OWASP Exam Project Quiz

Reviewed by Godwin Iheuwa
Godwin Iheuwa, MS, Computer Science |
Computer Expert
Review Board Member
Godwin is a proficient Database Administrator currently employed at MTN Nigeria. He holds as MS in Computer Science from the University of Bedfordshire, where he specialized in Agile Methodologies and Database Administration. He also earned a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science from the University of Port Harcourt. With expertise in SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and SQL Server Management Studio, Godwin's knowledge and experience enhance the authority of our quizzes, ensuring accuracy and relevance in the realm of computer science.
, MS, Computer Science
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OWASP Exam Project Quiz - Quiz


Are you preparing for the OWASP exam? If yes, then you must take this OWASP Exam Project quiz, as it will help you with your preparations. Here, we will ask you a few questions related to the OWASP, and you will be able to judge your knowledge by looking at your score. So, are you ready to take this test? All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the attack technique used to exploit websites by altering backend database queries through inputting manipulated queries?

    • A.

      LDAP Injection

    • B.

      XML Injection

    • C.

      SQL Injection

    • D.

      Blind XML Injection

    Correct Answer
    C. SQL Injection
    Explanation
    SQL Injection is the correct answer because it is a technique used to exploit websites by altering backend database queries through inputting manipulated queries. It involves inserting malicious SQL code into an application's database query, allowing an attacker to gain unauthorized access to the database, modify or retrieve sensitive data, and even execute arbitrary commands on the server.

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  • 2. 

    What happens when an application takes user-inputted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation and escaping?

    • A.

      Security Misconfiguration

    • B.

      XSS

    • C.

      CSRF

    • D.

      Insecure Direct Object references

    Correct Answer
    B. XSS
    Explanation
    When an application takes user-inputted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation and escaping, it can lead to a vulnerability known as XSS (Cross-Site Scripting). XSS occurs when an attacker is able to inject malicious scripts or code into a website, which then gets executed by unsuspecting users. This can result in the attacker stealing sensitive information, manipulating website content, or even gaining unauthorized access to user accounts. Therefore, the correct answer is XSS.

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  • 3. 

    What flaw arises from session tokens having poor randomness across a range of values?

    • A.

      Insecure Direct Object References

    • B.

      Session Hijacking

    • C.

      Dictionary Attack

    • D.

      Session Fixation

    Correct Answer
    B. Session Hijacking
    Explanation
    Session hijacking is the flaw that arises from session tokens having poor randomness across a range of values. Session hijacking occurs when an attacker is able to intercept and steal a valid session token, allowing them to impersonate the user and gain unauthorized access to their account. If session tokens have poor randomness, it becomes easier for an attacker to guess or predict valid tokens, increasing the likelihood of successful session hijacking attacks.

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  • 4. 

    An attack technique that forces a user’s session credential or session ID to an explicit value.

    • A.

      Brute Force Attack

    • B.

      Session Hijacking

    • C.

      Dictionary Attack

    • D.

      Session Fixation

    Correct Answer
    D. Session Fixation
    Explanation
    Session fixation is an attack technique where an attacker forces a user's session credential or session ID to a specific value. This is typically done by tricking the user into using a predetermined session ID, allowing the attacker to hijack the session and gain unauthorized access to the user's account. Unlike brute force or dictionary attacks, session fixation focuses on manipulating the session ID rather than attempting to guess or crack passwords.

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  • 5. 

    What threat arises from not flagging HTTP cookies with tokens as secure?

    • A.

      Session Hijacking

    • B.

      Insecure Cryptographic Storage

    • C.

      Access Control Violation

    • D.

      Session Replay

    Correct Answer
    A. Session Hijacking
    Explanation
    Not flagging HTTP cookies with tokens as secure can lead to session hijacking. When a cookie is not marked as secure, it can be intercepted by attackers who can then use the stolen cookie to impersonate the user and gain unauthorized access to their session. This allows the attacker to take control of the user's session and perform actions on their behalf without their knowledge or consent.

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  • 6. 

    Which attack can execute scripts in the user’s browser and is capable of hijacking user sessions, defacing websites or redirecting the user to malicious sites.

    • A.

      SQL Injection

    • B.

      XSS

    • C.

      Malware Upload

    • D.

      Man in the Middle

    Correct Answer
    B. XSS
    Explanation
    XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) is the correct answer. XSS is an attack that allows an attacker to inject malicious scripts into web pages viewed by users. These scripts can then be executed in the user's browser, giving the attacker the ability to hijack user sessions, deface websites, or redirect users to malicious sites. XSS attacks can occur when a website does not properly validate or sanitize user input, allowing the injection of malicious code.

