Ob/GYN- Uterine Masses (Fibroids)

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Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 19,463
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GYN Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A leiomyoma is also known as a _____________.

    Explanation
    A leiomyoma is a medical term used to describe a benign tumor that arises from smooth muscle tissue. This type of tumor is commonly known as a fibroid. Fibroids can develop in various parts of the body, but they most commonly occur in the uterus. They are typically non-cancerous and may cause symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and frequent urination. Treatment options for fibroids include medication, hormonal therapy, and surgical procedures, depending on the severity of symptoms and the patient's preferences.

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  • 2. 

    ____________ describe a spiral or circular pattern.

    Explanation
    Whorls are a type of pattern that can be described as spiral or circular. They are often seen in natural formations such as the patterns on a seashell or the growth rings on a tree trunk. Whorls can also be found in human fingerprints, where the ridges form concentric circles or spirals. The term "whorls" accurately describes this specific type of pattern, making it the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    _______________ are benign uterine tumors that are composed of whorls or myometrial tissue. They may alter the contour of the uterus.

    Explanation
    Leiomyomas, also known as fibroids, are benign tumors that develop in the uterus. These tumors are composed of whorls or myometrial tissue. They can cause changes in the shape and structure of the uterus.

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  • 4. 

    Fibroid growth is stimulated by _____________ and _____________.

    Explanation
    Fibroid growth is stimulated by estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system. Estrogen promotes the growth and proliferation of cells, while progesterone helps prepare the uterus for pregnancy. In the case of fibroids, estrogen and progesterone can cause the smooth muscle cells of the uterus to multiply, leading to the formation and enlargement of fibroids. Therefore, the presence of these hormones can contribute to the growth and progression of fibroids in women.

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  • 5. 

    Fibroids usually _______________ after menopause.

    Explanation
    Fibroids usually regress after menopause. This means that they tend to shrink or decrease in size. This is because fibroids are hormone-dependent growths, and after menopause, the levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease significantly. Since fibroids rely on these hormones for their growth, they typically regress or become smaller in size once hormone levels decrease.

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  • 6. 

    The most common benign gynecological tumor is a ________________.

    Explanation
    The most common benign gynecological tumor is a leiomyoma, also known as a fibroid. Leiomyomas are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They are composed of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue. Fibroids can vary in size and number, and they are often asymptomatic. However, some women may experience symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and frequent urination. Treatment options for fibroids include medication, minimally invasive procedures, and surgery, depending on the severity of symptoms and the patient's preference.

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  • 7. 

    Fibroids are prevalent in what ethnicity?

    Explanation
    Fibroids are more commonly found in African Americans compared to other ethnicities. This could be due to genetic factors or hormonal differences. Studies have shown that African American women are more likely to develop fibroids at a younger age and have larger and more symptomatic fibroids compared to women of other ethnicities. The exact reasons for this disparity are still being researched, but it is clear that fibroids are more prevalent in the African American population.

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  • 8. 

    Approximately ____(#)-____(#) % of women have leimyomas during their reproductive years.

    Explanation
    During their reproductive years, approximately 20-25% of women are affected by leimyomas. These are noncancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They can vary in size and number, causing symptoms such as heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, pelvic pain, and frequent urination. While some women may not experience any symptoms, others may require treatment depending on the severity of their condition. It is important for women to be aware of these statistics and consult with their healthcare provider if they suspect they may have leimyomas.

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  • 9. 

    ____________ may be responsible for infertility problems.

    Explanation
    Fibroids are benign tumors that can develop in the uterus. They can vary in size and number, and may cause infertility problems. Fibroids can interfere with the implantation of a fertilized egg, block the fallopian tubes, or affect the shape of the uterus, making it difficult for a pregnancy to occur. Additionally, fibroids can cause heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding, which may also contribute to infertility. Therefore, fibroids may be responsible for infertility problems.

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  • 10. 

    Large fibroids may displace _____________ structures and alter ___________ contour.

    Explanation
    Large fibroids may displace adnexal structures, which are the structures adjacent to the uterus such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes. This displacement can occur due to the size and weight of the fibroids, causing them to push against the adnexal structures and potentially causing discomfort or pain. Additionally, large fibroids can also alter the contour of the bladder, potentially causing urinary symptoms such as frequent urination or difficulty emptying the bladder.

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  • 11. 

    Fibroids commonly increase the ____________ size.

    Explanation
    Fibroids commonly increase the uterine size. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. As they grow, they can cause the uterus to become enlarged. This can lead to symptoms such as heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and pressure on the bladder or bowel. Treatment options for fibroids depend on the severity of symptoms and may include medication, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery. Regular monitoring and management of fibroids are important to prevent complications and improve quality of life.

