Orientation - Infection Control

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Jimcor
J
Jimcor
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 193
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 110

SettingsSettingsSettings
Orientation - Infection Control - Quiz

Infections are conditions that are caused by bacteria and viruses. Once in the body, the infections cause improper functioning of the body, causing diseases. The quiz below tests and advances your knowledge on infection control.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An infection is defined as a process by which:

    • A.

      Body temperatures increase significantly over time

    • B.

      Disease-causing organisms enter the body and increase in number

    • C.

      Blood pressure is adversely affected and vital organs begin to malfunction

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease-causing organisms enter the body and increase in number
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the definition of an infection. The correct answer is "Disease-causing organisms enter the body and increase in number." This answer accurately describes the process of an infection, where harmful microorganisms enter the body and multiply, leading to the development of a disease. The other options mentioned in the question, such as increasing body temperatures and adverse effects on blood pressure and vital organs, are not defining characteristics of an infection.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The incubation period is best described as the interval between:

    • A.

      The symptoms first appearing and reaching their peak

    • B.

      The time between the ingestion or inhaling of the microorganism and the illness begins

    • C.

      The symptoms first appearing and then disappearing

    Correct Answer
    B. The time between the ingestion or inhaling of the microorganism and the illness begins
    Explanation
    The incubation period refers to the time between the ingestion or inhaling of the microorganism and the onset of illness. It is the period during which the microorganism multiplies and establishes an infection in the body, but symptoms may not yet be present. Once the incubation period is over, symptoms begin to appear as the body's immune system responds to the infection. Therefore, the correct answer is "The time between the ingestion or inhaling of the microorganism and the illness begins."

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following are considered ‘Standard Precautions’ used to prevent infection?

    • A.

      Hand Washing

    • B.

      Dedicated Patient Equipment

    • C.

      Plastic Aprons or Gowns

    • D.

      Single use of gloves

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hand Washing
    C. Plastic Aprons or Gowns
    D. Single use of gloves
    Explanation
    Standard Precautions are a set of infection control practices that healthcare providers use to prevent the spread of infection. Hand washing is an essential component of Standard Precautions as it helps to remove germs from the hands. Plastic aprons or gowns are used to protect healthcare providers from contamination and prevent the spread of infection. Single use of gloves is also considered a standard precaution as it helps to prevent the transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another. Therefore, the correct answer is Hand Washing, Plastic Aprons or Gowns, and Single use of gloves.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following are considered ‘Additional Precautions’ used to prevent infection?

    • A.

      Antiseptic hand cleansers for routine hand washing

    • B.

      Protective Eyewear

    • C.

      Single Room Accommodation

    • D.

      The use of a mask

    • E.

      Dedicated Patient Equipment

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Antiseptic hand cleansers for routine hand washing
    C. Single Room Accommodation
    E. Dedicated Patient Equipment
    Explanation
    Additional precautions are measures taken in addition to standard precautions to prevent the spread of infection. Antiseptic hand cleansers for routine hand washing help to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on the hands. Single room accommodation ensures that patients with certain infections are isolated to prevent transmission to others. Dedicated patient equipment means using separate equipment for each patient to prevent cross-contamination. All of these measures are considered additional precautions to prevent infection.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Disposable gloves can be used for multiple residents provided:

    • A.

      Gloves are washed thoroughly in between uses

    • B.

      Gloves have not been used in the kitchen

    • C.

      Gloves are not torn in any way

    • D.

      Resident does not object

    • E.

      None of the above, gloves must be disposed of immediately after use

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above, gloves must be disposed of immediately after use
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "None of the above, gloves must be disposed of immediately after use". This means that none of the conditions mentioned in the options are sufficient for reusing disposable gloves. Regardless of whether the gloves are washed, used in the kitchen, torn or if the resident objects, they should still be disposed of after each use. Reusing disposable gloves can lead to cross-contamination and the spread of germs, so it is important to always use a fresh pair for each resident.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following subjects have existing, specific Infection Control procedures?

    • A.

      Management of Pets

    • B.

      Waste Food Disposal

    • C.

      Gastroenteritis

    • D.

      Pan Room/Utility Areas

    • E.

      Hand Washing

    • F.

      Influenza Outbreak

    • G.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Management of Pets
    B. Waste Food Disposal
    C. Gastroenteritis
    D. Pan Room/Utility Areas
    E. Hand Washing
  • 7. 

    Which is the most common causes of gastroenteritis?

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Viruses

    • C.

