Battles Of The Persian Wars

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Battles Of The Persian Wars - Quiz

Have you watched the movie or read the book on Battles of the Persian Wars? If you have, then you understand what we are talking about. The quiz below tests what you grasped from it. All the best as you flashback on it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Ionian revolt was significant because

    • A.

      The Greeks beat the Persians for the first time

    • B.

      The Athenians and the Spartans fought together for the first time

    • C.

      The help given to the Ionians by Athens angered Darius

    • D.

      Miltiades learnt knowldge of Persian military tactics

    • E.

      Both c and d are correct

    Correct Answer
    E. Both c and d are correct
    Explanation
    Both c and d are correct. The Ionian revolt was significant because the help given to the Ionians by Athens angered Darius, the Persian king. This anger ultimately led to the Persian Wars between the Greeks and the Persians. Additionally, Miltiades, an Athenian general, gained knowledge of Persian military tactics during the revolt, which later proved crucial in the Greek victory at the Battle of Marathon. Therefore, both the anger of Darius and Miltiades' acquisition of knowledge were important outcomes of the Ionian revolt.

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  • 2. 

    The order of the battles in the Persian Wars is:

    • A.

      Marathon, Thermoplylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, Mycale

    • B.

      Artemisium, Salamis, Marathon, Thermoplylae, Plataea, Mycale

    • C.

      Marathon, Plataea, Thermoplyae, Salamis, Artemisium, Mycale

    • D.

      Thermoplylae, Artemisium, Marathon,Plataea, Mycale, Salamis

    Correct Answer
    A. Marathon, Thermoplylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, Mycale
    Explanation
    The correct order of the battles in the Persian Wars is Marathon, Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, Mycale. This is the chronological sequence of the battles as they occurred during the Persian Wars. The Battle of Marathon was the first major battle, followed by the Battle of Thermopylae, then the Battle of Artemisium. The Battle of Salamis came next, followed by the Battle of Plataea and finally the Battle of Mycale. This order represents the historical progression of the battles in the Persian Wars.

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  • 3. 

    The Persian leaders were:

    • A.

      Darius, Themistocles, Xerxes, Mardonius

    • B.

      Themistocles, Herodotus, Leonidas

    • C.

      Darius, Xerxes, Mardonius

    • D.

      Aeschylus, Herodotus, Xerxes

    Correct Answer
    C. Darius, Xerxes, Mardonius
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Darius, Xerxes, Mardonius. This answer is correct because Darius, Xerxes, and Mardonius were all Persian leaders. Themistocles, Herodotus, Leonidas, and Aeschylus were not Persian leaders.

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  • 4. 

    The Greek leaders were

    • A.

      Militiades, Themistocles, Leonidas, Pausanias

    • B.

      Aeschylus, Herodotus, Themistocles

    • C.

      Militiades, Themistocles, Xerxes, Darius

    • D.

      Richard, Joel, Ethan, Adrian, Andrew, Reece

    Correct Answer
    A. Militiades, Themistocles, Leonidas, Pausanias
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Militiades, Themistocles, Leonidas, Pausanias. This answer is correct because it lists the names of four Greek leaders: Militiades, Themistocles, Leonidas, and Pausanias. The other options either include additional names that are not mentioned in the question or include names that are not Greek leaders.

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  • 5. 

    The Athenians and Plataeans won at Marathon because

    • A.

      The Persian fleet was destroyed by a huge storm and the Greeks used their boats to ram the Persian ones

    • B.

      The Persian cavalry was not used and the Greeks ran at the Persians which negated their arrows

    • C.

      Their strategy of weakening the middle and strenthening the wings allowed them to surround the Persians

    • D.

      The Persians did not have enough soldiers

    • E.

      Both b and c are correct

    Correct Answer
    E. Both b and c are correct
    Explanation
    The Athenians and Plataeans won at Marathon because they used a combination of tactics. Firstly, the Persian cavalry was not used, which allowed the Greeks to engage in close combat without the threat of arrows. Additionally, the Greeks employed a strategic maneuver by weakening the middle and strengthening the wings of their formation. This tactic enabled them to surround the Persians, making it difficult for them to defend themselves effectively. Therefore, both b and c are correct explanations for the victory at Marathon.

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  • 6. 

    Marathon was significant for the Greeks because

    • A.

      It was a moral victory for Athenian democracy, they realised the Persians were no longer unbeatable however in their optimism they underestimated the future danger to them

    • B.

      Persia was defeated and was never a force again

    • C.

      The Athenians and the Spartans fought together for the first time

    • D.

