal yeast infections. Mebendazole (Vermox) and Pyrantel (Pin-x) are anthelmintic medications used to treat parasitic worm infections, not fungal infections.

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  • 23. 

    This infection may be treated with which of the following?

    • A.

      Mebendazole (Vermox)

    • B.

      Praziquantel (Biltricide)

    • C.

      Streptomycin

    • D.

      Ciclopirox (Loprox)

    Correct Answer
    D. Ciclopirox (Loprox)
    Explanation
    Ciclopirox (Loprox) may be used to treat the infection mentioned in the question. Mebendazole (Vermox) is an anthelmintic medication used to treat certain types of worm infections, not the mentioned infection. Praziquantel (Biltricide) is an anthelmintic medication used to treat certain types of parasitic worm infections, not the mentioned infection. Streptomycin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections, not the mentioned infection. Therefore, ciclopirox (Loprox) is the correct answer.

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  • 24. 

    How could this infection with this organism be treated?

    • A.

      Pyrantel (Pin-x)

    • B.

      Mebendazole (Vermox)

    • C.

      Chlorquine (Aralen)

    • D.

      Praziquantel (Biltricide)

    Correct Answer
    D. Praziquantel (Biltricide)
    Explanation
    Praziquantel (Biltricide) is the correct answer for treating the infection with this organism. Praziquantel is an antiparasitic medication commonly used to treat infections caused by various types of parasites, including certain types of worms. It works by paralyzing the worms, causing them to detach from the intestinal walls and be expelled from the body. This medication is effective against a wide range of parasites, making it a suitable choice for treating this particular infection. Pyrantel, Mebendazole, and Chloroquine are also antiparasitic medications, but they may not be as effective or appropriate for treating this specific infection.

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  • 25. 

    this picture is most closely related to which of the following?

    • A.

      Candidiasis

    • B.

      Trichomoniasis

    • C.

      Pneumocystosis

    • D.

      Leishmaniasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Trichomoniasis
    Explanation
    This picture is most closely related to trichomoniasis. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Symptoms of trichomoniasis include vaginal itching, burning, and discharge. The picture could be depicting the microscopic view of the parasite or the symptoms associated with the infection.

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  • 26. 

    Approptriate treatment for this condition would include?

    • A.

      Metronidazole (Flagyl)

    • B.

      Mebendazole (Vermox)

    • C.

      Fluconazole (Diflucan)

    • D.

      Naftifine (Naftin)

    Correct Answer
    A. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
    Explanation
    Metronidazole (Flagyl) is the appropriate treatment for this condition. Metronidazole is an antibiotic that is effective against certain types of bacteria and parasites. It is commonly used to treat infections caused by anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. Since the question does not provide specific information about the condition, it is difficult to determine the exact reason why metronidazole is the correct choice. However, it is likely that this medication is the most effective option based on the type of infection or condition being treated.

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  • 27. 

    This patient will most likely present with which of the following?

    • A.

      Malodorous discharge

    • B.

      PH < 5.0

    • C.

      Symptoms more prominent in male partner

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Malodorous discharge
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "malodorous discharge" because it is a common symptom of bacterial vaginosis, a condition characterized by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis can cause a fishy odor and is often accompanied by a thin, grayish-white discharge. The other options, pH < 5.0 and symptoms more prominent in male partner, are not specific to bacterial vaginosis and may be indicative of other conditions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 04, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Chinedua
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