Soal Biologi Tumbuhan Lumut Dan Paku.

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| By MaylindaNurAziza
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 633

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Soal Biologi Tumbuhan Lumut Dan Paku. - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Anteredium dan arkegonium tumbuhan paku ditemukan pada...

    • A.

      Zigot

    • B.

      Protalium

    • C.

      Tumbuhan paku

    • D.

      Sorus

    • E.

      Indusium

    Correct Answer
    B. Protalium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is protalium. In ferns, the gametophyte stage is called the protalium. It is a small, heart-shaped structure that develops from the spore. The protalium is where the antheridia (male reproductive structures) and archegonia (female reproductive structures) are found. These structures produce the sperm and egg cells, which then fuse to form a zygote. Therefore, the protalium is the stage where the antheridia and archegonia, which are the reproductive structures of ferns, are located.

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  • 2. 

    Pada tumbuhan paku akarnya serabut sedang lumut akarnya...Berdasarkan jenis spora yang dihasilkan, tumbuhan paku dapat dibedakan sebagai berikut, kecualiCopy and WIN : http://bit.ly/copy_winBerdasarkan jenis spora yang dihasilkan, tumbuhan paku dapat dibedakan sebagai berikut, kecualiCopy and WIN : http://bit.ly/copy_wine

    • A.

      Tunggang

    • B.

      Belum ada akar

    • C.

      Kecil

    • D.

      Serabut

    • E.

      Rhizoid

    Correct Answer
    E. Rhizoid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is rhizoid. Rhizoids are root-like structures found in non-vascular plants such as mosses and liverworts, not in ferns or other vascular plants like ferns. Ferns have true roots, which are fibrous and absorb water and nutrients from the soil.

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  • 3. 

    Reproduksi lumut dilakukan dengan cara...

    • A.

      Metagenesis

    • B.

      Fotogenesis

    • C.

      Membelah diri

    • D.

      Penyerbukan

    • E.

      Menduplikasikan diri

    Correct Answer
    A. Metagenesis
    Explanation
    Metagenesis is the correct answer because it refers to the reproductive process of mosses (lumut). Metagenesis involves alternating generations of a haploid gametophyte phase and a diploid sporophyte phase. In this process, the gametophyte produces gametes through mitosis, which then fuse to form a diploid zygote. The zygote develops into a sporophyte, which produces haploid spores through meiosis. These spores germinate and grow into new gametophytes, completing the life cycle of mosses.

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  • 4. 

    Anteredium dan arkegonium tumbuhan paku di temukan pada...

    • A.

      Zigot

    • B.

      Indisium

    • C.

      Tumbuhan paku

    • D.

      Protaium

    • E.

      Sorus

    Correct Answer
    D. Protaium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "protaium". In ferns, the protaium is the stage in the life cycle where the anteridia and archegonia are found. The anteridia produce sperm, while the archegonia produce eggs. The fertilization of the egg by the sperm leads to the formation of a zygote, which develops into a new fern plant. Therefore, the protaium is the stage where the reproductive structures necessary for fertilization are present.

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  • 5. 

    Persamaan tumbuhan lumut dan tumbuhan paku adalah sebagai berikut, kecuali...

    • A.

      Mengalami metagenesis

    • B.

      Miosis terjadi pada pembentukan spora

    • C.

      Tergolong dalam kormophyta berspora

    • D.

      Terbentuk dari spora diploid

    • E.

      Mempunyai akar serabut

    Correct Answer
    E. Mempunyai akar serabut
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mempunyai akar serabut". This is because both mosses and ferns have a gametophyte and sporophyte stage in their life cycle, which is known as metagenesis. Meiosis occurs during the formation of spores in both plants. They are also classified as spore-bearing plants or kormophyta berspora. Additionally, both mosses and ferns are formed from diploid spores. However, mosses do not have true roots and instead have rhizoids, while ferns have true roots.

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  • 6. 

    Manfaat lumut marchantia adalah untuk...

    • A.

      Bahan peledak

    • B.

      Penambah stamina

    • C.

      Obat penyakit hepar

    • D.

      Bahan pembalut

    • E.

      Bahan pembuatan kapas

    Correct Answer
    C. Obat penyakit hepar
    Explanation
    Lumut marchantia memiliki manfaat sebagai obat penyakit hepar. Lumut ini memiliki sifat antiinflamasi dan antioksidan yang dapat membantu mengurangi peradangan dan kerusakan sel hati. Selain itu, lumut marchantia juga mengandung senyawa aktif yang dapat melindungi dan memperbaiki sel-sel hati yang rusak. Oleh karena itu, lumut marchantia dapat digunakan sebagai obat untuk mengobati penyakit hati.

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  • 7. 

    Alat perkembangbiakan jantan pada lumut adalah...

    • A.

      Anteredium

    • B.

      Rizoma

    • C.

      Sporangium

    • D.

      Arkegonium

    • E.

      Spora

    Correct Answer
    A. Anteredium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is anteredium. In mosses, the male reproductive organ is called the anteredium. It produces sperm cells that are released into the environment to fertilize the female reproductive organ, called the archegonium. The other options, such as rizoma, sporangium, and spora, are not specifically related to the male reproductive structures in mosses.

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  • 8. 

    Ciri generasi sporofit pada tumbuhan paku adalah sebagai berikut kecuali...

    • A.

      Terbentuk dari hasil pembelahan diri

    • B.

      Tumbuhan paku muda menjadi paku dewasa yang tumbuh diatas gametofit

    • C.

      Tumbuhan paku dewasa menghasilkan dua jenis daun yaitu daun sporofil dan daun tropofil

    • D.

      Merupakan fase paling dominan dan berumur panjang

    • E.

      Permukaan atas terdapat gamet

    Correct Answer
    A. Terbentuk dari hasil pembelahan diri
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that the statement "terbentuk dari hasil pembelahan diri" is not true for the sporophyte generation in ferns. The sporophyte generation in ferns is formed through the fusion of gametes (sexual reproduction) and not through self-division or asexual reproduction.

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  • 9. 

    Pada permukaan bagian daun pada tumbuhan paku terdapat bentuk berupa titik hitam yang disebut..

    • A.

      Protalium

    • B.

      Pinna

    • C.

      Rizoid

    • D.

      Gemma

    • E.

      Sorus

    Correct Answer
    A. Protalium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is protalium. A protalium is a small, heart-shaped structure found on the surface of the leaf of a fern plant. It is the gametophyte stage of the fern life cycle and is responsible for producing the reproductive structures called archegonia and antheridia. These structures produce eggs and sperm, which then fuse to form a zygote and eventually develop into a sporophyte, completing the fern life cycle. The presence of protalium on the surface of a fern leaf indicates the reproductive capabilities of the plant.

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  • 10. 

    Habitat tumbuhan paku adalah...

    • A.

      Pantai

    • B.

      Gurun

    • C.

      Hutan hujan tropis

    • D.

      Puncak gunung

    • E.

      Laut

    Correct Answer
    C. Hutan hujan tropis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hutan hujan tropis. The habitat of ferns is typically found in tropical rainforests. These forests provide the ideal conditions for ferns to thrive, with high humidity, abundant rainfall, and dense vegetation. Ferns are adapted to grow in the shaded understory of the rainforest, where they can take advantage of the moisture and nutrients available. The other options, such as beaches, deserts, mountains, and seas, do not provide the necessary conditions for ferns to survive and reproduce.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 11, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    MaylindaNurAziza
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