IT 101 Quiz: Computer Prelim Exam!

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IT 101 Quiz: Computer Prelim Exam! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    People, procedures, software, hardware, and data are the five parts of a(n) _________________.

    • A.

      Competency system

    • B.

      Computer system

    • C.

      Information system

    • D.

      Software system

    Correct Answer
    C. Information system
    Explanation
    An information system is composed of people, procedures, software, hardware, and data. These components work together to collect, process, store, and distribute information within an organization. The people component refers to the individuals who use and manage the system. Procedures are the set of instructions and guidelines that govern how the system is used. Software and hardware are the technological components that enable the system to function. Data is the raw information that is processed and stored within the system. Therefore, an information system encompasses all these elements.

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  • 2. 

    Procedures are typically documented in manuals written by ___________.

    • A.

      Computer specialists

    • B.

      End users

    • C.

      Programmers

    • D.

      Service providers

    Correct Answer
    A. Computer specialists
    Explanation
    Procedures are typically documented in manuals written by computer specialists because they have the technical knowledge and expertise required to accurately describe and explain the steps involved in a procedure. Computer specialists are familiar with the specific software or system being used and can provide detailed instructions that are easy to understand and follow. They can also address any technical issues or challenges that may arise during the implementation of the procedure. End users, programmers, and service providers may also contribute to the documentation process, but computer specialists are the primary authors of manuals for procedures.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is an example of connectivity?

    • A.

      Data

    • B.

      Hard disk

    • C.

      Internet

    • D.

      Power cord

    Correct Answer
    C. Internet
    Explanation
    Internet is an example of connectivity because it refers to a global network of computers and other devices that are connected together, allowing users to communicate and share information across different locations. It enables individuals and organizations to access and exchange data, connect with others through various platforms, and access online services and resources. Internet connectivity has become an essential part of modern life, enabling communication, collaboration, and access to a vast amount of information and services.

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  • 4. 

    Windows 7 is an example of a(n) _______________.

    • A.

      Application software

    • B.

      Browser

    • C.

      Operating system

    • D.

      Shareware

    Correct Answer
    C. Operating system
    Explanation
    Windows 7 is an example of an operating system. An operating system is a software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. Windows 7 is specifically designed to provide a user-friendly interface and manage the functions of a computer, such as file management, device drivers, and system security. It is not an application software, browser, or shareware, as those terms refer to different types of software.

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  • 5. 

    The most powerful type of computer.

    • A.

      Mainframe computers

    • B.

      Microcomputers

    • C.

      Minicomputers

    • D.

      Supercomputers

    Correct Answer
    D. Supercomputers
    Explanation
    Supercomputers are considered the most powerful type of computer due to their exceptional processing speed and capability to handle complex calculations and simulations. These high-performance machines are designed for specialized tasks that require immense computational power, such as weather forecasting, scientific research, and nuclear simulations. Supercomputers are typically used by government agencies, research institutions, and large corporations for data-intensive applications. They often consist of multiple processors working in parallel, enabling them to solve problems at an incredibly fast rate.

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  • 6. 

    The system component that controls and manipulates data in order to produce information is called the ___________.

    • A.

      Keyboard

    • B.

      Microprocessor

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Mouse

    Correct Answer
    B. Microprocessor
    Explanation
    The microprocessor is the correct answer because it is the system component that controls and manipulates data to produce information. It is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and managing the flow of data within the computer system. The keyboard, monitor, and mouse are input/output devices that interact with the microprocessor, but they do not directly control or manipulate data in the same way.

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  • 7. 

    These devices translate data and programs that humans can understand into a form that the computer can process.

    • A.

      Storage

    • B.

      Input

    • C.

      Output

    • D.

      Pointer

    Correct Answer
    B. Input
    Explanation
    Input devices are responsible for translating data and programs that humans can understand into a form that the computer can process. These devices allow users to enter information or commands into the computer system. Examples of input devices include keyboards, mice, scanners, and microphones. They play a crucial role in allowing users to interact with the computer and provide the necessary input for processing and storage.

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  • 8. 

    A DVD is an example of a(n) ____________.

    • A.

      Hard disk

    • B.

      Optical disk

    • C.

      Output device

    • D.

      Storage device

    Correct Answer
    B. Optical disk
    Explanation
    A DVD is an example of an optical disk because it uses laser technology to read and write data. Unlike a hard disk, which uses magnetic storage, a DVD relies on microscopic pits and lands on its surface to represent binary data. It is considered an output device because it can be used to display video and audio content on a screen or through speakers. Additionally, a DVD is also a storage device as it can hold large amounts of data, such as movies, music, and software.