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  • 7. 

    What flaw can lead to exposure of resources or functionality to unintended actors?

    • A.

      Session Fixation

    • B.

      Improper Authentication

    • C.

      Insecure Cryptographic Storage

    • D.

      XSS

    Correct Answer
    B. Improper Authentication
    Explanation
    Improper authentication is a flaw that can lead to exposure of resources or functionality to unintended actors. This means that if a system does not properly verify and authenticate users, it can allow unauthorized individuals to gain access to sensitive information or perform actions that they should not be able to. This flaw can occur when authentication mechanisms are weak, improperly implemented, or not enforced consistently throughout the system.

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  • 8. 

    Which threat can be prevented by having unique usernames generated with a high degree of entropy?

    • A.

      Crypt analysis of hash values

    • B.

      Authentication bypass

    • C.

      Spamming

    • D.

      Authorization bypass

    Correct Answer
    B. Authentication bypass
    Explanation
    Having unique usernames generated with a high degree of entropy can prevent authentication bypass. This is because authentication bypass occurs when an attacker is able to bypass the login process and gain unauthorized access to a system or application. By using unique usernames with high entropy, it becomes more difficult for attackers to guess or brute force their way into an account, increasing the overall security of the authentication process.

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  • 9. 

    What threat are you vulnerable to if you do not validate authorization of user for direct references to restricted resources?

    • A.

      Injection

    • B.

      XSS

    • C.

      CSRF

    • D.

      Insecure Direct object references

    Correct Answer
    D. Insecure Direct object references
    Explanation
    If you do not validate authorization of a user for direct references to restricted resources, you are vulnerable to Insecure Direct Object References. This means that an attacker can directly access and manipulate restricted resources without proper authorization, potentially leading to unauthorized access, data breaches, or other security issues.

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  • 10. 

    Role-Based Access Control helps prevent this OWASP Top 10 weakness:

    • A.

      Failure to restrict url access

    • B.

      Insecure direct object references

    • C.

      Authorization bypass

    • D.

      Improper authentication

    Correct Answer
    C. Authorization bypass
    Explanation
    Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) helps prevent C. Authorization Bypass. RBAC is a method where permissions are associated with roles, and users are assigned to these roles, thereby obtaining the permissions to perform particular functions within the system. This helps in preventing unauthorized access to resources, thereby mitigating the risk of authorization bypass. It’s a key part of securing sensitive information within a system.

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  • 11. 

    What is the type of flaw that occurs when untrusted user-entered data is sent to the interpreter as part of a query or command?

    • A.

      XSS

    • B.

      Injection

    • C.

      Command Shell attack

    • D.

      OS fingerprinting

    Correct Answer
    B. Injection
    Explanation
    Injection is the correct answer because it refers to the type of flaw that occurs when untrusted user-entered data is sent to the interpreter as part of a query or command. This can happen in various contexts, such as SQL injection, where malicious code is injected into a SQL query, or command injection, where malicious commands are injected into a system command. In both cases, the attacker is able to manipulate the interpreter and potentially gain unauthorized access or perform malicious actions.

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  • 12. 

    For every link or form which invoke state-changing functions with an unpredictable token for each user what attack can be prevented

    • A.

      OS Commanding

    • B.

      Cross Site Scripting

    • C.

      Cross Site Request Forgery

    • D.

      Cross Site Tracing

    Correct Answer
    C. Cross Site Request Forgery
    Explanation
    Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) is an attack that occurs when a malicious website tricks a user's browser into making a request to another website where the user is authenticated. This attack is prevented by using unpredictable tokens for each user, which are included in links or forms that invoke state-changing functions. These tokens ensure that the request originated from the legitimate website and not from a malicious source, thus protecting against CSRF attacks.

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  • 13. 

    For a connection that changes from HTTP to HTTPS, what flaw arises if you do not change the session identifier?

    • A.

      Session Replay

    • B.

      Cross-site Scripting

    • C.

      Cross-site Request Forgery

    • D.

      Session Hijacking

    Correct Answer
    D. Session Hijacking
    Explanation
    The flaw that arises if you do not change the session identifier when a connection changes from HTTP to HTTPS is D. Session Hijacking. This is because an attacker might have already intercepted the HTTP traffic and obtained the session identifier. If the session identifier is not changed when switching to HTTPS, the attacker can continue to use the intercepted session identifier to hijack the session. This is a serious security flaw as it can lead to unauthorized access to sensitive information. Always ensure that the session identifier is changed when switching from HTTP to HTTPS to prevent this type of attack.