      Parasites

    Correct Answer
    B. Viruses
    Explanation
    Gastroenteritis is commonly caused by viruses. Viral gastroenteritis, also known as the stomach flu, is highly contagious and spreads through contaminated food or water, or by close contact with an infected person. Common viruses that cause gastroenteritis include norovirus, rotavirus, and adenovirus. These viruses infect the intestines and cause symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and fever. Bacteria and parasites can also cause gastroenteritis, but viruses are the most common culprits.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following methods describe the spread of Gastroenteritis by the ‘faecal-oral route’?

    • A.

      Soiled hands to mouth

    • B.

      Breathing Faecally-infected Air

    • C.

      Faecally-contaminated surfaces to mouth

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Soiled hands to mouth
    C. Faecally-contaminated surfaces to mouth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Soiled hands to mouth" and "Faecally-contaminated surfaces to mouth". Gastroenteritis can spread through the faecal-oral route, which means that the virus or bacteria causing the infection is transmitted through contact with contaminated faeces. Soiled hands can become contaminated with the virus or bacteria and then spread it to the mouth when touching the face or eating. Similarly, surfaces that have been contaminated with faeces can also transmit the infection when touched and then touching the mouth.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following symptoms are major indicators of Gastroenteritis?

    • A.

      Diarrhoea

    • B.

      Low Blood Pressure

    • C.

      Fever

    • D.

      Nausea

    • E.

      Abdominal cramps

    • F.

      Headache

    • G.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Diarrhoea
    C. Fever
    D. Nausea
    E. Abdominal cramps
    F. Headache
    Explanation
    The major indicators of Gastroenteritis include symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, nausea, abdominal cramps, and headache. These symptoms are commonly associated with Gastroenteritis, which is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Diarrhea is the most common symptom, characterized by loose or watery stools. Fever, nausea, abdominal cramps, and headache are also commonly experienced by individuals with Gastroenteritis. Therefore, all of the above symptoms are major indicators of Gastroenteritis.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following groups are most at risk of developing complications associated with Gastroenteritis?

    • A.

      Young children and infants

    • B.

      People with weak or weakened immune systems

    • C.

      People working with livestock

    • D.

      The elderly

    • E.

      Already sick people

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Young children and infants
    B. People with weak or weakened immune systems
    D. The elderly
    E. Already sick people
    Explanation
    Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines, usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Young children and infants are more susceptible to complications from gastroenteritis because their immune systems are not fully developed. People with weak or weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy, are also at higher risk as their bodies may not be able to fight off the infection effectively. The elderly, who may have weakened immune systems and other underlying health conditions, are more prone to complications. Already sick people, who may have compromised immune systems, are also at increased risk. Therefore, all of the above groups are most at risk of developing complications associated with gastroenteritis.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    An outbreak of Gastroenteritis should be reported to the Victorian Government Health Department if:

    • A.

      There is a resident with severe Gastroenteritis

    • B.

      There is an onset of severe vomiting and diarrhoea in more than two residents and/or staff members

    • C.

      There is an onset of severe vomiting and diarrhoea or a severe case on Influenza in more than two residents and/or staff members over a period of 72 hours

    Correct Answer
    C. There is an onset of severe vomiting and diarrhoea or a severe case on Influenza in more than two residents and/or staff members over a period of 72 hours
    Explanation
    If there is an onset of severe vomiting and diarrhea or a severe case of influenza in more than two residents and/or staff members over a period of 72 hours, it should be reported to the Victorian Government Health Department. This indicates a potential outbreak of a contagious illness, such as gastroenteritis or influenza, which requires immediate attention and intervention to prevent further spread and protect the health of the residents and staff members.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    An outbreak of Influenza should be reported to the Victorian Government Health Department if:

    • A.

      There is a resident with symptoms of the ‘flu

    • B.

      There are three or more residents and/or staff members with the onset of symptoms of the ‘flu

    • C.

      There are three or more residents and/or staff members with the onset of symptoms of the ‘flu over a period of 72 hours

    Correct Answer
    C. There are three or more residents and/or staff members with the onset of symptoms of the ‘flu over a period of 72 hours
    Explanation
    If there are three or more residents and/or staff members who develop symptoms of the flu within a 72-hour period, it should be reported to the Victorian Government Health Department. This criterion is important because it indicates a potential outbreak of the flu within the facility. Reporting such outbreaks allows the health department to take necessary measures to prevent further spread of the virus and protect the health of the residents and staff members.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What is the incubation period (the time between becoming infected and symptoms becoming apparent) for Gastroenteritis or Influenza

    • A.

      Less than 24 hours

    • B.

      Up to 50 hours

    • C.

      Up to 5 days

    Correct Answer
    B. Up to 50 hours
    Explanation
    The incubation period for Gastroenteritis or Influenza is up to 50 hours. This means that after becoming infected with either of these illnesses, it can take up to 50 hours for symptoms to start showing. This information is important for understanding the timeline of the illness and for taking necessary precautions to prevent its spread.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What is the infectious period (the time during which the infected person can transmit the illness) for Gastroenteritis?