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  • 12. 

    Fibroids are usually...

    • A.

      By themselves

    • B.

      Multiple in number

    • C.

      Found in pairs

    Correct Answer
    B. Multiple in number
    Explanation
    Fibroids are usually multiple in number, meaning that there are more than one fibroid present. This is a common characteristic of fibroids, as they tend to develop as multiple growths in the uterus. These growths can vary in size and location within the uterus. It is important to note that fibroids can also occur singly, but the statement in the question suggests that multiple fibroids are more common.

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  • 13. 

    When fibroids degenerate they cause ___________ ____________.

    Correct Answer
    pelvic pain
    Explanation
    When fibroids degenerate, they can cause pelvic pain. The degeneration of fibroids refers to the process in which the fibroids, which are noncancerous growths in the uterus, start to break down. This can lead to various symptoms, including pelvic pain. The degeneration causes inflammation and irritation in the surrounding tissues, leading to discomfort in the pelvic area. Therefore, pelvic pain is a common symptom associated with the degeneration of fibroids.

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  • 14. 

    Due to increase in uterine size from a fibroid, pressure is put on adjacent ______________ structures causing _______________ or _______________ frequency.

    Correct Answer
    pelvic, constipation, urinary
    Explanation
    The increase in uterine size from a fibroid puts pressure on adjacent pelvic structures, leading to symptoms such as constipation and urinary frequency. The pelvic structures include the bladder and the rectum, which can be compressed by the enlarged uterus, causing difficulty in passing stool and increased frequency of urination.

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  • 15. 

    Fibroids are often...

    • A.

      Highly symptomatic

    • B.

      Asymptomatic

    Correct Answer
    B. Asymptomatic
    Explanation
    Fibroids are often asymptomatic, meaning they do not cause any noticeable symptoms. This is a common characteristic of fibroids, as many women may have them without even realizing it. Asymptomatic fibroids do not cause pain, discomfort, or any other noticeable signs, making them difficult to detect without medical imaging or examinations. It is important for women to undergo regular check-ups and screenings to identify and monitor the presence of fibroids, even if they do not experience any symptoms.

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  • 16. 

    This type of fibroid grows under the uterine serosa. It usually will cause a focal bulge on the surface of the uterus.

    Correct Answer
    subserosal
    Explanation
    Subserosal fibroids are a type of fibroid that grow under the outer covering of the uterus, called the uterine serosa. These fibroids typically cause a localized bulge on the surface of the uterus.

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  • 17. 

    The most common type of fibroid has an interstitial location. Within the myometrium it usually doesn't cause problems unless it is very large.

    Correct Answer
    Intramural
    Explanation
    Intramural fibroids are the most common type of fibroids that are located within the myometrium, the muscular wall of the uterus. These fibroids typically do not cause any issues unless they grow to a large size. This means that if the fibroid remains small or average in size, it is unlikely to cause any problems or symptoms. However, if it becomes very large, it may lead to symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, or pressure on nearby organs.

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  • 18. 

    The least common fibroid is most likely to produce symptoms such as bleeding or crampting.

    Correct Answer
    Submucosal
    Explanation
    A submucosal fibroid is a type of fibroid tumor that grows within the inner layer of the uterus, known as the endometrium. This location makes it more likely to cause symptoms such as abnormal bleeding and cramping. The proximity to the endometrium can disrupt the normal menstrual flow, leading to heavy or prolonged periods. Additionally, the growth of the fibroid can cause pressure on surrounding tissues, resulting in pelvic pain or discomfort. Therefore, a submucosal fibroid is the most likely type to produce symptoms such as bleeding or cramping.

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  • 19. 

    This type of fibroid may appear like as  extrauterine masses, and has a stalk that may be seen arising fromt he superior fundal region of the uterus. This fibroid may twist and cause pain, and may be subserosal.

    Correct Answer
    penduculated
    Explanation
    A pedunculated fibroid is a type of fibroid that appears as extrauterine masses and has a stalk that arises from the superior fundal region of the uterus. This fibroid can twist, causing pain, and is typically subserosal.

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  • 20. 

    _____________ myomas are rare and may obstruct the cervical internal os, and interrupt fetal delivery.

    Correct Answer
    cervical
    Explanation
    Cervical myomas are rare growths that can occur in the cervix. These myomas have the potential to block the cervical internal os, which is the opening of the cervix into the uterus. When the cervical internal os is obstructed, it can interfere with the normal process of fetal delivery. Therefore, cervical myomas can be a cause of complications during childbirth.

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  • 21. 