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  • 14. 

    Attack that exploits the trust that a site has in a user's browser is called ____________. 

    • A.

      Session Hijacking

    • B.

      Cross Site Request Forgery

    • C.

      Injection

    • D.

      XFS(Cross Frame Scripting)

    Correct Answer
    B. Cross Site Request Forgery
    Explanation
    Cross Site Request Forgery is an attack that takes advantage of the trust that a website has in a user's browser. In this type of attack, the attacker tricks the user's browser into making unauthorized requests on their behalf, exploiting the fact that the website trusts the user's browser to send legitimate requests. This can lead to various security vulnerabilities, such as unauthorized actions being performed on the user's behalf or sensitive information being accessed by the attacker.

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  • 15. 

    For an an indirect reference, what happens if there’s no list of limited values authorized for a user in the direct reference?

    • A.

      SQL Injection

    • B.

      Brute Forcing of stored encrypted credentials

    • C.

      XML Injection

    • D.

      Access to sensitive data possible

    Correct Answer
    D. Access to sensitive data possible
    Explanation
    If there is no list of limited values authorized for a user in the direct reference, it means that there are no restrictions on the data that the user can access. This can lead to access to sensitive data possible, as the user can potentially retrieve or modify any data in the system without any limitations or restrictions.

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  • 16. 

    We can allow client-side scripts to execute in the browsers for needed operations. State true or false. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is True. We can allow client-side scripts to execute in the browsers for needed operations. However, it’s important to note that this should be done with caution due to the potential security risks associated with client-side scripting, such as Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks. Proper input validation and output encoding practices should be implemented to mitigate these risks.

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  • 17. 

    Which of these are categorized as 'session-related vulnerabilities'?

    • A.

      Session Fixation

    • B.

      Session Spoofing

    • C.

      Session Hijacking

    • D.

      Session Tracing

    • E.

      Session Scripting

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Session Fixation
    B. Session Spoofing
    C. Session Hijacking
    Explanation
    Session-related vulnerabilities in the context of cybersecurity involve risks associated with the management and security of user sessions. Session Fixation occurs when an attacker sets a user's session identifier, potentially gaining unauthorized access. Session Spoofing involves impersonating a legitimate user by exploiting session information, while Session Hijacking refers to intercepting or taking over an active session.

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  • 18. 

    What is phishing?

    • A.

      Data transfer protocol

    • B.

      Email Scam

    • C.

      Network scandal

    • D.

      Cross domain scandal

    Correct Answer
    B. Email Scam
    Explanation
    Phishing refers to a type of online scam where individuals or organizations attempt to deceive others by posing as a trustworthy entity in order to obtain sensitive information such as passwords, credit card details, or personal data. This is commonly done through fraudulent emails that appear to be from legitimate sources, tricking recipients into clicking on malicious links or providing their confidential information.

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  • 19. 

    Define Cookie.

    • A.

      Computer virus

    • B.

      A file that makes it easier to access a Web site and browse.

    • C.

      A file that hackers use to steal your identity.

    • D.

      Web application file

    Correct Answer
    B. A file that makes it easier to access a Web site and browse.
    Explanation
    A cookie is a file that is created by a website and stored on the user's computer. It contains information about the user's preferences and browsing habits, allowing the website to remember the user and provide a personalized experience. Cookies make it easier to access a website and browse by storing relevant information and settings, such as login credentials and language preferences. They do not have anything to do with computer viruses, stealing identities, or being a web application file.

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  • 20. 

    You receive an e-mail from Desjardins saying that you have won a contest. What should you do?

    • A.

      Hurry to provide all the information so you can claim your prize as quickly as possible

    • B.

      Answer the e-mail and ask them to call you with more information

    • C.

      Forward the mail to others for their opinion

    • D.

      Contact your caisse to confirm the information

    Correct Answer
    D. Contact your caisse to confirm the information
    Explanation
    Contacting your caisse to confirm the information is the correct answer because it is important to verify the legitimacy of the email before providing any personal information or taking any further action. This will help ensure that the contest is genuine and not a scam.

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  • 21. 

    An IP Address is the Internet equivalent of ______________. 

    • A.

      Your mailing address

    • B.

      Your Birth Date

    • C.

      Your modem configuration number

    • D.

