Parts Of The Skeletal SySTEM Quiz

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Parts Of The Skeletal System Quiz - Quiz

This quiz will cover the basic functions and parts of the skeletal system. The skeletal system is one of six systems of the human body.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the function of the skeletal system?

    • A.

      Support the body

    • B.

      Give the body shape

    • C.

      Work with muscles to move the body

    • D.

      Option 4

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The skeletal system has multiple functions. It provides support to the body, giving it shape and structure. It also works in conjunction with the muscles to facilitate movement of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as it encompasses all the mentioned functions of the skeletal system.

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  • 2. 

    What is the skeletal system?

    • A.

      All the bones in the body

    • B.

      All the muscles and tendons

    • C.

      All the body's organs, both soft and hard tissue

    • D.

      All the bones in the body and the tissues that connect them

    Correct Answer
    D. All the bones in the body and the tissues that connect them
    Explanation
    The skeletal system refers to all the bones in the body and the tissues that connect them. This includes ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. The skeletal system provides support, protection, and movement for the body. It also produces blood cells and stores minerals.

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  • 3. 

    The purpose of the rib cage is to...

    • A.

      Protect the stomach

    • B.

      protect the spinal cord

    • C.

      Protect the heart and lungs

    • D.

      Provide an object to which the lungs can attach

    Correct Answer
    C. Protect the heart and lungs
    Explanation
    The rib cage is a bony structure that surrounds and protects the heart and lungs. It acts as a protective barrier, shielding these vital organs from external trauma and injury. The ribs provide a sturdy framework that helps to maintain the shape and position of the heart and lungs, preventing them from being compressed or damaged. Therefore, the main purpose of the rib cage is to protect the heart and lungs.

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  • 4. 

    What makes bones so strong?

    • A.

      Cartilage

    • B.

      Silica

    • C.

      Blood and marrow

    • D.

      Calcium and phosphorous

    Correct Answer
    D. Calcium and phosphorous
    Explanation
    Bones are strong due to the presence of calcium and phosphorous. These minerals are essential for the formation and maintenance of bone tissue. Calcium provides the strength and rigidity to the bones, while phosphorous helps in the formation of the bone matrix. Together, they contribute to the overall strength and structure of the bones, making them able to withstand physical stress and support the body.

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  • 5. 

    What is the difference between cartilage and bone?

    • A.

      Bone is rubbery, and cartilage is firm.

    • B.

      Cartilage is rubbery, and bone is firm.

    • C.

      Bone is a more primitive tissue than cartilage.

    • D.

      Bone is inside the body, and cartilage is outside.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cartilage is rubbery, and bone is firm.
    Explanation
    Cartilage and bone have different textures. Cartilage is described as rubbery, while bone is described as firm. This difference in texture is due to the composition and structure of these tissues. Cartilage is made up of cells called chondrocytes and a matrix of collagen fibers, which give it its rubbery texture. On the other hand, bone is composed of cells called osteocytes and a matrix of collagen fibers and calcium minerals, which provide strength and rigidity, resulting in a firm texture.

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  • 6. 

    What makes up the skeletal system?

    • A.

      blood

    • B.

      Muscles

    • C.

      Tissues

    • D.

      Bones

    Correct Answer
    D. Bones
    Explanation
    The skeletal system is made up of bones. Bones provide support, shape, and protection to the body, as well as serving as attachment points for muscles. They also produce blood cells and store minerals such as calcium. Without bones, the body would not have a framework to support itself or be able to perform essential functions like movement and protection of vital organs.

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  • 7. 

    What is the difference between compact bone and spongy bone?

    • A.

      They have different bone marrow.

    • B.

      They are made of different materials.

    • C.

      They have different sizes of bone cells.

    • D.

      They have different arrangement of bone cells.

    Correct Answer
    D. They have different arrangement of bone cells.
    Explanation
    Compact bone and spongy bone differ in their arrangement of bone cells. Compact bone has a dense and solid structure with tightly packed bone cells arranged in concentric circles around blood vessels, forming osteons. On the other hand, spongy bone has a more porous and honeycomb-like structure with a network of trabeculae. The bone cells in spongy bone are not arranged in concentric circles but are scattered within the trabeculae. This difference in arrangement of bone cells allows compact bone to provide strength and support, while spongy bone provides flexibility and helps in reducing the weight of the bone.

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  • 8. 

    How many bones are there in the average person's body?

    • A.

      33

    • B.

      206

    • C.

      639

    • D.

      It varies by the individual.

    Correct Answer
    B. 206
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 206 because the average person's body contains 206 bones.

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  • 9. 

    Each bone has a particular job. What is the job of the skull?

    • A.

      Pumps blood to the brain

    • B.

      Tells the brain what to do

    • C.

      Helps the body to make decisions

    • D.

      Protects the brain

    Correct Answer
    D. Protects the brain
    Explanation
    The skull's job is to protect the brain. The skull is a hard, bony structure that surrounds and encases the brain, providing a strong barrier against any external impact or injury. It acts as a protective shield, safeguarding the delicate brain from potential harm and ensuring its proper functioning.

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  • 10. 

    What works with the bones of your skeleton to make your body move?

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Muscles

    • C.

      Tissues

    • D.

