Origins Of World War Two - Fq1 - Quiz One

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Origins Of World War Two - Fq1 - Quiz One - Quiz

NCEA Origins of WW2 factual recall quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When was the First World War fought?

    • A. 

      1939-45

    • B. 

      1870-71

    • C. 

      1914-18

    • D. 

      1914-17

    Correct Answer
    C. 1914-18
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1914-18. The First World War was fought between 1914 and 1918. It began in 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and lasted until 1918 when an armistice was signed. This war involved many countries and had a significant impact on the world, leading to major political and social changes.

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  • 2. 

    Identify three countries that fought on the side of the Central Powers during World War One?

    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      Austro-Hungarian Empire

    • C. 

      Australia

    • D. 

      Turkey

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Germany
    B. Austro-Hungarian Empire
    D. Turkey
    Explanation
    During World War One, Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Turkey fought on the side of the Central Powers. Germany was a major power and one of the main instigators of the war. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was an ally of Germany and played a significant role in the conflict. Turkey, although not initially involved, joined the war on the side of the Central Powers in 1914, strengthening their alliance. Australia, on the other hand, fought on the side of the Allies, not the Central Powers.

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  • 3. 

    When Germany defeated Russia in 1917 what name was given to the harsh treaty Germany signed with Communist Russia?

    • A. 

      Treaty of Hamburg

    • B. 

      Treaty of St Germain

    • C. 

      Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    • D. 

      Treaty of Versailles

    Correct Answer
    C. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. After Germany's victory over Russia in 1917, they signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Communist Russia. This treaty was harsh as it forced Russia to give up large amounts of territory to Germany, including Ukraine, Belarus, Finland, and the Baltic states. It also required Russia to pay reparations to Germany. The treaty was significant as it allowed Germany to focus its efforts on the Western Front during World War I, but it also contributed to the destabilization of the Russian government and the eventual rise of the Soviet Union.

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  • 4. 

    In January 1918 Woodrow Wilson announced his 14 point peace plan.  Which of these principles was not included in his proposal

    • A. 

      National self-determination

    • B. 

      The crippling of the German economy

    • C. 

      Collective security

    • D. 

      Open diplomacy

    Correct Answer
    B. The crippling of the German economy
    Explanation
    Woodrow Wilson's 14 point peace plan, announced in January 1918, aimed to establish a lasting peace after World War I. It included principles such as national self-determination, collective security, and open diplomacy. However, the principle of "the crippling of the German economy" was not included in his proposal. This suggests that Wilson's focus was on creating a fair and just peace settlement rather than seeking revenge or punishing Germany economically.

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  • 5. 

    On November 11th 1918, Gemany surrendered to the Allied forces.  By what other name is this agreement commonly known as?

    • A. 

      Armistice

    • B. 

      Arms rally

    • C. 

      Ceasefire

    • D. 

      Victory parade

    Correct Answer
    A. Armistice
    Explanation
    Armistice is the correct answer because it refers to a formal agreement made between opposing sides in a war to stop fighting. In this context, Germany surrendered to the Allied forces, signifying the end of World War I. The term "armistice" is commonly used to describe this agreement, emphasizing the cessation of hostilities and the establishment of peace.

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  • 6. 

    Two day before the end of the First World War a new German democratic government was established.  What is the name commonly given to this new government?

    • A. 

      DDR

    • B. 

      Velvet Republic

    • C. 

      Welmar Republic

    • D. 

      Weimar Republic

    Correct Answer
    D. Weimar Republic
    Explanation
    The Weimar Republic is the correct answer because it was indeed established two days before the end of the First World War. The Weimar Republic was the democratic government that replaced the German monarchy after the war. It was named after the city of Weimar, where the new constitution was drafted. The Weimar Republic faced numerous challenges, including economic instability and political unrest, and ultimately collapsed in 1933 with the rise of the Nazi Party.

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  • 7. 

    When the Armistice was signed between the Allied powers and Germany, many German people felt that they had been betrayed by the new German government.  By what name was the new government often described?

    • A. 

      October Criminals

    • B. 

      November Criminals

    • C. 

      December Criminals

    • D. 

      January Criminals

    Correct Answer
    B. November Criminals
    Explanation
    After the Armistice was signed between the Allied powers and Germany, the new German government was often described as "November Criminals". This term was used by those who felt betrayed by the government, as they believed that the government had surrendered and accepted the harsh terms of the Armistice, leading to Germany's defeat in World War I. The term "November Criminals" was used to criticize and blame the government for the country's perceived humiliation and the harsh conditions imposed by the Allies.

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  • 8. 

    After the Central Powers surrender a popular myth spread throughout Germany that she had been betrayed by her new democratic government.  What was the name of the myth?

    • A. 

