Modern Medical Terms Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 23 | Total Attempts: 4,610
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 220

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Modern Medical Terms Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    'Tire' sign is seen in

    • A.

      Anal abuse

    • B.

      Bite mark

    • C.

      Buccal coitus

    • D.

      Vulvovaginal abuse

    Correct Answer
    A. Anal abuse
    Explanation
    The term "tire sign" refers to a specific type of injury pattern seen in cases of anal abuse. This pattern is characterized by circular or oval-shaped bruises or abrasions around the anus, resembling the tread pattern of a tire. It is a significant finding that can indicate non-consensual or forced anal penetration, suggesting a history of sexual abuse or assault.

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  • 2. 

    MC cause of abortion is

    • A.

      Infection

    • B.

      Luteal phase defect

    • C.

      Immunological cause

    • D.

      Defective embryo

    Correct Answer
    D. Defective embryo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Defective embryo." This means that the cause of abortion is a problem or abnormality with the embryo itself. It suggests that there may have been genetic or developmental issues with the embryo, leading to its inability to develop properly and resulting in abortion.

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  • 3. 

    Bone infarcts are seen in

    • A.

      Iron deficiency anemia

    • B.

      Thalassemia

    • C.

      Sickle cell anemia

    • D.

      Hereditary spherocytosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Sickle cell anemia
    Explanation
    Bone infarcts are seen in sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin molecules that cause red blood cells to become rigid and sickle-shaped. These abnormal cells can block blood flow in small blood vessels, leading to tissue damage and infarction. Infarcts in the bone can cause bone pain, joint swelling, and limited range of motion. Other conditions listed, such as iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia, and hereditary spherocytosis, do not typically result in bone infarcts.

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  • 4. 

    Concentration of the dissolved gas in solution is given by

    • A.

      Henry's law

    • B.

      Dalton's law

    • C.

      Boyle's law

    • D.

      Ideal gas equation

    Correct Answer
    A. Henry's law
    Explanation
    Henry's law states that the concentration of a gas dissolved in a liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of the gas above the liquid. This means that as the pressure of the gas increases, more of it will dissolve in the liquid. Therefore, Henry's law is the correct answer as it specifically relates to the concentration of a dissolved gas in solution.

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  • 5. 

    Darling's disease is

    • A.

      Chromoblastomycosis

    • B.

      Sporotrichosis

    • C.

      Cryptococcosis

    • D.

      Histoplasmosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Histoplasmosis
    Explanation
    Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. It usually affects the lungs but can spread to other organs. The disease is commonly found in areas with bird or bat droppings, as the fungus grows in the soil enriched with these droppings. Symptoms of histoplasmosis can vary from mild flu-like symptoms to severe respiratory problems, and it can be life-threatening for individuals with weakened immune systems. Treatment typically involves antifungal medications, and in severe cases, hospitalization may be required.

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  • 6. 

    In normal pregnancy, amniotic fluid volume is maximum at

    • A.

      28 weeks

    • B.

      32 weeks

    • C.

      36 weeks

    • D.

      38 weeks

    Correct Answer
    C. 36 weeks
    Explanation
    Amniotic fluid serves as a protective cushion for the developing fetus and helps in maintaining a stable environment. The volume of amniotic fluid gradually increases throughout pregnancy, reaching its maximum level at around 36 weeks. At this stage, the fetus is still growing and requires ample space for movement, and the amniotic fluid provides this space. After 36 weeks, the amniotic fluid volume may start to decrease as the baby's size increases and fills up the uterus, preparing for birth.

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  • 7. 

    Argon laser trabeculoplasty is done in

    • A.

      Open angle glaucoma

    • B.

      Secondary glaucoma

    • C.

      Angle recession glaucoma

    • D.

      Angle closure glaucoma

    Correct Answer
    A. Open angle glaucoma
    Explanation
    Argon laser trabeculoplasty is a procedure used to treat open angle glaucoma. Open angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma, characterized by a gradual increase in intraocular pressure due to a blockage in the drainage system of the eye. This procedure involves using a laser to target and treat the drainage system, improving the outflow of fluid and reducing intraocular pressure. It is not typically used for secondary glaucoma, angle recession glaucoma, or angle closure glaucoma, as these conditions have different underlying causes and require alternative treatment approaches.

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  • 8. 

    In Dugas clinical test the patient is unable to

    • A.

      Touch the opposite shoulder

    • B.

      Abduct the shoulder

    • C.

      Flex his elbow

    • D.

      Supinate his forearm

    Correct Answer
    A. Touch the opposite shoulder
    Explanation
    In Dugas clinical test, the patient is unable to touch the opposite shoulder. This indicates a positive test for shoulder instability or dislocation. The inability to perform this movement suggests a lack of range of motion and stability in the shoulder joint, which can be caused by various conditions such as rotator cuff tear, labral tear, or shoulder impingement. It is important to further evaluate and diagnose the underlying cause of this limitation in shoulder mobility.

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  • 9. 

    Identify the pathology shown in the X-ray.

    • A.

      Uncorrected TGA

    • B.

      Corrected TGA

    • C.

      Supracardiac TAPVC

    • D.

      Infracardiac TAPVC

    Correct Answer
    C. Supracardiac TAPVC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Supracardiac TAPVC. TAPVC stands for Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection, which is a congenital heart defect where the pulmonary veins do not connect normally to the left atrium. In Supracardiac TAPVC, the pulmonary veins drain into the superior vena cava, above the heart. This can be seen on the X-ray as an abnormal connection between the pulmonary veins and the superior vena cava.

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  • 10. 

    Identify this great Canadian physician often referred to as "Father of Modern Medicine".

    • A.

      Cushing

    • B.

      Harvey

    • C.

      Addison

    • D.

      Osler

    Correct Answer
    D. Osler
    Explanation
    Osler is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Medicine" because of his significant contributions to the field. He revolutionized medical education by introducing bedside teaching and emphasizing the importance of clinical experience. He also established the first residency program for medical students. Osler's textbook, "The Principles and Practice of Medicine," became a standard reference for medical students and practitioners. His emphasis on evidence-based medicine and his approach to patient care greatly influenced the development of modern medical practice. Overall, Osler's contributions and influence in the field of medicine earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Medicine."

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 24, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Saraswatastar
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