      Athens gained in prestige and Sparta was jealous of them

    Correct Answer
    A. It was a moral victory for Athenian democracy, they realised the Persians were no longer unbeatable however in their optimism they underestimated the future danger to them
    Explanation
    The marathon was significant for the Greeks because it was a moral victory for Athenian democracy. It made them realize that the Persians were no longer unbeatable. However, in their optimism, they underestimated the future danger that the Persians still posed to them.

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  • 7. 

    • A.

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the Persian dead were buried

    • B.

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the Athenian and Persian dead were buried

    • C.

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the 192 Athenians killed were cremated and buried in memory of their heroics

    • D.

      This shows the mound at Marathon where the 192 Spartans killed were cremated and buried in memory of their heroics

    Correct Answer
    C. This shows the mound at Marathon where the 192 Athenians killed were cremated and buried in memory of their heroics
  • 8. 

    Persian preparations included:

    • A.

      The congress of the Isthmus, consulting the Delphic Oracle, devising the strategy to fight in restricted areas

    • B.

      Recruiting a massive army and navy, cutting of the Athos canal, bridging the Hellespont, setting up supply depots

    • C.

      Devising the strategy to fight in restricted areas and making demands for earth and water as tokens of submission

    Correct Answer
    B. Recruiting a massive army and navy, cutting of the Athos canal, bridging the Hellespont, setting up supply depots
    Explanation
    The Persian preparations included recruiting a massive army and navy, cutting off the Athos canal, bridging the Hellespont, and setting up supply depots. These actions were necessary for the Persians to ensure they had a sufficient military force and the means to sustain it during their campaign. Recruiting a large army and navy would provide them with the manpower and naval power needed for their operations. Cutting off the Athos canal would prevent any potential threats from that direction. Bridging the Hellespont would allow them to easily cross into Greece. Setting up supply depots would ensure a steady and reliable source of provisions for their forces.

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  • 9. 

    At the Congress of the Isthmus:

    • A.

      31 Greek states agreed that Athens would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to face trial

    • B.

      31 Greek states agreed that Sparta would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to face trial

    • C.

      31 Greek states agreed that Persia was no threat

    • D.

      31 Greek states agreed that Sparta would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to be consulted

    Correct Answer
    B. 31 Greek states agreed that Sparta would have overall command, all feuds would end and medisers were to face trial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that 31 Greek states agreed that Sparta would have overall command, all feuds would end, and medisers were to face trial. This means that Sparta was given the authority to lead the Greek states, all conflicts between the states would be resolved, and those who had collaborated with Persia (medisers) would be held accountable for their actions.

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  • 10. 

    The second invasion by Persia was in

    • A.

      490 BC

    • B.

      492 BC

    • C.

      469 BC

    • D.

      480-479 BC

    Correct Answer
    D. 480-479 BC
    Explanation
    The second invasion by Persia took place in 480-479 BC. This was during the Greco-Persian Wars, specifically in the context of the Battle of Thermopylae and the Battle of Salamis. The Persian Empire, under the rule of King Xerxes I, attempted to conquer Greece. However, they were ultimately defeated by the Greek city-states, led by Athens and Sparta. These battles marked a significant turning point in the war and showcased the resilience and military prowess of the Greeks.

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  • 11. 

    G

    • A.

      Persian Immortals

    • B.

      Greek hoplites in a phalanx

    Correct Answer
    B. Greek hoplites in a phalanx
    Explanation
    The Persian Immortals were an elite group of soldiers in the Persian army, known for their skill and discipline. However, they were not specifically known for fighting in a phalanx formation. On the other hand, Greek hoplites were infantry soldiers who fought in a tightly-packed formation called a phalanx. This formation allowed them to create a wall of shields and spears, providing excellent protection and making it difficult for enemies to break through. Therefore, the answer "Greek hoplites in a phalanx" is the correct choice as it accurately describes a specific military tactic used by the Greeks.

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  • 12. 

    Greek hoplites differed from Persian soldiers because

    • A.

      The Greeks had wicker shields, felt caps and relied on their huge numbers

    • B.

      The Greeks had wicker shields, felt caps and fought as a disciplined phalanx

    • C.

      The Greeks had bronze shields, helmets, greaves and fought as a disciplined phalanx

    • D.

      The Greeks came from all different parts of the empire

    Correct Answer
    C. The Greeks had bronze shields, helmets, greaves and fought as a disciplined phalanx
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Greeks had bronze shields, helmets, greaves, and fought as a disciplined phalanx. This answer highlights the key differences between Greek hoplites and Persian soldiers. The use of bronze shields, helmets, and greaves suggests that the Greeks had superior armor compared to the Persians. Additionally, the mention of a disciplined phalanx indicates that the Greeks fought in a tightly organized formation, which allowed them to effectively coordinate their attacks and defend against enemy forces.

