Pelvic Appendicular Muscles Of A Cat

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Pelvic Appendicular Muscles Of A Cat - Quiz

This quiz is designed to help students recognize the pelvic appendicular muscles of a cat. It will also help them learn the origins, insertions, and actions of these muscles.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ID the muscle labeled "A".

    • A.

      Sartorius

    • B.

      Gracilis

    • C.

      Biceps femoris

    • D.

      Tensor fascia latae

    Correct Answer
    A. Sartorius
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sartorius. The Sartorius muscle is a long, thin muscle that runs down the length of the thigh. It originates from the anterior superior iliac spine and inserts onto the medial surface of the tibia. It is responsible for flexing, abducting, and externally rotating the hip joint, as well as flexing the knee joint. It is the longest muscle in the human body and is often referred to as the "tailor's muscle" because it is used when crossing the legs in a sitting position, resembling the position of a tailor.

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  • 2. 

    This muscle originates at the symphysis of the ischium and the pubis and inserts on a thin aponeurosis on the medial surface of the tibia and continues with the fascia of the shank:

    • A.

      Sartorius

    • B.

      Adductor femoris

    • C.

      Gracilis

    • D.

      Tibialis cranialis

    Correct Answer
    C. Gracilis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Gracilis. The Gracilis muscle originates at the symphysis of the ischium and the pubis and inserts on a thin aponeurosis on the medial surface of the tibia and continues with the fascia of the shank.

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  • 3. 

    The muscle labeled "E" abducts the thigh and flexes the shank.  This muscle is known as the __________   __________  (2 words).

    Correct Answer
    biceps femoris
    Explanation
    The muscle labeled "E" is responsible for abducting the thigh and flexing the shank. This muscle is called the biceps femoris.

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  • 4. 

    What is the origin of the biceps femoris muscle?

    • A.

      Symphysis of the ischium and pubis

    • B.

      Ischial tuberosity

    • C.

      Crest of the ilium

    • D.

      Femur

    Correct Answer
    B. Ischial tuberosity
    Explanation
    The biceps femoris muscle originates from the ischial tuberosity. The ischial tuberosity is a bony prominence located at the base of the pelvis. This muscle plays a role in flexing the knee joint and extending the hip joint.

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  • 5. 

    The semitendinosus inserts into the _______ . (which bone?)

    Correct Answer
    tibia
    Explanation
    The semitendinosus muscle inserts into the tibia bone. This means that the tendon of the semitendinosus attaches to the tibia, specifically at the medial (inner) aspect of the bone. The semitendinosus is one of the three hamstring muscles located at the back of the thigh and plays a role in knee flexion and hip extension. Its insertion at the tibia allows it to contribute to the movement and stability of the knee joint.

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  • 6. 

    What is the action of the muscle labeled "A"?

    • A.

      Adducts the thigh

    • B.

      Abducts the thigh and extends the shank

    • C.

      Flexes the shank

    • D.

      Extends the thigh

    Correct Answer
    D. Extends the thigh
    Explanation
    The muscle labeled "A" is responsible for extending the thigh. This means that it is involved in moving the thigh backward, away from the body. It does not perform any other actions such as adducting the thigh (bringing it towards the midline of the body), abducting the thigh (moving it away from the midline), or flexing the shank (bending the lower leg). The specific function of this muscle is to extend the thigh.

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  • 7. 

    The adductor femoris, labeled "B" in the picture, inserts into the ________. (which bone?) 

    Correct Answer
    femur
    Explanation
    The adductor femoris muscle, labeled "B" in the picture, inserts into the femur bone. This means that the muscle attaches to and ends at the femur bone.

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  • 8. 

    ID the muscle labeled "D". (three words)

    Correct Answer
    tensor fascia latae
    Explanation
    The muscle labeled "D" is the tensor fascia latae.

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  • 9. 

    Of the four choices, which three help to make up the quadriceps complex?

    • A.

      Vastus medialis

    • B.

      Adductor longus

    • C.

      Vastus lateralis

    • D.

      Rectus femoris

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vastus medialis
    C. Vastus lateralis
    D. Rectus femoris
    Explanation
    The quadriceps complex is made up of four muscles, namely the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, and vastus intermedius. However, the question asks for the three choices that help make up the quadriceps complex. Therefore, the correct answer is vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, and rectus femoris. These three muscles work together to extend the knee joint and are important for movements such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 10. 