      Organs

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscles
    Explanation
    Muscles work with the bones of your skeleton to make your body move. Muscles are responsible for generating force and contraction, which allows movement to occur. When muscles contract, they pull on the bones, causing them to move. This coordinated action between muscles and bones enables various movements, such as walking, running, and lifting objects. Without muscles, the bones would be unable to move, resulting in immobility.

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  • 11. 

    What is a joint?

    • A.

      A hinge

    • B.

      A ball and socket

    • C.

      The place where two bones are joined

    • D.

      The place where tendons are fastened together

    Correct Answer
    C. The place where two bones are joined
    Explanation
    A joint refers to the place where two bones are joined together. It is the point of connection between two bones in the body, allowing for movement and flexibility. Joints can be found throughout the body and come in different forms, such as hinge joints (allowing movement in one direction, like the elbow) and ball and socket joints (allowing movement in multiple directions, like the hip). The correct answer accurately describes the definition of a joint as the place where two bones are joined.

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  • 12. 

    Partly movable joints are places where bones can move a little. Which is an example of a partly movable joint?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Elbow joint

    • C.

      rib

    • D.

      Knee joint

    Correct Answer
    C. rib
    Explanation
    A rib is an example of a partly movable joint because it is connected to the spine at the back and to the sternum at the front by cartilage. This allows for a small amount of movement, such as during breathing or bending of the torso. However, the movement is limited compared to fully movable joints like the elbow or knee joint.

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  • 13. 

    There are three types of joints. What are they?

    • A.

      Immovable, stable, movable

    • B.

      Immobile, mobile, stable

    • C.

      immovable, movable, partly movable

    Correct Answer
    C. immovable, movable, partly movable
    Explanation
    The correct answer is immovable, movable, partly movable. Joints in the human body can be classified into three types based on their movement capabilities. Immovable joints, also known as fixed or synarthrosis joints, do not allow any movement. Movable joints, also called synovial or diarthrosis joints, allow a wide range of movements. Partly movable joints, also known as amphiarthrosis joints, allow limited movement. This classification helps in understanding the different functions and capabilities of joints in the body.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is an example of an immovable joint?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Ribs

    • C.

      Knee

    Correct Answer
    A. Skull
    Explanation
    The skull is an example of an immovable joint because it is made up of several bones that are fused together, forming a solid structure. These bones do not have any movement between them, resulting in the skull being a fixed and immovable part of the body. Unlike the knee joint, which is a hinge joint allowing movement, or the ribs, which are connected to the spine by cartilage and allow some flexibility, the skull remains stationary and provides protection for the brain.

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  • 15. 

    Movable joints are places where bones can move easily. Which is an example of a movable joint?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      ribs

    • C.

      Knee

    Correct Answer
    C. Knee
    Explanation
    The knee is an example of a movable joint because it allows for a wide range of movement. It is a hinge joint that allows for flexion and extension, as well as some rotation. The skull and ribs, on the other hand, are examples of fixed joints as they do not allow for much movement.

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  • 16. 

    These joints are found in the knee and elbow.

    • A.

      Pivot

    • B.

      Ball and socket

    • C.

      Hinge

    Correct Answer
    C. Hinge
    Explanation
    The given joints are found in the knee and elbow, which suggests that they are responsible for allowing movement in only one plane, like a door hinge. Therefore, the correct answer is "Hinge."

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  • 17. 

    These joints are found in the hip and shoulder.

    • A.

      Hinge

    • B.

      Ball and socket

    • C.

      Pivot

    Correct Answer
    B. Ball and socket
    Explanation
    Ball and socket joints are found in the hip and shoulder. These joints allow for a wide range of motion in multiple directions, making them highly flexible. The rounded end of one bone fits into the cup-shaped socket of another bone, allowing for rotation and movement in multiple planes. This design allows for movements such as swinging the arm or rotating the leg, providing a greater range of motion compared to hinge or pivot joints.

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  • 18. 

    The part of the bone where blood cells are made.

    • A.

      Joint

    • B.

      Marrow

    • C.

      Ligament

    Correct Answer
    B. Marrow
    Explanation
    Marrow is the soft, spongy tissue found inside the bones. It is responsible for producing blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This process is known as hematopoiesis. Marrow contains stem cells that differentiate into various types of blood cells. Therefore, the statement "The part of the bone where blood cells are made" accurately describes marrow. Joints are the connections between bones, and ligaments are bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones to each other.

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  • 19. 

    What do the patella and ulna protect?

    • A.

      Wrist and elbow

    • B.

      Digestive organs

    • C.

      Knee and elbow

    Correct Answer
    C. Knee and elbow
    Explanation
    The patella is a bone located in the knee joint that protects the knee from external impact and provides stability to the joint. The ulna is one of the two bones in the forearm that forms the elbow joint and helps protect the structures within the joint. Therefore, both the patella and ulna protect the knee and elbow respectively.

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  • 20. 

    These joints are found in the wrists and ankles

    • A.

      Ball ans Socket

    • B.

      Hinge

    • C.

      Gliding

    Correct Answer
    C. Gliding
    Explanation
    Gliding joints are found in the wrists and ankles. These joints allow bones to slide past each other in multiple directions, providing flexibility and allowing for smooth movements. Unlike ball and socket joints, which allow for a wide range of motion, or hinge joints, which only allow for movement in one plane, gliding joints allow for limited movement in multiple directions. This type of joint is well-suited for the wrists and ankles, as they require both stability and flexibility for everyday movements.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 24, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 30, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Joanna Lumbsden
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