17 July Quiz Criminal Justice

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| By M_k_e
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M_k_e
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 742
Questions: 9 | Attempts: 742

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17 July Quiz Criminal Justice - Quiz

On 17 July, Day of International Criminal Justice, you are invited to check your ICC knowledge and take our quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the name of the treaty establishing the International Criminal Court? 

    • A.

      The Vienna Convention

    • B.

      The UN Charter

    • C.

      The Rome Statute

    Correct Answer
    C. The Rome Statute
    Explanation
    A. The Vienna Convention
    Wrong: The Vienna Convention is the Convention on Diplomatic Relations adopted by the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Course and Immunities held at the Neue Hofburg in Vienna (Austria). The Vienna Convention provides a complete framework for the establishment, maintenance and termination of diplomatic relations on a basis of consent between independent sovereign States.

    B. The UN Charter
    Wrong: The United Nations (UN) Charter is the founding treaty of the United Nations and was signed during the San Francisco Conference, held in the United States. Please note that the International Criminal Court is independent from the United Nations.

    C. The Rome Statute
    Correct: The treaty establishing the International Criminal Court was adopted in Rome (Italy) and it is known as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

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  • 2. 

    What year did the Rome Statute enter into force? 

    • A.

      2002

    • B.

      1945

    • C.

      1998

    • D.

      1961

    Correct Answer
    A. 2002
    Explanation
    A. 2002
    The Rome Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002, which is the date on which the International Criminal Court was officially established.

    B. 1945
    On 26 June 1945 the Charter of the United Nations, signed in San Francisco (United States), established the International Court of Justice of the United Nations.

    C. 1998
    On 17 July 1998, 120 States adopted the Rome Statute, but before it could enter into effect, at least 60 States had to ratify or accede to the treaty.

    D. 1961
    On 14 April 1961 the Vienna Convention was adopted by the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Course and Immunities held at the Neue Hofburg in Vienna (Austria).

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  • 3. 

    What was the first State to ratify the Rome Statute? 

    • A.

      The Netherlands

    • B.

      Côte d’Ivoire

    • C.

      Senegal

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. Senegal
    Explanation
    A. The Netherlands
    Wrong: The Netherlands is the host country of the International Criminal Court – which is based in The Hague. However, the Netherlands was not the first country to ratify the Rome Statute.

    B. Côte d’Ivoire
    Wrong: Côte d’Ivoire is the country that has most recently ratified the Rome Statute, on 15 February 2013.

    C. Senegal
    Correct: Senegal was the first country to ratify the Rome Statute, on 2 February 1999.

    D. Italy
    Wrong: It is true that treaty establishing the International Criminal Court was adopted in Rome, in Italy – this is why this treaty is called Rome Statute. However, Italy was not the first country to ratify the Statute.

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  • 4. 

    What region has the most State Parties? 

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      Latin America and the Caribbean

    • C.

      Asia and the Pacific

    • D.

      Eastern Europe

    • E.

      Western Europe and other States

    Correct Answer
    A. Africa
    Explanation
    A. Africa
    Correct: Africa currently has 34 States Parties.

    B. Latin America and the Caribbean
    Wrong: Latin America and the Caribbean currently have 27 States Parties.

    C. Asia and the Pacific
    Wrong: Asia and the Pacific currently have 18 States Parties.

    D. Eastern Europe
    Wrong: Eastern Europe currently has 18 States Parties.

    E. Western Europe and other States
    Wrong: Western European and other States currently have 25 States Parties.

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  • 5. 

    How did the Rome Statute change International Criminal Law? 

    • A.

      It established the world’s first and only permanent and independent International Criminal Court

    • B.

      It established an International Criminal Court having jurisdiction on all crimes of international concern

    • C.

      It established the world’s first International Criminal Court replacing national criminal jurisdictions

    Correct Answer
    A. It established the world’s first and only permanent and independent International Criminal Court
    Explanation
    A. It established the world’s first and only permanent and independent International Criminal Court
    Correct: As set forth in article 1, the Rome Statute established the International Criminal Court as a permanent institution having the power to exercise its jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of international concern. The provisions of the Statute govern the jurisdiction and functioning of the Court.

    B. It established an International Criminal Court having jurisdiction on all crimes of international concern
    Wrong: According to article 5 of the Rome Statute, the jurisdiction of the Court is “limited to the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole”; namely the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

    C. It established the world’s first International Criminal Court replacing national criminal jurisdictions
    Wrong: According to article 1 of the Rome Statute, the International Criminal Court “shall be complementary to national criminal jurisdictions”. Hence, the Court is intended to complement, not to replace, national criminal systems and prosecutes cases only when States are unwilling or unable to do so genuinely.

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  • 6. 

    What is one of the major achievements of the Rome Statute regarding victims? 

    • A.

      Ensuring the voices of victims are heard in the Courtroom through their lawyers

    • B.

      Founding an independent Trust Fund for Victims

    • C.