    ID the most medial of the quadriceps muscles, labeled "D".

    • A.

      Vastus medialis

    • B.

      Vastus lateralis

    • C.

      Rectus femoris

    • D.

      Vastus intermedius

    Correct Answer
    A. Vastus medialis
    Explanation
    The most medial of the quadriceps muscles is the Vastus medialis. This muscle is located on the inner side of the thigh and is responsible for extending the leg at the knee joint. It helps in stabilizing the patella (kneecap) and plays a crucial role in maintaining proper alignment of the leg during movements.

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  • 11. 

    This muscle originates at the proximal end of the tibia and the fibula and is involved in flexin the pes: ___________   ___________ (two words)

    Correct Answer
    tibialis cranialis
    Explanation
    The tibialis cranialis muscle originates at the proximal end of the tibia and the fibula. It is involved in flexing the pes.

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  • 12. 

    Choose the correct action of the muscle labeled "A".

    • A.

      Extends the pes

    • B.

      Flexes toes and pes

    • C.

      Flexes and medially rotates the leg

    • D.

      Extends the pes

    Correct Answer
    C. Flexes and medially rotates the leg
    Explanation
    Muscle A is responsible for flexing and medially rotating the leg. This means that it helps to bend the leg at the knee joint and rotate it inward towards the midline of the body. The muscle is not involved in extending the pes or flexing the toes, as mentioned in the other options. Therefore, the correct action of muscle A is to flex and medially rotate the leg.

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  • 13. 

    The tibialis caudalis, labeled "C" in the picture, lies between which two muscles? (choose both muscles)

    • A.

      Flexor digitorum longus

    • B.

      Flexor digitorum brevis

    • C.

      Extensor digitorum brevis

    • D.

      Flexor hallucis longus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Flexor digitorum longus
    D. Flexor hallucis longus
    Explanation
    The tibialis caudalis lies between the flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus muscles.

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  • 14. 

    The gastrocnemius muscle, which comprises most of the bulky posterior muscle mass of the shank, is commonly known as the ________ muscle.

    Correct Answer(s)
    calf
    Explanation
    The gastrocnemius muscle is commonly known as the calf muscle. It is located in the posterior region of the shank and contributes to the bulkiness of the lower leg. The term "calf" is often used to refer to this specific muscle due to its prominence and importance in activities such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 15. 

    The action of the muscle labeled "A" is to ______ the pes.

    • A.

      Adduct

    • B.

      Flex

    • C.

      Extend

    • D.

      Abduct

    Correct Answer
    C. Extend
    Explanation
    The muscle labeled "A" is responsible for extending the pes. This means that it causes the pes to move away from the body or to straighten.

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  • 16. 

    The soleus muscle is located beneath the _________ muscle.

    Correct Answer
    plantaris
    Explanation
    The soleus muscle is located beneath the plantaris muscle.

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  • 17. 

    The action of the gluteus maximus is to:

    • A.

      Adduct the thigh

    • B.

      Abduct the thigh

    • C.

      Rotate the thigh

    • D.

      Retract the thigh

    Correct Answer
    B. Abduct the thigh
    Explanation
    The gluteus maximus is the largest muscle in the buttocks, and its main action is to abduct the thigh. Abduction refers to moving a body part away from the midline of the body. In the case of the thigh, it means moving the leg away from the center of the body. The gluteus maximus is responsible for this movement, allowing us to move our legs laterally.

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  • 18. 

    ID the muscle labeled "A".

    Correct Answer
    gluteus medius
    Explanation
    The muscle labeled "A" is the gluteus medius.

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  • 19. 

    The gluteus medius has the same insertion point as the:

    • A.

      Caudofemoralis

    • B.

      Tensor fascia latae

    • C.

      Biceps femoris

    • D.

      Gluteus maximus

    Correct Answer
    D. Gluteus maximus
    Explanation
    The gluteus medius and gluteus maximus are both muscles in the buttocks region. They have similar insertion points, meaning they both attach to the same location in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is gluteus maximus.

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  • 20. 

    ID the muscle labeled "B".

    Correct Answer
    soleus
    Explanation
    The muscle labeled "B" is the soleus.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 24, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Companatomy

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