      "Tricked into surrender"

    • B. 

      "Poisoned in their sleep"

    • C. 

      "Stabbed in the back"

    • D. 

      "Bowled a googly"

    Correct Answer
    C. "Stabbed in the back"
    Explanation
    The popular myth that spread throughout Germany after the Central Powers surrender was called "Stabbed in the back." This myth suggested that Germany's defeat in World War I was not due to military weakness, but rather because the new democratic government had betrayed the country. The myth claimed that Germany could have won the war if it had not been undermined by internal forces, leading to a sense of betrayal and resentment among the German population.

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  • 9. 

    Identify three nations who were not invited to the Paris Peace Conference in 1918?

    • A. 

      Turkey

    • B. 

      Russia

    • C. 

      New Zealand

    • D. 

      Germany

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Turkey
    B. Russia
    D. Germany
    Explanation
    The Paris Peace Conference in 1918 was organized to negotiate peace treaties and determine the terms of the end of World War I. Turkey, Russia, and Germany were not invited to the conference. Turkey was excluded because it had been defeated and was undergoing a major political transition after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Russia was excluded due to its ongoing civil war and political instability following the Russian Revolution. Germany, as one of the Central Powers, was not invited as it was considered responsible for starting the war.

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  • 10. 

    Why was Russia not invited to the conference when she had fought on the side of the allies against Germany?

    • A. 

      She was invited but Russia was too busy dealing with a Civil War

    • B. 

      Russia was accidentally left off the guest list

    • C. 

      Fear of communism and allied support for forces fighting against the new Communist government in the Russian Civil War

    • D. 

      False - Russia did in fact attend the conference

    Correct Answer
    C. Fear of communism and allied support for forces fighting against the new Communist government in the Russian Civil War
    Explanation
    The correct answer is fear of communism and allied support for forces fighting against the new Communist government in the Russian Civil War. This explanation suggests that Russia was not invited to the conference due to concerns about the spread of communism and the support given by the allies to the anti-communist forces in the Russian Civil War.

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  • 11. 

    During the First World War, one country in particular made huge loans to allied countries making her the world's largest creditor at the end of the war.  Name the country.

    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      USA

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    B. USA
    Explanation
    During the First World War, the United States made significant loans to allied countries. These loans were given to countries such as France and Great Britain to support their war efforts. As a result, the United States became the world's largest creditor by the end of the war. This was due to the financial assistance provided by the US, which helped the allied countries to continue their fight against the Central Powers.

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  • 12. 

    Approximately how many people were killed in the First World War?

    • A. 

      100 million

    • B. 

      13 million

    • C. 

      28 million

    • D. 

      500,000

    Correct Answer
    B. 13 million
    Explanation
    During the First World War, approximately 13 million people were killed. This staggering loss of life was a result of the widespread conflict that involved numerous countries and lasted for four years. The war saw the use of new and devastating weapons, trench warfare, and high casualty rates. The death toll was a tragic consequence of the intense fighting and the significant number of military personnel and civilians involved in the conflict.

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  • 13. 

    Which of these was not a popular headline in the British and French press at the end of the First World War?

    • A. 

      Hang the Kaiser

    • B. 

      Give Germany a fair deal

    • C. 

      Make Germany Pay

    • D. 

      Squeeze the German lemon 'till the pips squeak

    Correct Answer
    B. Give Germany a fair deal
    Explanation
    During the end of the First World War, the popular sentiment in both the British and French press was largely focused on punishing Germany for its role in the war. Headlines such as "Hang the Kaiser," "Make Germany Pay," and "Squeeze the German lemon 'till the pips squeak" reflect this desire for retribution. However, the headline "Give Germany a fair deal" goes against this trend as it suggests a more lenient approach towards Germany, indicating that it was not a popular headline in the press at that time.

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  • 14. 

    At Versailles the German army was limited to ...

    • A. 

      100,000

    • B. 

      200,000

    • C. 

      1 million

    • D. 

      2 million

    Correct Answer
    A. 100,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 100,000. This refers to the limitation imposed on the German army at Versailles. After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles imposed several restrictions on Germany, including limiting their army size to only 100,000 personnel. This limitation was a way to ensure that Germany would not be able to rebuild a large military force and potentially pose a threat to other nations again.

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  • 15. 

    Which two leaders were under the most domestic pressure to impose harsh terms on Germany?

    • A. 

      Georges Clemenceau

    • B. 

      Woodrow Wilson

    • C. 

      Lloyd George

    • D. 

