Battles Of The Persian Wars

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 283

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Battles Of The Persian Wars

Have you watched the movie or read the book on Battles of the Persian Wars? If you have, then you understand what we are talking about. The quiz below tests what you grasped from it. All the best as you flashback on it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Ionian revolt was significant because
    • A. 

      The Greeks beat the Persians for the first time

    • B. 

      The Athenians and the Spartans fought together for the first time

    • C. 

      The help given to the Ionians by Athens angered Darius

    • D. 

      Miltiades learnt knowldge of Persian military tactics

    • E. 

      Both c and d are correct

  • 2. 
    The order of the battles in the Persian Wars is:
    • A. 

      Marathon, Thermoplylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, Mycale

    • B. 

      Artemisium, Salamis, Marathon, Thermoplylae, Plataea, Mycale

    • C. 

      Marathon, Plataea, Thermoplyae, Salamis, Artemisium, Mycale

    • D. 

      Thermoplylae, Artemisium, Marathon,Plataea, Mycale, Salamis

  • 3. 
    The Persian leaders were:
    • A. 

      Darius, Themistocles, Xerxes, Mardonius

    • B. 

      Themistocles, Herodotus, Leonidas

    • C. 

      Darius, Xerxes, Mardonius

    • D. 

      Aeschylus, Herodotus, Xerxes

  • 4. 
    The Greek leaders were
    • A. 

      Militiades, Themistocles, Leonidas, Pausanias

    • B. 

      Aeschylus, Herodotus, Themistocles

    • C. 

      Militiades, Themistocles, Xerxes, Darius

    • D. 

      Richard, Joel, Ethan, Adrian, Andrew, Reece

  • 5. 
    The Athenians and Plataeans won at Marathon because
    • A. 

      The Persian fleet was destroyed by a huge storm and the Greeks used their boats to ram the Persian ones

    • B. 

      The Persian cavalry was not used and the Greeks ran at the Persians which negated their arrows

    • C. 

      Their strategy of weakening the middle and strenthening the wings allowed them to surround the Persians

    • D. 

      The Persians did not have enough soldiers

    • E. 

      Both b and c are correct

  • 6. 
    Marathon was significant for the Greeks because
    • A. 

      It was a moral victory for Athenian democracy, they realised the Persians were no longer unbeatable however in their optimism they underestimated the future danger to them

    • B. 

      Persia was defeated and was never a force again

    • C. 

      The Athenians and the Spartans fought together for the first time

    • D. 

      Athens gained in prestige and Sparta was jealous of them

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the Persian dead were buried

    • B. 

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the Athenian and Persian dead were buried

    • C. 

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the 192 Athenians killed were cremated and buried in memory of their heroics

    • D. 

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the 192 Spartans killed were cremated and buried in memory of their heroics

  • 8. 
    Persian preparations included:
    • A. 

      The congress of the Isthmus, consulting the Delphic Oracle, devising the strategy to fight in restricted areas

    • B. 

      Recruiting a massive army and navy, cutting of the Athos canal, bridging the Hellespont, setting up supply depots

    • C. 

      Devising the strategy to fight in restricted areas and making demands for earth and water as tokens of submission

  • 9. 
    At the Congress of the Isthmus:
    • A. 

      31 Greek states agreed that Athens would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to face trial

    • B. 

      31 Greek states agreed that Sparta would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to face trial

    • C. 

      31 Greek states agreed that Persia was no threat

    • D. 

      31 Greek states agreed that Sparta would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to be consulted

  • 10. 
    The second invasion by Persia was in
    • A. 

      490 BC

    • B. 

      492 BC

    • C. 

      469 BC

    • D. 

      480-479 BC

  • 11. 
    G
    • A. 

      Persian Immortals

    • B. 

      Greek hoplites in a phalanx

  • 12. 
    Greek hoplites differed from Persian soldiers because
    • A. 

      The Greeks had wicker shields, felt caps and relied on their huge numbers

    • B. 

      The Greeks had wicker shields, felt caps and fought as a disciplined phalanx

    • C. 

      The Greeks had bronze shields, helmets, greaves and fought as a disciplined phalanx

    • D. 

      The Greeks came from all different parts of the empire

  • 13. 
    The Persians won at Thermoplyae because
    • A. 

      The Immortals were too strong for the Greek force

    • B. 

      The Spartans did not fight in this battle

    • C. 

      The Spartans were surrounded when a Greek traitor told the Persians of a mountain pass

    • D. 