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  • 9. 

    This type of file is created by word processors.

    • A.

      Document

    • B.

      Worksheet

    • C.

      Database

    • D.

      Presentation

    Correct Answer
    A. Document
    Explanation
    A document is a type of file that is commonly created by word processors. Word processors are software applications that allow users to create, edit, and format text-based documents. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that a document is the correct answer as it aligns with the information provided in the question.

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  • 10. 

    Many experts are predicting that this revolution is expected to dramatically affect the way we communicate and use computer technology.

    • A.

      Graphics

    • B.

      Input

    • C.

      Memory

    • D.

      Wireless

    Correct Answer
    D. Wireless
    Explanation
    This revolution is expected to dramatically affect the way we communicate and use computer technology. One of the major changes that experts predict is the widespread adoption of wireless technology. Wireless communication allows for greater mobility and flexibility, as it eliminates the need for physical connections and cables. With wireless technology, people can connect to the internet and communicate with each other without being tied down to a specific location. This has the potential to revolutionize the way we use computers and interact with technology, making it more accessible and convenient for everyone.

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  • 11. 

    Monitor, keyboard, hard disk and mouse are examples of ___________.

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Software

    • C.

      Data

    • D.

      People

    Correct Answer
    A. Hardware
    Explanation
    The given answer "hardware" is correct because monitor, keyboard, hard disk, and mouse are physical components of a computer system. These devices are tangible and can be touched, and they are essential for the functioning of a computer. Therefore, they fall under the category of hardware, which refers to the physical components of a computer system.

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  • 12. 

    What is a software?

    • A.

      Programs that makes the computer work.

    • B.

      Posts or blogs posted in the website

    • C.

      HTML codes to create a website

    • D.

      Comments to codes

    Correct Answer
    A. Programs that makes the computer work.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "programs that makes the computer work." This answer accurately describes what software is - it refers to the programs that enable a computer to perform various tasks and functions. Software includes applications, operating systems, and other programs that are designed to be run on a computer system. It is the set of instructions and code that allows the hardware components of a computer to function and interact with the user.

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  • 13. 

    Tablets or smartphones are classified as _____________.

    • A.

      Handheld devices

    • B.

      Microcomputers

    • C.

      Minicomputers

    • D.

      Mainframe computers

    Correct Answer
    A. Handheld devices
    Explanation
    Tablets or smartphones are classified as handheld devices because they are portable and designed to be held in the hand while in use. These devices are small and lightweight, making them easy to carry and operate. They are primarily used for communication, accessing the internet, and running various applications. Unlike microcomputers, minicomputers, or mainframe computers, which are larger and more powerful, handheld devices are specifically designed for personal use and are typically equipped with touchscreens for user interaction.

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  • 14. 

    ____________ are small enough to fit on top of or alongside a desk, yet are too big to carry around.

    • A.

      Desktop Computers

    • B.

      Super Computers

    • C.

      Mainframe Computers

    • D.

      Handheld Devices

    Correct Answer
    A. Desktop Computers
    Explanation
    Desktop computers are the correct answer because they are small enough to be placed on top of or alongside a desk, which implies that they are not as large as supercomputers or mainframe computers. However, they are too big to be carried around, distinguishing them from handheld devices.

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  • 15. 

    What are the type of files produced by Microsoft Excel?

    • A.

      Presentation

    • B.

      Document

    • C.

      Worksheets

    • D.

      Database

    Correct Answer
    C. Worksheets
    Explanation
    Microsoft Excel produces worksheets, which are a type of file that contains data organized in rows and columns. Worksheets are commonly used for tasks such as creating budgets, analyzing data, and creating charts or graphs. They allow users to input, manipulate, and calculate data efficiently. Therefore, the correct answer is "Worksheets."

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  • 16. 

    The Internet was launched in 1969 when the United States funded a project that developed a national computer network called __________.

    • A.

      Web

    • B.

      ISP

    • C.

      CERN

    • D.

      ARPANET

    Correct Answer
    D. ARPANET
    Explanation
    ARPANET is the correct answer because it was the first computer network that connected multiple universities and research institutions in the United States. It was funded by the U.S. government's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) and served as the foundation for the development of the internet. ARPANET allowed for the exchange of data and communication between different computers, marking the beginning of the interconnected network that eventually became the internet as we know it today.

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  • 17. 