    • A.

      24- 48 hours

    • B.

      Up to 48 hours after vomiting and diarrhoea ceases

    • C.

      More than 48 hours

    • D.

      Up to 5 days

    Correct Answer
    B. Up to 48 hours after vomiting and diarrhoea ceases
    Explanation
    The infectious period for Gastroenteritis is up to 48 hours after vomiting and diarrhea cease. This means that a person infected with Gastroenteritis can transmit the illness to others for up to 48 hours after their symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea have stopped. After this period, the risk of transmission decreases significantly.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    What is the single most effective way of preventing Gastroenteritis?

    • A.

      Wearing disposable gloves at all times

    • B.

      Washing hands in the appropriate way at appropriate intervals

    • C.

      Washing hands at set regular intervals

    • D.

      Ensuring all food is washed prior to preparation

    Correct Answer
    B. Washing hands in the appropriate way at appropriate intervals
    Explanation
    Washing hands in the appropriate way at appropriate intervals is the single most effective way of preventing Gastroenteritis. This is because Gastroenteritis is often caused by ingesting bacteria or viruses that are present on contaminated surfaces or in contaminated food. Proper handwashing helps to remove these pathogens from the hands, reducing the risk of transmission. It is important to wash hands in the appropriate way, which includes using soap and water, scrubbing for at least 20 seconds, and paying attention to all areas of the hands, including the fingertips and under the nails. Washing hands at appropriate intervals ensures that hands are kept clean throughout the day, reducing the risk of contamination.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Which of the following statements is true when in contact with residents with Gastroenteritis?

    • A.

      Protective gowns can be worn four times prior to disposal

    • B.

      Disposable gloves should be worn

    • C.

      Hands do not need to be washed if disposable gloves are worn

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Disposable gloves should be worn
    Explanation
    When in contact with residents with Gastroenteritis, it is important to wear disposable gloves. This is because Gastroenteritis is a highly contagious infection that can be transmitted through contact with contaminated surfaces or bodily fluids. Wearing gloves helps to prevent the spread of the infection and protects the healthcare worker from coming into direct contact with the virus. However, it is still necessary to wash hands even when wearing gloves, as gloves can become contaminated and may not provide complete protection. The use of protective gowns can also be beneficial, but there is no specific mention of the number of times they can be worn prior to disposal in the given information.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    What is the best way of  protecting yourself from many diseases including Gastroenteritis or Influenza?

    • A.

      Washing your hands in the prescribed manner

    • B.

      Washing your hands in the prescribed manner

    • C.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Washing your hands in the prescribed manner
    B. Washing your hands in the prescribed manner
    C. All of the above
    Explanation
    The best way to protect yourself from many diseases, including Gastroenteritis or Influenza, is by washing your hands in the prescribed manner. This practice helps to remove germs and prevent their transmission. By washing your hands properly, you can minimize the risk of contracting various illnesses caused by bacteria or viruses. Therefore, the correct answer is "Washing your hands in the prescribed manner" and "All of the above" as both options emphasize the importance of hand hygiene in disease prevention.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Which of the following statements is true when in contact with residents with Influenza?

    • A.

      Covering the mouth when coughing may prevent communication

    • B.

      Disposable gloves should be worn

    • C.

      Sneezing into disposable tissues may prevent communication

    • D.

      Cleaning of contaminated objects will help prevent the spread of Influenza

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above statements are true when in contact with residents with Influenza. Covering the mouth when coughing can help prevent the spread of the virus through respiratory droplets. Wearing disposable gloves can protect against direct contact with contaminated surfaces. Sneezing into disposable tissues can prevent the spread of the virus through respiratory droplets. Cleaning contaminated objects can help eliminate the virus and prevent its transmission to others. Therefore, all of these measures can contribute to preventing the spread of Influenza.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Staff members with symptoms of Gastroenteritis must not return to work:

    • A.

      Until the symptoms disappear

    • B.

      Until 48 hours after symptoms have disappeared

    • C.

      Until 5 days after symptoms have disappeared

    • D.

      Until a doctor authorises their return to work

    Correct Answer
    B. Until 48 hours after symptoms have disappeared
    Explanation
    Staff members with symptoms of Gastroenteritis must not return to work until 48 hours after their symptoms have disappeared. This is because Gastroenteritis is a contagious illness that can spread easily to others. Even after the symptoms have disappeared, the virus or bacteria causing the illness may still be present in the person's body. Waiting for an additional 48 hours ensures that the person is no longer contagious and reduces the risk of spreading the illness to coworkers or customers.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 12, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jimcor
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.