      Your social security number

    Correct Answer
    A. Your mailing address
    Explanation
    An IP address is similar to a mailing address because it is a unique identifier that allows devices to communicate with each other over the internet. Just like how a mailing address tells the postal service where to deliver a package, an IP address tells the internet where to send data packets. It helps in routing information between different devices and networks, ensuring that data reaches its intended destination.

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  • 22. 

    Network permissions should be established so that users can accomplish their tasks, but cannot access any system resources that are not necessary so that ____________________________. 

    • A.

      A hacker cannot steal a legitimate user's identity.

    • B.

      Users will not have access to and misuse system resources.

    • C.

      Only the resources authorized for that user will be at risk.

    • D.

      Hackers will not pose as legitimate users

    Correct Answer
    C. Only the resources authorized for that user will be at risk.
    Explanation
    Establishing network permissions ensures that users can only access the resources that are necessary for them to perform their tasks. By limiting their access to only authorized resources, the risk of unauthorized access and misuse of system resources is minimized. This prevents hackers from posing as legitimate users and reduces the likelihood of a legitimate user's identity being stolen. Therefore, by establishing network permissions, the only resources that will be at risk are the ones that have been specifically authorized for that user.

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  • 23. 

    Statistics show that many companies connected to the Internet are not sufficiently secure. Why not?

    • A.

      Many companies do not have a written security policy in place

    • B.

      Many companies do not have physical security

    • C.

      Many companies have insufficient protection between the Internet and company networks

    • D.

      Many companies have insufficient information about the traffic over the company networks

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Many companies do not have a written security policy in place
    C. Many companies have insufficient protection between the Internet and company networks
    D. Many companies have insufficient information about the traffic over the company networks
    Explanation
    Many companies connected to the Internet are not sufficiently secure due to various reasons. One reason is that many companies do not have a written security policy in place, which means they lack clear guidelines and protocols to protect their systems and data. Additionally, many companies have insufficient protection between the Internet and their company networks, leaving them vulnerable to cyber attacks. Furthermore, many companies lack sufficient information about the traffic over their networks, making it difficult for them to identify and address potential security threats. Therefore, the combination of these factors contributes to the lack of security in many companies connected to the Internet.

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  • 24. 

    The use of proper security techniques can _______________. 

    • A.

      Minimize the threat of attackers

    • B.

      Allow access to unauthorized users

    • C.

      Prevent most hackers from accessing your system

    • D.

      Provide 100 percent security

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Minimize the threat of attackers
    C. Prevent most hackers from accessing your system
    Explanation
    The use of proper security techniques can minimize the threat of attackers and prevent most hackers from accessing your system. By implementing strong security measures such as firewalls, encryption, and regular updates, the chances of unauthorized access to your system are significantly reduced. While it cannot provide 100 percent security, using proper security techniques greatly enhances the overall security posture and reduces the risk of successful attacks.

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  • 25. 

    The characteristics of an effective security system are that the system is _______________. 

    • A.

      Difficult to use, so that prevents access

    • B.

      Highly secure, easy to use, flexible, and scalable

    • C.

      One that provides comprehensive alarming and reporting

    • D.

      Capable of ensuring that there is no hacker activity

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Highly secure, easy to use, flexible, and scalable
    Explanation
    An effective security system is one that combines high-security measures with ease of use, flexibility to adapt to changing needs, and scalability for future growth. While comprehensive alarming and reporting are important features, the overall effectiveness of a security system requires a balance of these characteristics.

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  • 26. 

    What is the attack technique used to exploit websites by altering backend database queries through inputting manipulated queries?

    • A.

      LDAP Injection

    • B.

      XML Injection

    • C.

      SQL Injection

    • D.

      Blind XML Injection

    Correct Answer
    C. SQL Injection
    Explanation
    SQL Injection is the correct answer because it is a common attack technique where an attacker alters backend database queries by inputting manipulated queries. This allows the attacker to execute unauthorized actions on the database, such as retrieving sensitive information, modifying data, or even deleting the entire database. By exploiting vulnerabilities in the input validation process, the attacker can inject malicious SQL code that is executed by the database, bypassing normal security measures. This can have serious consequences for the targeted web application and its users.

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Godwin Iheuwa |MS, Computer Science |
Computer Expert
Godwin is a proficient Database Administrator currently employed at MTN Nigeria. He holds as MS in Computer Science from the University of Bedfordshire, where he specialized in Agile Methodologies and Database Administration. He also earned a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science from the University of Port Harcourt. With expertise in SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and SQL Server Management Studio, Godwin's knowledge and experience enhance the authority of our quizzes, ensuring accuracy and relevance in the realm of computer science.
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