Ob/GYN- Uterine Masses Pt 2

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| By Mnathan21
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Mnathan21
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Ob/GYN- Uterine Masses Pt 2 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The benign uterine disease that is caused by the extension of endometrial tissue into the myometrium is called _______________.

    Explanation
    Adenomyosis is a benign uterine disease caused by the extension of endometrial tissue into the myometrium. This condition occurs when the endometrial tissue, which normally lines the uterus, infiltrates the muscular wall of the uterus. Adenomyosis can cause symptoms such as heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and discomfort during intercourse. It is typically diagnosed through imaging tests, such as ultrasound or MRI, and treatment options may include medication or surgery depending on the severity of symptoms.

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  • 2. 

    ___________________ consists of endometrial implants that lie deep within the myometrium of the uterus.

    Explanation
    Adenomyosis is a condition characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue, which normally lines the uterus, growing into the muscular wall of the uterus called the myometrium. This causes the endometrial tissue to become embedded within the muscle, forming implants. Adenomyosis can lead to symptoms such as heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and discomfort during intercourse. The correct answer, adenomyosis, accurately describes this condition where endometrial implants are found deep within the myometrium of the uterus.

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  • 3. 

    With each menstrual cycle, these implants bleed and can result in heavy menstrual bleeding. This is associated with __________________.

    Explanation
    With each menstrual cycle, these implants bleed and can result in heavy menstrual bleeding. This is associated with adenomyosis. Adenomyosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus begins to grow into the muscular wall of the uterus. This can cause the uterus to become enlarged and can lead to heavy and painful periods. The bleeding from the implants in adenomyosis can contribute to the heavy menstrual bleeding experienced by individuals with this condition.

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  • 4. 

    With adenomyosis, the patient may present with ________________ ________________ and _________________.

    Explanation
    Adenomyosis is a condition where the lining of the uterus grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. This can cause symptoms such as pelvic cramping and dysmenorrhea, which refers to painful menstrual periods. Pelvic cramping is a common symptom of adenomyosis and is characterized by a dull, aching pain in the lower abdomen. Dysmenorrhea, on the other hand, refers to severe menstrual cramps that can be accompanied by back pain and heavy bleeding. Therefore, the patient may present with pelvic cramping and dysmenorrhea as symptoms of adenomyosis.

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  • 5. 

    Sonographic appearances associated with adenomyosis:

    • A.

      Difficult to diagnose

    • B.

      Easy to diagnose

    • C.

      Uterus may be diffusely enlarged

    • D.

      Endometrial lining will appear thickened

    • E.

      Endometrial lining usually appears normal

    • F.

      There may be small myometrial cysts

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Difficult to diagnose
    C. Uterus may be diffusely enlarged
    E. Endometrial lining usually appears normal
    F. There may be small myometrial cysts
    Explanation
    Adenomyosis is a condition where the endometrial tissue grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. The sonographic appearances associated with adenomyosis include difficulty in diagnosing the condition due to its subtle and nonspecific findings. The uterus may appear diffusely enlarged, which is a common characteristic. The endometrial lining usually appears normal, which can make it challenging to differentiate adenomyosis from other uterine abnormalities. Additionally, small myometrial cysts may be present, further supporting the diagnosis.

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  • 6. 

    A benign developmental cyst of the cervix, that may be single or multiple, is called a ______________ ______________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    nabothian cyst
    Explanation
    A benign developmental cyst that can occur in the cervix is known as a nabothian cyst. These cysts can be either single or multiple in number. They are formed when the mucus-producing glands in the cervix become blocked, causing the mucus to accumulate and form a cyst. Nabothian cysts are usually harmless and do not cause any symptoms. They are commonly found during routine gynecological examinations and do not require treatment unless they become large or cause discomfort.

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  • 7. 

    The incidence of cervical carcinoma has declined due to the use of ________ ____________ and __________ ____________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    pap smears, cone biopsies
    Explanation
    The incidence of cervical carcinoma has declined due to the use of pap smears and cone biopsies. Pap smears are a screening test that can detect abnormal cells in the cervix before they become cancerous, allowing for early treatment. Cone biopsies, on the other hand, are a surgical procedure that removes a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix for further examination. This procedure can help diagnose and treat precancerous or early-stage cervical cancer. Together, these two interventions have contributed to the decline in cervical carcinoma cases.

