Overla - Test One Maps And Culture

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Quizzes Created: 17 | Total Attempts: 14,566
Questions: 36 | Attempts: 92

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• 1.

What term is used to name each half of the earth, divided either north and south or east and west?

• A.

Longitude

• B.

Latitude

• C.

Hemisphere

• D.

Prime meridian

C. HemispHere
Explanation
A hemisphere is the correct answer because it refers to each half of the earth, divided either north and south or east and west. This term is commonly used in geography to describe the division of the earth into two equal parts. The northern and southern hemispheres are divided by the equator, while the eastern and western hemispheres are divided by the prime meridian.

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• 2.

What document is a particular type of map that shows natural and man-made features on the earth?

• A.

Map projection

• B.

Topographic map

• C.

Globe

• D.

Atlas

B. TopograpHic map
Explanation
A topographic map is a specific type of map that displays both natural and man-made features on the earth's surface. Unlike other types of maps, such as map projections or globes, a topographic map provides detailed information about the elevation and contours of the terrain, as well as other features like rivers, roads, and buildings. It is commonly used for outdoor activities, urban planning, and scientific research.

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• 3.

These imaginary lines run north and south on the globe and are used to measure east and west.

• A.

Latitude lines

• B.

Prime Meridian

• C.

Equator

• D.

Longitude Lines

D. Longitude Lines
Explanation
Longitude lines run north and south on the globe and are used to measure east and west. They are imaginary lines that intersect the equator and are measured in degrees. Longitude lines help in determining a specific location's distance from the Prime Meridian, which is the starting point for measuring longitude. These lines are crucial for navigation and determining time zones around the world.

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• 4.

These imaginary lines are run east and west and are used to measure north and south on a map or globe.

• A.

Latitude lines

• B.

Prime meridian

• C.

Equator

• D.

Longitude lines

A. Latitude lines
Explanation
Latitude lines are imaginary lines that run east and west on a map or globe. They are used to measure north and south positions. The equator is the most well-known latitude line, as it divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Other latitude lines, also known as parallels, are located above or below the equator and are measured in degrees. These lines help in determining the exact location of a place on the Earth's surface in terms of its distance from the equator. Therefore, latitude lines are the correct answer in this context.

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• 5.

Which of the following terms is used to describe the exact place on earth at which a geographic feature is found?

• A.

Relative location

• B.

Place

• C.

Movement

• D.

Exact location

D. Exact location
Explanation
Exact location is the term used to describe the specific point or coordinates on Earth where a geographic feature is located. It provides precise and accurate information about the position of the feature, such as latitude and longitude coordinates. This term is used to distinguish the specific spot from a general or relative location, which provides a more general description of the feature's position in relation to other landmarks or regions.

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• 6.

Which of the following terms is used to describe the location of a geographic feature in relation to other nearby features?

• A.

Relative location

• B.

Prime meridian

• C.

Equator

• D.

Exact location

A. Relative location
Explanation
Relative location is the term used to describe the location of a geographic feature in relation to other nearby features. It provides an understanding of the position of a place by referring to its surroundings or nearby landmarks. This concept helps in determining the spatial relationship between different features and is often used in navigation and mapping. Unlike exact location, which gives the precise coordinates of a place, relative location focuses on the relative position of a feature within its environment.

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• 7.

Countries east of the prime meridian are in the ________

• A.

Northern Hemisphere

• B.

Southern Hemisphere

• C.

Eastern Hemisphere

• D.

Western Hemisphere

C. Eastern HemispHere
Explanation
Countries east of the prime meridian are in the Eastern Hemisphere. The prime meridian is a line of longitude that divides the Earth into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. The Eastern Hemisphere includes parts of Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes parts of North and South America.

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• 8.

Geography is the study of

• A.

Land, water, natural resources, and population flows

• B.

The history and development of the earth

• C.

The measurement and physical descriptions of places, regions, areas and land masses

• D.

The distribution and interaction of Earth's physical and human features

D. The distribution and interaction of Earth's pHysical and human features
Explanation
Geography is the study of the distribution and interaction of Earth's physical and human features. This includes examining how natural features such as land, water, and natural resources are distributed across the planet, as well as how human populations and societies interact with and are influenced by these features. By studying geography, we can gain a better understanding of the relationships between people and their environment, and how these interactions shape the world we live in.

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• 9.

Which of the following would NOT be a project for a cartographer?(which will the cartographer NOT do)

• A.

Creating a map projection

• B.

Calculating the latitude and longitude of a new airport

• C.

Calculating the exact location of the prime meridian on a globe

• D.