    ____ is the most popular Internet activity.

    • A.

      Communication

    • B.

      Shopping

    • C.

      Searching

    • D.

      Entertainment

    Correct Answer
    A. Communication
    Explanation
    Communication is the most popular Internet activity because it encompasses a wide range of actions, such as sending emails, instant messaging, voice and video calls, and social media interactions. In today's interconnected world, people rely on the internet to stay connected with friends, family, and colleagues, making communication an essential and widely used online activity. Additionally, the rise of social media platforms has further increased the popularity of online communication, allowing individuals to share updates, photos, and videos with their networks.

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  • 18. 

    A(n) _____ program provides access to Web resources

    • A.

      Web

    • B.

      ISP

    • C.

      Browser

    • D.

      URL

    Correct Answer
    C. Browser
    Explanation
    A browser is a program that allows users to access and view web resources. It acts as a gateway between the user and the internet, enabling them to visit websites, view web pages, and interact with various online content. Browsers interpret HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code to display web pages correctly and provide a user-friendly interface for navigating the internet. Therefore, a browser is the correct answer as it is specifically designed to provide access to web resources.

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  • 19. 

    Rules for exchanging data between computers are called _________.

    • A.

      Programs

    • B.

      Procedures

    • C.

      Protocols

    • D.

      Hyperlinks

    Correct Answer
    C. Protocols
    Explanation
    Protocols are a set of rules or guidelines that dictate how data is exchanged between computers. They ensure that the data is transmitted accurately and efficiently, allowing different devices and systems to communicate with each other effectively. Programs are software applications, procedures are a series of steps to accomplish a task, and hyperlinks are used to navigate between web pages. None of these options specifically refer to the rules for exchanging data between computers, making protocols the correct answer.

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  • 20. 

    The last part of the domain name following the dot (.) is the top- _____ domain.

    • A.

      Link

    • B.

      Level

    • C.

      Locator

    • D.

      Language

    Correct Answer
    B. Level
    Explanation
    The last part of a domain name following the dot is known as the top-level domain (TLD). It is the highest level in the domain name system hierarchy and represents the purpose or the type of organization associated with the website. Examples of TLDs include .com, .org, .net, and .edu. In this case, "level" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the last part of the domain name.

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  • 21. 

    Many individuals create their own personal sites called Web logs, or _____ .

    • A.

      Social networks

    • B.

      Blogs

    • C.

      Wikis

    • D.

      Search engines

    Correct Answer
    B. Blogs
    Explanation
    Many individuals create their own personal sites called web logs, or blogs. Blogs are online platforms where individuals can express their thoughts, share information, and engage with their audience through written content. Unlike social networks, which focus more on connecting with others and sharing updates, blogs are primarily used for self-expression and sharing valuable content in a more long-form manner. Wikis, on the other hand, are collaborative platforms for creating and editing content, while search engines are tools used to find information on the internet.

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  • 22. 

    Unwanted and unsolicited e-mails are called _____ .

    • A.

      Spam

    • B.

      Junk

    • C.

      Flame

    • D.

      Lurk

    Correct Answer
    A. Spam
    Explanation
    Unwanted and unsolicited e-mails are referred to as "spam". This term originated from a Monty Python sketch where the word "spam" was repeated excessively, similar to how unwanted emails can flood a person's inbox. The term has since been widely adopted to describe any unsolicited or bulk emails that are often sent for advertising or malicious purposes.

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  • 23. 

    Programs that automatically submit your search request to several search engines simultaneously are called _____.

    • A.

      Meta search engines

    • B.

      Inclusive search engines

    • C.

      Spiders

    • D.

      Hits

    Correct Answer
    A. Meta search engines
    Explanation
    Meta search engines are programs that automatically submit your search request to several search engines simultaneously. They gather results from multiple search engines and present them to the user in a consolidated manner. This allows users to compare and analyze results from different search engines in one place, saving time and effort. In contrast, inclusive search engines, spiders, and hits do not accurately describe the functionality of programs that submit search requests to multiple search engines.

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  • 24. 

    _____ cash is the Internet’s equivalent to traditional cash.

    • A.

      Universal

    • B.

      Premium

    • C.

      Web

    • D.

      Digital

    Correct Answer
    D. Digital
    Explanation
    Digital cash refers to electronic money that can be used for online transactions, just like traditional cash is used for in-person transactions. It is the Internet's equivalent because it allows for secure and convenient payments over the web. Unlike other options listed, such as universal, premium, or web cash, digital cash specifically relates to online transactions and is the most appropriate choice for this context.