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  • 8. 

    Although the exact etiology of ______________ _______________ is unknown,  it has been associated with early sexual encounters, multiple sexual partners, and exposure to Herpes simplex II.

    Correct Answer(s)
    cervical carcinoma
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the exact cause of cervical carcinoma is unknown, but it has been linked to factors such as early sexual encounters, having multiple sexual partners, and exposure to Herpes simplex II. This implies that these factors may increase the risk of developing cervical carcinoma, although the precise mechanism is still unclear.

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  • 9. 

    The most common form of cervical carcinoma is _______________ _____________ carcinoma

    Correct Answer(s)
    squamous cell
    Explanation
    The most common form of cervical carcinoma is squamous cell carcinoma. This type of carcinoma arises from the squamous cells lining the cervix. Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for the majority of cervical cancer cases and is typically caused by persistent infection with high-risk strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). It is important to detect and treat squamous cell carcinoma early through regular cervical cancer screenings to improve the chances of successful treatment and survival.

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  • 10. 

    Carcinoma in situ is almost _____(#)% curable.

    Correct Answer(s)
    100
    Explanation
    Carcinoma in situ refers to cancer cells that are confined to the original site and have not invaded nearby tissues. Since it is localized and has not spread, it is highly curable. The answer of 100% indicates that all cases of carcinoma in situ can be successfully treated, leading to a complete cure.

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  • 11. 

    _________ _________ refers to a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded deeper tissue or spread.

    Correct Answer(s)
    in situ
    Explanation
    The term "in situ" refers to a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded deeper tissue or spread. This means that the cancer is still localized and has not spread to other parts of the body. In situ cancers are considered to be in the early stages and are often easier to treat and have a higher chance of successful treatment.

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  • 12. 

    Clinical presentation of cervical carcinoma may include:

    • A.

      Vaginal discharge, bleeding, and malodorous discharge

    • B.

      Palpable mass

    • C.

      Bulky and irregular cervix

    • D.

      Long and narrow cervix

    • E.

      Normal cervix

    • F.

      PID

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vaginal discharge, bleeding, and malodorous discharge
    B. Palpable mass
    C. Bulky and irregular cervix
    E. Normal cervix
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Vaginal discharge, bleeding, and malodorous discharge, Palpable mass, Bulky and irregular cervix, Normal cervix. These are the clinical presentations of cervical carcinoma. Vaginal discharge, bleeding, and malodorous discharge are common symptoms. A palpable mass may be felt during a physical examination. Cervical carcinoma can cause the cervix to become bulky and irregular. In some cases, the cervix may appear normal, but this does not rule out the possibility of cervical carcinoma.

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  • 13. 

    Advanced stages of cervical carcinoma may include:

    • A.

      Bladder involvement

    • B.

      Vaginal invasion

    • C.

      Rectal invasion

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bladder involvement
    B. Vaginal invasion
    C. Rectal invasion
    Explanation
    In advanced stages of cervical carcinoma, the cancer cells can spread to nearby organs and tissues. Bladder involvement refers to the spread of cancer cells to the bladder, which can cause symptoms such as blood in the urine and urinary frequency. Vaginal invasion occurs when the cancer cells spread to the walls of the vagina, leading to symptoms like vaginal bleeding and discharge. Rectal invasion refers to the spread of cancer cells to the rectum, causing symptoms such as rectal bleeding and pain during bowel movements. These are all potential complications of advanced cervical carcinoma.

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  • 14. 

    Sonographic imaging of cervical carcinoma is ______________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    difficult
    Explanation
    Sonographic imaging of cervical carcinoma is difficult because the cervix is a small and complex structure located deep within the pelvis. It can be challenging to obtain clear and accurate images of the cervix using ultrasound due to its position and the surrounding structures. Additionally, cervical carcinoma can present with various features and may not always be easily distinguishable from normal cervical tissue on ultrasound. Therefore, the interpretation of sonographic images in cases of cervical carcinoma requires expertise and careful analysis.