Tracking the path of a hurricane using Landsat

D. Tracking the path of a hurricane using Landsat
Explanation
A cartographer is responsible for creating maps and dealing with geographical data. While creating a map projection, calculating the latitude and longitude of a new airport, and calculating the exact location of the prime meridian on a globe are all tasks that fall within the realm of a cartographer's expertise, tracking the path of a hurricane using Landsat is not typically a project for a cartographer. This task is more related to meteorology and remote sensing, where specialized tools and techniques are used to monitor and analyze weather patterns.

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• 10.

The total of knowledge, shared attitudes, and behaviors of the members of a specific group of people is their

• A.

Society

• B.

Culture

• C.

Innovation

• D.

Diffusion

B. Culture
Explanation
Culture refers to the total of knowledge, shared attitudes, and behaviors of the members of a specific group of people. It encompasses the beliefs, customs, traditions, language, arts, and social institutions that are characteristic of a particular society. Culture is passed down from generation to generation and shapes the way individuals within a group perceive and interact with the world around them. It is a key component of a society and plays a crucial role in shaping its identity and values.

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• 11.

The spread of ideas and customs from one society to another is called

• A.

Innovation

• B.

Diffusion

• C.

Technology

• D.

Facilitation

B. Diffusion
Explanation
Diffusion refers to the spread of ideas and customs from one society to another. It involves the transfer and adoption of cultural practices, beliefs, and innovations between different groups or regions. This process can occur through various means such as trade, migration, communication, or cultural exchange. Diffusion plays a significant role in shaping societies and promoting cultural diversity by allowing the sharing and integration of ideas and customs across different communities.

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• 12.

If the members of one society decide to adopt a custom that they observe in another society, this process is called

• A.

Innovation

• B.

Invention

• C.

Convention

• D.

Acculturation

D. Acculturation
Explanation
Acculturation refers to the process of adopting the customs, beliefs, and behaviors of another society. In this scenario, the members of one society are observing a custom in another society and deciding to adopt it. This aligns with the definition of acculturation, making it the correct answer. Innovation refers to the creation of something new, invention refers to the creation of a new product or process, and convention refers to a widely accepted practice. None of these terms accurately describe the process of adopting a custom from another society.

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• 13.

A religion that involves the belief in many gods is known as

• A.

Animism

• B.

Polytheism

• C.

Monotheism

• D.

Hinduism

B. Polytheism
Explanation
Polytheism is the correct answer because it refers to a religious belief system that involves the worship of multiple gods or deities. In polytheistic religions, such as ancient Greek or Roman mythology, each god represents a different aspect of life or natural phenomenon. This is different from monotheism, which believes in only one god, and animism, which is the belief that spirits inhabit all objects and natural elements. Hinduism is a religion that can be classified as both polytheistic and monotheistic, as it recognizes multiple gods but also believes in the ultimate reality of a single divine being.

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• 14.

A version of a language that includes changes related to class, region, or other cultural changes is called

• A.

A diatribe

• B.

A dialect

• C.

An acculturation

• D.

A migration

B. A dialect
Explanation
A dialect refers to a version of a language that has specific changes related to class, region, or other cultural influences. It is a distinct form of a language that is spoken by a particular group of people within a larger language community. Unlike a diatribe, which is a bitter and abusive speech or writing, or acculturation, which refers to the process of adopting the cultural traits of a different group, or migration, which is the movement of people from one place to another, a dialect focuses on the variations in language within a specific community.

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• 15.

The mortality rate shows the average number of children a woman would have if she had children at the current rate for her country

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The given statement is false. The mortality rate does not measure the average number of children a woman would have if she had children at the current rate for her country. The mortality rate, also known as the death rate, measures the number of deaths in a population over a specific period of time. It is usually expressed as a ratio per 1,000 or 100,000 individuals. The statement seems to be referring to the fertility rate, which measures the average number of children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime based on the current birth rate.

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• 16.

To calculate the rate at which a population is growing, demographers subtract the mortality rate from the fertility rate

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Demographers calculate the rate at which a population is growing by subtracting the mortality rate (the rate at which individuals in a population die) from the fertility rate (the rate at which individuals in a population are giving birth). This calculation helps determine if the population is increasing or decreasing over time. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 17.

Population density refers to the average number of people who live within the boundaries of a specific amount of land, such as a square mile.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Population density is a measure of the number of people living within a given area, such as a square mile. It is calculated by dividing the total population of an area by its total land area. Therefore, the statement that population density refers to the average number of people who live within the boundaries of a specific amount of land, such as a square mile, is true.

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• 18.