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  • 13. 

    The Persians won at Thermoplyae because

    • A.

      The Immortals were too strong for the Greek force

    • B.

      The Spartans did not fight in this battle

    • C.

      The Spartans were surrounded when a Greek traitor told the Persians of a mountain pass

    • D.

      A storm destroyed their fleet

    Correct Answer
    C. The Spartans were surrounded when a Greek traitor told the Persians of a mountain pass
    Explanation
    The Persians won at Thermopylae because the Spartans were surrounded when a Greek traitor told the Persians of a mountain pass. This allowed the Persians to outflank the Greek force and trap them, leading to their defeat.

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  • 14. 

    The battle of Artemisium was indecisive because

    • A.

      The Greek fleet was severely damaged in a storm and were forced to retreat

    • B.

      The Persians ran out of food supplies and were forced to withdraw

    • C.

      The Greek strategy of ramming boats and boarding the enemy ships did not work

    • D.

      Even though much of the Persian fleet was destroyed by a storm, the Greeks also suffered severely in the battle and when news reached them of the deafeat at Thermoplyae they withdrew

    Correct Answer
    D. Even though much of the Persian fleet was destroyed by a storm, the Greeks also suffered severely in the battle and when news reached them of the deafeat at Thermoplyae they withdrew
    Explanation
    The battle of Artemisium was indecisive because both the Persian and Greek fleets suffered significant losses. While a storm destroyed much of the Persian fleet, the Greeks also suffered severe damage. Additionally, when the Greeks received news of their defeat at Thermopylae, they decided to withdraw. This combination of factors led to an inconclusive outcome for the battle.

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  • 15. 

    The Troezen Inscription suggests

    • A.

      That Themistocles was the most far sighted statesmen of his time

    • B.

      That the evacuation of Athens was a carefully thought out plan of campaign which was begun before Thermoplyae

    • C.

      That the evacuation of Athens was a desperate action as the Persian force had won at Thermoplylae

    • D.

      Both a and c are correct

    • E.

      Both a and b are correct

    Correct Answer
    E. Both a and b are correct
    Explanation
    The Troezen Inscription suggests that Themistocles was the most far-sighted statesman of his time. It also suggests that the evacuation of Athens was a carefully thought out plan of campaign which was begun before Thermopylae. Both of these statements are supported by the evidence found in the inscription.

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  • 16. 

    The Spartan contribution at Thermopylae

    • A.

      Was important as it held up Persian forces however the Spartan government can be criticised for being too slow to mobilise its forces

    • B.

      Proved that the Athenians were better soldiers as they had won at Marathon and the Spartans lost at Thermopylae

    • C.

      Proved to be a turning point of the war as the Persians were so badly defeated

    Correct Answer
    A. Was important as it held up Persian forces however the Spartan government can be criticised for being too slow to mobilise its forces
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the Spartan contribution at Thermopylae was significant because it held up the Persian forces. However, it also criticizes the Spartan government for being slow to mobilize its forces. This implies that while the Spartans played a crucial role in delaying the Persians, their delayed response could have potentially been a weakness in their overall strategy.

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  • 17. 

    Aeschylus in his play The Persians about the battle of Salamis writes

    • A.

      The sea was hidden, carpeted with wrecks and dead men

    • B.

      In my army I have many men but few soldiers

    • C.

      the Greek fleet worked together as a whole, while the Persians had lost formation and were no longer fighting on any plan

    • D.

      Darius asked his servant to remind him to remeber the Athenians

    Correct Answer
    A. The sea was hidden, carpeted with wrecks and dead men
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the sea was filled with wreckage and dead bodies. This implies that the battle of Salamis was intense and resulted in heavy casualties for both sides. The imagery of the sea being "hidden" with wreckage and dead men highlights the scale of the destruction and loss of life during the battle.

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  • 18. 

    Themistocles was important in the battle of Salamis as

    • A.

      He rammed one of his own boats and deceived Xerxes

    • B.

      He realised that fighting in the narrows would favour the smaller Greek fleet and he lured the Persians into the narrows by sending his slave to the Persians claiming the Greeks were retreating

    • C.

      He devised the strategy of weakening the middle and strenthening the wings allowing them to surround the Persians

    • D.

      He was awarded the individual prize for valour

    Correct Answer
    B. He realised that fighting in the narrows would favour the smaller Greek fleet and he lured the Persians into the narrows by sending his slave to the Persians claiming the Greeks were retreating
    Explanation
    Themistocles was important in the battle of Salamis because he realized that fighting in the narrows would give an advantage to the smaller Greek fleet. To exploit this, he devised a strategy to lure the Persians into the narrows by sending his slave to the Persians, claiming that the Greeks were retreating. This deception allowed the Greeks to surround the Persians and ultimately secure victory.