      Providing the appropriate protective measures and security arrangements for victims who appear before the Court

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A. Founding an independent Trust Fund for Victims
    Correct, but check out the other correct answers as well!
    As set forth in article 79 of the Rome Statute, a Trust Fund has been established for the benefit of victims of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court, and of the families of such victims. The Trust Fund for Victims advocates for victims and mobilises individuals, institutions with resources, and the goodwill of those in power for the benefit of victims and their communities. It funds or sets up innovative projects to meet victims’ physical, material or psychological needs.

    B. Ensuring the voices of victims are heard in the Courtroom through their lawyers
    Correct, but check out the other correct answers as well!
    As granted by article 68 (3) of the Rome Statute, victims can present their views and concerns at stages of the proceedings determined to be appropriate by the Court. The victims can also freely choose their legal representatives to have their views and concerns presented before the Court.

    C. Providing the appropriate protective measures and security arrangements for victims who appear before the Court
    Correct, but check out the other correct answers as well!
    Article 68 (1) of the Rome Statute ensures that the Court will take “appropriate measures to protect the safety, physical and psychological well-being, dignity and privacy of victims and witnesses”. Protective measures may, for example, include anonymity for victims participating in proceedings, the use of pseudonyms, the redaction or the prohibition of disclosure of specific documents and the use of audiovisual techniques (such as pixilation or voice distortion) which can disguise the identity of persons appearing before the Court.

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  • 7. 

    Who is the current Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court?

    • A.

      Tiina Intelmann

    • B.

      Sang-Hyun Song

    • C.

      Fatou Bensouda

    • D.

      Herman von Hebel

    Correct Answer
    C. Fatou Bensouda
    Explanation
    A. Tiina Intelmann
    Wrong: Ms Tiina Intelmann, from Estonia, is the current President of the Assembly of States Parties.

    B. Sang-Hyun Song
    Wrong: Mr Sang-Hyun Song, from the Republic of Korea, is the current President of the International Criminal Court.

    C. Fatou Bensouda
    Correct: Ms Fatou Bensouda, from The Gambia, is the current Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.

    D. Herman von Hebel
    Wrong: Mr Herman von Hebel, from The Netherlands, is the current Registrar of the International Criminal Court.

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  • 8. 

    What are the crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, as set out in its Statute? 

    • A.

      The crime of aggression, terrorism and criminal fraud

    • B.

      The crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, the crime of aggression

    • C.

      Corruption, war crimes and genocide

    Correct Answer
    B. The crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, the crime of aggression
    Explanation
    A. The crime of aggression, terrorism and criminal fraud
    Close, but wrong: Article 5 of the Rome Statute on the “Crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court” includes the crime of aggression but does not include terrorism and criminal fraud.

    B. The crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, the crime of aggression
    Correct: Article 5 of the Rome Statute sets out that the Court has jurisdiction in accordance with this Statute with respect to the following crimes:
    (a) The crime of genocide;
    (b) Crimes against humanity;
    (c) War crimes;
    (d) The crime of aggression (once the conditions under which the Court can exercise its jurisdiction on this crime have been fulfilled).

    C. Corruption, war crimes and genocide
    Close, but wrong: Article 5 of the Rome Statute on the “Crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court” includes war crimes and genocide but it does not include corruption.

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  • 9. 

    How are situations brought before the Court?

    • A.

      Situations are referred by a State Party or by the Security Council of the United Nations, or the Prosecutor initiates investigations on her own initiative

    • B.

      Individual citizens file cases and bring situations before the Court

    • C.

      Situations are referred by the General Assembly of the United Nations

    Correct Answer
    A. Situations are referred by a State Party or by the Security Council of the United Nations, or the Prosecutor initiates investigations on her own initiative
    Explanation
    A. Situations are referred by a State Party or by the Security Council of the United Nations, or the Prosecutor initiates investigations on her own initiative
    Correct: According to article 13 of the Rome Statute, situations can be referred by a State Party, in accordance with article 14 of the Statute, or by the Security Council of the United Nations, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations. The Prosecutor can also initiate an investigation on her own initiative in accordance with article 15 of the Statute, but in this last instance should receive the authorisation of a Pre-Trial Chamber.

    B. Individual citizens file cases and bring situations before the Court
    Wrong: While individual citizens can submit communications to the Office of the Prosecutor, which could be considered by the Prosecutor for use as evidence before the ICC, individuals do not bring directly situations or cases before the Court.

    C. Situations are referred by the General Assembly of the United Nations
    Wrong: According to article 13 of the Rome Statute, the Security Council, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, is the only body of the United Nations that can refer one or more of the crimes set out in article 5 of the Rome Statute to the Prosecutor. Situations can also be referred by a State Party, in accordance with article 14 of the Statute, or the Prosecutor can initiate an investigation on her own initiative, in accordance with article 15 of the Statute.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 15, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    M_k_e
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