      Vittorio Orlando

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Georges Clemenceau
    C. Lloyd George
    Explanation
    Georges Clemenceau and Lloyd George were under the most domestic pressure to impose harsh terms on Germany. Clemenceau, as the Prime Minister of France, was determined to ensure that Germany would be severely punished for their role in World War I and the damage they caused to France. Similarly, Lloyd George, as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, faced pressure from the British public to hold Germany accountable and secure reparations for the war. Both leaders had to navigate the demands of their respective countries and balance the need for justice with the desire for stability in Europe.

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  • 16. 

    The German airforce, the Luftwaffe, was limited to how many planes?

    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      0

    • D. 

      100

    Correct Answer
    C. 0
    Explanation
    During the time period being referred to, the German airforce, the Luftwaffe, was limited to zero planes. This suggests that there were either no planes available or that there were restrictions in place preventing the Luftwaffe from having any planes. This limitation would have had significant implications for the Luftwaffe's ability to carry out operations and defend German airspace.

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  • 17. 

    What percentage of German territory was lost?

    • A. 

      90%

    • B. 

      13%

    • C. 

      20%

    • D. 

      2%

    Correct Answer
    B. 13%
    Explanation
    During World War II, Germany lost a significant amount of its territory due to various factors such as military defeats and territorial concessions. The given answer of 13% suggests that Germany lost 13% of its territory during this time. This loss of territory had a profound impact on the country's political and geographical landscape, leading to significant changes in borders and the redistribution of power in Europe.

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  • 18. 

    Which territory on the French/German border was given to France?

    • A. 

      Normandy

    • B. 

      The Ruhr

    • C. 

      Alsace-Lorraine

    • D. 

      Rhineland

    Correct Answer
    C. Alsace-Lorraine
    Explanation
    Alsace-Lorraine is the correct answer because it was a territory on the French/German border that was given to France. After the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, Alsace-Lorraine was annexed by the newly formed German Empire. However, after World War I, as part of the Treaty of Versailles, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. This decision was made in order to rectify the territorial changes that occurred as a result of the war and to restore the pre-war borders of France.

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  • 19. 

    Alsace Lorraine had been seized by Germany in which previous war?

    • A. 

      1415 Battle of Agincourt

    • B. 

      1939-45 Second World War

    • C. 

      1914-18 First World War

    • D. 

      1870-71 Franco-Prussian War

    Correct Answer
    D. 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War
    Explanation
    Alsace Lorraine had been seized by Germany in the 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War. This war was fought between France and the German states led by Prussia. As a result of the war, Germany emerged victorious and annexed the territories of Alsace and Lorraine from France. These territories remained under German control until the end of World War I when they were returned to France as part of the Treaty of Versailles.

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  • 20. 

    Which important German industrial area was placed under the trusteeship of the League of Nations?

    • A. 

      Normandy

    • B. 

      Eupen Malmedy

    • C. 

      Saar

    • D. 

      Brittany

    Correct Answer
    C. Saar
    Explanation
    The Saar region was placed under the trusteeship of the League of Nations after World War I. This decision was made in order to resolve the ongoing dispute between Germany and France over the control of the area. The League of Nations took over the administration of the Saar region and held a plebiscite in 1935 to determine its future status. The majority of the population voted to return to Germany, and the region was subsequently reincorporated into Germany.

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  • 21. 

    Which area was demilitarised?

    • A. 

      Northen Schleswig

    • B. 

      Rhineland

    • C. 

      Polish Corridor

    • D. 

      Posnen

    Correct Answer
    B. Rhineland
    Explanation
    The Rhineland was demilitarized after World War I as part of the Treaty of Versailles. This meant that Germany was not allowed to have any military presence or fortifications in the area. The demilitarization of the Rhineland was seen as a way to prevent Germany from launching any future military aggression and to maintain peace in the region. It was also meant to serve as a buffer zone between Germany and its neighboring countries.

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  • 22. 

    What happend to the German speaking Sudatens?

    • A. 

      They were included in the new state of Poland

    • B. 

      They were included in the new German state

    • C. 

      They were included in the new state of Czechoslavakia

    • D. 

      They were included in the new Hungary

    Correct Answer
    C. They were included in the new state of Czechoslavakia
    Explanation
    After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles led to the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. As a result, the Sudetenland, a predominantly German-speaking region, became a part of the new state of Czechoslovakia. This decision aimed to create a more ethnically diverse and unified country. However, this inclusion of the Sudeten Germans ultimately became a source of tension and conflict, leading to the Munich Agreement and eventually the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany in 1938.

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  • 23. 

    What happend to the port city of Danzig?

    • A. 

      Given to Soviet Union

    • B. 

      Made into free city under League of Nations

    • C. 

      Part of new Poland

    • D. 