Carrying capacity refers to the number of organisms a piece of land can support

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of organisms that a particular piece of land or ecosystem can sustainably support without causing harm to the environment or depleting its resources. It takes into account factors such as available food, water, shelter, and other resources necessary for the survival and reproduction of organisms. Therefore, the statement "Carrying capacity refers to the number of organisms a piece of land can support" is true, as it accurately defines the concept of carrying capacity.

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• 19.

Fertility and fecudity are two words for the same thing, the average number of children women in a certain society give birth to.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Fertility and fecundity are not two words for the same thing. While they both relate to the reproductive capacity of women, they have slightly different meanings. Fertility refers to the actual number of children born to women in a society, while fecundity refers to the potential reproductive capacity of women, regardless of whether they actually have children or not. Therefore, the statement that fertility and fecundity are two words for the same thing is false.

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• 20.

Here, a king, queen, or ruling family hold power

• A.

State

• B.

Nation

• C.

Democracy

• D.

Monarchy

• E.

Communism

D. Monarchy
Explanation
In a monarchy, a king, queen, or ruling family holds power. This means that the government is led by a hereditary ruler who inherits their position and authority. Monarchies can have different levels of power, ranging from absolute monarchies where the ruler has unlimited power, to constitutional monarchies where the ruler's power is limited by a constitution and there is a democratic system in place. In this type of government, the ruling family has the ultimate authority and makes decisions on behalf of the state.

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• 21.

Citizens, or their elected representatives, hold political power

• A.

State

• B.

Nation

• C.

Democracy

• D.

Monarchy

• E.

Communism

C. Democracy
Explanation
Democracy is a system of government where citizens, or their elected representatives, hold political power. In a democratic system, the people have the ability to elect their leaders and participate in decision-making processes. This form of government ensures that the power is ultimately in the hands of the people, allowing for a more inclusive and representative governance.

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• 22.

A group of people with a common culture living within a specific location

• A.

State

• B.

Nation

• C.

Democracy

• D.

Monarchy

• E.

Communism

B. Nation
Explanation
A nation refers to a group of people who share a common culture and live within a specific location. This can include aspects such as language, customs, traditions, and history. A nation is characterized by a sense of shared identity and belonging among its members. It is different from a state, which refers to a political entity with defined borders and governing institutions. While a state can encompass multiple nations, a nation is typically associated with a specific state or territory.

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• 23.

The government holds all, or nearly all, of the political power and means of production

• A.

State

• B.

Nation

• C.

Democracy

• D.

Monarchy

• E.

Communism

E. Communism
Explanation
Communism is a political ideology where the government has complete control over all aspects of society, including political power and means of production. In a communist system, there is no private ownership and all resources are owned collectively. This answer accurately describes the concept of communism, where the government holds all, or nearly all, political power and means of production.

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• 24.

An independent unit occupying a specific area and controlling its internal and external affairs.

• A.

State

• B.

Nation

• C.

Democracy

• D.

Monarchy

• E.

Communism

A. State
Explanation
An independent unit occupying a specific area and controlling its internal and external affairs refers to a state. A state is a political entity that has sovereignty over a defined territory and exercises authority over its population. It has the power to make and enforce laws, maintain order, and represent itself in international relations. A state can have different forms of government, such as democracy, monarchy, or communism, but it is the fundamental unit of political organization.

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• 25.

Geographers developed the field of urban geography to study

• A.

The ways in which proximity to natural resources affects city life

• B.

The contrasts between cities and small towns

• C.

The rate at which populations are shifting to cities

• D.

The ways in which people use space in cities

D. The ways in which people use space in cities
Explanation
Urban geography was developed by geographers to study the ways in which people use space in cities. This field focuses on understanding how cities are organized, how land is used, and how people interact with their urban environment. By studying the ways in which people use space in cities, urban geographers aim to gain insights into urban planning, transportation, housing, and other aspects that shape city life.

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• 26.

A city, along with its suburbs and exurbs, forms

• A.

A megalopolis

• B.

• C.

A metropolitan area

• D.

An urban lifestlye

C. A metropolitan area
Explanation
The term "metropolitan area" refers to a region consisting of a central city and its surrounding suburbs and exurbs. This term encompasses a broader geographical area than a megalopolis, which specifically refers to a chain of interconnected cities. A Central Business District (CBD) refers to the commercial and business center of a city, while an urban lifestyle refers to the way of life in a city. Therefore, the most appropriate term to describe a city, its suburbs, and exurbs is a metropolitan area.

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• 27.

Basic land patterns found in all cities include

• A.

Residential, industrial, and commercial

• B.

Agricultural, merchandising, and technical

• C.

Residential, technical, and educational

• D.