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  • 25. 

    These programs allow parents as well as organizations to block out selected sites and set time limits on Internet access.

    • A.

      Plug-ins

    • B.

      Filters

    • C.

      FTP

    • D.

      DSL

    Correct Answer
    B. Filters
    Explanation
    Filters are programs that allow parents and organizations to block selected sites and set time limits on Internet access. By using filters, they can restrict access to certain websites or content that may be inappropriate or harmful for children or employees. This helps in ensuring a safe and controlled online environment. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is used for transferring files over the internet, DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) is a type of internet connection, and plug-ins are software components that add specific features or functionality to a larger software application.

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  • 26. 

    This type of software works with end users, application software, and computer hardware to handle the majority of technical details.

    • A.

      Application software

    • B.

      Communications software

    • C.

      System software

    • D.

      Web software

    Correct Answer
    C. System software
    Explanation
    System software is the correct answer because it is designed to work with end users, application software, and computer hardware to handle the majority of technical details. System software includes operating systems, device drivers, and utility programs that manage and control the computer system, allowing other software to run smoothly. It provides a platform for application software to operate on and ensures that the hardware and software components of a computer system work together efficiently.

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  • 27. 

    ____ are narrowly focused on specific disciplines and occupations.

    • A.

      Basic applications

    • B.

      Business Suites

    • C.

      Specialized Application

    • D.

      Utility Programs

    Correct Answer
    C. Specialized Application
    Explanation
    Specialized applications refer to software programs that are designed and developed for specific disciplines or occupations. These applications are tailored to meet the specific needs and requirements of a particular field or profession. Unlike basic applications or utility programs, specialized applications provide advanced features and functionalities that cater to the specific tasks and workflows of a specific discipline. These applications often have specialized tools and features that enhance productivity and efficiency in a particular domain.

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  • 28. 

    The primary purpose of this type of software is to create text-based documents.

    • A.

      Spreadsheet

    • B.

      Presentation

    • C.

      Word processing

    • D.

      Web development

    Correct Answer
    C. Word processing
    Explanation
    Word processing software is specifically designed to create, edit, format, and print text-based documents. It provides various features like spell check, formatting options, and templates to enhance the document creation process. While spreadsheet software is used for organizing and analyzing data, presentation software is used for creating visual slideshows, and web development software is used for creating and maintaining websites. Therefore, word processing software aligns perfectly with the given statement as its primary purpose is to create text-based documents.

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  • 29. 

    Organizations create newsletters, manuals, and brochures with this type of software.

    • A.

      Graphics

    • B.

      Presentation

    • C.

      Spreadsheet

    • D.

      Word processing

    Correct Answer
    D. Word processing
    Explanation
    Word processing software is commonly used by organizations to create newsletters, manuals, and brochures. This software allows users to easily format and edit text, add images and graphics, and customize the layout of the document. With word processing software, organizations can create professional-looking documents that are easy to read and visually appealing.

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  • 30. 

    Letters, memos, term papers, reports, and contracts are all examples of

    • A.

      Models

    • B.

      Documents

    • C.

      Spreadsheets

    • D.

      Menus

    Correct Answer
    B. Documents
    Explanation
    The given answer "documents" is correct because letters, memos, term papers, reports, and contracts are all types of written or printed material that provide information or evidence of something. These materials are used to communicate, record, or present information, and they serve as official or formal records in various contexts such as business, education, or legal matters. Therefore, "documents" accurately describes the category to which these examples belong.

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  • 31. 

    Numbers and formulas entered in a cell are called

    • A.

      Labels

    • B.

      Numeric entries

    • C.

      Intersection

    • D.

      Text

    Correct Answer
    B. Numeric entries
    Explanation
    Numeric entries are numbers and formulas that are entered in a cell. They can be used for calculations and mathematical operations in spreadsheets. Unlike labels, which are used for text or descriptive purposes, numeric entries are used for numerical data. Intersection refers to the point where a row and column meet in a spreadsheet. Therefore, the correct answer is numeric entries.

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  • 32. 

    The acronym DBMS stands for what?

    • A.

      Double-blind management setup

    • B.

      Document binder management system

    • C.

      Data binding and marketing structure

    • D.

      Database management system

    Correct Answer
    D. Database management system
    Explanation
    DBMS stands for database management system. This refers to a software system that allows users to create, organize, and manage databases. It provides an interface for users to interact with the database, perform operations such as storing, retrieving, updating, and deleting data. A DBMS ensures data integrity, security, and efficient management of data.