      Part of Denmark

    Correct Answer
    B. Made into free city under League of Nations
    Explanation
    After World War I, the port city of Danzig (now known as Gdańsk) was made into a free city under the League of Nations. This meant that it was not part of any country but was governed by an international body. The purpose of making Danzig a free city was to ensure its neutrality and allow it to serve as a major port for trade. This arrangement lasted until the outbreak of World War II when Danzig was occupied by Nazi Germany.

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  • 24. 

    What is the name commonly given to the new strip of land given to Poland which gave her access to the sea (at the expense of Germany)

    • A. 

      Polish Tunnel

    • B. 

      Polish Passage

    • C. 

      Polish Corridor

    • D. 

      Polish Handshake

    Correct Answer
    C. Polish Corridor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Polish Corridor. The Polish Corridor was a strip of land that was given to Poland after World War I, which provided the country with access to the sea. This territory separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany and allowed Poland to have a direct route to the Baltic Sea. The creation of the Polish Corridor was a source of tension between Poland and Germany and eventually contributed to the outbreak of World War II.

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  • 25. 

    What was the other name given to article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles?

    • A. 

      The Self Determination Clause

    • B. 

      The War Guilt Clause

    • C. 

      The Collective Security Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. The War Guilt Clause
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The War Guilt Clause. Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles was commonly referred to as the War Guilt Clause because it placed the blame for World War I solely on Germany and its allies. This clause was a significant factor in the reparations and punishments imposed on Germany, as it held them responsible for the damages caused by the war. The War Guilt Clause was highly controversial and contributed to the resentment and tensions that eventually led to World War II.

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  • 26. 

    The Treaty of Versailles ruled that that German colonies that had been part of her empire were to be handed over to the League of Nations.  What happend to Western Samoa?

    • A. 

      It was allowed a plebiscite (vote) to determine its future

    • B. 

      Placed under trusteeship of League of Nations supervised by New Zealand

    • C. 

      It was granted independence

    Correct Answer
    B. Placed under trusteeship of League of Nations supervised by New Zealand
    Explanation
    Western Samoa was placed under the trusteeship of the League of Nations and supervised by New Zealand. This means that New Zealand was responsible for governing and administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations. The trusteeship system was designed to provide guidance and support to territories that were not yet ready for self-government. In this case, Western Samoa was not granted independence but instead had its affairs overseen by New Zealand under the authority of the League of Nations.

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  • 27. 

    Correctly identify four new nation states created at the Treaty of Versailles.

    • A. 

      Czechoslavakia

    • B. 

      Yugoslavia

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Poland

    • E. 

      Austria

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Czechoslavakia
    B. Yugoslavia
    D. Poland
    E. Austria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, and Austria. These four nation states were indeed created at the Treaty of Versailles. Czechoslovakia emerged as a new country, formed from the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. Yugoslavia was also established, bringing together several South Slavic regions. Poland regained its independence after being partitioned for over a century. Austria, although not a new nation, underwent significant territorial changes and lost substantial territories as a result of the treaty. France, on the other hand, was not a new nation created at the Treaty of Versailles, but rather one of the victorious powers involved in the negotiations.

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  • 28. 

    Under the terms of the treaty what was forbidden to take place between Austria and Germany?

    • A. 

      Secret deals

    • B. 

      Anschluss

    • C. 

      A friendly football match

    • D. 

      War

    Correct Answer
    B. Anschluss
    Explanation
    Anschluss refers to the political union between Austria and Germany, which was forbidden under the terms of the treaty. This union was seen as a threat to the stability and sovereignty of other European nations, as it would have given Germany more power and influence. Therefore, the treaty aimed to prevent this union from taking place, in order to maintain peace and balance of power in the region.

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  • 29. 

    What did the German people often call the terms of the treaty?

    • A. 

      Deutschland uber alles

    • B. 

      Danzig

    • C. 

      Diktat

    • D. 

      Dietmar Hamman

    Correct Answer
    C. Diktat
    Explanation
    The German people often referred to the terms of the treaty as "Diktat." This term suggests that the treaty was imposed on Germany without their consent or input, emphasizing the perceived unfairness and lack of negotiation in the process. The use of this term reflects the German people's dissatisfaction and resentment towards the treaty and its conditions.

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  • 30. 

    Which country that was a member of the Big Four refused to sign the terms of the treaty and retreated into isolation.

    • A. 

      Great Britain

    • B. 

      USA

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    B. USA
    Explanation
    During the aftermath of World War I, the Big Four referred to the four major Allied powers: Great Britain, USA, France, and Italy. The treaty being referred to is most likely the Treaty of Versailles, which was signed in 1919. The correct answer, USA, is based on the fact that the United States refused to sign the treaty and retreated into isolationism. This decision was influenced by various factors, including the opposition of the US Senate and public sentiment against entangling alliances and international involvement. The US decision to not sign the treaty had significant implications for international relations and the subsequent events leading up to World War II.

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