Industrial, commercial, and religious

A. Residential, industrial, and commercial
Explanation
The basic land patterns found in all cities typically consist of residential areas, where people live, industrial areas, where factories and manufacturing facilities are located, and commercial areas, where businesses and shops are situated. These three types of land use are fundamental components of urban development and are commonly found in cities worldwide.

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• 28.

A capitalist system in which the production of goods and services is determined by demand from consumers

• A.

Command economy (communism)

• B.

Market economy (capitalism)

B. Market economy (capitalism)
Explanation
The given answer is market economy (capitalism) because in a capitalist system, the production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers. In this type of economy, businesses are privately owned and operate for profit. The prices of goods and services are set by the market forces of supply and demand, and individuals have the freedom to make their own economic decisions.

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• 29.

The total value of all goods and services produced within the boundaries of a nation over a specific period of time

• A.

Gross National Product (GNP)

• B.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

• C.

Per capita income

B. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Explanation
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the correct answer because it refers to the total value of all goods and services produced within the boundaries of a nation over a specific period of time. GDP is a commonly used economic indicator that helps measure the overall economic activity and performance of a country. It includes the value of all final goods and services produced within a country's borders, regardless of whether the production is done by domestic or foreign entities.

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• 30.

The basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, such as transportation, energy, and water

• A.

Infrastructure

• B.

Tertiary sector

• C.

Primary sector

• D.

Quarternary sector

A. Infrastructure
Explanation
Infrastructure refers to the basic support systems that are necessary to maintain and sustain an economy. This includes transportation networks, energy sources, and water supply systems, among others. Infrastructure plays a crucial role in facilitating economic activities and enabling the smooth functioning of various sectors. Without a well-developed infrastructure, it would be challenging for an economy to thrive and grow. Therefore, infrastructure is the correct answer in this context.

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• 31.

The economic activity involves gathering raw materials for immediate use or to use in the making of a final product

• A.

Primary economic activity

• B.

Secondary economic activity

• C.

Tertiary economic activity

A. Primary economic activity
Explanation
Primary economic activity refers to the initial stage of production, where raw materials are gathered for immediate use or to be used in the production of a final product. This activity involves extracting or harvesting natural resources, such as mining, farming, fishing, and forestry. It is the foundation of all other economic activities and plays a crucial role in the economy. Secondary economic activity involves manufacturing and processing the raw materials obtained from primary activities, while tertiary economic activity involves providing services to consumers and businesses.

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• 32.

This economic activity involves providing information, management and research services by highly trained individuals

• A.

Tertiary economic activity

• B.

Secondary economic activity

• C.

Quarternary economic activity

C. Quarternary economic activity
Explanation
The correct answer is quarternary economic activity. This type of economic activity involves providing information, management, and research services by highly trained individuals. It is characterized by the creation and dissemination of knowledge, innovation, and the use of advanced technology. Examples of quarternary economic activities include consulting, market research, software development, and scientific research.

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• 33.

This economic activity involves providing business or professional services.  The teachers in this building are involved in this activity because we have to have certification in order to work in the school

• A.

Secondary economic activity

• B.

Tertiary economic activity

• C.

Primary economic activity

B. Tertiary economic activity
Explanation
The correct answer is tertiary economic activity. Tertiary economic activity refers to the provision of services rather than the production of goods. In this case, the teachers in the school are providing educational services, which require certification. This activity falls under the tertiary sector because it involves providing professional services to the community.

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• 34.

Natural resources are materials on or in the earth that have some sort of economic value

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Natural resources are materials that are found in nature and have economic value because they can be used or sold. These resources can include minerals, fossil fuels, water, land, and forests, among others. They are essential for human survival and economic development as they provide raw materials for industries, energy sources, and support various ecosystems. Therefore, the statement that natural resources have economic value is true.

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• 35.

An example of this natural resource type would be trees and corn.

• A.

Renewable

• B.

Non-renewable

• C.

Inexhaustible

A. Renewable
Explanation
The given answer "renewable" is correct because trees and corn are examples of natural resources that can be replenished or replaced over time. They can be grown again through planting and cultivation, making them a sustainable source of raw materials. Renewable resources are typically derived from living organisms or natural processes that have the ability to regenerate, ensuring their availability for future generations.

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• 36.

An example of this natural resource type would be sunlight, geothermal heat, and wind

• A.

Renewable

• B.

Non-renewable

• C.

Inexhaustible

C. Inexhaustible
Explanation
The correct answer is inexhaustible because sunlight, geothermal heat, and wind are all examples of natural resources that are continuously available and cannot be depleted or exhausted. These resources are constantly replenished by natural processes and can be harnessed for energy without fear of running out.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Dec 13, 2010
Quiz Created by
Overlagary

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