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  • 19. 

    • A.

      Salamis was a decisive battle as it proved the Greek forces didn't need the strength of the Spartan army to deafet the Persians

    • B.

      Salamis was a decisive battle as Xerxes now returned back to Persia with all his army and navy

    • C.

      Salamis was a decisive battle as it ended the Persian strategy of a combined naval and military operation as the navy was now defeated and returned to the Hellespont

    • D.

      Salamis was a decisive battle as it left Mardonius in command and his leadership was weaker than Xerxes

    Correct Answer
    C. Salamis was a decisive battle as it ended the Persian strategy of a combined naval and military operation as the navy was now defeated and returned to the Hellespont
  • 20. 

    The personalities of the battle of Plataea were

    • A.

      On the Persian side Pausanias and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Spartan Mardonius

    • B.

      On the Persian side Masistius and the cavalry leader Mardonius and on the Greek side the Spartan Pausanias

    • C.

      On the Persian side Mardonius and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Athenian Themistocles

    • D.

      On the Persian side Mardonius and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Spartan Pausanias

    Correct Answer
    D. On the Persian side Mardonius and the cavalry leader Masistius and on the Greek side the Spartan Pausanias
    Explanation
    The personalities of the battle of Plataea were Mardonius and the cavalry leader Masistius on the Persian side, and the Spartan Pausanias on the Greek side.

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  • 21. 

    Mardonius proved to be a very capable Persian leader when

    • A.

      He built a huge stockade to which the Persians retreated to and successfully defended

    • B.

      He used the cavalry to harrass the Greeks and then capture their food wagons and then foul their last supply of water

    • C.

      He demaned all medisers would be punished

    • D.

      He killed Pausanias and realised that Greek unity was crumbling

    Correct Answer
    B. He used the cavalry to harrass the Greeks and then capture their food wagons and then foul their last supply of water
    Explanation
    Mardonius proved to be a very capable Persian leader by utilizing his cavalry to harass the Greeks. He strategically captured their food wagons, depriving them of sustenance, and also fouled their last supply of water. This tactic weakened the Greeks and put them at a disadvantage, showcasing Mardonius' effective leadership skills and military strategy.

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  • 22. 

    Plataea is

    • A.

      An example of a battle where once again Spartan troops failed to help in the defence of Greece

    • B.

      An example of a battle where the strategy to fight in the Peloponnese was justified as the Greeks finally won

    • C.

      A sea battle which ended Persian domination in Greece

    • D.

      A battle which is the best example of Greek unity as approximately 23 states took an oath and defeated the Persians despite extreme difficulties

    Correct Answer
    D. A battle which is the best example of Greek unity as approximately 23 states took an oath and defeated the Persians despite extreme difficulties
    Explanation
    Plataea is considered the best example of Greek unity because it involved approximately 23 states coming together and taking an oath to defeat the Persians. Despite facing extreme difficulties, the Greeks were able to overcome these challenges and emerge victorious. This battle showcased the strength and solidarity of the Greek states, highlighting their ability to unite and work together towards a common goal.

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  • 23. 

    Mycale is an example of an offensive battle because

    • A.

      The Greeks pursued the Persians after discovering the Persians had attecked Ionia again

    • B.

      It is the first battle in the Delian League

    • C.

      The Greeks pursued the Persians after discovering the Persian fleet was in a poor state

    • D.

      The Persians pursued the Greeks after discovering the Greek fleet was in a poor state

    Correct Answer
    C. The Greeks pursued the Persians after discovering the Persian fleet was in a poor state
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Greeks pursued the Persians after discovering the Persian fleet was in a poor state. This suggests that the Greeks took advantage of the weakened state of the Persian fleet to launch an offensive battle.

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  • 24. 

    One reason the Greeks defeated the Persians was due to their _________________ armour.

    Correct Answer
    better
    stronger
    bronze
    Explanation
    The Greeks were able to defeat the Persians partly because they had superior armor. This armor was not only made of bronze, but it was also better and stronger than what the Persians had. The Greeks' superior armor provided them with better protection and allowed them to withstand the Persian attacks, ultimately contributing to their victory.

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  • 25. 

    The Athenian __________ was a strength due to its sailors being paid and well trained.

    Correct Answer
    navy
    Explanation
    The Athenian navy was a strength because its sailors were paid and well trained. This means that the navy had a motivated and skilled workforce, which would have given them an advantage in naval warfare. Having well-paid sailors also indicates that Athens valued and invested in their navy, further contributing to its strength. A strong navy would have allowed Athens to protect its interests, project power, and maintain control over trade routes and territories.

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