      A storm destroyed their fleet

  • 14. 
    The battle of Artemisium was indecisive because
    • A. 

      The Greek fleet was severely damaged in a storm and were forced to retreat

    • B. 

      The Persians ran out of food supplies and were forced to withdraw

    • C. 

      The Greek strategy of ramming boats and boarding the enemy ships did not work

    • D. 

      Even though much of the Persian fleet was destroyed by a storm, the Greeks also suffered severely in the battle and when news reached them of the deafeat at Thermoplyae they withdrew

  • 15. 
    The Troezen Inscription suggests
    • A. 

      That Themistocles was the most far sighted statesmen of his time

    • B. 

      That the evacuation of Athens was a carefully thought out plan of campaign which was begun before Thermoplyae

    • C. 

      That the evacuation of Athens was a desperate action as the Persian force had won at Thermoplylae

    • D. 

      Both a and c are correct

    • E. 

      Both a and b are correct

  • 16. 
    The Spartan contribution at Thermopylae
    • A. 

      Was important as it held up Persian forces however the Spartan government can be criticised for being too slow to mobilise its forces

    • B. 

      Proved that the Athenians were better soldiers as they had won at Marathon and the Spartans lost at Thermopylae

    • C. 

      Proved to be a turning point of the war as the Persians were so badly defeated

  • 17. 
    Aeschylus in his play The Persians about the battle of Salamis writes
    • A. 

      The sea was hidden, carpeted with wrecks and dead men

    • B. 

      In my army I have many men but few soldiers

    • C. 

      the Greek fleet worked together as a whole, while the Persians had lost formation and were no longer fighting on any plan

    • D. 

      Darius asked his servant to remind him to remeber the Athenians

  • 18. 
    Themistocles was important in the battle of Salamis as
    • A. 

      He rammed one of his own boats and deceived Xerxes

    • B. 

      He realised that fighting in the narrows would favour the smaller Greek fleet and he lured the Persians into the narrows by sending his slave to the Persians claiming the Greeks were retreating

    • C. 

      He devised the strategy of weakening the middle and strenthening the wings allowing them to surround the Persians

    • D. 

      He was awarded the individual prize for valour

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Salamis was a decisive battle as it proved the Greek forces didn't need the strength of the Spartan army to deafet the Persians

    • B. 

      Salamis was a decisive battle as Xerxes now returned back to Persia with all his army and navy

    • C. 

      Salamis was a decisive battle as it ended the Persian strategy of a combined naval and military operation as the navy was now defeated and returned to the Hellespont

    • D. 

      Salamis was a decisive battle as it left Mardonius in command and his leadership was weaker than Xerxes

  • 20. 
    The personalities of the battle of Plataea were
    • A. 

      On the Persian side Pausanias and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Spartan Mardonius

    • B. 

      On the Persian side Masistius and the cavalry leader Mardonius and on the Greek side the Spartan Pausanias

    • C. 

      On the Persian side Mardonius and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Athenian Themistocles

    • D. 

      On the Persian side Mardonius and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Spartan Pausanias

  • 21. 
    Mardonius proved to be a very capable Persian leader when
    • A. 

      He built a huge stockade to which the Persians retreated to and successfully defended

    • B. 

      He used the cavalry to harrass the Greeks and then capture their food wagons and then foul their last supply of water

    • C. 

      He demaned all medisers would be punished

    • D. 

      He killed Pausanias and realised that Greek unity was crumbling

  • 22. 
    Plataea is
    • A. 

      An example of a battle where once again Spartan troops failed to help in the defence of Greece

    • B. 

      An example of a battle where the strategy to fight in the Peloponnese was justified as the Greeks finally won

    • C. 

      A sea battle which ended Persian domination in Greece

    • D. 

      A battle which is the best example of Greek unity as approximately 23 states took an oath and defeated the Persians despite extreme difficulties

  • 23. 
    Mycale is an example of an offensive battle because
    • A. 

      The Greeks pursued the Persians after discovering the Persians had attecked Ionia again

    • B. 

      It is the first battle in the Delian League

    • C. 

      The Greeks pursued the Persians after discovering the Persian fleet was in a poor state

    • D. 

      The Persians pursued the Greeks after discovering the Greek fleet was in a poor state

  • 24. 
    One reason the Greeks defeated the Persians was due to their _________________ armour.
  • 25. 
    The Athenian __________ was a strength due to its sailors being paid and well trained.
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