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  • 15. 

    Leiomyosarcoma are ___________ tumors.

    Correct Answer(s)
    rare
    Explanation
    Leiomyosarcoma is a type of cancer that arises from smooth muscle cells. It is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of these cells, leading to the formation of tumors. The term "rare" is used to describe leiomyosarcoma because it is not a common type of cancer compared to others. This means that leiomyosarcoma is not frequently diagnosed and has a lower incidence rate compared to more prevalent cancers.

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  • 16. 

    The median age for women with leiomyosarcoma is _______ years.

    Correct Answer(s)
    60
    Explanation
    The median age for women with leiomyosarcoma is 60 years. This means that when all the ages of women with leiomyosarcoma are arranged in ascending order, the age in the middle is 60. In other words, half of the women with leiomyosarcoma are younger than 60 and half are older than 60.

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  • 17. 

    LeiomyosarcomasLess than ______(#)% of the rapid, aggressive malignant tumors arise from preexisting benign myomas.

    Correct Answer(s)
    .2
    Explanation
    Leiomyosarcomas are a type of aggressive malignant tumors that can develop from preexisting benign myomas, also known as fibroids. The given answer, .2, suggests that less than 2% of these rapid and aggressive tumors arise from benign myomas. This indicates that the majority of leiomyosarcomas do not originate from preexisting benign myomas, highlighting the importance of early detection and proper management of fibroids to prevent their potential malignant transformation.

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  • 18. 

    Although leiomyosarcomas are often asymptomatic, a possible symptom is ____________ bleeding.

    Correct Answer(s)
    uterine
    Explanation
    One possible symptom of leiomyosarcomas is uterine bleeding. This means that individuals with this type of cancer may experience abnormal or excessive bleeding from the uterus. It is important to note that while leiomyosarcomas may not always cause symptoms, uterine bleeding can be a potential indicator of this condition.

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  • 19. 

    Sonographically, it is ________________ to distinguish between a leiomyoma from a leimyosarcoma unless there is local invasion or distant metastases.

    Correct Answer(s)
    difficult
    Explanation
    Sonographically, it is difficult to distinguish between a leiomyoma from a leimyosarcoma unless there is local invasion or distant metastases. This means that using sonography, it is challenging to differentiate between a benign leiomyoma and a malignant leimyosarcoma unless there is evidence of the tumor invading nearby tissues or spreading to distant sites.

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  • 20. 

    An overgrowth of endometrial tissue in the uterus is an ________________ ________________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    endometrial polyp
    Explanation
    An overgrowth of endometrial tissue in the uterus is referred to as an endometrial polyp.

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  • 21. 

    If an endometrial polyp is _______________, it may protrude into the cervix or vagina.

    Correct Answer(s)
    pedunculated
    Explanation
    A pedunculated endometrial polyp refers to a polyp that is attached to the uterus by a stalk or a pedicle. This type of polyp can protrude into the cervix or vagina because the stalk allows it to hang down or extend beyond the normal boundaries of the uterus.

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  • 22. 

    _________________ ________________ may be asymptomatic, or present with irregular menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, heavy bleeding with cycle, and postmenopausal bleeding.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Endometrial polyps
    Explanation
    Endometrial polyps are growths that occur in the lining of the uterus. They can vary in size and may cause symptoms such as irregular menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle, and postmenopausal bleeding. However, it is important to note that some individuals with endometrial polyps may not experience any symptoms at all.

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  • 23. 

    Sonographic appearance of what is seen as focal thickening of the endometrium, is usually echogenic, and is diagnosed best with sonohysterogram.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Endometrial polyps
    Explanation
    Endometrial polyps are growths that occur in the lining of the uterus. They appear as focal thickening of the endometrium on a sonogram and are typically echogenic, meaning they produce echoes and appear brighter than the surrounding tissue. A sonohysterogram, which involves injecting fluid into the uterus and using ultrasound to visualize the lining, is the best method to diagnose endometrial polyps.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Oct 06, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mnathan21
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