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  • 33. 

    Database _____ are primarily used to enter new records and to make changes to existing records.

    • A.

      Reports

    • B.

      Tables

    • C.

      Forms

    • D.

      Queries

    Correct Answer
    C. Forms
    Explanation
    Forms in a database are primarily used to enter new records and make changes to existing records. They provide a user-friendly interface for data entry and allow users to input data in a structured manner. Forms can include various input fields, drop-down menus, checkboxes, and buttons to facilitate data entry and editing. They help ensure data accuracy and consistency by validating inputs and enforcing data entry rules. Additionally, forms can be customized to display only relevant fields and hide sensitive information, making them an essential tool for data management in a database system.

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  • 34. 

    A file that includes predefined settings that can be used to create many common types of presentations is called a __________.

    • A.

      Pattern

    • B.

      Model

    • C.

      Template

    • D.

      Blueprint

    Correct Answer
    C. Template
    Explanation
    A file that includes predefined settings that can be used to create many common types of presentations is called a template. Templates provide a starting point for creating presentations by offering pre-designed layouts, formatting, and placeholders for content. They save time and effort by providing a consistent and professional look to presentations, while still allowing customization and personalization.

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  • 35. 

    A(n) _____ is a single program that provides the functionality of a word processor, spreadsheet, database manager, and more.

    • A.

      Specialized application

    • B.

      Integrated package

    • C.

      Basic application

    • D.

      Software suite

    Correct Answer
    B. Integrated package
    Explanation
    An integrated package is a single program that combines the features and functionalities of various applications such as a word processor, spreadsheet, database manager, and more. It allows users to access and use multiple tools and functions within a single interface, making it convenient and efficient for tasks that require the use of different applications. With an integrated package, users do not need to switch between different programs, saving time and effort.

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  • 36. 

    Consists of the step-by-step instructions that tell the computer how to do its work.

    • A.

      Programs

    • B.

      Instructions

    • C.

      Language

    • D.

      Codes

    Correct Answer
    A. Programs
    Explanation
    Programs consist of the step-by-step instructions that tell the computer how to do its work. These instructions are written in a specific programming language and are executed by the computer to perform various tasks. Programs can be used to solve complex problems, automate processes, or create software applications. They are essential for the functioning of computers and enable users to interact with the machine and achieve desired outcomes.

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  • 37. 

    The largest network in the world.

    • A.

      Internet

    • B.

      PLDT

    • C.

      Smart

    • D.

      Globe

    Correct Answer
    A. Internet
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Internet" because it is widely recognized as the largest network in the world. The Internet consists of a vast interconnected network of computers and devices that enables communication and the exchange of information on a global scale. It connects millions of networks and billions of users worldwide, making it the largest and most extensive network infrastructure in existence.

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  • 38. 

    Holds data and programs even after electrical power to the system has been turned off.

    • A.

      Secondary Storage Device

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      Discs

    • D.

      USB Flash Drive

    Correct Answer
    A. Secondary Storage Device
    Explanation
    A secondary storage device is the correct answer because it is designed to hold data and programs even when the power to the system is turned off. Unlike primary memory, which is volatile and loses its contents when power is lost, secondary storage devices such as hard drives, solid-state drives, and optical discs retain data even without power. USB flash drives also fall under the category of secondary storage devices as they can store data persistently.

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  • 39. 

    Database structure that organizes data into related tables.

    • A.

      Relational Database System

    • B.

      Database Management Systems

    • C.

      Tables

    • D.

      Forms

    Correct Answer
    A. Relational Database System
    Explanation
    A relational database system is a type of database management system that organizes data into related tables. In this structure, data is stored in tables, which are made up of rows and columns. Each table represents a specific entity or concept, and the relationships between tables are established through keys. This allows for efficient storage, retrieval, and manipulation of data, as well as the ability to enforce data integrity and consistency.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following is true about HTML?

    • A.

      It is a scripting language used to create web pages.

    • B.

      It is used to create programs.

    • C.

      It is used to design a website.

    • D.

      It is used to design hardware components

    Correct Answer
    A. It is a scripting language used to create web pages.
    Explanation
    HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and it is used to create the structure and layout of web pages. It is not a programming language, so it is not used to create programs or design hardware components. However, it is used to design websites by defining the structure, content, and formatting of web pages. It is primarily focused on presenting information on the internet and does not have the capability to perform complex calculations or interact with users like scripting languages do.

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