How Well Do You Know About Wind And Ocean Currents? Trivia Quiz

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How Well Do You Know About Wind And Ocean Currents? Trivia Quiz - Quiz

How Well Do You Know About Wind And Ocean Currents? Have read about how currents are created and the different names given to the wind currents in the oceans? The quiz below is for all the people who are getting to learn some more about the currents and want to refresh their understanding of all the currents. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How do deep ocean currents form?

    • A.

      As warm, dense water sinks and flows beneath cold ocean water.

    • B.

      As cold, dense water sinks and flows beneath warm ocean water.

    • C.

      As warm, dense water sinks and flows with other warm ocean water.

    Correct Answer
    B. As cold, dense water sinks and flows beneath warm ocean water.
    Explanation
    Deep ocean currents form as cold, dense water sinks and flows beneath warm ocean water. This is due to the differences in temperature and density of the water. Cold water is denser than warm water, so it sinks to the bottom and flows beneath the warmer water. This creates a circulation pattern known as thermohaline circulation, which plays a crucial role in distributing heat and nutrients throughout the ocean.

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  • 2. 

    What is the movement of polar water a result of?

    • A.

      Differences in density.

    • B.

      Differences in temperature.

    • C.

      Differences in salinity.

    Correct Answer
    A. Differences in density.
    Explanation
    The movement of polar water is a result of differences in density. Density is determined by factors such as temperature and salinity. In polar regions, the water is typically colder and saltier, making it denser than surrounding water. This density difference causes the polar water to sink and flow towards lower latitudes, creating ocean currents. These currents play a crucial role in distributing heat and nutrients, influencing climate patterns and marine ecosystems.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these is a factor of surface currents?

    • A.

      Deep ocean currents.

    • B.

      Air pollution.

    • C.

      Earth's rotation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Earth's rotation.
    Explanation
    Surface currents are primarily driven by the rotation of the Earth. As the Earth rotates, the Coriolis effect comes into play, causing the movement of surface waters. This effect deflects the currents to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere. Deep ocean currents, on the other hand, are mainly influenced by density differences and temperature variations. Air pollution does not directly affect surface currents as it primarily pertains to the quality of air rather than the movement of water. Therefore, the correct answer is Earth's rotation.

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  • 4. 

    What is the apparent curving of the path of oceans and winds due to Earth's rotation?

    • A.

      A gyre.

    • B.

      The Coriolis effect.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Coriolis effect.
    Explanation
    The apparent curving of the path of oceans and winds due to Earth's rotation is known as the Coriolis effect. This phenomenon occurs because as the Earth rotates, objects on its surface, such as air and water, are subject to a force that deflects them to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere. This deflection causes the characteristic circular patterns of ocean currents and wind systems known as gyres.

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  • 5. 

    Wind does not affect surface currents.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Wind does affect surface currents. Wind generates friction on the surface of the water, causing it to move in the same direction as the wind. This movement of water is known as surface currents. The strength and direction of the wind directly influence the speed and direction of the surface currents. Therefore, the statement that wind does not affect surface currents is false.

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  • 6. 

    The winds at the poles and the equator are due to?

    • A.

      Coriolis Effect

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Precipitation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Temperature
    Explanation
    The winds at the poles and the equator are primarily due to temperature differences. The temperature difference between the poles and the equator creates a pressure gradient, causing air to move from high pressure to low pressure areas. This movement of air creates the winds. The Coriolis Effect does play a role in influencing the direction of the winds, but it is not the main cause. Precipitation, although it can be influenced by wind patterns, is not directly responsible for the creation of winds. Therefore, the correct answer is temperature.

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  • 7. 

    A land breeze is a result of

    • A.

      Low pressure going from land to sea

    • B.

      Low pressure going from sea to land

    • C.

      High pressure going from sea to land

    • D.

      High pressure going from land to sea

    Correct Answer
    D. High pressure going from land to sea
    Explanation
    A land breeze occurs when there is high pressure over the land and low pressure over the sea. During the night, the land cools down faster than the sea, causing the air over the land to become cooler and denser. This dense air creates high pressure, which then flows towards the lower pressure over the sea. As a result, a land breeze is formed, blowing from the land to the sea.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 18, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Wind And
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