A&p Pop Quiz #1

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| By Tanja Donelson
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Tanja Donelson
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 15 | Total Attempts: 15,614
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 266

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A&p Pop Quiz #1 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    #10 is

    • A.

      Epidermis

    • B.

      Dermis

    • C.

      Hypodermis

    Correct Answer
    A. Epidermis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is epidermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and acts as a protective barrier. It is composed of multiple layers of cells and does not contain blood vessels. The dermis is the layer beneath the epidermis and contains blood vessels, nerves, and hair follicles. The hypodermis is the deepest layer of the skin and is composed of fat and connective tissue.

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  • 2. 

    #2 is

    • A.

      Sebacious gland

    • B.

      Apocrine Eccrine gland (sweat gland)

    • C.

      Arrector pilli

    Correct Answer
    B. Apocrine Eccrine gland (sweat gland)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Apocrine Eccrine gland (sweat gland). The question is asking for the correct term that corresponds to the given options. Among the options provided, the sweat gland is the only one that matches the description. The sebaceous gland is responsible for producing oil, the arrector pili muscle causes hair to stand on end, while the apocrine gland is responsible for producing a type of sweat that is odorless until it mixes with bacteria on the skin. Therefore, the correct answer is the sweat gland.

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  • 3. 

    In the diagram, where is the arrector pili muscle?

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      D

    • C.

      E

    • D.

      F

    • E.

      G

    Correct Answer
    B. D
    Explanation
    The arrector pili muscle is located in the dermis layer of the skin. It is a small muscle that is attached to the hair follicles. When this muscle contracts, it causes the hair to stand up, resulting in "goosebumps" on the skin. In the given diagram, the arrector pili muscle is labeled as D.

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  • 4. 

    In the diagram, where is the sebaceous gland?

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      D

    • C.

      E

    • D.

      F

    • E.

      H

    Correct Answer
    A. C
    Explanation
    The sebaceous gland is located at position C in the diagram.

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  • 5. 

    Terms that refer to the backside of the body include

    • A.

      Ventral: Dorsal

    • B.

      Ventral: Proximal

    • C.

      Distal:Superficial

    • D.

      Dorsal:Posterior

    Correct Answer
    D. Dorsal:Posterior
    Explanation
    The terms "dorsal" and "posterior" both refer to the backside of the body. "Dorsal" specifically refers to the back or upper side, while "posterior" refers to the back or rear side of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is Dorsal: Posterior.

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  • 6. 

    The anatomical term which best describes a structure toward the head is

    • A.

      Superficial.

    • B.

      Deep.

    • C.

      Inferior.

    • D.

      Superior.

    Correct Answer
    D. Superior.
    Explanation
    The term "superior" in anatomy refers to a structure that is located towards the head or upper part of the body. In this case, since the question asks for the term that best describes a structure towards the head, "superior" is the correct answer. "Superficial" refers to a structure that is closer to the surface, "deep" refers to a structure that is further inside the body, and "inferior" refers to a structure that is located towards the feet or lower part of the body.

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  • 7. 

    The arm is _________ to the hand.

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Lateral

    • C.

      Proximal

    • D.

      Distal

    Correct Answer
    C. Proximal
    Explanation
    The arm is described as proximal to the hand because proximal refers to a position closer to the point of attachment or origin. In this case, the point of attachment or origin is the shoulder, and the arm is closer to the shoulder than the hand. Therefore, proximal is the correct term to describe the relationship between the arm and the hand.

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  • 8. 

    The big toe or hallux  is _______ to the little toe.

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Intermediate

    • C.

      Lateral

    • D.

      Median

    Correct Answer
    A. Medial
    Explanation
    The big toe or hallux is located closer to the midline of the body compared to the little toe. This position is described as medial, which means towards the middle or center of the body.

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  • 9. 

    The body region "brachial" is making reference to which area of the body?

    • A.

      Armpit

    • B.

      Great Toe

    • C.

      Forehead

    • D.

      Upper Arm

    • E.

      Cheek

    Correct Answer
    D. Upper Arm
    Explanation
    The term "brachial" refers to the upper arm region of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is Upper Arm.

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  • 10. 

    The human body is categorized in structural organization.  Which of the following order is correct?

    • A.

      Chemicals, tissues, cells, organs, systems, organisms

    • B.

      Organisms,systems,cells,chemicals, organs, tissues

    • C.

      Chemicals, cells, tissues, organs, systems, organisms

    • D.

      Chemicals, cells, organs, tissues, systems, organisms

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemicals, cells, tissues, organs, systems, organisms
    Explanation
    The correct order of structural organization in the human body is from smallest to largest: chemicals, cells, tissues, organs, systems, organisms. This order starts with the basic building blocks of matter (chemicals), which make up cells. Cells then combine to form tissues, which further organize into organs. Organs work together to form systems, and all the systems together make up the complete organism.

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  • 11. 

    The plane that divides the body into posterior and anterior parts is called the

    • A.

      Oblique plane

    • B.

      Midsaggital plane

    • C.

      Transverse plane

    • D.

      Frontal plane

    • E.

      Saggital plane

    Correct Answer
    D. Frontal plane
    Explanation
    The plane that divides the body into posterior and anterior parts is called the frontal plane. This plane is also known as the coronal plane and runs vertically from side to side, dividing the body into front and back sections. It is perpendicular to the sagittal plane, which divides the body into left and right parts. The frontal plane is commonly used in anatomical and medical studies to analyze the body's structures and movements.

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  • 12. 

    Which is correct?

    • A.

      Vetebral column is anterior to the lungs

    • B.

      Lungs are inferior to the brain

    • C.

      Brain is anterior to the liver

    • D.

      Liver is superior to the heart

    Correct Answer
    B. Lungs are inferior to the brain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "lungs are inferior to the brain." This means that the lungs are located below or beneath the brain in the human body. The term "inferior" is used to describe a position that is lower or below another structure. In this case, the brain is positioned higher or superior to the lungs.

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  • 13. 

    The common term for adipose tissue is _______.

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Fat

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Cartilage

    Correct Answer
    B. Fat
    Explanation
    Adipose tissue is commonly referred to as "fat" because it is a type of connective tissue that stores energy in the form of fat cells. It is found throughout the body and serves as a cushion, insulation, and energy reserve. The term "fat" accurately describes this type of tissue and is widely used in scientific and everyday language.

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  • 14. 

    What is known as the study of the structure of body parts and how they relate to one another?

    • A.

      Physiology

    • B.

      Anatomy

    • C.

      Biology

    • D.

      Pharmacology

    Correct Answer
    B. Anatomy
    Explanation
    Anatomy is the study of the structure of body parts and how they relate to one another. It involves examining the organs, tissues, and cells of the body to understand their form and function. This field of study is crucial for medical professionals as it provides a foundation for understanding the body's systems and how they work together. Physiology, on the other hand, focuses on the functions and processes of these body parts. Biology is the broader study of living organisms, while pharmacology is the study of drugs and their effects on the body.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 05, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 05, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Tanja Donelson
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