Organ Pathology - Handout 1 - Genetics And Teratogens

11 Questions | Total Attempts: 156

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Pathology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following diseases has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern?
    • A. 

      Cystic Fibrosis

    • B. 

      PKU

    • C. 

      Huntington's Disease

    • D. 

      Sickle Cell Anemia

  • 2. 
    G6P Dehydrogenase deficiency is a disease with a(n) ____________ inheritance pattern
    • A. 

      X-Linked Dominant

    • B. 

      Y-Linked

    • C. 

      Chromosome 12 Recessive

    • D. 

      X-Linked Recessive

  • 3. 
    Translation occurs when DNA becomes mRNA, transcription occurs when mRNA becomes a protein
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Which of the following are true regarding Down Syndrome (select 2)
    • A. 

      It is a trisomy of the 21st chromosome

    • B. 

      It is a trisomy of the 18th chromosome

    • C. 

      A hallmark symptom is a big, wrinkled tongue

    • D. 

      An exclusive trait is mental retardation

    • E. 

      A Down syndrome patient only has 1 X chromosome

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is true regarding albinism?
    • A. 

      Its disease originates on chromosome 15

    • B. 

      It is caused by a deficiency of N-acetyalhexoaminidase

    • C. 

      The patient is unable to convert tyrosine to DOPA

    • D. 

      An albino must have a low protein diet to prevent mental retardation

  • 6. 
    Your friend smells like your lab mice and he tells you he can't eat beans, meat, and most dairy. You conclude he has 
    • A. 

      Albinism

    • B. 

      A disease with the inability to digest phenylalanine

    • C. 

      Too much phenylalanine hydroxylase

    • D. 

      A disease originating on chromosome 7

  • 7. 
    Your female patient has Leber's disease. Which of the following family members would also have the disease? (Select 3)
    • A. 

      The patients mother

    • B. 

      The patient's father

    • C. 

      The patient's grandfather

    • D. 

      The patient's daughter

    • E. 

      The patient's brother

  • 8. 
    In which scenario is a teratogenic effect going to be most dramatic?
    • A. 

      During migration

    • B. 

      During cell death

    • C. 

      During rapid cell differentiation

    • D. 

      After birth

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true regarding fetal alcohol syndrome (Select 2)
    • A. 

      Alcohol is absorbed by the baby's bloodstream and impairs development by switching DNA base pairs

    • B. 

      The high metabolic demand of alcohol decreases the oxygen available to the fetus

    • C. 

      It requires large doses of alcohol to occur

    • D. 

      A distinguishing feature is a newborn with an indistinct philtrum

  • 10. 
    Which of the following are true regarding smoking during pregnancy? (Select 2)
    • A. 

      Smoking causes constriction of blood vessels and reduced blood flow (and nutrients) to the uterus

    • B. 

      Smoking causes vasodilation and nutrient transfer to the fetus is normal, however oxygen is low

    • C. 

      Smoking raises the concentration of carbon monoxide in mother and fetus bloodstream

    • D. 

      Nicotine does not cross the placental barrier