    ____________ _____________ myomas are very rare and may mimic other adnexal masses.

    Correct Answer
    broad ligament
    Explanation
    Myomas are benign tumors that can develop in various locations in the female reproductive system, including the uterus and the broad ligament. However, myomas in the broad ligament are particularly rare. Due to their rarity, they can often be mistaken for other adnexal masses, which are abnormal growths in the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Therefore, it is important to consider the possibility of a myoma when evaluating and diagnosing adnexal masses, especially if they are located in the broad ligament.

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  • 22. 

    Leiomyomas near the ______________ _______________ may obstruct the fallopian tube and impair fertilization.

    Correct Answer
    uterine cornua
    Explanation
    Leiomyomas near the uterine cornua can obstruct the fallopian tube and impair fertilization. The uterine cornua refers to the upper corners of the uterus where the fallopian tubes are located. When leiomyomas, also known as uterine fibroids, develop near this area, they can grow in size and potentially block the fallopian tubes. This obstruction can prevent the egg from being fertilized by sperm, leading to difficulties in conception.

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  • 23. 

    Sonographically, fibroids

    • A.

      Are easily visible

    • B.

      Are not easily visible

    • C.

      Have a variable appearance

    Correct Answer
    C. Have a variable appearance
    Explanation
    Fibroids can have a variable appearance on sonographic images. This means that they can appear differently depending on their size, location, and characteristics. Some fibroids may be easily visible, while others may be less visible or even blend in with the surrounding tissue. The variability in appearance is due to factors such as the density and composition of the fibroid, as well as the angle and settings of the ultrasound machine. Therefore, it is important for the sonographer to carefully assess the images and consider the clinical context when evaluating fibroids.

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  • 24. 

    Transvaginal sonography is useful for detection of ___________ fibroids.

    Correct Answer
    small
    Explanation
    Transvaginal sonography is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses sound waves to create images of the pelvic region. It is particularly useful for detecting small fibroids, which are benign tumors that can develop in the uterus. The transvaginal approach allows for a closer and more detailed examination of the pelvic organs, making it easier to identify small fibroids that may not be easily visible with other imaging methods. Therefore, transvaginal sonography is a valuable tool for detecting small fibroids.

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  • 25. 

    Transabdominal imaging may be necessary with _____________ fibroids.

    Correct Answer
    large
    Explanation
    Transabdominal imaging may be necessary with large fibroids because these fibroids are typically located in the abdomen and can be easily visualized using this imaging technique. Transabdominal imaging involves using an ultrasound probe placed on the abdomen to create images of the internal organs and structures. Large fibroids may cause symptoms such as pelvic pain or pressure, heavy menstrual bleeding, or urinary frequency, and transabdominal imaging can help in diagnosing and evaluating the size and location of these fibroids.

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  • 26. 

    Fibroids classically appear _______________ and __________ ___________.

    Correct Answer
    hypoechoic, well defined
    Explanation
    Fibroids classically appear hypoechoic, meaning they appear darker on ultrasound compared to surrounding tissues, and well defined, indicating clear borders or boundaries. This description suggests that fibroids can be easily distinguished from the surrounding tissue and have a characteristic appearance on ultrasound imaging.

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  • 27. 

    Fibroids generally range from relatively ________________ to very ________________.

    Correct Answer
    anechoic, echogenic
    Explanation
    Fibroids generally range from relatively anechoic to very echogenic. This means that fibroids can vary in their ultrasound appearance, with some being more echo-free (anechoic) and others having a higher level of echogenicity (echogenic). The term "anechoic" refers to an area that appears black or echo-free on an ultrasound image, while "echogenic" refers to an area that appears brighter or more echoic. Therefore, fibroids can have different levels of echogenicity, ranging from echo-free to highly reflective.

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  • 28. 

    Fibroids may contain anechoic areas of _______________ and _______________ degeneration.

    Correct Answer
    necrosis, cystic
    Explanation
    Fibroids, which are benign tumors in the uterus, can sometimes have areas of necrosis and cystic degeneration. Necrosis refers to the death of cells or tissues within the fibroid, while cystic degeneration refers to the formation of fluid-filled sacs within the fibroid. These changes can occur due to inadequate blood supply or other factors, and they can be detected during imaging tests such as ultrasound.

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  • 29. 

    In fibroids, ________________ may also be present.

    Correct Answer
    calcifications
    Explanation
    In fibroids, calcifications may also be present. Calcifications are deposits of calcium that can form within the fibroids. These calcifications can be seen on imaging tests such as X-rays or ultrasounds. They are often a result of degeneration or necrosis within the fibroids. The presence of calcifications can help to confirm the diagnosis of fibroids and may also provide important information about their characteristics and potential complications.

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